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Sökning: WFRF:(Carlson JW)

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  • Corvigno, Sara, et al. (författare)
  • High density of stroma-localized CD11c-positive macrophages is associated with longer overall survival in high-grade serous ovarian cancer
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : Academic Press. - 0090-8258 .- 1095-6859. ; 159:3, s. 860-868
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Pre-clinical studies have identified marker- and tumor compartment-defined functionally distinct macrophage subsets. Our study analyzes marker-defined macrophage subsets in different tumor compartments of high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSC). Methods: A discovery cohort (N = 113) was subjected to immunohistochemistry (IHC) analyses. CD68-positivity was confirmed for CD11c-, CD80- and CD163-positive cells. Subset-marker-positive cells were scored in the total tumor and in four tumor compartments. Correlation analyses investigated co-expression of subsets, relationship to CD8+ cells and survival associations. A validation cohort (N = 121) was used to confirm selected findings from the discovery cohort. Results: CD163-positve cells was the most abundant subtype in all compartments. CD11c and CD163 subsets were strongly correlated with each other in stroma and epithelial areas, whereas CD80 and CD163 were correlated in epithelial areas. CD80 and CD11c in perivascular areas showed low correlations. Strong associations were detected between CD8 and CD80 in the tumor epithelium-dominated areas, and between CD8 and CD11c in stroma areas. High stromal CD11c density was associated with a longer median overall survival in the discovery cohort (HR 0.39; CI 95%, 0.23–0.68; p = 0.001) and in the validation cohort (HR 0.46; CI 95%, 0.22–0.93; p = 0.03). Conclusions: Our study supports the existence of clinically relevant marker- and localization defined macrophage subsets in HGSC, which are independently regulated. Moreover, it suggests stromal CD11c as a novel prognostic marker in HGSC.
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  • Scott, Robert A., et al. (författare)
  • No Interactions Between Previously Associated 2-Hour Glucose Gene Variants and Physical Activity or BMI on 2-Hour Glucose Levels
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Diabetes. - Alexandria, VA : American Diabetes Association Inc.. - 1939-327X .- 0012-1797. ; 61:5, s. 1291-1296
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gene-lifestyle interactions have been suggested to contribute to the development of type 2 diabetes. Glucose levels 2 h after a standard 75-g glucose challenge are used to diagnose diabetes and are associated with both genetic and lifestyle factors. However, whether these factors interact to determine 2-h glucose levels is unknown. We meta-analyzed single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) X BMI and SNP x physical activity (PA) interaction regression models for five SNPs previously associated with 2-h glucose levels from up to 22 studies comprising 54,884 individuals without diabetes. PA levels were dichotomized, with individuals below the first quintile classified as inactive (20%) and the remainder as active (80%). BMI was considered a continuous trait. Inactive individuals had higher 2-h glucose levels than active individuals (beta = 0.22 mmol/L [95% CI 0.13-0.31], P = 1.63 X 10(-6)). All SNPs were associated with 2-h glucose (beta = 0.06-0.12 mmol/allele, P <= 1.53 X 10(-7)), but no significant interactions were found with PA (P > 0.18) or BMI (P >= 0.04). In this large study of gene-lifestyle interaction, we observed no interactions between genetic and lifestyle factors, both of which were associated with 2-h glucose. It is perhaps unlikely that top loci from genome-wide association studies will exhibit strong subgroup-specific effects, and may not, therefore, make the best candidates for the study of interactions. Diabetes 61:1291-1296, 2012
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4.
  • Binzer-Panchal, Amrei, et al. (författare)
  • Integrated molecular analysis of undifferentiated uterine sarcomas reveals clinically relevant molecular subtypes
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 25:7, s. 2155-2165
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Undifferentiated uterine sarcomas (UUS) are rare, extremely deadly, sarcomas with no effective treatment. The goal of this study was to identify novel intrinsic molecular UUS subtypes using integrated clinical, histopathologic, and molecular evaluation of a large, fully annotated, patient cohort. Experimental Design: Fifty cases of UUS with full clinicopathologic annotation were analyzed for gene expression (n ¼ 50), copy-number variation (CNV, n ¼ 40), cell morphometry (n ¼ 39), and protein expression (n ¼ 22). Gene ontology and network enrichment analysis were used to relate over- and underexpressed genes to pathways and further to clinicopathologic and phenotypic findings. Results: Gene expression identified four distinct groups of tumors, which varied in their clinicopathologic parameters. Gene ontology analysis revealed differential activation of pathways related to genital tract development, extracellular matrix (ECM), muscle function, and proliferation. A multi-variable, adjusted Cox proportional hazard model demonstrated that RNA group, mitotic index, and hormone receptor expression influence patient overall survival (OS). CNV arrays revealed characteristic chromosomal changes for each group. Morphometry demonstrated that the ECM group, the most aggressive, exhibited a decreased cell density and increased nuclear area. A cell density cutoff of 4,300 tumor cells per mm 2 could separate ECM tumors from the remaining cases with a sensitivity of 83% and a specificity of 94%. IHC staining of MMP-14, Collagens 1 and 6, and Fibronectin proteins revealed differential expression of these ECM-related proteins, identifying potential new biomarkers for this aggressive sarcoma subgroup. Conclusions: Molecular evaluation of UUS provides novel insights into the biology, prognosis, phenotype, and possible treatment of these tumors.
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  • Gremel, Gabriela, et al. (författare)
  • A prognosis based classification of undifferentiated uterine sarcomas : Identification of mitotic index, hormone receptors and YWHAE-FAM22 translocation status as predictors of survival
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 136:7, s. 1608-1618
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Undifferentiated uterine sarcomas (UUS) are rare tumors with a heterologous biology and a poor prognosis. The goal of this study was to examine clinicopathology, biomarkers and YWHAE-FAM22 translocation status, in the prognosis of these tumors. Twenty-six cases of UUS were included. All original slides were rereviewed and age at diagnosis, tumor stage, Kurihara diagnosis, mitotic index, presence of necrosis and grade of nuclear atypia were recorded. Additionally, a tissue microarray was constructed from 22 of the cases, and the protein biomarkers P53, P16, Ki-67, Cyclin-D1, ER, PR and ANLN were evaluated by immunohistochemistry. All tumors were evaluated for the presence of a YWHAE-FAM translocation; the translocation was demonstrated in the three Cyclin-D1 positive tumors. Follow-up data in the form of overall survival were available on all patients. These tumors could be divided into two prognostic groups, a high mitotic index group (10 cases, M=36.8, SD=5.4) and a low mitotic index group (16 cases, M=8.7, SD=5.8). These two groups showed a statistically significant difference in prognosis. The expression of ER, PR or presence of the YWHAE-FAM22 translocation correlated with low mitotic index and an additionally improved prognosis, although the number of cases was small. These results indicate that UUS can be divided into two prognostic groups using mitotic index as a primary criteria, followed by expression of either ER, PR or the presence of a YWHAE-FAM22 translocation as a secondary criteria. This study demonstrates the presence of statistically significant prognostic subgroups within UUS, and provides treatment insights.
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7.
  • Hardell, Elin, et al. (författare)
  • Validation of a Mitotic Index Cutoff as a Prognostic Marker in Undifferentiated Uterine Sarcomas
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Surgical Pathology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 0147-5185 .- 1532-0979. ; 41:9, s. 1231-1237
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Undifferentiated uterine sarcomas (UUS) are a heterogenous group of high-grade mesenchymal tumors. Although these tumors are highly aggressive, a subset of patients may experience long-term survival. These tumors have previously been divided morphologically into uniform and pleomorphic types. A previous study demonstrated that a mitotic index cutoff of 25 mitoses/10 high-power fields (corresponding to 11.16 mitotic figures/mm) could successfully divide tumors into 2 prognostic groups with significantly different overall survival. The goals of the current study were to (1) validate this mitotic index cutoff in an independent, multicenter cohort and (2) explore the prognostic value of the mitotic index groups in relation to other clinicopathologic variables. Cases were included from 3 independent institutions: The Norwegian Radium Hospital, The Mayo Clinic, and Skåne University Hospital. A total of 40 tumors were included after central review. All cases were negative for the YWHAE-FAM22A/B and JAZF1-JJAZ1 translocations. Survival data were available on all patients. In this study, one-third of patients with UUS survived beyond 5 years. The crude (unadjusted) Cox Proportional Hazards model revealed a number of parameters that significantly impacted overall survival, including mitotic index group, patient age, stage, and the presence of tumor necrosis. Classification into the uniform and pleomorphic types was not prognostic. Combining these parameters into an adjusted model revealed that only the mitotic index group and stage were prognostic. On the basis of these findings, it is proposed that UUS be subdivided into “mitogenic” and “not otherwise specified” types.
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8.
  • Koebel, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Ovarian carcinoma histotype determination is highly reproducible, and is improved through the use of immunohistochemistry
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Histopathology. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0309-0167 .- 1365-2559. ; 64:7, s. 1004-1013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimsTo assess the variation in ovarian carcinoma type diagnosis among gynaecological pathologists from Nordic countries, and whether a rationally designed panel of immunohistochemical markers could improve diagnostic reproducibility. Methods and resultsEight pathologists from four countries (Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland) received an educational lecture on the diagnosis of ovarian carcinoma type. All tumour-containing slides from 54 ovarian carcinoma cases were independently reviewed by the participants, who: (i) determined type purely on the basis of histology; (ii) indicated whether they would apply immunohistochemistry in their routine practice; and (iii) determined type after reviewing the staining results. The results for six markers (WT1, p53, p16, HNF-1, ARID1A, and progesterone receptor) were determined for all 54 cases, by staining of a tissue microarray. The median concordance with central review diagnosis was 86%, and significantly improved to 90% with the incorporation of immunostaining results (P=0.0002). The median interobserver agreement was 78%, and significantly improved to 85% with the incorporation of immunostaining results (P=0.0002). ConclusionsUse of the immunostaining results significantly improved both diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement. These results indicate that ovarian carcinoma type can be reliably diagnosed by pathologists from different countries, and also demonstrate that immunohistochemistry has an important role in improving diagnostic accuracy and agreement between pathologists.
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9.
  • Kurtsdotter, Idha, et al. (författare)
  • SOX5/6/21 prevent oncogene-driven transformation of brain stem cells
  • Ingår i: Cancer Research. - : American Association for Cancer Research Inc.. - 0008-5472 .- 1538-7445. ; 77:18, s. 4985-4997
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Molecular mechanisms preventing self-renewing brain stem cells from oncogenic transformation are poorly defined. We show that the expression levels of SOX5, SOX6, and SOX21 (SOX5/6/21) transcription factors increase in stem cells of the subventricular zone (SVZ) upon oncogenic stress, whereas their expression in human glioma decreases during malignant progression. Elevated levels of SOX5/6/21 promoted SVZ cells to exit the cell cycle, whereas genetic ablation of SOX5/6/21 dramatically increased the capacity of these cells to form glioma-like tumors in an oncogene-driven mouse brain tumor model. Loss-of-function experiments revealed that SOX5/6/21 prevent detrimental hyperproliferation of oncogene expressing SVZ cells by facilitating an antiproliferative expression profile. Consistently, restoring high levels of SOX5/6/21 in human primary glioblastoma cells enabled expression of CDK inhibitors and decreased p53 protein turnover, which blocked their tumorigenic capacity through cellular senescence and apoptosis. Altogether, these results provide evidence that SOX5/6/21 play a central role in driving a tumor suppressor response in brain stem cells upon oncogenic insult.
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10.
  • Littorin, Bengt, et al. (författare)
  • Family characteristics and life events before the onset of autoimmune type 1 diabetes in young adults : A nationwide study
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Diabetes Care. - 0149-5992 .- 1935-5548. ; 24:6, s. 1033-1037
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE - To elucidate whether family characteristics and stressful life events were associated with onset of autoimmune type 1 diabetes in young adults. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - This investigation was based on a nationwide study (Diabetes Incidence Study in Sweden) of newly diagnosed patients aged 15-34 years. Patients clinically classified as type 1 diabetic with antibodies to islet cells and/or to GAD65 were compared with age- and sex-matched control subjects via questionnaire. The questionnaire covered diabetes heredity, social environment, educational level, and life events experienced during the 12 months before diagnosis. RESULTS - The rate of response was 82% for the diabetic patients and 65% for the control subjects. Questionnaires from 349 diabetic patients and 979 control subjects were considered. Diabetes in relatives was more frequent in the patients (odds ratio [OR] 2.6) who were born in Sweden and whose mothers were of Swedish origin. No major stress factors were detected in the diabetic patients, however, in comparison with the control subjects, the diabetic patients had experienced fewer conflicts with their parents and had less often broken contacts with friends. CONCLUSIONS - Young adults with recent-onset type 1 diabetes were more exposed to heredity for diabetes, but no major prediabetic stress factors were detected. Our study does not directly support the concept that psychosocial stressful life events are involved in the development of autoimmune type 1 diabetes in young adults.
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