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Sökning: WFRF:(Buchfelder Michael)

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1.
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2.
  • Brabant, Georg, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical implications of residual growth hormone (GH) response to provocative testing in adults with severe GH deficiency
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 92:7, s. 2604-2609
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Context: The diagnosis of GH deficiency (GHD) in adults is based on provocative tests of GH release, all influenced by clinical factors. It is unknown whether the amount of residual GH reserve under the cutoff value has any physiological implication. Objectives: We used a large pharmacoepidemiological database of adult GHD (KIMS) and tested the impact of confounding factors on GH release of no greater than 3 µg/liter after an insulin tolerance test (ITT) and evaluated its potential physiological role. Design, Settings, and Patients: A total of 1098 patients fulfilled the criteria of having a GH peak of no greater than 3 µg/liter during ITT as well as documented IGF-I levels. Outcomes: The impact of underlying hypothalamic-pituitary disease, age, gender, body weight, as well as treatment modalities such as irradiation on peak GH level to ITT was evaluated, and the correlations between GH peak and targets of GH action were analyzed. Results: The GH response to ITT was regulated by gender, age, and the number of additional pituitary deficiencies. In a multivariate evaluation, the extent of hypothalamic-pituitary dysfunction was the most important single predictor of GH peak in ITT. GH peaks in ITT were positively related to IGF-I levels and high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, as well as inversely to triglycerides. Conclusions: Even in adult severe GHD, GH release appears to be regulated by factors defined to play an important role in normal GH secretion. The impact of very low GH release on IGF-I and lipid parameters indicates a persistent physiological role of low GH concentrations in severely affected patients with GHD.
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3.
  • Casanueva, Felipe F., et al. (författare)
  • Criteria for the definition of Pituitary Tumor Centers of Excellence (PTCOE): A Pituitary Society Statement
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403. ; 20, s. 489-498
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • © 2017, The Author(s). Introduction: With the goal of generate uniform criteria among centers dealing with pituitary tumors and to enhance patient care, the Pituitary Society decided to generate criteria for developing Pituitary Tumors Centers of Excellence (PTCOE). Methods: To develop that task, a group of ten experts served as a Task Force and through two years of iterative work an initial draft was elaborated. This draft was discussed, modified and finally approved by the Board of Directors of the Pituitary Society. Such document was presented and debated at a specific session of the Congress of the Pituitary Society, Orlando 2017, and suggestions were incorporated. Finally the document was distributed to a large group of global experts that introduced further modifications with final endorsement. Results: After five years of iterative work a document with the ideal criteria for a PTCOE is presented. Conclusions: Acknowledging that very few centers in the world, if any, likely fulfill the requirements here presented, the document may be a tool to guide improvements of care delivery to patients with pituitary disorders. All these criteria must be accommodated to the regulations and organization of Health of a given country.
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4.
  • Esposito, Daniela, et al. (författare)
  • Non-functioning pituitary adenomas: indications for pituitary surgery and post-surgical management.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1573-7403. ; 22:4, s. 422-434
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Non-functioning pituitary adenomas (NFPAs) are associated with impaired well-being, increased comorbidities, and reduced long-term survival. Data on optimal management of NFPAs around surgical treatment are scarce, and postoperative treatment and follow-up strategies have not been evaluated in prospective trials. Here, we review the preoperative, perioperative, and early postoperative management of patients with NFPAs.We searched Medline and the Cochrane Library for articles published in English with the following items "Pituitary neoplasms AND Surgery" and "Surgery AND Hypopituitarism". Studies containing detailed analyses of the management of NFPAs in adult patients, including pituitary surgery, endocrine care, imaging, ophthalmologic assessment and long-term outcome were reviewed.Treatment options for NFPAs include active surveillance, surgical resection, and radiotherapy. Pituitary surgery is currently recommended as first-line treatment in patients with visual impairment due to adenomas compressing the optic nerves or chiasma. Radiotherapy is reserved for large tumor remnants or tumor recurrence following one or more surgical attempts. There is no consensus of optimal pre-, peri-, and postoperative management such as timing, frequency, and duration of endocrine, radiologic, and ophthalmologic assessments as well as management of smaller tumor remnants or tumor recurrence.In clinical practice, there is a great variation in the treatment and follow-up of patients with NFPAs. We have, based on available data, suggested an optimal management strategy for patients with NFPAs in relation to pituitary surgery. Prospective trials oriented at drawing up strategies for the management of NFPAs are needed.
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5.
  • Feldt-Rasmussen, Ulla, et al. (författare)
  • Response to GH treatment in adult GH deficiency is predicted by gender, age, and IGF1 SDS but not by stimulated GH-peak
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - 0804-4643 .- 1479-683X. ; 168:5, s. 733-743
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: We studied whether the severity of GH deficiency (GHD) defined as i) GH-peak on stimulation tests (insulin tolerance test (ITT), arginine, and glucagon), ii) number of additional pituitary deficits, or iii) baseline IGF1 SDS could impact the response to GH treatment. We further explored whether iv) IGF1 SDS after 24 months of GH replacement or v) Delta IGF1 SDS from baseline to 24 months was related to the phenotypic response to GH treatment. Design, patients, and measurements: The patient cohort (n=1752; 50% women) was obtained from KIMS (Pfizer International Metabolic Database). The patients were divided into three groups of approximately equal size (tertiles) according to the stimulated GH-peak values and baseline IGF1 SDS and were studied at baseline, 12, and 24 months of GH therapy. Results: Lower baseline IGF1 SDS predicted better response in weight, BMI, total cholesterol, and triglycerides, while IGF1 SDS after 24 months was associated with reduction in waist/hip ratio, total cholesterol, and improved quality of life (QoL). Age-correlated negatively with the response in body weight, BMI, waist, IGF1 SDS, and total and LDL-cholesterol. Response in weight and BMI was greater in men than in women, whereas women showed greater improvement in QoL than men. Patients with more severe GHD as assessed by lower GH-peaks and more pituitary hormone deficiencies had a greater increase in IGF1 SDS. The increase in IGF1 SDS was associated with a reduction in waist/hip ratio and an increase in weight, BMI, and triglycerides. There was no correlation with other lipids, blood pressure, or glucose. Conclusion: Our findings indicate that baseline and 24 months, IGF1 and its degree of increase during GH replacement were more important than stimulated peak GH to predict the phenotypic response.
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6.
  • Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Ilonka, et al. (författare)
  • Diagnosis and management of acromegaly : the patient's perspective
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403. ; 19:3, s. 268-276
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE:Early diagnosis is a success factor for the prevention of long-term comorbidity and premature death in patients with acromegaly, but large-scale data on the diagnostic process and disease management are scarce. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the diagnostic process, implementation of treatment and changes in life situation in patients with acromegaly, focusing on sex-specific differences.METHODS:Non-interventional patient-reported outcome study. 165 patients with clinically and biochemically proven acromegaly were questioned about the diagnostic process and utilization of health care by means of a self-developed standardized postal survey including questions on acromegaly symptoms experienced before diagnosis, number and specialty of consulted doctors, time to diagnosis and aftercare.RESULTS:The diagnostic process took 2.9 (SD 4.53) years, during which 3.4 (SD 2.99) physicians were consulted. Women waited longer [4.1 (SD 5.53) years] than men [1.6 (SD 2.69) years; p = 0.001] for the correct diagnosis, and consulted more doctors in the process [4.0 (SD 2.99) vs. 2.7 (SD 2.84) doctors, p < 0.001, respectively]. In 48.5 % of patients, acromegaly was diagnosed by an endocrinologist (men: 45.1 %; women: 52.4 %). Overall disease duration from symptom onset until last surgery was 5.5 (SD 6.85) years, with no sex differences. A change in employment status was the most commonly reported event after diagnosis and a quarter of the patients stated that the illness had changed their lives.CONCLUSIONS:Our findings confirm the urgent need to increase awareness of the clinical manifestation of acromegaly to facilitate an earlier diagnosis of the disease and to provide diagnostic equality across the sexes.
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7.
  • Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Ilonka, et al. (författare)
  • Predictors Of Quality Of Life In 165 Patients With Acromegaly : Results From A Single-Center Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Endocrine Practice. - : AMER ASSOC CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGISTS. - 1530-891X .- 1934-2403. ; 23:1, s. 79-88
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Even if treated, acromegaly has a considerable impact on patient quality of life (QoL); despite this, the exact clinical determinants of QoL in acromegaly are unknown. This study retrospectively examines a cohort of treated patients with acromegaly, with the aim of identifying these determinants. Methods: Retrospective survey analysis, with 165 patients included in the study. All patients completed a survey, which included demographic data and the clinical details of their disease, the Short Form-36 Health Survey (SF-36), the revised Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and the Bern Embitterment Inventory (BEI). Stepwise regression was used to identify predictors of QoL. Results: The strongest predictors of the physical component score of the SF-36 were (in order of declining strength of association): Delay between first presentation of the disease and diagnosis, body mass index (BMI), number of doctors visited before the diagnosis of acromegaly, and age at diagnosis. For the mental component score, the strongest predictors were: number of doctors visited, previous radiotherapy, and age at study entry; and, for the BDI-II score: number of doctors visited, previous radiotherapy, age at study entry, and employment status at the time of diagnosis. The following were predictors of the BEI score: number of doctors visited, and age at study entry. Conclusion: Diagnostic delay and lack of diagnostic acumen in medical care provision are strong predictors of poor QoL in patients with acromegaly. Other identified parameters are radiotherapy, age, BMI, and employment status. An efficient acromegaly service should address these aspects when devising disease management plans.
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8.
  • Kreitschmann-Andermahr, Ilonka, et al. (författare)
  • Support Needs of Patients with Cushing's Disease and Cushing's Syndrome : Results of a Survey Conducted in Germany and the USA
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Endocrinology. - : Hindawi Publishing Corporation. - 1687-8337 .- 1687-8345.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Cushing's disease (CD) and Cushing's syndrome (CS) are chronic illnesses, characterized by symptoms of prolonged hypercortisolism, which often changes to hypocortisolism after successful treatment. In view of the high disease burden of CD/CS patients and long-term impaired quality of life, the present survey was conducted to gain information about subjective illness distress and patients' specific needs in terms of supportive measures beyond medical interventions. Patients and Methods. Cross-sectional questionnaire study including patients with CD treated in 2 German neurosurgical tertiary referral centers and CD/CS patient members of a US-based patient support group completed a survey inquiring about disease burden, coping strategies, and support needs. Additionally, the degree of interest in different offers, e.g., internet-based programs and seminars, was assessed. Results. 84 US and 71 German patients answered the questionnaire. Patients in both countries indicated to suffer from Cushing-related symptoms, reduced performance, and psychological problems. 48.8% US patients and 44.4% German patients stated that good medical care and competent doctors helped them the most in coping with the illness. US patients were more interested in support groups (p = 0.035) and in courses on illness coping (p = 0.008) than the German patients, who stated to prefer brochures (p = 0.001). 89.3% of US patients would attend internet-based programs compared to 75.4% of German patients (p = 0.040). There were no differences between groups for the preferred duration of and the willingness to pay for such a program, but US patients would travel longer distances to attend a support meeting (p = 0.027). Conclusion. Patients in both countries need skilled physicians and long-term medical care in dealing with the effects of CD/CS, whereas other support needs differ between patients of both countries. The latter implies that not only disease-specific but also culture-specific training programs would need to be considered to satisfy the needs of patients in different countries.
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9.
  • Siegel, Sonja, et al. (författare)
  • Coping strategies have a strong impact on quality of life, depression, and embitterment in patients with Cushing's disease
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403. ; 19:6, s. 590-600
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Quality of life (QoL) and psychosocial well-being are substantially impaired in patients with Cushing's disease (CD), not only at the acute illness stage but also after therapy; however, the reason for these impairments remains unclear. In this cross-sectional, patient-reported outcome study, we conducted a postal survey on psychosocial impairment and coping strategies in patients after surgical treatment of CD in three large tertiary referral centers. In total, 176 patients with CD completed a compilation of self-assessment inventories pertaining to depression (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, HADS), QoL (Short Form SF-36, Tuebingen CD; Tuebingen CD-25), coping style (Freiburg questionnaire on coping with illness, FKV-LIS), and embitterment (Bern Embitterment Inventory), on average 6.8 +/- 6.66 years after surgery. Regression analyses were performed to identify predictors of psychosocial impairment. At the time of the study, 21.8 % of patients suffered from anxiety, 18.7 % experienced an above-average feeling of embitterment, and 13.1 % suffered from depression. Maladaptive coping styles (FKV-LIS subscales depressive coping and minimizing importance) emerged as robust and strong predictors of psychosocial impairment in all inventories; while age, sex, and hydrocortisone intake failed to explain the variance in these measures. Similar to several studies in non-pituitary patient cohorts (e.g., patients with multiple sclerosis or lower back pain), our results indicate that psychosocial impairment in CD is significantly influenced by how the patient deals with the illness. Therefore, psychological training of positive coping styles could be a helpful complementary therapy in the overall treatment strategy of CD.
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10.
  • Toogood, Andy, et al. (författare)
  • Similar Clinical Features Among Patients With Severe Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency Diagnosed With Insulin Tolerance Test Or Arginine Or Glucagon Stimulation Tests
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Endocrine Practice. - 1530-891X .- 1934-2403. ; 18:3, s. 325-334
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To determine whether the ITT, arginine (AST) and glucagon stimulation tests (GST) identify patients who have similar features of GH deficiency using a diagnostic threshold of 3 μg/l.Patients and Methods: 5453 tests were available from 4,867 patients registered in the KIMS database (49.9% females, ITT = 3111, AST = 1390, GST = 952). Comparisons were made for GH peak, BMI, lipids, waist circumference, waist:hip ratio and quality of life (QoL-AGHDA questionnaire).Results.There were significant (p<0.0001) intra-individual correlations between the GH peaks for the ITT vs AST (r = 0.655), ITT vs GST (r = 0.445) and AST vs GST (r = 0.632). GH peaks in response to all tests were negatively correlated to the number of additional pituitary hormone deficiencies, and positively correlated to IGF-I SDS. BMI had a negative influence on all three tests.Comparing GHD patients according to the diagnostic test used, most clinical variables did not differ between the groups. The only exceptions showing any difference were BMI being slightly higher in the AST and GST groups, triglyceride levels increased in the GST group, and IGF-I SDS was lower in the ITT and AST than in the GST group. Waist circumference was larger and quality of life was worse in the GST group than in the other groups.Conclusions.This study demonstrates that the ITT, AST and GST produce similar GH peaks, are influenced by similar clinical factors and identify patients with similar features of GH deficiency at a diagnostic threshold of 3 μg/L.
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