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Sökning: WFRF:(Bjerke Maria 1977)

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1.
  • Bjerke, Maria, 1977, et al. (författare)
  • Confounding factors influencing amyloid Beta concentration in cerebrospinal fluid.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: International journal of Alzheimer's disease. - 2090-0252. ; 2010
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Patients afflicted with Alzheimer's disease (AD) exhibit a decrease in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentration of the 42 amino acid form of beta-amyloid (Abeta(42)). However, a high discrepancy between different centers in measured Abeta(42) levels reduces the utility of this biomarker as a diagnostic tool and in monitoring the effect of disease modifying drugs. Preanalytical and analytical confounding factors were examined with respect to their effect on the measured Abeta(42) level. Methods. Aliquots of CSF samples were either treated differently prior to Abeta(42) measurement or analyzed using different commercially available xMAP or ELISA assays. Results. Confounding factors affecting CSF Abeta(42) levels were storage in different types of test tubes, dilution with detergent-containing buffer, plasma contamination, heat treatment, and the origin of the immunoassays used for quantification. Conclusion. In order to conduct multicenter studies, a standardized protocol to minimize preanalytical and analytical confounding factors is warranted.
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2.
  • Mattsson, Niklas, 1979, et al. (författare)
  • Reference measurement procedures for Alzheimer's disease cerebrospinal fluid biomarkers: definitions and approaches with focus on amyloid β42.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Biomarkers in medicine. - 1752-0371. ; 6:4, s. 409-17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are increasingly used in clinical settings, research and drug trials. However, their broad-scale use on different technology platforms is hampered by the lack of standardization at the level of sample handling, determination of concentrations of analytes and the absence of well-defined performance criteria for in vitro diagnostic or companion diagnostic assays, which influences the apparent concentration of the analytes measured and the subsequent interpretation of the data. There is a need for harmonization of CSF AD biomarker assays that can reliably, across centers, quantitate CSF biomarkers with high analytical precision, selectivity and stability over long time periods. In this position paper, we discuss reference procedures for the measurement of CSF AD biomarkers, especially amyloid β42 and tau. We describe possible technical approaches, focusing on a selected reaction monitoring mass spectrometry assay as a candidate reference method for quantification of CSF amyloid β42.
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3.
  • Bjerke, Maria, 1977, et al. (författare)
  • Assessing the commutability of reference material formats for the harmonization of amyloid beta measurements.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Clinical chemistry and laboratory medicine : CCLM / FESCC. - 1437-4331. ; 54:7, s. 1177-91
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) amyloid-β (Aβ42) peptide is an important biomarker for Alzheimer's disease (AD). Variability in measured Aβ42 concentrations at different laboratories may be overcome by standardization and establishing traceability to a reference system. Candidate certified reference materials (CRMs) are validated herein for this purpose. METHODS: Commutability of 16 candidate CRM formats was assessed across five CSF Aβ42 immunoassays and one mass spectrometry (MS) method in a set of 48 individual clinical CSF samples. Promising candidate CRM formats (neat CSF and CSF spiked with Aβ42) were identified and subjected to validation across eight (Elecsys, EUROIMMUN, IBL, INNO-BIA AlzBio3, INNOTEST, MSD, Simoa, and Saladax) immunoassays and the MS method in 32 individual CSF samples. Commutability was evaluated by Passing-Bablok regression and the candidate CRM termed commutable when found within the prediction interval (PI). The relative distance to the regression line was assessed. RESULTS: The neat CSF candidate CRM format was commutable for almost all method comparisons, except for the Simoa/MSD, Simoa/MS and MS/IBL where it was found just outside the 95% PI. However, the neat CSF was found within 5% relative distance to the regression line for MS/IBL, between 5% and 10% for Simoa/MS and between 10% and 15% for Simoa/MSD comparisons. CONCLUSIONS: The neat CSF candidate CRM format was commutable for 33 of 36 method comparisons, only one comparison more than expected given the 95% PI acceptance limit. We conclude that the neat CSF candidate CRM can be used for value assignment of the kit calibrators for the different Aβ42 methods.
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4.
  • Brinkmalm, Gunnar, et al. (författare)
  • Soluble amyloid precursor protein α and β in CSF in Alzheimer's disease.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Brain research. - 1872-6240. ; 1513, s. 117-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cerebral accumulation of amyloid β (Aβ) is a pathological hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Proteolytic processing of amyloid precursor protein (APP) by α- or β-secretase results in two soluble metabolites, sAPPα and sAPPβ, respectively. However, previous data have shown that both α- and β-secretase have multiple cleavage sites. The aim of this study was to characterize the C-termini of sAPPα and sAPPβ in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by mass spectrometry (MS) and to evaluate whether different combinations of these fragments better separate between AD patients and controls by comparing two different sAPP immunoassays. Methods: Using immunoprecipitation and high resolution MS, the APP species present in CSF were investigated. CSF levels of sAPPα and sAPPβ from patients with AD (n=43) and from non-demented controls (n=44) were measured using AlphaLISA and MSD immunoassays that employ different antibodies for C-terminal recognition of sAPPα. Results: Four different C-terminal forms of sAPP were identified, sAPPβ-M671, sAPPβ-Y681, sAPPα-Q686, and sAPPα-K687 (APP770 numbering). Neither immunoassay for the sAPP species could separate the two patient groups. The correlation (R(2)) between the two immunoassays was 0.41 for sAPPα and 0.45 for sAPPβ. Conclusion: Using high resolution MS, we show here for the first time that sAPPα in CSF ends at Q686 and K687. The findings also support the conclusion from several previous studies that sAPPα and sAPPβ levels are unaltered in AD.
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5.
  • Jakobsson, Joel, et al. (författare)
  • Elevated Concentrations of Neurofilament Light Chain in The Cerebrospinal Fluid of Bipolar Disorder Patients.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neuropsychopharmacology : official publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology. - 1740-634X. ; 39
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bipolar disorder (BD) is characterized by mood swings between manic and depressive states. The etiology and pathogenesis of BD is unclear, but many of the affected cognitive domains, as well as neuroanatomical abnormalities, resemble symptoms and signs of small vessel disease. In small vessel disease, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers reflecting damages in different cell types and subcellular structures of the brain have been established. Hence, we hypothesized that CSF markers related to small vessel disease may also be applicable as biomarkers for bipolar disorder. To investigate this hypothesis, we sampled CSF from 133 patients with bipolar disorder and 86 healthy controls. The concentrations of neurofilament light chain (NF-L), myelin basic protein (MBP), S100B, and heart-fatty acid binding protein (H-FABP) were measured in CSF and analyzed in relation to diagnosis, clinical characteristics, and ongoing medications. Hereby we found an elevation of the marker of subcortical axonal damage, NF-L, in bipolar subjects. We also identified positive associations between NF-L and treatment with atypical antipsychotics, MBP and lamotrigine, and H-FABP and lithium. These findings indicate axonal damage as an underlying neuropathological component of bipolar disorder, though the clinical value of elevated NF-L remains to be validated in follow-up studies. The associations between current medications and CSF brain injury markers might aid in the understanding of both therapeutic and adverse effects of these drugs.Neuropsychopharmacology accepted article peview online, 03 April 2014; doi:10.1038/npp.2014.81.
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6.
  • Jakobsson, Joel, et al. (författare)
  • Monocyte and microglial activation in patients with mood-stabilized bipolar disorder.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of psychiatry & neuroscience : JPN. - 1488-2434. ; 40:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bipolar disorder is associated with medical comorbidities that have been linked to systemic inflammatory mechanisms. There is, however, limited evidence supporting a role of neuroinflammation in bipolar disorder. Here we tested whether microglial activation and associated tissue remodelling processes are related to bipolar disorder by analyzing markers in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum from patients and healthy controls.
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7.
  • Kuhlmann, Julia, et al. (författare)
  • CSF Aβ1-42 - an excellent but complicated Alzheimer's biomarker - a route to standardisation.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinica chimica acta; international journal of clinical chemistry. - 1873-3492. ; 467
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The 42 amino acid form of amyloid β (Aβ1-42) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been widely accepted as a central biomarker for Alzheimer's disease. Several immunoassays for CSF Aβ1-42 are commercially available, but can suffer from between laboratory and batch-to-batch variability as well as lack of standardisation across assays. As a consequence, no general cut-off values have been established for a specific context of use (e.g., clinical diagnostics) and selection of individuals for enrolment in clinical trials (patient stratification) remains challenging. The International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) has initiated a working group for CSF proteins (WG-CSF) to facilitate standardisation of CSF Aβ1-42 measurement results. The efforts of the IFCC WG-CSF include the development of certified reference materials (CRMs) and reference measurement procedures (RMPs) for key biomarkers. Two candidate RMPs for quantification of Aβ1-42 in CSF based on liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry have been developed and tested in two ring trials. Furthermore, two commutability studies including native CSF pools, artificial CSF and spiked materials have been completed. On the basis of these studies, human CSF pools containing only endogenous Aβ1-42 at three concentrations were selected as the format for future CRMs that are now being processed.
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8.
  • Olsson, Bob, 1969, et al. (författare)
  • CSF and blood biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: The Lancet. Neurology. - 1474-4465. ; 15:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Alzheimer's disease biomarkers are important for early diagnosis in routine clinical practice and research. Three core CSF biomarkers for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (Aβ42, T-tau, and P-tau) have been assessed in numerous studies, and several other Alzheimer's disease markers are emerging in the literature. However, there have been no comprehensive meta-analyses of their diagnostic performance. We systematically reviewed the literature for 15 biomarkers in both CSF and blood to assess which of these were most altered in Alzheimer's disease.
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9.
  • Portelius, Erik, 1977, et al. (författare)
  • Altered Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of Amyloid beta and Amyloid Precursor-Like Protein 1 Peptides in Down's Syndrome
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Neuromolecular medicine. - 1535-1084. ; 16:2, s. 510-516
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Down's syndrome (DS) patients develop early Alzheimer's disease pathology with abundant cortical amyloid plaques, likely due to overproduction of the amyloid precursor protein (APP), which subsequently leads to amyloid beta (A beta) aggregation. This is reflected in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of the 42-amino acid long A beta peptide (A beta 1-42), which are increased in young DS patients and decreases with age. However, it is unclear whether DS also affects other aspects of A beta metabolism, including production of shorter C- and N-terminal truncated A beta peptides, and production of peptides from the amyloid precursor-like protein 1 (APLP1), which is related to APP, and cleaved by the same enzymatic processing machinery. APLP1-derived peptides may be surrogate markers for A beta 1-42 production in the brain. Here, we used hybrid immunoaffinity-mass spectrometry and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays to monitor several A beta and APLP1 peptides in CSF from DS patients (n = 12) and healthy controls (n = 20). CSF levels of A beta 1-42 and three endogenous peptides derived from APLP1 (APL1 beta 25, APL1 beta 27 and APL1 beta 28) were decreased in DS compared with controls, while a specific A beta peptide, A beta 1-28, was increased in a majority of the DS individuals. This study indicates that DS causes previously unknown specific alterations of APP and APLP1 metabolism.
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10.
  • Rolstad, Sindre, 1976, et al. (författare)
  • CSF neuroinflammatory biomarkers in bipolar disorder are associated with cognitive impairment.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: European neuropsychopharmacology : the journal of the European College of Neuropsychopharmacology. - 1873-7862. ; 25:8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Persistent cognitive impairment in the euthymic state of bipolar disorder is increasingly recognized. Mounting evidence also suggests an association between neuroinflammation and cognitive dysfunction. The purpose of this study was to test if cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) markers of neuroinflammation could account for cognitive impairment in bipolar disorder. Hierarchical linear regression models were applied to account for performance in five cognitive domains using CSF neuroinflammatory biomarkers as predictors in patients with bipolar disorder type I and II (N=78). The associations between these biomarkers and cognition were further tested in healthy age- and sex-matched controls (N=86). In patients with bipolar disorder, the CSF biomarkers accounted for a significant proportion of the variance in executive functions (42.8%, p=<.0005) independently of age, medication, disease status, and bipolar subtype. The microglial marker YKL-40 had a high impact (beta=-.99), and was the only biomarker that contributed individually. CSF biomarkers were not associated with cognitive performance in healthy controls. The CSF neuroinflammation biomarker YKL-40 is associated with executive performance in euthymic bipolar disorder, but not in healthy controls.
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