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Sökning: WFRF:(Carvalho Luciana)

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  • Dromain, Clarisse, et al. (författare)
  • Tumour Growth Rate to predict the outcome of patients with Neuroendocrine Tumours : Performance and sources of variability
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Neuroendocrinology. - 0028-3835 .- 1423-0194. ; 111:9, s. 831-839
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: Tumor growth rate (TGR), percentage of change in tumor volume/month, has been previously identified as an early radiological biomarker for treatment monitoring in neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) patients. We assessed the performance and reproducibility of TGR 3 months (TGR3m) as a predictor factor of progression-free survival (PFS), including the impact of imaging method and reader variability.METHODS: Baseline and 3-months (±1month) CT/MRI images from patients with advanced, grade 1-2 NETs were retrospectively reviewed by 2 readers. Influence of number of targets, tumor burden and location of lesion on the performance of TGR3m to predict PFS was assessed by uni/multivariable Cox regression analysis. Agreement between readers was assessed by the Lin's concordance coefficient (LCC) and Kappa (KC).RESULTS: A total of 790 lesions were measured in 222 patients. Median PFS was 22.9 months. On univariable analysis, number of lesions (DISCUSSION/CONCLUSION: TGR3m is a robust and early radiological biomarker able to predict PFS. It may be used to identify patients with advanced NETs who require closer radiological follow-up.
  • Lamarca, Angela, et al. (författare)
  • Tumour Growth Rate as a validated early radiological biomarker able to reflect treatment-induced changes in Neuroendocrine Tumours : the GREPONET-2 study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Clinical Cancer Research. - 1078-0432 .- 1557-3265. ; 15:25, s. 6692-6699
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: TGR represents the percentage change in tumour volume per month (%/m). Previous results from the GREPONET study showed that TGR measured after 3 months (TGR3m) of starting systemic treatment (ST) or watch and wait (WW) was an early biomarker predicting progression-free survival (PFS) in NETs.EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Pts from7 centres with advanced grade(G) 1/2 NETs from the pancreas(P)/small bowel(SB) initiating ST/WW were eligible. Computed tomography (CT) / magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed at pre-baseline, baseline and 3(+/-1) months of study entry were retrospectively reviewed. Aim-1: explore treatment-induced changes in TGR (ΔTGR3m-BL) (paired T-test) and Aim-2: validate TGR3m (<0.8%/m vs ≥0.8%/m) as an early biomarker in an independent cohort (Kaplan-Meier/Cox Regression).RESULTS: Out of 785 pts screened, 127 were eligible. Mean (SD) TGR0 and TGR3m were 5.4%/m (14.9) and -1.4%/m (11.8), respectively. Mean(SD) ΔTGR3m-BL paired-difference was -6.8%/m(19.3) (p<0.001). Most marked ΔTGR3m-BL (mean (SD);p) were identified with targeted therapies (-11.3%/m(4.7);0.0237) and chemotherapy (-7.9%/m(3.4);0.0261). Multivariable analysis confirmed the absence of previous treatment (Odds Ratio (OR) 4.65 (95%CI 1.31-16.52); p-value0.018) and low TGR3m (continuous variable; OR 1.09 (95%CI 1.01-1.19); p-value0.042) to be independent predictors of radiological objective response. When the multivariable Cox Regression was adjusted to grade (p-value 0.004) and stage (p-value0.017), TGR3m≥0.8 (vs.<0.8) maintained its significance (p<0.001), while TGR0 and ΔTGR3m-BL did not. TGR3m was confirmed as an independent prognosis factor for PFS (external validation; Aim-2) (multivariable HR 2.21 (95%CI 1.21-3.70); p-value0.003).CONCLUSIONS: TGR has a role as biomarker for monitoring response to therapy for early prediction of PFS and radiological objective response.
  • Martel-Duguech, Luciana Maria, et al. (författare)
  • ESE audit on management of Adult Growth Hormone Deficiency in clinical practice.
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: European journal of endocrinology. - 1479-683X. ; 184:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Guidelines recommend adults with pituitary disease in whom GH therapy is contemplated, to be tested for GH deficiency (AGHD); however, clinical practice is not uniform.1) To record current practice of AGHD management throughout Europe and benchmark it against guidelines; 2) To evaluate educational status of healthcare professionals about AGHD.On-line survey in endocrine centres throughout Europe.Endocrinologists voluntarily completed an electronic questionnaire regarding AGHD patients diagnosed or treated in 2017-2018.Twenty-eight centres from 17 European countries participated, including 2139 AGHD patients, 28% of childhood-onset GHD. Aetiology was most frequently non-functioning pituitary adenoma (26%), craniopharyngioma (13%) and genetic/congenital mid-line malformations (13%). Diagnosis of GHD was confirmed by a stimulation test in 52% (GHRH+arginine, 45%; insulin-tolerance, 42%, glucagon, 6%; GHRH alone and clonidine tests, 7%); in the remaining, ≥3 pituitary deficiencies and low serum IGF-I were diagnostic. Initial GH dose was lower in older patients, but only women <26 years were prescribed a higher dose than men; dose titration was based on normal serum IGF-I, tolerance and side-effects. In one country, AGHD treatment was not approved. Full public reimbursement was not available in four countries and only in childhood-onset GHD in another. AGHD awareness was low among non-endocrine professionals and healthcare administrators. Postgraduate AGHD curriculum training deserves being improved.Despite guideline recommendations, GH replacement in AGHD is still not available or reimbursed in all European countries. Knowledge among professionals and health administrators needs improvement to optimize care of adults with GHD.
  • Maruyama, Sandra R., et al. (författare)
  • Blood transcriptome profile induced by an efficacious vaccine formulated with salivary antigens from cattle ticks
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: NPJ VACCINES. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2059-0105. ; 4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ticks cause massive damage to livestock and vaccines are one sustainable alternative for the acaricide poisons currently heavily used to control infestations. An experimental vaccine adjuvanted with alum and composed by four recombinant salivary antigens mined with reverse vaccinology from a transcriptome of salivary glands from Rhipicephalus microplus ticks was previously shown to present an overall efficacy of 73.2% and cause a significant decrease of tick loads in artificially tick-infested, immunized heifers; this decrease was accompanied by increased levels of antigen-specific IgG1 and IgG2 antibodies, which were boosted during a challenge infestation. In order to gain insights into the systemic effects induced by the vaccine and by the tick challenge we now report the gene expression profile of these hosts' whole-blood leukocytes with RNA-seq followed by functional analyses. These analyses show that vaccination induced unique responses to infestations; genes upregulated in the comparisons were enriched for processes associated with chemotaxis, cell adhesion, T-cell responses and wound repair. Blood transcriptional modules were enriched for activation of dendritic cells, cell cycle, phosphatidylinositol signaling, and platelets. Together, the results indicate that by neutralizing the tick's salivary mediators of parasitism with vaccine-induced antibodies, the bovine host is able to mount normal homeostatic responses that hinder tick attachment and haematophagy and that the tick otherwise suppresses with its saliva.
  • Muscarella, Robert, et al. (författare)
  • The global abundance of tree palms
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Global Ecology and Biogeography. - : Wiley. - 1466-822X .- 1466-8238. ; 29:9, s. 1495-1514
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AimPalms are an iconic, diverse and often abundant component of tropical ecosystems that provide many ecosystem services. Being monocots, tree palms are evolutionarily, morphologically and physiologically distinct from other trees, and these differences have important consequences for ecosystem services (e.g., carbon sequestration and storage) and in terms of responses to climate change. We quantified global patterns of tree palm relative abundance to help improve understanding of tropical forests and reduce uncertainty about these ecosystems under climate change.LocationTropical and subtropical moist forests.Time periodCurrent.Major taxa studiedPalms (Arecaceae).MethodsWe assembled a pantropical dataset of 2,548 forest plots (covering 1,191 ha) and quantified tree palm (i.e., ≥10 cm diameter at breast height) abundance relative to co‐occurring non‐palm trees. We compared the relative abundance of tree palms across biogeographical realms and tested for associations with palaeoclimate stability, current climate, edaphic conditions and metrics of forest structure.ResultsOn average, the relative abundance of tree palms was more than five times larger between Neotropical locations and other biogeographical realms. Tree palms were absent in most locations outside the Neotropics but present in >80% of Neotropical locations. The relative abundance of tree palms was more strongly associated with local conditions (e.g., higher mean annual precipitation, lower soil fertility, shallower water table and lower plot mean wood density) than metrics of long‐term climate stability. Life‐form diversity also influenced the patterns; palm assemblages outside the Neotropics comprise many non‐tree (e.g., climbing) palms. Finally, we show that tree palms can influence estimates of above‐ground biomass, but the magnitude and direction of the effect require additional work.ConclusionsTree palms are not only quintessentially tropical, but they are also overwhelmingly Neotropical. Future work to understand the contributions of tree palms to biomass estimates and carbon cycling will be particularly crucial in Neotropical forests.
  • Proceedings of IDEAS 2019 - the interdisciplinary conference on innovation, design, entrepreneurship and sustainable systems.
  • 2019
  • Proceedings (redaktörskap) (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Over the past decades, innovations have emerged from problem-oriented research based on knowledge integration at the intersection of different disciplines. Therefore, interdisciplinary collaboration   has been critical to find solutions for complex societal challenges. However, there are little spaces within and beyond the academy where researchers are encouraged to defy their field's boundaries -- leveraging their disciplinary mindset into contributions to broad domains, particularly within the Science, Technology, Engineering, Entrepreneurship, and Management (STEEM) and across Social Sciences and the Humanities. Ideas conference aims to stimulate novel questions and challenge existing policy and practices on more innovative and sustainable systems.  Throughout history, technological innovation has led to the most significant dimensions of development – economic, social, and environmental - underpinning core changes in the way we live. 
  • Rampazzo, Roberto, et al. (författare)
  • Extragalactic Astronomy : From Pioneers to Big Science
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: From the Realm of the Nebulae to Populations of Galaxies. - : Springer. - 9783319310046 - 9783319310060 ; , s. 1-92
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • At the beginning of the nineteenth century one of the scientific issues driving the research of astronomers, like the Herschels, was to test if all the nebulæ can be resolved into stars.
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  • Resultat 1-7 av 7

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