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Sökning: WFRF:(Bjursten Lars Magnus)

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1.
  • Asplund, Basse, et al. (författare)
  • In vitro degradation and in vivo biocompatibility study of a new linear poly(urethane urea)
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B - Applied Biomaterials. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1552-4981 .- 1552-4973. ; 86B:1, s. 45-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Segmented poly(urethane urea)s (PUUs) with hard segments derived only from methyl 2,6-diisocyantohexanoate (LDI) without the use of a chain extender have previously been described. These materials, which contain hard segments with multiple urea linkages, show exceptionally high strain capability (1600-4700%). In the study reported here, the rate and effect of hydrolysis of these materials were determined for gamma-sterilized and nonsterilized samples. Materials investigated contained PCL, PTMC, P(TMC-co-CL), P(CL-co-DLLA), or P(TMC-co-DLLA) as soft segments and, as well as their mechanical properties, changes in mass, inherent viscosity (IN.), and thermal properties were studied over 20 weeks. Results showed that the degradation rate was dependant on the soft segment structure, with a higher rate of degradation for the polyester-dominating PUUs exhibiting a substantial loss in IN. A tendency of reduction of tensile strength and strain hardening was seen for all samples. Also, loss in elongation at break was detected, for PUU-P(CL-DLLA) it went from 1600% to 830% in 10 weeks. Gamma radiation caused an initial loss in I.V. and induced more rapid hydrolysis compared with nonsterilized samples, except for PUU-PTMC. A cytotoxicity test using human fibroblasts demonstrated that the material supports cell viability. In addition, an in vivo biocompatibility study showed a typical foreign body reaction after I and 6 weeks.
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2.
  • Bjursten, H., et al. (författare)
  • Infective endocarditis after transcatheter aortic valve implantation: a nationwide study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Heart Journal. - : Oxford University Press. - 0195-668X .- 1522-9645. ; 40:39, s. 3263-3269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aims  Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), now a common procedure to treat high-risk patients with severe aortic stenosis, has rapidly been expanding into younger and lower-risk populations, creating a need to better understand long-term outcome after TAVI. The aim of the present investigation was to determine the incidence, risk factors for, clinical presentation of, and outcome after prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) in patients treated with TAVI in a nationwide study. Methods and results  Three registries were used: a national TAVI registry, a national diagnosis registry, and a national infective endocarditis registry. Combining these registries made it possible to perform a nationwide, all-comers study with independent and validated reporting of PVE in 4336 patients between 2008 and mid-2018. The risk for PVE after TAVI was 1.4% (95% confidence interval 1.0–1.8%) the first year and 0.8% (0.6–1.1%) per year thereafter. One-year survival after PVE diagnosis was 58% (49–68%), and 5-year survival was 29% (17–41%). Body surface area, estimated glomerular filtration rate <30 mL/min/1.73 m2, critical pre-operative state, mean pre-procedural valve gradient, amount of contrast dye used, transapical access, and atrial fibrillation were identified as independent risk factors for PVE. Staphylococcus aureus was more common in early (<1 year) PVE. Infection with S. aureus, root abscess, late PVE, and non-community acquisition was associated with higher 6-month mortality. Conclusion  The incidence of PVE was similar to that of surgical bioprostheses. Compromised renal function was a strong risk factor for developing PVE. In the context of PVE, TAVI seems to be a safe option for patients.
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3.
  • Bjursten, LM, et al. (författare)
  • Titanium dioxide nanotubes enhance bone bonding in vivo.
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Journal of biomedical materials research. Part A. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1552-4965. ; 92:3, s. 1218-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Implant topography is critical to the clinical success of bone-anchored implants, yet little is known how nano-modified implant topography affects osseointegration. We investigate the in vivo bone bonding of two titanium implant surfaces: titanium dioxide (TiO(2)) nanotubes and TiO(2) gritblasted surfaces. In previous in vitro studies, the topography of the TiO(2) nanotubes improved osteoblast proliferation and adhesion compared with gritblasted titanium surfaces. After four weeks of implantation in rabbit tibias, pull-out testing indicated that TiO(2) nanotubes significantly improved bone bonding strength by as much as nine-fold compared with TiO(2) gritblasted surfaces. Histological analysis confirmed greater bone-implant contact area, new bone formation, and calcium and phosphorus levels on the nanotube surfaces. It is anticipated that further studies will contribute to a better understanding of the effect of implant nanotopography on in vivo bone formation and bonding strength.
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4.
  • Zhao, Qing, et al. (författare)
  • Rat sciatic nerve regeneration through a micromachined silicon chip
  • 1997
  • Ingår i: Biomaterials. - : Elsevier. - 1878-5905. ; 18:1, s. 75-80
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The capacity of regenerating nerve fibres to grow through a perforated silicon chip was tested using the silicone chamber model for nerve regeneration. The chips were fabricated as circular membranes, 4 mm in diameter, thickness 60 microns, with a perforated area, 2 mm in diameter, in the centre. Three types of chips were fabricated utilizing anisotropic etching. The chips were glued with silicone adhesive between two halves of silicone rubber tubing (total length 8 mm, inner diameter 1.8 mm, outer diameter 3.0 mm) which was used to bridge a 4 mm gap between the proximal and distal nerve stumps of a transected rat sciatic nerve. The capacity of regenerating nerve fibres to grow through the holes of the chip was analysed by light and scanning electron microscopy after 4 or 16 weeks of regeneration. Furthermore, the muscle contractility force of the gastrocnemius muscle was measured after 16 weeks of regeneration and compared as a percentage of the contralateral uninjured side. Nerves generated through chips with hole diameters of 10 or 50 microns were morphological and functional failures. The nerve structures distal to chips with hole diameters of 100 microns contained many myelinated nerve fibres in a minifascicular pattern after both 4 and 16 weeks of regeneration. The muscle contractility force was 56% of that of contralateral control muscles.
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5.
  • Alffram, Per-Axel, et al. (författare)
  • Implantation of the Femoral Stem into a Bed of Titanium Granules Using Vibration: A pilot study of a new method for prosthetic fixation in 5 patients followed for up to 15 years
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Uppsala Journal of Medical Sciences. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0300-9734. ; 112:2, s. 183-189
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study describes a new method for the fixation of titanium hip stem prostheses based on interdigitation of irregularly shaped porous titanium granules onto bone tissue. The granules were distributed into the prepared femoral cavity using a vibrating tool, and the stem was vibrated and tapped into the bed of granules. In this pilot study, 5 patients were followed between 9 and 15 years. The clinical results were excellent and the prostheses remained stable. Autopsy (one specimen) and computer tomography (three patients) show that the granules become incorporated by bone ingrowth.
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6.
  • Eriksson Linsmeier, Cecilia, et al. (författare)
  • Soft tissue reactions evoked by implanted gallium phosphide.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Biomaterials. - : Elsevier. - 1878-5905. ; 29:35, s. 4598-4604
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neural devices may play an important role in the diagnosis and therapy of several clinical conditions, such as stroke, trauma or neurodegenerative disorders, by facilitating motor and pain control. Such interfaces, chronically implanted in the CNS, need to be biocompatible and have the ability to stimulate and record nerve signals. However, neural devices of today are not fully optimized. Nanostructured surfaces may improve electrical properties and lower evoked tissue responses. Vertical gallium phosphide (GaP) nanowires epitaxially grown from a GaP surface is one way of creating nanostructured electrodes. Thus, we chose to study the soft tissue reactions evoked by GaP surfaces. GaP and the control material titanium (Ti) were implanted in the rat abdominal wall for evaluation of tissue reactions after 1, 6, or 12 weeks. The foreign-body response was evaluated by measuring the reactive capsule thickness and by quantification of ED1-positive macrophages and total cells in the capsule. Furthermore, the concentration of Ga was measured in blood, brain, liver and kidneys. Statistically significant differences were noticed between GaP and Ti at 12 weeks for total and ED1-positive cell densities in the capsule. The chemical analysis showed that the concentration of Ga in brain, liver and kidneys increased during 12 weeks of implantation, indicating loss of Ga from the implant. Taken together, our results show that the biocompatible properties of GaP are worse than those of the well-documented biomaterial Ti.
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7.
  • Hansbrough, John, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of recombinant bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (rBPI23) on neutrophil activity in burned rats
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Trauma. - : Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. - 0022-5282. ; 40:6, s. 886-892
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (BPI) is a neutrophil granule protein with potent bactericidal and lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-neutralizing activities. The purpose of this study was to determine if a human recombinant BPI product, rBPI23, would influence neutrophil (PMN) sequestration into various tissues in a rat burn injury model. Leukosequestration may produce local tissue injury from proteases and high-energy oxygen species released from PMNs. Rats received tracheostomy and venous cannulation, then received 17 to 20% total body surface area full-thickness contact burns and resuscitation with 20 ml, of intraperitoneal saline. Ten mg/kg body weight rBPI23 in saline was given by intravenous injection immediately after burn injury, followed by intravenous doses of 2 mg/kg at 2 and 4 hours. Control animals received intravenous saline only. PMN retention in lung, liver, spleen, gut, skin, muscle, kidney, and brain tissues was determined by removing (before burn injury) and differentially radiolabeling PMNs (111In) and erythrocytes (51Cr), reinfusing cells 4.5 hours after burn injury, and measuring tissue radioactivity 30 minutes later. Edema was estimated by measuring extravasated 125I-labeled albumin in the various tissues, 30 minutes after injection. Peripheral blood PMNS were analyzed for intracellular H2O2 content by flow cytometry using a fluorescent dye that reacts with H2O2. Radioisotope studies demonstrated significant (p < 0.05) leukosequestration into lung, liver, gut, kidney, and skin tissues at 5 hours after burn injury. Tissue edema, manifested by radiolabeled albumin retention, was not observed in any tissues. Postburn PMN deposition in lungs and skin was decreased (p < 0.05) by the immediate administration of rBPI23 after burn injury. Flow cytometry showed increased intracellular H2O2 content in peripheral blood PMNs 5 hours after burn injury (p < 0.05), which was unaffected by administration of rBPI23. Since sequestration of metabolically active PMNs may induce tissue injury, therapies that block leukosequestration after burn injury may improve clinical outcomes by limiting remote tissue injury.
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8.
  • Hansbrough, John F, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of E-selectin and P-selectin blockade on neutrophil sequestration in tissues and neutrophil oxidative burst in burned rats
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Critical Care Medicine. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1530-0293. ; 24:8, s. 1366-1372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Neutrophil deposition in tissues (leukosequestration) after shock may produce local tissue injury from proteases and high-energy oxygen species released from sequestered neutrophils. The initial step in the binding of neutrophils to capillary endothelium is the interaction of adhesion molecule (selectin) receptors between neutrophils and endothelial cells. We quantified leukosequestration in the tissues of burned rats using two methods of analysis: a) measurement of lung myeloperoxidase; and b) measurement of radiolabeled neutrophils and erythrocytes deposited in multiple tissues. We then determined the ability of a selectin receptor blocking agent to affect neutrophil deposition in tissues after burn injury. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, laboratory study. SETTING: University research laboratory. SUBJECTS: Male Wistar rats (200 to 300 g). INTERVENTIONS: After tracheostomy and venous cannulation, rats received 17% total body surface area full-thickness contact burns and were resuscitated with saline (20 mL i.p.). Experimental animals received 2 mg/kg body weight i.v. administration of a P- and E-selectin blocking monoclonal antibody, CY-1747, immediately after burn. Lung tissue neutrophils were estimated by measuring myeloperoxidase in lung tissue. Neutrophil retention in lung, liver, spleen, gut, skin, muscle, kidney, and brain tissues was determined by removing (preburn) and differentially radiolabeling neutrophils (111In) and erythrocytes (51Cr), reinfusing cells 4.5 hrs after burn, and measuring tissue radioactivity 30 mins later. Edema was estimated by measuring extravasated 125 I-labeled albumin in the various tissues. Peripheral blood neutrophils were analyzed for intracellular hydrogen peroxide content, utilizing a fluorescent dye that reacts with hydrogen peroxide, coupled with analysis of cell fluorescence by flow cytometry. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: Myeloperoxidase concentration was increased in lungs 5 hrs after burn (p < .05), indicating neutrophil deposition. Radioisotope studies demonstrated significant (p < .05) leukosequestration into the lung, gut, kidney, skin, and brain tissues at 5 hrs after burn. Flow cytometry showed increased intracellular hydrogen peroxide content in peripheral blood neutrophils 5 hrs after burn. Tissue edema, manifested by radiolabeled albumin retention, was not seen in any tissues. Postburn neutrophil deposition in lungs and liver was blocked (p < .05) by administration of CY-1747 after burn, but maximal neutrophil hydrogen peroxide content was unaffected. CONCLUSION: Burn injury in rats results in accumulation of neutrophils in multiple tissues. Neutrophil deposition in the lungs and liver is blocked by administration of the E/P-selectin blocking antibody, CY-1747. Since sequestration of metabolically active neutrophils may induce tissue injury, therapies that block postburn leukosequestration may improve clinical outcomes by limiting remote tissue injury.
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9.
  • Hansbrough, John F., et al. (författare)
  • Neutrophil activation and tissue neutrophil sequestration in a rat model of thermal injury
  • 1996
  • Ingår i: Journal of Surgical Research. - : Elsevier. - 1095-8673. ; 61:1, s. 17-22
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutrophil (PMN) deposition in tissues (leukosequestration) after shock may produce local tissue injury from proteases and oxygen intermediaries which are released from sequestered PMNs. We quantified leukosequestration in tissues in burned rats using two methods of analysis: 1), measurement of lung myeloperoxidase (MPO); 2), measurement of radiolabeled PMNs and erythrocytes deposited in multiple tissues. After tracheostomy and venous cannulation, rats received 17% TBSA full-thickness contact burns and were resuscitated with 20 cc intraperitoneal saline. Lung PMNs were estimated by measuring MPO in lung tissue. PMN influx into lung, liver, spleen, gut, skin, muscle, kidney, and brain was determined by removing (preburn) and differentially radiolabeling PMNs (111In) and erythrocytes (51Cr), reinfusing cells 4.5 hr postburn, and measuring tissue radioactivity 5 hr postburn. Tissue edema was measured by determining extravasation of 125I-labeled albumin in tissues. Peripheral blood PMNs were analyzed for intracellular H2O2 content utilizing a fluorescent dye which reacts with H2O2 coupled with analysis of cell fluorescence by flow cytometry. MPO was elevated in lungs 8 hr postburn (P < 0.05). PMN influx into lung tissues was confirmed by histologic examination. Radioisotope studies demonstrated significant (P < 0.05) leukosequestration into lung, gut, kidney, skin, and brain tissues at 5 hr postburn. Respiratory burst activity of peripheral blood PMNs was increased 5 hr postburn (P < 0.05). Flow cytometric analysis indicated that peripheral blood PMNs were capable of producing markedly increased H2O2 levels 5 hr postburn. Tissue edema, manifested by radiolabeled albumin influx, was not seen in any tissues. Since others have shown that sequestration of metabolically active PMNs may induce remote tissue injury, therapies which block postburn leukosequestration may be able to improve clinical outcomes by limiting remote tissue injury.
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10.
  • Holgers, Kajsa-Mia, et al. (författare)
  • Experience with percutaneous titanium implants in the head and neck: a clinical and histological study
  • 1989
  • Ingår i: Journal of Investigative Surgery. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0894-1939. ; 2:1, s. 7-16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Percutaneous implants have been associated with numerous problems. However, by using skin-penetrating, bone-anchored titanium implants, developed by Professor Branemark at the Department of Anatomy, University of Goteborg, good long-term results have been observed. These implants have been in clinical use for anchorage of bone-conducting hearing aids and facial prostheses since 1977 and 1979, respectively. The total number of implants is approximately 700. Less than 4% of the observations have shown significant irritation. Biopsies from 33 patients were collected for histological studies. In the irritated skin there was an increased number of inflammatory cells, mainly polymorphonuclear cells, B-cells, and plasma cells but not T-cells. This suggests a response directed against exogenous agents rather than an allergic reaction against the implant per se.
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