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Sökning: WFRF:(Canosa Antonio)

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1.
  • Canosa, Antonio, et al. (författare)
  • A novel p.Ser108LeufsTer15 SOD1 mutation leading to the formation of a premature stop codon in an apparently sporadic ALS patient : insights into the underlying pathomechanisms
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report an apparently sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patient carrying a heterozygous novel frameshift SOD1 mutation (p.Ser108LeufsTer15), predicted to cause a premature protein truncation. RTPCR analysis of SOD1 mRNA and SDS-PAGE/Western blot analysis of PBMC demonstrated that mRNA from the mutant allele is expressed at levels similar to those of the wild-type allele, but the truncated protein is undetectable also in the insoluble fraction and after proteasome inhibition. Accordingly, the dismutation activity in erythrocytes is halved. Thus, the pathogenic mechanism associated with this mutation might be based on an insufficient activity of SOD1 that would make motor neurons more vulnerable to oxidative injury. However, it cannot be excluded that p.Ser108LeufsTer15 SOD1 is present in the nervous tissue and, being less charged and hence having less repulsive forces than the wild-type protein, may trigger toxic mechanisms as a consequence of its propensity to aggregate. 
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2.
  • Neuwirth, Christoph, et al. (författare)
  • Implementing Motor Unit Number Index (MUNIX) in a large clinical trial : Real world experience from 27 centres
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Clinical Neurophysiology. - : Elsevier. - 1388-2457 .- 1872-8952. ; 129:8, s. 1756-1762
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Motor Unit Number Index (MUNIX) is a quantitative neurophysiological method that reflects loss of motor neurons in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) in longitudinal studies. It has been utilized in one natural history ALS study and one drug trial (Biogen USA) after training and qualification of raters.METHODS: Prior to testing patients, evaluators had to submit test-retest data of 4 healthy volunteers. Twenty-seven centres with 36 raters measured MUNIX in 4 sets of 6 different muscles twice. Coefficient of variation of all measurements had to be <20% to pass the qualification process. MUNIX COV of the first attempt, number of repeated measurements and muscle specific COV were evaluated.RESULTS: COV varied considerably between raters. Mean COV of all raters at the first measurements was 12.9% ± 13.5 (median 8.7%). Need of repetitions ranged from 0 to 43 (mean 10.7 ± 9.1, median 8). Biceps and first dorsal interosseus muscles showed highest repetition rates. MUNIX variability correlated considerably with variability of compound muscle action potential.CONCLUSION: MUNIX revealed generally good reliability, but was rater dependent and ongoing support for raters was needed.SIGNIFICANCE: MUNIX can be implemented in large clinical trials as an outcome measure after training and a qualification process.
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