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Sökning: WFRF:(Carling Tobias)

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1.
  • Akerström, Tobias, et al. (författare)
  • Comprehensive Re-Sequencing of Adrenal Aldosterone Producing Lesions Reveal Three Somatic Mutations near the KCNJ5 Potassium Channel Selectivity Filter.
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: PloS one. - 1932-6203. ; 7:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aldosterone producing lesions are a common cause of hypertension, but genetic alterations for tumorigenesis have been unclear. Recently, either of two recurrent somatic missense mutations (G151R or L168R) was found in the potassium channel KCNJ5 gene in aldosterone producing adenomas. These mutations alter the channel selectivity filter and result in Na(+) conductance and cell depolarization, stimulating aldosterone production and cell proliferation. Because a similar mutation occurs in a Mendelian form of primary aldosteronism, these mutations appear to be sufficient for cell proliferation and aldosterone production. The prevalence and spectrum of KCNJ5 mutations in different entities of adrenocortical lesions remain to be defined.
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2.
  • Carling, Tobias, et al. (författare)
  • Hyperparathyroidism of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 : candidate gene and parathyroid calcium sensing protein expression
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: Surgery. - 0039-6060 .- 1532-7361. ; 118:6, s. 924-931
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND:Hyperparathyroidism affects most patients with multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1). This study investigates expression of the candidate MEN1 gene phospholipase C beta 3 (PLC beta 3) and expression and function of a putative calcium sensing protein (CAS) in hyperparathyroidism of MEN 1.METHODS:In 31 parathyroid glands from 17 patients with MEN 1, CAS distribution was studied immunohistochemically and parallel sections were explored for PLC beta 3 mRNA expression by in situ hybridization. Enzymatically dispersed parathyroid cells were analyzed for cytoplasmic calcium concentrations [Ca2+]i and parathyroid hormone (PTH) release.RESULTS:All glands exhibited a heterogeneously reduced CAS immunoreactivity, especially meager in nodularly assembled parathyroid cells. Calcium regulated [Ca2+]i and PTH release tended to be more deranged in the glands possessing the lowest immunostaining. Parathyroid PLC beta 3 invariably was homogeneously expressed, and this included even MEN 1 patients with reduced PLC beta 3 expression in endocrine pancreatic tumors.CONCLUSIONS:The findings support variable calcium insensitivity of [Ca2+]i and PTH release in hyperparathyroidism of MEN 1, apparently coupled to heterogeneously reduced CAS expression. For clarification of the role of PLC beta 3 in MEN 1 parathyroid tumorigenesis further study of this protein is required.
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3.
  • Christofer Juhlin, C., et al. (författare)
  • Whole-exome sequencing defines the mutational landscape of pheochromocytoma and identifies KMT2D as a recurrently mutated gene
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer. - : Wiley: 12 months. - 1045-2257 .- 1098-2264. ; 54:9, s. 542-554
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • As subsets of pheochromocytomas (PCCs) lack a defined molecular etiology, we sought to characterize the mutational landscape of PCCs to identify novel gene candidates involved in disease development. A discovery cohort of 15 PCCs wild type for mutations in PCC susceptibility genes underwent whole-exome sequencing, and an additional 83 PCCs served as a verification cohort for targeted sequencing of candidate mutations. A low rate of nonsilent single nucleotide variants (SNVs) was detected (6.1/sample). Somatic HRAS and EPAS1 mutations were observed in one case each, whereas the remaining 13 cases did not exhibit variants in established PCC genes. SNVs aggregated in apoptosis-related pathways, and mutations in COSMIC genes not previously reported in PCCs included ZAN, MITF, WDTC1, and CAMTA1. Two somatic mutations and one constitutional variant in the well-established cancer gene lysine (K)-specific methyltransferase 2D (KMT2D, MLL2) were discovered in one sample each, prompting KMT2D screening using focused exome-sequencing in the verification cohort. An additional 11 PCCs displayed KMT2D variants, of which two were recurrent. In total, missense KMT2D variants were found in 14 (11 somatic, two constitutional, one undetermined) of 99 PCCs (14%). Five cases displayed somatic mutations in the functional FYR/SET domains of KMT2D, constituting 36% of all KMT2D-mutated PCCs. KMT2D expression was upregulated in PCCs compared to normal adrenals, and KMT2D overexpression positively affected cell migration in a PCC cell line. We conclude that KMT2D represents a recurrently mutated gene with potential implication for PCC development. (c) 2015 The Authors. Genes, Chromosomes and Cancer Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
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4.
  • Haglund, Felix, et al. (författare)
  • Detailed Lymph Node Sectioning of Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma Specimen Increases the Number of pN1a Patients
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Endocrine pathology. - : HUMANA PRESS INC. - 1046-3976 .- 1559-0097. ; 27:4, s. 346-351
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is a common endocrine malignancy, frequently presenting with lymph node metastasis at the time of diagnosis. Lymph node staging (N) partly determines treatment, follow-up, and prognosis. Since 2011, our institution has employed a more comprehensive histopathological work-up of lymph nodes in patients with PTC. We sought to retrospectively determine the value of serial lymph node level sectioning in PTCs with negative preoperative lymph node status (pN0) as a method to increase the sensitivity of detecting metastatic disease. We included all patients that underwent thyroidectomy and central neck dissection and subsequent comprehensive lymph node level sectioning due to PTC with an initial pN0 status between the years 2011 and 2015 at our institution. Sixty-seven cases of PTC with a median of 10 metastatic free lymph nodes identified per case were included. After serial lymph node sectioning of the central compartment, 11 cases (16 %) revealed lymph node metastasis, six of which (55 %) presented with a small primary tumor (amp;lt; 20 mm, T1). Of all T1 tumors with initial pN0 status, 18 % (T1a) and 9 % (T1b) reached a pN1 stage after comprehensive lymph node sectioning. Cases with altered lymph node status had a median of 15 identified lymph nodes as compared to ten in cases that remained negative. We conclude that comprehensive lymph node sectioning increased the sensitivity of detecting metastases in PTC and altered the pathological TNM staging (pTNM) for a significant number of patients. Although of limited prognostic significance, the method should be considered as an adjunct tool when assessing lymph node status of PTC as a part of the routine histological work-up to ensure an accurate cancer staging.
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5.
  • Starker, Lee F., et al. (författare)
  • Frequent germ-line mutations of the MEN1, CASR, and HRPT2/CDC73 genes in young patients with clinically non-familial primary hyperparathyroidism
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Hormones & Cancer. - 1868-8497. ; 3:1-2, s. 44-51
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Familial primary hyperparathyroidism (FPHPT) may occur due to an underlying germ-line mutation in the MEN1, CASR, or HRPT2/CDC73 genes. The disease may be undiagnosed in the absence of a history suggestive of FHPT. Young PHPT patients (≤45 years of age) are more likely to harbor occult FPHPT. A total of 1,161 (136 were ≤45 years of age) PHPT patients underwent parathyroidectomy from 2001 to 2009. Thirty-four patients declined participation. Sixteen patients were diagnosed in the clinical routine with FPHPT (11 MEN1, four MEN2A, and one HPT-JT) and were not included in the genetic analysis. Eighty-six young (≤45 years of age) patients with clinically non-syndromic PHPT underwent genetic analysis. Sanger sequencing of all coding regions of the MEN1, CASR, and the HRPT2/CDC73 genes was performed. Eight of 86 (9.3%) young patients with clinically non-familial PHPT displayed deleterious germ-line mutations in the susceptibility genes (4 MEN1, 3 CASR, and 1 HRPT2/CDC73). There was one insertion, one deletion, two nonsense, and four missense mutations, all predicted to be highly damaging to protein function and absent in 3,244 control chromosomes. Germ-line mutations in known susceptibility genes within young patients with PHPT, including those diagnosed in the clinical routine, was 24/102 (23.5%; 15 MEN1, four RET, three CASR, and two HRPT2/CDC73). We demonstrate that germ-line inactivating mutations in susceptibility genes are common in young patients with clinically non-familial PHPT. Thus, enhanced use of genetic analysis may be warranted in clinically non-familial young PHPT patients.
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10.
  • Carling, Tobias, et al. (författare)
  • Familial hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria caused by a novel mutation in the cytoplasmic tail of the calcium receptor
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism. - 0021-972X .- 1945-7197. ; 85:5, s. 2042-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Familial hyperparathyroidism (HPT), characterized by hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria, and familial benign hypocalciuric hypercalcemia (FHH) are the most common causes of hereditary hypercalcemia. The calcium-sensing receptor (CaR) regulates PTH secretion and renal calcium excretion. Heterozygous inactivating mutations of the gene cause FHH, whereas CaR gene mutations have not been demonstrated in HPT. In a kindred with 20 affected individuals, the hypercalcemic disorder segregated with inappropriately higher serum PTH and magnesium levels and urinary calcium levels than in unaffected members. Subtotal parathyroidectomy revealed parathyroid gland hyperplasia/adenoma and corrected the biochemical signs of the disorder in seven of nine individuals. Linkage analysis mapped the condition to markers flanking the CaR gene on chromosome 3q. Sequence analysis revealed a mutation changing phenylalanine to leucine at codon 881 of the CaR gene, representing the first identified point mutation located within the cytoplasmic tail of the CaR. A construct of the mutant receptor (F881L) was expressed in human embryonic kidney cells (HEK 293), and demonstrated a right-shifted dose-response relationship between the extracellular and intracellular calcium concentrations. The hypercalcemic disorder of the present family is caused by an inactivating point mutation in the cytoplasmic tail of the CaR and displays clinical characteristics atypical of FHH and primary HPT.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 63
  • [1]234567Nästa

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