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1.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Assessing the Effects of Longer Vehicles: The Case of Pre- and Post-haulage in Intermodal Transport Chains
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Transport Reviews. - 0144-1647. ; 31:5, s. 591-602
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The demand for inland freight transport in Europe is mainly met by road transport, leading to unsustainable impacts such as air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and congestion. Since rail transport has lower externalities than road transport, a modal shift from road to rail is an accepted policy goal for achieving a more sustainable and competitive transport system. However, intermodal road–rail transport is mainly competitive for long-distance transport, and as a consequence, the potential for modal shift is limited. The cost efficiency of road–rail intermodal transport is particularly sensitive to pre- and post-haulage (PPH) costs, since this activity typically has a larger cost compared with its share of the total distance in the transport chain. For intermodal transportation over shorter distances, for example, below 300 km and where there are substantial PPH activities at both ends of the chain, the competitiveness of the intermodal transport system compared with that of direct road is low. Improving the efficiency of PPH activities is, therefore, of utmost importance for the competitiveness of the intermodal transport system. This paper looks into the issue of improving the cost efficiency of an intermodal transport chain by implementing an innovative and flexible legal framework regarding the PPH activities in the chain. By extending the legal framework with exemptions for longer vehicles in PPH, the cost efficiency could be greatly improved. The purpose of such a framework is to allow and enable, for PPH exclusively, the use of 2 × 40 foot or even two semi-trailers using only one vehicle in the context of the Swedish regulatory framework. This paper develops a strategic calculation model for assessing and investigating the consequences of such a framework and investigates the framework's potential in terms of cost efficiency. The model in combination with a sensitivity analysis of input variables gives a comprehensive understanding of the effects of PPH under different circumstances. From the results, it is evident that there are substantial positive effects associated with a PPH framework of longer vehicles. Results indicate that a typical shipper may experience cost reductions of about 5–10% of the total costs of the intermodal transport chain. In summary, a more innovative and flexible legal framework regarding vehicle length in the PPH links can contribute to a greater modal shift, improved cost efficiency and more environmentally friendly transportation systems.
2.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979- (författare)
  • Developing Large-Scale Dry Ports - The Case of Arriyadh
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Transportation Technologies. - 2160-0473 .- 2160-0481. ; 3:3, s. 1-9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this paper is to explore the development process of a large scale dry port and to analyse what measures and actions are needed in order to support the decision making process and ensure an effective and efficient dry port that serves the City and the region's current and future needs. The purpose is explored in the context of Saudi Arabia and the city of Arriyadh. Key issues identified related to the dry port development are long term planning and cross-sector collaboration. The interconnection between the dry port and the overall transport system and aspects such as location of business, city logistics, road and rail infrastructure, local, regional and national regulations, etc. is strong. This puts challenge on the coordination and alignment of the different organizations, their strategies and objectives. In a complex situation, such as developing a dry port with many stakeholders, it is crucial that the roles of all actors are clearly defined. This is essential for utilizing the dry port as a regional tool for planning. In that regard, it is appropriate that the site location decision is clearly connected with an overall city freight vision and strategy.
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5.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Effektiva kombiterminaler och avtal
  • 2017
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Kombiterminaler spelar en viktig roll i transportsystemet. Förutom utmaningarna med att utforma effektiva kombiterminaler som bidrar till hög produktivitet för järnvägstransporter så finns också en rad utmaningar i de avtal som måste skrivas/upprättas med berörda aktörer. Exempel på sådana upprättade avtal är genomförandeavtal och anslutningsavtal med Trafikverket, terminaloperatörsavtal och trafikeringsavtal med berörda tågdragande företag. Syftet med föreliggande rapport är att identifiera brister och utmaningar vid upprättandet av avtal mellan de olika aktörer som hanterar kombiterminaler för att undvika problem som annars kan påverka transporteffektiviteten negativt. Projektets syfte uppnås främst genom att genomföra en analys av olika avtal för 5 olika kombiterminaler som upprättats mellan olika aktörer senaste 10-15 åren.
6.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient Intermodal Pre and Post Haulage
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Selected Proceedings of the 12th World Conference on Transport Research Society. - 978-989-96986-1-1
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The demand for inland freight transport in Europe is mainly met by road transport leading to unsustainable impacts such as air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions and congestion. Since rail transport has lower externalities than road transport, a modal shift from road to rail is an accepted policy goal for achieving a more sustainable and competitive transport system. However, intermodal road-rail transport is mainly competitive for long distance transports and as a consequence the potential for modal shift is limited.The cost-efficiency of road-rail intermodal transport is particularly sensitive to pre and post haulage (PPH) costs since this activity typically has a larger cost mass compared to its share of the total distance of the transport chain. For intermodal transportation over shorter distances, e.g. below 300 km and where there is substantial PPH activities in both ends of the chain, the competitiveness of the intermodal transport system compared to direct road is low. Improving the efficiency of the PPH activities is therefore of outmost importance for the competitiveness of the intermodal transport system. This paper looks into the issue of improving the cost-efficiency of an intermodal transport chain by implementing an innovative and flexible legal framework regarding the PPH activities in the chain. By extending the legal framework with exceptions for longer vehicles in the pre and post haulage the cost efficiency can be greatly improved. The purpose of such a framework is to allow and enable for PPH of 2*40 foot or even 2 semi-trailers using only one vehicle in the context of Swedish regulatory framework. Within the existing framework there are some degrees of freedom given that the cargo is divisible. This paper suggests extending that framework to the context of intermodal transport. Exceptions to the given regulations require different measures, such as accompanying car, route travelled, etc. This paper aims to investigate the consequences of such a framework and gives some normative suggestions for its setup and design. Furthermore, this paper investigates the potential associated with such a framework in terms of cost-efficiency. In sum, a more innovative and flexible legal framework regarding vehicle length in the PPH links can contribute to greater modal shift, improved cost-efficiency and more environmentally friendly transportation systems.
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7.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Establishing intermodal terminals
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: World Review of Intermodal Transportation Research. - 1749-4729. ; 3:3, s. 285-302
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study examines the development process of intermodal road-rail freight terminals. Of particular interest are factors affecting the development process and the time needed to establish intermodal road-rail terminals. The results are intended not only to be interesting to researchers, but also of practical use to actors developing intermodal terminals. Based on rational choice theory and two Swedish case studies, Falköping/Skaraborg and Nässjö/Jönköping, factors identified and analysed are: profitability, financiers, political entrepreneur, location, large local shippers, and the traffic authorities. Profitability combined with an enthusiastic and committed political entrepreneur are the most vital factors for the success and pace of the development process.
8.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Establishing Intermodal Terminals
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Nectar Logistics and Freight Cluster Meeting in Delft, 27-28 March 2008.
  • Konferensbidrag (refereegranskat)
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9.
  • Bergqvist, Rickard, 1979-, et al. (författare)
  • Etablering av kombiterminaler
  • 2007
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Denna rapport är framtagen för Falköpings Kommun inom ramen för projektet SustAccess och behandlar processen att etablera kombiterminaler där lastbärare såsom ISO-containrar, semi-trailrar och växelflak lastas om mellan järnväg och landsväg. Den är en fortsättning och fördjupning av tidigare arbete inom SustAccess. Arbetet har finansierats av Europeiska Kommissionen genom programmet Interreg IIIB och av Västra Götalandsregionen och Falköpings Kommun samt av Banverket och Vägverket via FUD-centret Sir-C.Syftet med studien är att studera hur intermodala terminaler kan etableras. Särskilt belyses faktorer som påverkar huruvida etableringsprocessen är framgångsrik och den tid processen tar i anspråk. Den primära forskningsfrågan är således vilka faktorer som avgör hur lång tid ett etableringsprojekt tar. Tanken är att rapporten skall vara till hjälp för de aktörer som vill utveckla kombiterminaler. Utifrån teori om rationella val och tre fallstudier - Falköping, Jönköping och Nässjö – analyseras vilka faktorer som avgör hur lång tid en etableringsprocess tar i anspråk. De faktorer som identifierats är Lönsamhet, Finansiärer, Politisk entreprenör, Lokalisering Stor lokal transportköpare samt Banverket. Den första faktorn får nog bedömas som starkare än de andra. Det är förstås generellt så att investeringar som förväntas vara mycket lönsamma är enklare att driva igenom en beslutsprocess. Utifrån denna studie framgår det att en engagerad politisk entreprenör är vital för att etableringsprocessen skall framskrida, men de övriga faktorerna är svårare att rangordna.
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