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Sökning: WFRF:(Carlsen Henrik)

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1.
  • Borrelli, Pablo, et al. (författare)
  • Artificial intelligence-based detection of lymph node metastases by PET/CT predicts prostate cancer-specific survival
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 1475-0961. ; 41:1, s. 62-67
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction Lymph node metastases are a key prognostic factor in prostate cancer (PCa), but detecting lymph node lesions from PET/CT images is a subjective process resulting in inter-reader variability. Artificial intelligence (AI)-based methods can provide an objective image analysis. We aimed at developing and validating an AI-based tool for detection of lymph node lesions. Methods A group of 399 patients with biopsy-proven PCa who had undergone(18)F-choline PET/CT for staging prior to treatment were used to train (n = 319) and test (n = 80) the AI-based tool. The tool consisted of convolutional neural networks using complete PET/CT scans as inputs. In the test set, the AI-based lymph node detections were compared to those of two independent readers. The association with PCa-specific survival was investigated. Results The AI-based tool detected more lymph node lesions than Reader B (98 vs. 87/117;p = .045) using Reader A as reference. AI-based tool and Reader A showed similar performance (90 vs. 87/111;p = .63) using Reader B as reference. The number of lymph node lesions detected by the AI-based tool, PSA, and curative treatment was significantly associated with PCa-specific survival. Conclusion This study shows the feasibility of using an AI-based tool for automated and objective interpretation of PET/CT images that can provide assessments of lymph node lesions comparable with that of experienced readers and prognostic information in PCa patients.
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2.
  • Carlsen, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Co-evolutionary scenarios for creative prototyping of future robot systems for civil protection
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Technological forecasting & social change. - 0040-1625 .- 1873-5509. ; 84, s. 93-100
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Co-evolutionary scenarios are used for creative prototyping with the purpose of assessing potential implications of future autonomous robot systems on civil protection. The methodology is based on a co-evolutionary scenario approach and the development of different evolutionary paths. Opportunities, threats and ethical aspects in connection with the introduction of robotics in the domestic security and safety sector are identified using an iterative participatory workshop methodology. Three creative prototypes of robotic systems are described: "RoboMall", "RoboButler" and "SnakeSquad". The debate in society that might follow the introduction of these three robot systems and society's response to the experienced ethical problems and opportunities are discussed in the context of two scenarios of different future societies.
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3.
  • Carlsen, Henrik, et al. (författare)
  • Systematic exploration of scenario spaces
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Foresight. - 1463-6689 .- 1465-9832. ; 18:1, s. 59-75
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose - Scenarios have become a vital methodological approach in business as well as in public policy. When scenarios are used to guide analysis and decision-making, the aim is typically robustness and in this context we argue that two main problems at scenario set level is conservatism, i.e. all scenarios are close to a perceived business-as-usual trajectory and lack of balance in the sense of arbitrarily mixing some conservative and some extreme scenarios. The purpose of this paper is to address these shortcomings by proposing a methodology for generating sets of scenarios which are in a mathematical sense maximally diverse. Design/methodology/approach - In this paper, we develop a systematic methodology, Scenario Diversity Analysis (SDA), which addresses the problems of broad span vs conservatism and imbalance. From a given set of variables with associated states, SDA generates scenario sets where the scenarios are in a quantifiable sense maximally different and therefore best span the whole set of feasible scenarios. Findings - The usefulness of the methodology is exemplified by applying it to sets of storylines of the emissions scenarios of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. This ex-post analysis shows that the storylines were not maximally diverse and given the challenges ahead with regard to emissions reduction and adaptation planning, we argue that it is important to strive for diversity when developing scenario sets for climate change research. Originality/value - The proposed methodology adds significant novel features to the field of systematic scenario generation, especially with regard to scenario diversity. The methodology also enables the combination of systematics with the distinct future logics of good intuitive logics scenarios.
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4.
  • Gregers, Jannie, et al. (författare)
  • Polymorphisms in the ABCB1 gene affect outcome and toxicity in Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
  • 2012
  • Annan publikation (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • The membrane transporter P-glycoprotein, encoded by the ABCB1 gene, influences pharmacokinetics in several anti-cancer drugs. We hypothesized that 1199G>A, 1236C>T, 2677G>A/T and 3435C>T variants of ABCB1 could affect outcome and toxicity in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), since treatment includes known P-glycoprotein substrates and 3435C/T may affect methotrexate therapy. We studied 522 Danish children with ALL treated according to NOPHO ALL92 and ALL2000 protocols, 93% of all those eligible during 1992-2007. Risk of relapse was 2.9-fold increased for 41 patients with the 1199GA variant compared to 477 with 1199GG (p=0.001), and reduced by 61% and 40%, respectively for 421 patients with the 3435CT or 3435TT variants compared to 96 with 3435CC (overall p=0.02). Degree of bone marrow toxicity during doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone induction therapy was higher in 71 patients with 3435TT variant (median nadirs: hemoglobin 3% and platelets 34/37% lower in3435CT/3435CC) compared to 160 patients with 3435CT/3435CC (Hemoglobin p=0.01 and platelets p<0.0001). We observed more liver toxicity after high-dose methotrexate in 109 patients with 3435CC variant versus 3435CT/TT (Median max alanineaminotransferase: 280 versus 142/111 U/L, p=0.03). In conclusion, there is a statistically significant association between ABCB1 polymorphisms and efficacy and toxicity in childhood ALL.
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6.
  • Papakokkinou, Eleni, et al. (författare)
  • Prevalence of Nelson's syndrome after bilateral adrenalectomy in patients with cushing's disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Pituitary. - : Springer. - 1386-341X .- 1573-7403.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose Bilateral adrenalectomy (BA) still plays an important role in the management of Cushing's disease (CD). Nelson's syndrome (NS) is a severe complication of BA, but conflicting data on its prevalence and predicting factors have been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of NS, and identify factors associated with its development. Data sources Systematic literature search in four databases. Study Selection Observational studies reporting the prevalence of NS after BA in adult patients with CD. Data extraction Data extraction and risk of bias assessment were performed by three independent investigators. Data synthesis Thirty-six studies, with a total of 1316 CD patients treated with BA, were included for the primary outcome. Pooled prevalence of NS was 26% (95% CI 22-31%), with moderate to high heterogeneity (I-2 67%, P < 0.01). The time from BA to NS varied from 2 months to 39 years. The prevalence of NS in the most recently published studies, where magnet resonance imaging was used, was 38% (95% CI 27-50%). The prevalence of treatment for NS was 21% (95% CI 18-26%). Relative risk for NS was not significantly affected by prior pituitary radiotherapy [0.9 (95% CI 0.5-1.6)] or pituitary surgery [0.6 (95% CI 0.4-1.0)]. Conclusions Every fourth patient with CD treated with BA develops NS, and every fifth patient requires pituitary-specific treatment. The risk of NS may persist for up to four decades after BA. Life-long follow-up is essential for early detection and adequate treatment of NS.
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7.
  • Russnes, Kjell M., et al. (författare)
  • Total antioxidant intake and prostate cancer in the Cancer of the Prostate in Sweden (CAPS) study. A case control study
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - : BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. - 1471-2407 .- 1471-2407. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The total intake of dietary antioxidants may reduce prostate cancer risk but available data are sparse and the possible role of supplements unclear. We investigated the potential association between total and dietary antioxidant intake and prostate cancer in a Swedish population. Methods: We used FFQ data from 1499 cases and 1112 controls in the population based case-control study Cancer of the Prostate in Sweden (CAPS). The ferric reducing antioxidant potential (FRAP) assay was used to assess the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) of diet and supplements. We calculated odds ratios (ORs) for the risk of prostate cancer across quintiles of antioxidant intake from all foods, from fruit and vegetables only, and from dietary supplements using unconditional logistic regression. Results: Coffee comprised 62 % of the dietary antioxidant intake, tea 4 %, berries 4 %, chocolate 2 %, and boiled potatoes 2 %. In total 19 % and 13 % of the population took multivitamins and supplemental Vitamin C respectively, on a regular basis. Antioxidant intake from all foods and from fruits and vegetables separately measured by the FRAP assay was not associated with prostate cancer risk. For antioxidant intake from supplements we found a positive association with total, advanced, localized, high grade and low grade prostate cancer in those above median supplemental TAC intake of users compared to non-users (Adjusted ORs for total prostate cancer: 1. 37, 95 % CI 1.08-1.73, advanced: 1.51, 95 % CI 1.11-2.06, localized: 1.36. 95 % CI 1.06-1.76, high grade 1.60, 95 % CI 1.06-2.40, low grade 1.36, 95 % CI 1.03-1.81). A high intake of coffee (>= 6 cups/day) was associated with a possible risk reduction of fatal and significantly with reduced risk for high grade prostate cancer, adjusted OR: 0.45 (95 % CI: 0.22-0.90), whereas a high intake of chocolate was positively associated with risk of total, advanced, localized and low grade disease (adjusted OR for total: 1.43, 95 % CI 1.12-1.82, advanced: 1.40, 95 % CI 1.01-1.96, localized: 1.43, 95 % CI 1.08-1.88, low-grade: 1.41, 95 % CI 1.03-1.93). Conclusions: Total antioxidant intake from diet was not associated with prostate cancer risk. Supplement use may be associated with greater risk of disease.
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8.
  • Abrahamson, Magnus, et al. (författare)
  • Efficient production of native, biologically active human cystatin C by Escherichia coli
  • 1988
  • Ingår i: FEBS Letters. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 1873-3468. ; 236:1, s. 14-18
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A cDNA encoding the mature human cysteine proteinase inhibitor cystatin C was fused to the coding sequence for the Escherichia coli outer membrane protein A signal peptide, and the recombinant gene was expressed in E. coli under the control of the λ PR promoter, an optimized Shine-Dalgarno sequence and the λ cI 857 repressor. When induced at 42°C, such cells expressed large amounts of recombinant cystatin C. The recombinant protein was isolated in high yield and characterized. All physicochemical properties investigated, including the positions of disulfide bonds, indicated that the E. coli derived cystatin C was identical to cystatin C isolated from human biological fluids, except that the proline residue in position three was not hydroxylated. The recombinant protein displayed full biological activity against papain, cathepsin B and dipeptidyl peptidase I.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 42
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