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Sökning: WFRF:(Cai Na)

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  • Cao, Lei, et al. (författare)
  • The effects of MEK1/2 inhibition on cigarette smoke exposure-induced ET receptor upregulation in rat cerebral arteries
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology. - Academic Press. - 0041-008X. ; 304, s. 70-78
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Cigarette smoking, a major stroke risk factor, upregulates endothelin receptors in cerebral arteries. The present study examined the effects of MEK1/2 pathway inhibition on cigarette smoke exposure-induced ET receptor upregulation. Rats were exposed to the secondhand smoke (SHS) for 8 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injection of MEK1/2 inhibitor, U0126 for another 4 weeks. The urine cotinine levels were assessed with high-performance liquid chromatography. Contractile responses of isolated cerebral arteries were recorded by a sensitive wire myograph. The mRNA and protein expression levels of receptor and MEK/ERK1/2 pathway molecules were examined by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Cerebral artery receptor localization was determined with immunohistochemistry. The results showed the urine cotinine levels from SHS exposure group were significantly higher than those from the fresh group. In addition, the MEK1/2 inhibitor, U0126 significantly reduced SHS exposure-increased ETA receptor mRNA and protein levels as well as contractile responses mediated by ETA receptors. The immunoreactivity of increased ETA receptor expression was primarily cytoplasmic in smooth muscle cells. In contrast, ETB receptor was noted in endothelial cells. However, the SHS-induced decrease in endothelium-dependent relaxation was unchanged after U0126 treatment. Furthermore, SHS increased the phosphorylation of MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 protein in cerebral arteries. By using U0126 could inhibit the phosphorylated ERK1/2 protein but not MEK1/2. Taken together, our data show that treatment with MEK1/2 pathway inhibitor offsets SHS exposure-induced ETA receptor upregulation in rat cerebral arteries.
  • Chen, Mei-Qin, et al. (författare)
  • Arabidopsis NMD3 is required for nuclear export of 60S ribosomal subunits and affects secondary cell wall thickening
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 7:4, s. 35904-35904
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • NMD3 is required for nuclear export of the 60S ribosomal subunit in yeast and vertebrate cells, but no corresponding function of NMD3 has been reported in plants. Here we report that Arabidopsis thaliana NMD3 (AtNMD3) showed a similar function in the nuclear export of the 60S ribosomal subunit. Interference with AtNMD3 function by overexpressing a truncated dominant negative form of the protein lacking the nuclear export signal sequence caused retainment of the 60S ribosomal subunits in the nuclei. More interestingly, the transgenic Arabidopsis with dominant negative interference of AtNMD3 function showed a striking failure of secondary cell wall thickening, consistent with the altered expression of related genes and composition of cell wall components. Observation of a significant decrease of rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER) in the differentiating interfascicular fiber cells of the transgenic plant stems suggested a link between the defective nuclear export of 60S ribosomal subunits and the abnormal formation of the secondary cell wall. These findings not only clarified the evolutionary conservation of NMD3 functions in the nuclear export of 60S ribosomal subunits in yeast, animals and plants, but also revealed a new facet of the regulatory mechanism underlying secondary cell wall thickening in Arabidopsis. This new facet is that the nuclear export of 60S ribosomal subunits and the formation of RER may play regulatory roles in coordinating protein synthesis in cytoplasm and transcription in nuclei.
  • de Jong, Simone, et al. (författare)
  • Applying polygenic risk scoring for psychiatric disorders to a large family with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Communications Biology. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2399-3642. ; 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Psychiatric disorders are thought to have a complex genetic pathology consisting of interplay of common and rare variation. Traditionally, pedigrees are used to shed light on the latter only, while here we discuss the application of polygenic risk scores to also highlight patterns of common genetic risk. We analyze polygenic risk scores for psychiatric disorders in a large pedigree (n ~ 260) in which 30% of family members suffer from major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder. Studying patterns of assortative mating and anticipation, it appears increased polygenic risk is contributed by affected individuals who married into the family, resulting in an increasing genetic risk over generations. This may explain the observation of anticipation in mood disorders, whereby onset is earlier and the severity increases over the generations of a family. Joint analyses of rare and common variation may be a powerful way to understand the familial genetics of psychiatric disorders.
  • Jing, Shuping, et al. (författare)
  • Household Transmission of Human Adenovirus Type 55 in Case of Fatal Acute Respiratory Disease
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Emerging Infectious Diseases. - 1080-6040. ; 25:9, s. 1756-1758
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We identified a case of fatal acute respiratory disease from household transmission of human adenovirus type 55 (HAdV-55) in Anhui Province, China. Computed tomography showed severe pneumonia. Comparative genomic analysis of HAdV-55 indicated the virus possibly originated in Shanxi Province, China. More attention should be paid to highly contagious HAdV-55.
  • Wei, Tao, et al. (författare)
  • Molecular and catalytic characterization of a phi class glutathione transferase from Cathaya argyrophylla
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. - Oxford : Pergamon Press. - 0305-1978. ; 40, s. 75-85
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Plant phi class glutathione transferases (GSTs) play important roles in stress tolerance and detoxification metabolism. This study reports the cloning, expression and biochemical characteristics of a phi GST gene (CaGSTF) from the endemic and endangered conifer Cathaya argyrophylla. The recombinant CaGSTF showed GSH-conjugating activity towards the substrate NED-Cl and CDNB. Kinetic analysis revealed low catalytic efficiency with a k(cat)/K-m(GSH) value of 9.82 mM(-1)S(-1). The CaGSTF proved to be a thermolabile enzyme, at 40 degrees C the enzyme's activity was nearly abolished. Site-directed mutagenesis revealed that Ser12, Lys42, Ile55, Glu67 and Ser68 of CaGSTF are critical components of glutathione-binding sites that contribute to the enzyme's catalytic activity. Compared to other plant phi GSTs and conifer tau GSTs, CaGSTF showed a narrow substrate spectrum, low catalytic efficiency and thermolability. These atypical properties suggest the enzyme may have a limited functional role in the organism's adaptation to environmental stresses in the subtropical regions. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Zhang, Guojie, et al. (författare)
  • Comparative genomics reveals insights into avian genome evolution and adaptation
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Science. - 0036-8075 .- 1095-9203. ; 346:6215, s. 1311-1320
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Birds are the most species-rich class of tetrapod vertebrates and have wide relevance across many research fields. We explored bird macroevolution using full genomes from 48 avian species representing all major extant clades. The avian genome is principally characterized by its constrained size, which predominantly arose because of lineage-specific erosion of repetitive elements, large segmental deletions, and gene loss. Avian genomes furthermore show a remarkably high degree of evolutionary stasis at the levels of nucleotide sequence, gene synteny, and chromosomal structure. Despite this pattern of conservation, we detected many non-neutral evolutionary changes in protein-coding genes and noncoding regions. These analyses reveal that pan-avian genomic diversity covaries with adaptations to different lifestyles and convergent evolution of traits.
  • Zhao, Qiao, et al. (författare)
  • On the formation of a side product with hexahydroaporphine-like structure in the Grewe cyclization of dextromethorphan
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Research on Chemical Intermediates. - 0922-6168 .- 1568-5675. ; 43:3
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Factors leading to the formation of a hexahydroaporphine-like cyclizing side product were studied systematically for the first time and the ratio of this side product was controlled effectively. To understand better the electronic effect of substrates on the formation of side products, different 1-benzyloctahydroisoquinolines with substituted groups on nitrogen or benzene ring were compared. A plausible mechanism of cyclizing reaction was proposed, and key intermediates as well as transition states were analyzed using DFT calculations.
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