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Sökning: WFRF:(Berg Stefan 1959)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 41
  • [1]2345Nästa
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1.
  • Horne, A., et al. (författare)
  • Efficacy of Moderately Dosed Etoposide in Macrophage Activation Syndrome-Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Rheumatology. - : J RHEUMATOL PUBL CO. - 0315-162X .- 1499-2752. ; 48:10, s. 1596-1602
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. Macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) constitutes 1 subtype of the hyperinflammatory syndrome hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), and the term MAS-HLH was recently proposed for HLH with underlying autoimmune/autoinflammatory conditions. The mortality of MAS-HLH has been estimated at 5-10%. Here we report our experiences with moderately dosed etoposide in severe MAS-HLH; the objective was to effectively reduce severe hyperinflammatory activity with limited side effects. Methods. In addition to conventional antiinflammatory treatment, moderately dosed etoposide was administered to 7 children affected by rapidly progressing MAS-HLH with central nervous system (n = 5) and/ or pulmonary (n = 5) involvement. Three had underlying systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (sJIA), 2 had atypical sJIA (no arthritis at diagnosis), and 2 had systemic lupus erythematosus. We performed lymphocyte cytotoxicity analyses in all 7 and genetic analyses in 6. Results. All children promptly responded to moderately dosed etoposide (50-100 mg/m(2Y) once weekly), added to conventional MAS-HLH treatment that was considered insufficient. The mean accumulated etoposide dose was 671 mg/m(2) (range 300-1050 mg/m(2)) as compared to 1500 mg/m(2) recommended in the first 8 weeks of the HLH-94/HLH-2004 protocols. One child developed neutropenic fever and another neutropenic sepsis (neutrophils 0.3 x 10(9)/L at therapy onset). Five of 7 children had low percentages (< 5%) of circulating natural killer (NK) cells prior to or in association with diagnosis; NK cell activity was pathologically low in 2 of 5 children studied. Disease-causing variants in HLH-associated genes were not found. All children were alive at latest follow-up (2-9 yrs after onset); neurological symptoms had normalized in 4 of 5 affected children. Conclusion. Moderately dosed etoposide may be beneficial in severe and/or refractory MAS-HLH.
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2.
  • Schejbel, L, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular basis of hereditary C1q deficiency-revisited: identification of several novel disease-causing mutations
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: GENES AND IMMUNITY. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1466-4879 .- 1476-5470. ; 12:8, s. 626-634
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • C1q is the central pattern-recognition molecule in the classical pathway of the complement system and is known to have a key role in the crossroads between adaptive and innate immunity. Hereditary C1q deficiency is a rare genetic condition strongly associated with systemic lupus erythematosus and increased susceptibility to bacterial infections. However, the clinical symptoms may vary. For long, the molecular basis of C1q deficiency was ascribed to only six different mutations. In the present report, we describe five new patients with C1q deficiency, present the 12 causative mutations described till now and review the clinical spectrum of symptoms found in patients with C1q deficiency. With the results presented here, confirmed C1q deficiency is reported in 64 patients from at least 38 families.
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3.
  • Aspholm-Hurtig, Marina, et al. (författare)
  • Functional adaptation of BabA, the H. pylori ABO blood group antigen binding adhesin.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Science (New York, N.Y.). - : American Association for the Advancement of Science. - 1095-9203 .- 0036-8075. ; 305:5683, s. 519-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Adherence by Helicobacter pylori increases the risk of gastric disease. Here, we report that more than 95% of strains that bind fucosylated blood group antigen bind A, B, and O antigens (generalists), whereas 60% of adherent South American Amerindian strains bind blood group O antigens best (specialists). This specialization coincides with the unique predominance of blood group O in these Amerindians. Strains differed about 1500-fold in binding affinities, and diversifying selection was evident in babA sequences. We propose that cycles of selection for increased and decreased bacterial adherence contribute to babA diversity and that these cycles have led to gradual replacement of generalist binding by specialist binding in blood group O-dominant human populations.
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4.
  • Backhaus, Erik, et al. (författare)
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive pneumococcal isolates from a region in south-west Sweden 1998-2001.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases. - : Informa Healthcare. - 0036-5548 .- 1651-1980. ; 39:1, s. 19-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Invasive disease caused by antibiotic resistant pneumococci is a worldwide problem. All invasive pneumococcal strains in an area of south-west Sweden with 1.7 million inhabitants were collected prospectively during 1998-2001. Minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) were determined by E-test and correlated to serotypes and clinical characteristics. Of 827 strains, 744 (90%) were susceptible (S) to all agents tested and 83 (10%) were indeterminate (I) or resistant (R) to at least 1 agent. 22 isolates (2.7%) were I to penicillin (MIC >0.06 to < or = 1.0 mg/l), but none were R (MIC >1.0 mg/l). Numbers and proportions of decreased susceptibility against other agents tested were as follows: erythromycin R: 30 (3.6%), clindamycin R: 6 (0.7%), tetracycline R: 16 (1.9%), moxifloxacin R: 1 (0.1%), cotrimoxazole I: 17 (2%) and R: 31(4%). Non-susceptibility to at least 1 agent was not correlated with age, clinical manifestation, underlying diseases and outcome. The serotype distribution differed between non-susceptible and susceptible strains. The serotypes in the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine covered 42% of all infections and 73% of those caused by non-susceptible strains. In conclusion, the impact of antibiotic resistance in invasive pneumococcal disease remains limited in south-west Sweden.
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5.
  • Bastard, Paul, et al. (författare)
  • Preexisting autoantibodies to type I IFNs underlie critical COVID-19 pneumonia in patients with APS-1.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: The Journal of experimental medicine. - 1540-9538. ; 218:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Patients with biallelic loss-of-function variants of AIRE suffer from autoimmune polyendocrine syndrome type-1 (APS-1) and produce a broad range of autoantibodies (auto-Abs), including circulating auto-Abs neutralizing most type I interferons (IFNs). These auto-Abs were recently reported to account for at least 10% of cases of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia in the general population. We report 22 APS-1 patients from 21 kindreds in seven countries, aged between 8 and 48 yr and infected with SARS-CoV-2 since February 2020. The 21 patients tested had auto-Abs neutralizing IFN-α subtypes and/or IFN-ω; one had anti-IFN-β and another anti-IFN-ε, but none had anti-IFN-κ. Strikingly, 19 patients (86%) were hospitalized for COVID-19 pneumonia, including 15 (68%) admitted to an intensive care unit, 11 (50%) who required mechanical ventilation, and four (18%) who died. Ambulatory disease in three patients (14%) was possibly accounted for by prior or early specific interventions. Preexisting auto-Abs neutralizing type I IFNs in APS-1 patients confer a very high risk of life-threatening COVID-19 pneumonia at any age.
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6.
  • Browall, Sarah, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical manifestations of invasive pneumococcal disease by vaccine and non-vaccine types.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: The European respiratory journal. - : European Respiratory Society. - 1399-3003 .- 0903-1936. ; 44:6, s. 1646-1657
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Pneumococcal conjugated vaccines (PCVs) have shown protection against invasive pneumococcal disease by vaccine serotypes, but an increase in non-vaccine serotype disease has been observed. Type-specific effects on clinical manifestation need to be explored. Clinical data from 2096 adults and 192 children with invasive pneumococcal disease were correlated to pneumococcal molecular serotypes. Invasive disease potential for pneumococcal serotypes were calculated using 165 invasive and 550 carriage isolates from children. The invasive disease potential was lower for non-PCV13 compared to vaccine-type strains. Patients infected with non-PCV13 strains had more underlying diseases, were less likely to have pneumonia and, in adults, tended to have a higher mortality. Furthermore, patients infected with pneumococci belonging to clonal serotypes only expressing non-PCV13 capsules had a higher risk for septicaemia and mortality. PCV vaccination will probably lead to a decrease in invasive pneumococcal disease but an alteration in the clinical manifestation of invasive pneumococcal disease. Genetic lineages causing invasive pneumococcal disease in adults often express non-vaccine serotypes, which can expand after vaccination with an increased risk of infection in patients with underlying diseases.
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7.
  • Persson, Elisabet, 1959, et al. (författare)
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility of invasive group B streptococcal isolates from south-west Sweden 1988-2001.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian journal of infectious diseases. - 0036-5548. ; 40:4, s. 308-13
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The antibiotic susceptibility of 297 invasive isolates of group B streptococci (GBS) to a panel of 12 antibiotics was analysed using the E-test. The isolates (from 123 neonates and 174 adults) were collected from south-west Sweden during the 2 periods 1988-1997 and 1998-2001. The breakpoints of the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute were used. All isolates were sensitive to cefotaxime, meropenem, linezolid, vancomycin, moxifloxacin and quinupristin-dalfopristin. Two strains displayed a slightly decreased susceptibility to penicillin G (MIC 0.25 microg/ml) also when tested by the broth dilution method. Two per cent were resistant to erythromycin and 1% to clindamycin. Strains with intermediate sensitivity to erythromycin and clindamycin increased over the 2 study periods. 68% were resistant to doxycycline, and the resistance rate for doxycycline increased over the 2 study periods. No strain was resistant to trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole. Serotype V dominated among strains with intermediate susceptibility to erythromycin and clindamycin. There were no other relationships between serotypes and decreased sensitivity to any agent. There were no significant differences in susceptibility to any agent tested between strains isolated from neonates and adults. In conclusion, penicillins remain the drug of choice in the region but with the increasing rates of intermediate susceptibility to both erythromycin and clindamycin, antibiotic sensitivity analysis should be performed on the GBS isolates from penicillin-allergic patients.
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8.
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9.
  • Berg, Stefan, 1959, et al. (författare)
  • Autoinflammatory disorders
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases Definition, Diagnosis and Management. - Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag. - 9783540785378
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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10.
  • Berg, Stefan, 1959, et al. (författare)
  • Autoinflammatory Disorders
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Primary Immunodeficiency Diseases. - : Springer. - 9783662529096 ; , s. 393-435
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 41
  • [1]2345Nästa

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