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Sökning: WFRF:(Casar Borota Olivera)

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  • Casar Borota, Olivera, et al. (författare)
  • KIT protein expression and mutational status of KIT gene in pituitary adenomas
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Virchows Archiv. - New York : Springer-Verlag New York. - 0945-6317 .- 1432-2307. ; 460:2, s. 171-181
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • KIT protein expression and mutational status of KIT gene in different types of tumours have been intensively studied since Imatinib Mesylate, KIT/PDGFRA tyrosine kinase inhibitor became available. However, only one immunohistochemical study on KIT expression in pituitary adenomas has been published. There are currently no reports on mutational status of KIT gene in pituitary adenomas. We have immunohistochemically investigated KIT expression in 252 pituitary adenomas and found cytoplasmic reactivity in 52.4% and membranous reactivity in 8.3% of all adenomas. There was statistically significant difference in KIT expression between clinically non-functioning, growth hormone- and adrenocorticotroph hormone-producing adenomas. The group with membranous expression was dominated by somatotropinomas and clinically non-functioning adenomas. KIT expression in a subset of adenomas was also confirmed by western blot analysis of 48 adenomas. Immunohistochemical KIT expression was correlated with basic clinical data and in a cohort of acromegalic patients with additional data (somatostatin receptor type 2A expression, response to somatostatin analogue treatment and mutational status of gsp oncogene). Exons 9, 11, 13 and 17 of KIT gene were searched for mutations in the tumours with membranous KIT expression and in a minority of tumours with cytoplasmic KIT expression using denaturing high-performance liquid chromatography and in suspected cases sequencing of one or more exons. No mutations in the examined exons were found. Our results may suggest a role of KIT in the pathogenesis of a subset of pituitary adenomas and point out the need for further research to find out if KIT-reactive adenomas could be sensitive to Imatinib Mesylate.
  • Casar-Borota, Olivera, et al. (författare)
  • Spindle cell oncocytoma of the adenohypophysis : report of a case with marked cellular atypia and recurrence despite adjuvant treatment.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Clinical Neuropathology. - 0722-5091. ; 28:2, s. 91-95
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Spindle cell oncocytoma (SCO) of the adenohypophysis is a recently defined pituitary tumor mimicking a non-functioning macroadenoma and composed of mitochondrion rich tumor cells, positive for S-100, vimentin, epithelial membrane antigen and galectin-3 but lacking cytokeratins, pituitary hormones, and neuroendocrine markers. Derivation from pituitary folliculostellate cells (FSCs) has been suggested based upon immunohistochemical and ultrastructural characteristics shared by SCO and FSCs. 10 cases of SCO have been reported to date; of these, 8 underwent a benign clinical course and 2 recurred. We report a case of SCO with typical histologic and immunohistochemical features in addition to marked cellular pleomorphism and nuclear atypia. It showed slow regrowth over a 30-month period of follow-up despite combined surgical and radiotherapy. Despite the benign course of most reported cases, additional experience with longer follow-up are needed to assess clinical, histopathologic, and proliferative indices and their relevance to optimal therapy for this rare pituitary tumor.
  • Emblem, Kyrre E, et al. (författare)
  • Glioma grading by using histogram analysis of blood volume heterogeneity from MR-derived cerebral blood volume maps.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Radiology. - 0033-8419 .- 1527-1315. ; 247:3, s. 808-17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare the diagnostic accuracy of an alternative method used to grade gliomas that is based on histogram analysis of normalized cerebral blood volume (CBV) values from the entire tumor volume (obtained with the histogram method) with that of the hot-spot method, with histologic analysis as the reference standard.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The medical ethics committee approved this study, and all patients provided informed consent. Fifty-three patients (24 female, 29 male; mean age, 48 years; age range, 14-76 years) with histologically confirmed gliomas were examined with dynamic contrast material-enhanced 1.5-T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. CBV maps were created and normalized to unaffected white matter (normalized CBV maps). Four neuroradiologists independently measured the distribution of whole-tumor normalized CBVs and analyzed this distribution by classifying the values into area-normalized bins. Glioma grading was performed by assessing the normalized peak height of the histogram distributions. Logistic regression analysis and interobserver agreement were used to compare the proposed method with a hot-spot method in which only the maximum normalized CBV was used.RESULTS: For the histogram method, diagnostic accuracy was independent of the observer. Interobserver agreement was almost perfect for the histogram method (kappa = 0.923) and moderate for the hot-spot method (kappa = 0.559). For all observers, sensitivity was higher with the histogram method (90%) than with the hot-spot method (55%-76%).CONCLUSION: Glioma grading based on histogram analysis of normalized CBV heterogeneity is an alternative to the established hot-spot method, as it offers increased diagnostic accuracy and interobserver agreement.
  • Fougner, Stine Lyngvi, et al. (författare)
  • Adenoma granulation pattern correlates with clinical variables and effect of somatostatin analogue treatment in a large series of patients with acromegaly
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - Malden : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0300-0664 .- 1365-2265. ; 76:1, s. 96-102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • CONTEXT:Somatotroph adenomas have been classified into densely granulated (DG) and sparsely granulated (SG) tumours with a transitional, intermediate group. Gsp oncogenes are activating mutations in the Gsα subunit gene, found in approximately 40% of somatotroph adenomas.OBJECTIVES:To explore granulation pattern and presence of gsp oncogene in acromegaly with correlations to clinical and biochemical variables and to the effect of treatment with somatostatin analogues (SA), as well as to describe granulation pattern in adenomas with and without SA pretreatment.DESIGN/SETTINGS/PATIENTS:Seventy-eight patients with active acromegaly were included. Long-term SA efficacy was evaluated in 29 patients treated preoperatively and in ten treated postoperatively. Granulation pattern was examined, as were immunohistochemical analyses for E-cadherin and SSTR2a. Protein levels of E-cadherin and SSTR2a were measured (Western blot). Gsp mutation analysis was available for 74 adenomas.RESULTS:DG adenomas and the transitional group had higher serum levels of IGF-1 per tumour volume than SG (P = 0·009; P = 0·005). Acute and long-term SA responses were lower in SG (P = 0·001; P = 0·043). No correlation between gsp mutation and granulation was found, and no difference in granulation pattern according to preoperative SA treatment was demonstrated. A significant correlation between granulation and E-cadherin was found, where SG had lowest immunohistochemical expression, substantiated by protein levels, and a highly significant gradient was observed from DG, through the transitional group, to SG.CONCLUSIONS:Densely granulated adenomas were highly responsive to somatostatin analogues in contrast to SG adenomas. The transitional group behaved clinically more like DG adenomas. However, based on E-cadherin, a marker of dedifferentiation, the transitional group seemed to be a true intermediate.
  • Fougner, Stine L, et al. (författare)
  • The clinical response to somatostatin analogues in acromegaly correlates to the somatostatin receptor subtype 2a protein expression of the adenoma.
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - 0300-0664 .- 1365-2265. ; 68:3, s. 458-65
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Reduced expression of the somatostatin receptor subtype 2 (SSTR2) has been suggested as an explanation for the poor response to octreotide in acromegaly, but studies correlating levels of SSTR2 mRNA to octreotide efficacy have been contradictory. Some studies have found better responses to somatostatin analogues in G-protein alpha subunit (Gsalpha) mutation (gsp oncogene)-positive adenomas. The aim of this study was to determine adenoma SSTR2a protein expression and gsp status in a large group of patients with acromegaly, and relate this to the clinical effect of octreotide.PATIENTS: Seventy-one patients were included. All underwent transsphenoidal surgery, 23 patients after preoperative octreotide treatment.MEASUREMENTS: The adenoma SSTR2a expression was examined by immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis, and gsp status determined. An acute octreotide test was performed, and the change in IGF-1 level after 6 months preoperative octreotide treatment was recorded.RESULTS: The acute octreotide response in non-pretreated patients and the preoperative long-term octreotide response were significantly better in patients with adenomas containing a large proportion of cells that stained positively for SSTR2a by immunohistochemistry. However, the SSTR2a protein level assessed by Western blot did not correlate with the octreotide response. The preoperatively treated group had lower SSTR2a protein levels and fewer adenomas with a large percentage of positively stained cells. The gsp oncogene was detected in 43% of the adenomas but did not correlate to the octreotide response.CONCLUSION: The clinical effect of octreotide correlates with the proportion of cells positive for SSTR2a in immunohistochemical staining, rather than the adenoma SSTR2a protein level. There may be a down-regulation of SSTR2a during octreotide treatment.
  • Sjöstedt, Evelina, et al. (författare)
  • TGFBR3L-An Uncharacterised Pituitary Specific Membrane Protein Detected in the Gonadotroph Cells in Non-Neoplastic and Tumour Tissue.
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancers. - BASEL SWITZERLAND : MDPI AG. - 2072-6694. ; 13:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Here, we report the investigation of transforming growth factor beta-receptor 3 like (TGFBR3L), an uncharacterised pituitary specific membrane protein, in non-neoplastic anterior pituitary gland and pituitary neuroendocrine tumours. A polyclonal antibody produced within the Human Protein Atlas project (HPA074356) was used for TGFBR3L staining and combined with SF1 and FSH for a 3-plex fluorescent protocol, providing more details about the cell lineage specificity of TGFBR3L expression. A cohort of 230 pituitary neuroendocrine tumours were analysed. In a subgroup of previously characterised gonadotroph tumours, correlation with expression of FSH/LH, E-cadherin, oestrogen (ER) and somatostatin receptors (SSTR) was explored. TGFBR3L showed membranous immunolabeling and was found to be gonadotroph cell lineage-specific, verified by co-expression with SF1 and FSH/LH staining in both tumour and non-neoplastic anterior pituitary tissues. TGFBR3L immunoreactivity was observed in gonadotroph tumours only and demonstrated intra-tumour heterogeneity with a perivascular location. TGFBR3L immunostaining correlated positively to both FSH (R = 0.290) and LH (R = 0.390) immunostaining, and SSTR3 (R = 0.315). TGFBR3L correlated inversely to membranous E-cadherin staining (R = -0.351) and oestrogen receptor β mRNA (R = -0.274). In conclusion, TGFBR3L is a novel pituitary gland specific protein, located in the membrane of gonadotroph cells in non-neoplastic anterior pituitary gland and in a subset of gonadotroph pituitary tumours.
  • Casar-Borota, O., et al. (författare)
  • A novel dynamin-2 gene mutation associated with a late-onset centronuclear myopathy with necklace fibres
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Neuromuscular Disorders. - 0960-8966 .- 1873-2364. ; 25:4, s. 345-348
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nuclear centralisation and internalisation, sarcoplasmic radiating strands and type 1 muscle fibre predominance and hypotrophy characterise dynamin-2 (DNM2) associated centronuclear myopathy, whereas necklace fibres are typically seen in late onset myotubularin-1 (MTM1)-related myopathy. We report a woman with unilateral symptoms probably related to brachial plexus neuritis. Electromyography revealed localised neuropathic and generalised myopathic abnormalities. The typical features of DNM2 centronuclear myopathy with additional necklace fibres were found in the muscle biopsy. Sequencing of the DNM2 and MTM1 genes revealed a novel heterozygous missense mutation in exon 18 of the DNM2, leading to replacement of highly conserved proline at position 647 by arginine. The muscle symptoms have not progressed during the 3-year follow-up. However, the patient has developed bilateral subtle lens opacities. Our findings support the concept that necklace fibres may occasionally be found in DNM2-related myopathy, possibly indicating a common pathogenic mechanism in DNM2 and MTM1 associated centronuclear myopathy. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
  • Casar-Borota, Olivera, et al. (författare)
  • A novel dynamin-2 gene mutation associated with a late-onset centronuclear myopathy with unusual clinical presentation and necklace fibres
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Neuromuscular Disorders. - Oxford : Pergamon Press. - 0960-8966 .- 1873-2364. ; 22:9-10, s. 843-843
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Nuclear centralisation and internalisation, sarcoplasmic radiating strands and type 1 muscle fibre predominance and hypotrophy are morphologic features of centronuclear myopathy (CNM) related to dynamin-2 (DNM2) gene defects, whereas necklace fibres characterise late-onset myopathy associated with myotubularin-1 (MTM1) gene defects. We report a 40-year-old woman with 1-year history of pain and paresthesia in the left shoulder and arm that was clinically interpreted as brachial plexus neuritis. Electromyography revealed both myopathic and neuropathic abnormalities, and because of the myopathic changes a muscle biopsy was performed. The typical morphologic features of dynamin-2 CNM with additional numerous necklace fibres were found in the muscle biopsy. Sequencing of the DNM2 and MTM1 genes revealed a not previously described heterozygous missense mutation in exon 18 of DNM2 leading to replacement of highly conserved Proline in position 647 by Arginine. The muscle symptoms have not progressed during the two-year follow-up, but the patient has developed bilateral subtle lens opacities. Necklace fibres were originally described as fibres that had usually a small diameter and internalized nuclei aligned in a basophilic ring at a few micrometers beneath the sarcolemma. They were described in association with myopathies caused by MTM1 mutations, and similar but not identical fibres have also been reported in a case of DNM2 associated CNM. Our findings support the concept that necklace fibres are not specific but indicate common pathogenic mechanisms in DNM2 and MTM1 associated CNM. This case report expands the clinical, morphological and molecular genetic variability of DNM2 associated CNM.
  • Casar Borota, Olivera, et al. (författare)
  • Serotonin, ATRX, and DAXX Expression in Pituitary Adenomas : Markers in the Differential Diagnosis of Neuroendocrine Tumors of the Sellar Region.
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Surgical Pathology. - 0147-5185 .- 1532-0979. ; 41:9, s. 1238-1246
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Differential diagnosis based on morphology and immunohistochemistry between a clinically nonfunctioning pituitary neuroendocrine tumor (NET)/pituitary adenoma and a primary or secondary NET of nonpituitary origin in the sellar region may be difficult. Serotonin, a frequently expressed marker in the NETs, has not been systematically evaluated in pituitary NETs. Although mutations in ATRX or DAXX have been reported in a significant proportion of pancreatic NETs, the mutational status of ATRX and DAXX and their possible pathogenetic role in pituitary NETs are unknown. Facing a difficult diagnostic case of an invasive serotonin and adrenocorticotroph hormone immunoreactive NET in the sellar region, we explored the immunohistochemical expression of serotonin, ATRX, and DAXX in a large series of pituitary endocrine tumors of different types from 246 patients and in 2 corticotroph carcinomas. None of the pituitary tumors expressed serotonin, suggesting that serotonin immunoreactive sellar tumors represent primary or secondary NETs of nonpituitary origin. Normal expression of ATRX and DAXX in pituitary tumors suggests that ATRX and DAXX do not play a role in the pathogenesis of pituitary endocrine tumors that remain localized to the sellar and perisellar region. A lack of ATRX or DAXX in a sellar NET suggests a nonpituitary NET, probably of pancreatic origin. One of the 2 examined corticotroph carcinomas, however, demonstrated negative ATRX immunolabeling due to an ATRX gene mutation. Further studies on a larger cohort of pituitary carcinomas are needed to clarify whether ATRX mutations may contribute to the metastatic potential in a subset of pituitary NETs.
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