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Sökning: WFRF:(Borgström Anders)

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  • Bi, Zhaoxia, et al. (författare)
  • Self-assembled InN quantum dots on side facets of GaN nanowires
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Applied Physics. - AIP Publishing LLC. - 0021-8979. ; 123:16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Self-assembled, atomic diffusion controlled growth of InN quantum dots was realized on the side facets of dislocation-free and c-oriented GaN nanowires having a hexagonal cross-section. The nanowires were synthesized by selective area metal organic vapor phase epitaxy. A 3 Å thick InN wetting layer was observed after growth, on top of which the InN quantum dots formed, indicating self-assembly in the Stranski-Krastanow growth mode. We found that the InN quantum dots can be tuned to nucleate either preferentially at the edges between GaN nanowire side facets, or directly on the side facets by tuning the adatom migration by controlling the precursor supersaturation and growth temperature. Structural characterization by transmission electron microscopy and reciprocal space mapping show that the InN quantum dots are close to be fully relaxed (residual strain below 1%) and that the c-planes of the InN quantum dots are tilted with respect to the GaN core. The strain relaxes mainly by the formation of misfit dislocations, observed with a periodicity of 3.2 nm at the InN and GaN hetero-interface. The misfit dislocations introduce I1 type stacking faults (...ABABCBC...) in the InN quantum dots. Photoluminescence investigations of the InN quantum dots show that the emissions shift to higher energy with reduced quantum dot size, which we attribute to increased quantum confinement.
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4.
  • Hakansson, HO, et al. (författare)
  • Synthesis and localization of pancreatic secretory proteins in pancreatic acinar-like metaplasia in the distal part of the oesophagus
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology. - Taylor & Francis. - 1502-7708. ; 38:1, s. 41560-41560
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Pancreatic acinar-like metaplasia has previously been described in the gastric mucosa and in the distal part of the oesophagus. The resemblance to pancreatic acinar cells prompted us to study the possible occurrence of secretory pancreatic proteins in these cells. Methods: Seven specimens obtained from the distal oesophagus at gastroscopy where routine microscopy showed pancreatic acinar-like metaplasia were selected for this study. Sections were subjected to immunohistochemical detection of trypsinogen, pancreatic elastase, procarboxypeptidase B and pancreatic secretory trypsin inhibitor using specific antisera. An alkaline-phosphatase-conjugated oligodeoxynucleotide probe, complementary to the transcript for trypsinogen 2 (anionic) was used for in situ hybridization. Results: Cells with pancreatic acinar-like metaplasia were immunoreactive to all pancreatic secretory proteins studied. In situ hybridization showed the presence of trypsinogen 2 mRNA in pancreatic acinar-like metaplasia. The pancreatic proteins were not seen in other cells in the distal oesophagus. Conclusion: Pancreatic acinar-like metaplasia is common in the distal oesophagus and pancreatic secretory proteins, including trypsininogen 2, are produced in the oesophageal metaplastic acinar cells. The biological significance of this finding has yet not been thoroughly studied.
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  • Ihse, Ingemar, et al. (författare)
  • Riktlinjer för handläggning av patienter med pankreascancer
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - Swedish Medical Association. - 0023-7205. ; 99:15, s. 1676-1683
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Transabdominellt ultraljud är förstahandsundersökning vid misstänkt pankreascancer, följt av spiral-DT eller MR för mer definitiv diagnos. Tumörmarkörer har ingen plats i rutindiagnostiken. Spiral-DT är basen i resektabilitetsbedömningen. Resektion av tumören är en förutsättning för bot. Ett samband har påvisats mellan antalet resektioner som görs vid ett sjukhus årligen och postoperativ mortalitet. Långtidsöverlevnaden efter resektion är oförändrat kort medan postoperativ mortalitet minskat dramatiskt vid enheter som rapporterat sina resultat. Adjuvant behandling efter resektion bör endast ges inom ramen för kliniska studier. Det palliativa omhändertagandet har förbättrats främst genom utveckling inom endoskopi, interventionell radiologi, smärt- och nutritionsbehandling. Palliativ cytostatikabehandling bör endast ges selektivt utanför kliniska studier. Radioterapi har ingen dokumenterad effekt på överlevnaden vid icke-resektabel pankreascancer. Internationellt rekommenderas speciella behandlingsteam för pankreascancer med tillräckliga upptagningsområden (2–4 miljoner invånare).
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7.
  • Lindkvist, Bjorn, et al. (författare)
  • A prospective study of Helicobacter pylori in relation to the risk for pancreatic cancer
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - BioMed Central. - 1471-2407. ; 8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The relationship between Helicobacter pylori infection and pancreatic cancer has been investigated in three previous studies with contradictory results. The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between H. pylori seropositivity and the risk for pancreatic cancer in a nested case-control study within a population based cohort. Methods: Selected birth- year cohorts (born 1921-1949) of residents in Malmo, Sweden, were invited to a health screening investigation. A total of 33 346 subjects participated. Cases with pancreatic cancer (n = 87) were matched to controls (n = 263) using age, sex and time for baseline investigation as matching variables. H. pylori serology was analysed in stored serum samples using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Odds ratios (OR) for pancreatic cancer were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (CI) using logistic regression. Results: H. pylori seropositivity was not associated with pancreatic cancer in the total cohort (adjusted OR 1.25 (0.75-2.09)). However, a statistically significant association was found in never smokers (OR 3.81 (1.06-13.63) adjusted for alcohol consumption) and a borderline statistically significant association was found in subjects with low alcohol consumption (OR 2.13 (0.97-4.69) adjusted for smoking). Conclusion: We conclude that no association between H. pylori infection and the risk for pancreatic cancer was found in the total cohort. However, in never smokers and in subjects with low risk alcohol consumption, a positive H. pylori serology was associated with an increased risk for pancreatic cancer. These findings should be interpreted cautiously due to the limited number of cases in these subgroups.
8.
  • Paju, A, et al. (författare)
  • Expression and characterization of trypsinogen produced in the human male genital tract
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Pathology. - American Society for Investigative Pathology. - 1525-2191. ; 157:6, s. 2011-2021
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Trypsinogen is a serine proteinase produced mainly by the pancreas, but it has recently been found to be expressed also in several cancers such as ovarian and colon cancer and in vascular endothelial cells. In this study, we found that trypsinogen-1 and -2 are present at high concentrations (median levels, 0.4 and 0.5 mg/L, respectively) in human seminal fluid and purified them to homogeneity by immunoaffinity and anion exchange chromatography. Purified trypsinogen isoenzymes displayed a M(r) of 25 to 28 kd in sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and Western blotting. Most of the trypsinogen-1 purified from seminal fluid was enzymatically active whereas trypsinogen-2 occurred as the proform, which could be activated by enteropeptidase in vitro. Immunohistochemically, trypsinogen protein was detected in the human prostate, urethra, utriculus, ejaculatory duct, seminal vesicles, deferent duct, epididymal glands, and testis. Expression of trypsinogen mRNA in the same organs was demonstrated by in situ hybridization. Trypsinogen mRNA was also detected in the prostate and seminal vesicles by reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction and Northern blotting. Isolated trypsin was shown to activate the proenzyme form of prostate-specific antigen. These results suggest that trypsinogen isoenzymes found in seminal fluid are produced locally in the male genital tract and that they may play a physiological role in the semen.
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  • Andrén Sandberg, Ake, et al. (författare)
  • Early prediction of severity in acute pancreatitis. Is this possible?
  • 2002
  • Ingår i: Journal of the Pancreas. - E.S. Burioni ricerche bibliografiche. - 1590-8577. ; 3:5, s. 25-116
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • One out of ten cases of acute pancreatitis develops into severe acute pancreatitis which is a life threatening disorder with a high mortality rate. The other nine cases are self limiting and need very little therapy. The specificity of good clinical judgement on admission, concerning the prognosis of the attack, is high (high specificity) but misses a lot of severe cases (low sensitivity). The prediction of severity in acute pancreatitis was first suggested by John HC Ranson in 1974. Much effort has been put into finding a simple scoring system or a good biochemical marker for selecting the severe cases of acute pancreatitis immediately on admission. Today C-reactive protein is the method of choice although this marker is not valid until 48-72 hours after the onset of pain. Inflammatory mediators upstream from CRP like interleukin-6 and other cytokines are likely to react faster and preliminary results for some of these mediators look promising. Another successful approach has been to study markers for the activation of trypsinogen such as TAP and CAPAP. This is based on studies showing that active trypsin is the initial motor of the inflammatory process in acute pancreatitis. In the near future a combined clinical and laboratory approach for early severity prediction will be the most reliable. Clinical judgement predicts 1/3 of the severe cases on admission and early markers for either inflammation or trypsinogen activation should accurately identify 50-60% of the mild cases among the rest, thus missing only 2-4% of the remaining severe cases. One problem is that there is no simple and fast method to analyze any of these parameters.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 81
  • [1]234567...9Nästa
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