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Sökning: WFRF:(Birkenkamp Demtröder Karin)

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1.
  • Hedegaard, Jakob, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive Transcriptional Analysis of Early-Stage Urothelial Carcinoma
  • Ingår i: Cancer Cell. - : Cell Press. - 1535-6108 .- 1878-3686. ; 30:1, s. 27-42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) is a heterogeneous disease with widely different outcomes. We performed a comprehensive transcriptional analysis of 460 early-stage urothelial carcinomas and showed that NMIBC can be subgrouped into three major classes with basal- and luminal-like characteristics and different clinical outcomes. Large differences in biological processes such as the cell cycle, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, and differentiation were observed. Analysis of transcript variants revealed frequent mutations in genes encoding proteins involved in chromatin organization and cytoskeletal functions. Furthermore, mutations in well-known cancer driver genes (e.g., TP53 and ERBB2) were primarily found in high-risk tumors, together with APOBEC-related mutational signatures. The identification of subclasses in NMIBC may offer better prognostication and treatment selection based on subclass assignment.
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3.
  • Fristrup, Niels, et al. (författare)
  • Multicenter Validation of Cyclin D1, MCM7, TRIM29, and UBE2C as Prognostic Protein Markers in Non-Muscle Invasive Bladder Cancer
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Pathology. - 0002-9440 .- 1525-2191. ; 182:2, s. 339-349
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Transcripts from the four genes encoding cyclin D1, MCM7, TRIM29, and UBE2C have previously been included in gene expression signatures for outcome prediction in stage Ta/T1 urothelial carcinomas. We investigated the prognostic value of the protein expressions in Ta/T1 urothelial carcinomas patients. We used four different tissue microarrays (TMAs) with a total of 859 Ta/T1 urothelial carcinomas from Danish, Swedish, Spanish, and Taiwanese patient cohorts with long-term follow-up. Protein expression was measured by IHC, and antibody specificity was validated by Western blotting. We found the expression of cyclin D1, MCM7, TRIM29, and UBE2C to be significantly associated with progression to muscle invasive bladder cancer (log-rank test; P < 0.001) in the Danish training cohort (n = 283). Multivariate Cox regression analysis identified cyclin D1 (P = 0.003), TRIM29 (P = 0.001), and UBE2C (P < 0.001) as independent prognostic markers. The prognostic value of the four proteins was validated in a joint validation cohort from Sweden, Spain, and Taiwan (n = 576). Computer-assisted image analysis of the prognostic markers produced results comparable to those obtained by manual scoring. Finally, a four-protein maximum-likelihood classifier was trained on the Danish training cohort and applied to the validation cohort. The four protein markers may help optimize treatment of patients with Ta/T1 bladder cancer. Additional prospective studies are needed for further validation of their clinical relevance.
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4.
  • Nielsen, Kim, et al. (författare)
  • Proteome profiling of corneal epithelium and identification of marker proteins for keratoconus, a pilot study
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Experimental Eye Research. - 0014-4835 .- 1096-0007. ; 82:2, s. 201-209
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of this study is to identify corneal proteins differentially expressed between keratoconus and normal epithelial samples. Proteins from the corneal epithelium were isolated from 6 keratoconus and 6 myopia patients (controls) and separated by 2D-gel electrophoresis. Six % and 12% SDS-PAGE gels were used to separate low and high molecular weight proteins. Gels were silver stained and protein spots were defined by Melanie II software. The proteins that were most altered in expression comparing keratoconus and controls were extracted, trypsin-digested, and identified by mass spectroscopy. Approximately 200-500 protein spots were detected on each gel. Nineteen spots were identified as differentially expressed between keratoconus and reference epithelium including cytokeratin 3 (<7.8 fold), gelsolin (1.6 fold), S100A4 (1.9 fold), and enolase 1 (0.72 fold). Another identified protein found at very high levels was cytokeratin 12. Gelsolin, cytokeratin 3, and cytokeratin 12 have previously been described to be involved in other corneal diseases. Three proteins, gelsolin, alpha enolase, and S100A4 were identified to be differentially expressed in keratoconus compared to reference epithelium and thus may be involved in the pathogenesis. © 2005 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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