SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Catrina Anca Irinel) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Catrina Anca Irinel)

  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Baecklund, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Association of chronic inflammation, not its treatment, with increased lymphoma risk in rheumatoid arthritis
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - 0004-3591 .- 1529-0131. ; 54:3, s. 692-701
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE:Chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have been associated with malignant lymphomas. This study was undertaken to investigate which patients are at highest risk, and whether antirheumatic treatment is hazardous or protective.METHODS:We performed a matched case-control study of 378 consecutive Swedish RA patients in whom malignant lymphoma occurred between 1964 and 1995 (from a population-based RA cohort of 74,651 RA patients), and 378 controls. Information on disease characteristics and treatment from onset of RA until lymphoma diagnosis was abstracted from medical records. Lymphoma specimens were reclassified and tested for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). Relative risks (odds ratios [ORs]) for lymphomas (by subtype) associated with deciles of cumulative disease activity were assessed, as were ORs associated with drug treatments.RESULTS:The relative risks of lymphoma were only modestly elevated up to the seventh decile of cumulative disease activity. Thereafter, the relative risk increased dramatically (OR ninth decile 9.4 [95% confidence interval 3.1-28.0], OR tenth decile 61.6 [95% confidence interval 21.0-181.0]). Most lymphomas (48%) were of the diffuse large B cell type, but other lymphoma subtypes also displayed an association with cumulative disease activity. Standard nonbiologic treatments did not increase lymphoma risk. EBV was present in 12% of lymphomas.CONCLUSION:Risk of lymphoma is substantially increased in a subset of patients with RA, those with very severe disease. High inflammatory activity, rather than its treatment, is a major risk determinant.
  •  
2.
  • Engström, Marianne, et al. (författare)
  • Increased citrullination and expression of peptidylarginine deiminases independently of P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans in gingival tissue of patients with periodontitis
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Translational Medicine. - 1479-5876 .- 1479-5876. ; 16
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: A relationship between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and periodontitis has been suggested from findings that individuals with RA are prone to have advanced periodontitis and vice versa. In search of possible common pathogenetic features of these two diseases, we investigated the presence of citrullinated proteins and expression of endogenous peptidylarginine deiminases (PAD2 and PAD4), in periodontal tissue of individuals with periodontitis and healthy controls, in relation to the periodontal pathogens Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis) and Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A. actinomycetemcomitans), producing leukotoxin as virulence factor. These two oral bacteria have been suggested to be linked to anti-citrullinated protein antibodies in patients with RA.METHODS: Gingival tissue biopsies were obtained from 15 patients with periodontitis and 15 individuals without periodontal disease. Presence of CD3-positive lymphocytes, citrullinated proteins, PAD2, PAD4, P. gingivalis as well as A. actinomycetemcomitans and Mannheimia haemolytica produced leukotoxins were analysed by immunohistochemistry, followed by triple-blind semi-quantitative analysis. Mann-Whitney and Fisher's exact tests were used to analyse differences between groups. PADI2 and PADI4 mRNA levels were assessed by RT-qPCR and analysed using Wilcoxon signed rank test.RESULTS: Increased staining of citrullinated proteins was observed in gingival connective tissue from subjects with periodontitis (80%, 12/15) compared to healthy gingival tissue (27%, 4/15), whereas no differences were observed in gingival epithelium. There was also an increased staining of the citrullinating enzymes PAD2 and PAD4 in gingival connective tissue of patients with periodontitis whereas similar levels of PAD2 and PAD4 were observed in the gingival epithelium of the two groups. Similarly, the mRNA levels of PADI2 and PADI4 were also increased in the gingival tissue of patients with periodontitis compared to healthy controls. Furthermore, presence of P. gingivalis and leukotoxins was comparable in both epithelium and connective tissue, from the different investigated individuals with and without periodontitis, and there were no correlations between the presence of periodontal pathogens and the expression of citrullinated proteins or PAD enzymes.CONCLUSION: Chronic gingival inflammation is associated with increased local citrullination and PAD2 and PAD4 expression in periodontitis. The increased citrullination and PAD2 and PAD4 expression in periodontitis were, however, independent of the presence of periodontal pathogen P. gingivalis and A. actinomycetemcomitans leukotoxin.
  •  
3.
  • Eriksson, Kaja, et al. (författare)
  • Periodontal Health and Oral Microbiota in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Medicine. - : MDPI. - 2077-0383. ; 8:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This study aimed to investigate the periodontal health of patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in relation to oral microbiota, systemic and oral inflammatory mediators, and RA disease activity. Forty patients underwent full-mouth dental/periodontal and rheumatological examination, including collection of blood, saliva, gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) and subgingival plaque. Composition of plaque and saliva microbiota were analysed using 16S rRNA sequencing and levels of inflammatory mediators by multiplex-immunoassay. The majority of the patients (75%) had moderate or severe periodontitis and the rest had no/mild periodontitis. Anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) positivity was significantly more frequent in the moderate/severe periodontitis (86%) compared to the no/mild group (50%). No significance between groups was observed for RA disease duration or activity, or type of medication. Levels of sCD30/TNFRSF8, IFN-2, IL-19, IL-26, MMP-1, gp130/sIL-6R ss, and sTNF-R1 were significantly higher in serum or GCF, and April/TNFSF13 was significantly higher in serum and saliva samples in moderate/severe periodontitis. The microbial composition in plaque also differed significantly between the two groups. In conclusion, the majority of RA patients had moderate/severe periodontitis and that this severe form of the disease was significantly associated with ACPA positivity, an altered subgingival microbial profile, and increased levels of systemic and oral inflammatory mediators.
  •  
4.
  • Houtman, Miranda, et al. (författare)
  • T cells are influenced by a long non-coding RNA in the autoimmune associated PTPN2 locus
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: ; 90, s. 28-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Non-coding SNPs in the protein tyrosine phosphatase non-receptor type 2 (PTPN2) locus have been linked with several autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, type I diabetes, and inflammatory bowel disease. However, the functional consequences of these SNPs are poorly characterized. Herein, we show in blood cells that SNPs in the PTPN2 locus are highly correlated with DNA methylation levels at four CpG sites downstream of PTPN2 and expression levels of the long non-coding RNA (IncRNA) LINC01882 downstream of these CpG sites. We observed that LINC01882 is mainly expressed in T cells and that anti-CD3/CD28 activated naive CD4(+) T cells downregulate the expression of LINC01882. RNA sequencing analysis of LINC01882 knockdown in Jurkat T cells, using a combination of antisense oligo-nucleotides and RNA interference, revealed the upregulation of the transcription factor ZEB1 and kinase MAP2K4, both involved in IL-2 regulation. Overall, our data suggests the involvement of LINC01882 in T cell activation and hints towards an auxiliary role of these non-coding SNPs in autoimmunity associated with the PTPN2 locus. 
  •  
5.
  • Lindberg, Johan, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Effect of infliximab on mRNA expression profiles in synovial tissue of rheumatoid arthritis patients
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Arthritis Research & Therapy. - 1478-6354 .- 1478-6362. ; 8:6, s. R179-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We examined the gene expression profiles in arthroscopic biopsies retrieved from 10 rheumatoid arthritis patients before and after anti-TNF treatment with infliximab to investigate whether such profiles can be used to predict responses to the therapy, and to study effects of the therapy on the profiles. Responses to treatment were assessed using European League Against Rheumatism response criteria. Three patients were found to be good responders, five patients to be moderate responders and two patients to be nonresponders. The TNF-alpha status of the biopsies from each of the patients before treatment was also investigated immunohistochemically, and it was detected in biopsies from four of the patients, including all three of the good responders. The gene expression data demonstrate that all patients had unique gene expression signatures, with low intrapatient variability between biopsies. The data also revealed significant differences between the good responding and nonresponding patients (279 differentially expressed genes were detected, with a false discovery rate < 0.025). Among the identified genes we found that MMP-3 was significantly upregulated in good responders (log(2) fold change, 2.95) compared with nonresponders, providing further support for the potential of MMP-3 as a marker for good responses to therapy. An even more extensive list of 685 significantly differentially expressed genes was found between patients in whom TNF-alpha was found and nonresponders, indicating that TNF-alpha could be an important biomarker for successful infliximab treatment. Significant differences were also observed between biopsies taken before and after anti-TNF treatment, including 115 differentially expressed genes in the good responding group. Interestingly, the effect was even stronger in the group in which TNF-a was immunohistochemically detected before therapy. Here, 1,058 genes were differentially expressed, including many that were novel in this context (for example, CXCL3 and CXCL14). Subsequent Gene Ontology analysis revealed that several 'themes' were significantly over-represented that are known to be affected by anti-TNF treatment in inflammatory tissue; for example, immune response (GO:0006955), cell communication (GO:0007154), signal transduction (GO:0007165) and chemotaxis (GO:0006935). No genes reached statistical significance in the moderately responding or nonresponding groups. In conclusion, this pilot study suggests that further investigation is warranted on the usefulness of gene expression profiling of synovial tissue to predict and monitor the outcome of rheumatoid arthritis therapies.
  •  
6.
  • Neveen, Ahmed, et al. (författare)
  • Impact of Temporomandibular Joint Pain in Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Mediators of Inflammation. - : Hindawi Publishing Corporation. - 0962-9351 .- 1466-1861. ; 2013
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To investigate the impact of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) pain on daily activities and quality of life in relation to systemic inflammatory activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), thirty-three consecutive outpatients with RA were included. TMJ pain intensity at rest, on maximum mouth opening, and on chewing was assessed on a 0–10 numerical rating scale. TMJ palpatory tenderness, degree of anterior open bite, the impact of TMJ pain on daily activities and quality of life were also assessed. The systemic inflammatory activity was estimated by the disease activity score 28 (DAS28), blood levels of inflammatory markers and number of painful musculoskeletal regions. TMJ pain at rest, on maximum mouth opening, and on chewing as well as DAS28 was correlated with the impact of the TMJ pain on daily activities and quality of life. Partial correlations showed a significant interaction between TMJ pain on movement and DAS28 that explained the TMJ pain impact on daily activities and quality of life to a significant degree. This study indicates that both current TMJ pain intensity and systemic inflammatory activity play roles in the impact of TMJ pain on daily living and quality of life in RA.
  •  
7.
  • Brink, Mikael, 1984- (författare)
  • Presence of immunological markers preceding the onset of rheumatoid arthritis
  • 2015
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease with an unknown aetiology characterized by joint destruction. Both genetic and environmental factors contribute to the disease development with HLA-DRB1* alleles and smoking identified as most important. The disease is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies, originally by rheumatoid factor (RF) and more recently by anti citrullinated protein/peptide antibodies (ACPA) and antibodies against carbamylated peptides (CarP). These autoantibodies are present, not only after the onset of disease, but also prior to the onset of symptoms. The development of RA is a gradual process lasting several years before the onset of any joint symptom, but when and if there is a temporal difference in the development both between and within the different antibody systems is currently unknown. B-cells produce the antibodies, and a subset of B-cells, i.e., B-regulatory (Breg) cells, produces interleukin-10, and thus have the ability to down-regulate pro-inflammatory cytokines. Whether the Breg cells are involved in the pathogenesis of RA is, as yet, unknown.The aim of this thesis was to increase knowledge of the pathophysiological processes in the development of RA through identification of factors involved. The analyses involved detection of autoantibodies to post-translationally modified peptides/proteins in addition to RF isotypes, cell surface markers on immune cells in asymptomatic individuals, who have an increased risk of developing RA. In a co-analysis of the registers of patients with RA attending the Department of Rheumatology, with the registers from population based screening programmes within the Biobank of Northern Sweden, blood samples collected from individuals prior to the onset of symptoms were identified, as were those from population control subjects. A cohort of pre-symptomatic individuals also donated samples at the time of receiving a diagnosis of RA. First-degree relatives (FDR) of patients with RA were also identified and included for analyses.The levels of ten different ACPAs, i.e., (fibrinogen (Fib) α563-583(573), Fibα580-600(591), Fibβ62-81a(72), Fibβ62-81b(74), Fibβ36-52, a-enolase (CEP-1), triple helical collagen type II (citC1III), filaggrin (Fil307-324), vimentin (Vim) 2-17, and Vim60-75) were measured using the ImmunoCAP ISAC system (Phadia/ThermoFischer, Uppsala, Sweden) in blood samples from individuals before the onset of symptoms and when diagnosed with RA in comparison with those in population based controls. In a subset of samples, the levels of anti-CarP antibodies were measured using ELISA coated with anti-CarP-FCS, as well as analysis of RF of IgM, IgG and IgA isotype using the EliA assay (Phadia, Uppsala, Sweden). Breg cells were analysed both with and without stimulation ex vivo along with other cell types using flow cytometry in samples from patients with RA, their first degree relatives (FDR) and healthy controls.In paper I it was shown that levels of ACPA were initially restricted to a few antibodies but disseminated over time to involve additional different antibodies. The levels of antibodies to CEP-1, Fibß36-52, and filaggrin were significantly increased. In paper II, anti-CarP antibodies were positive in 5-13% of the individuals negative for the various ACPA studied. The presence of anti-CarP antibodies was significantly related to radiological destruction of joints at baseline, at follow-up after 24 months and to the radiological progress between baseline and 24months. In paper III, the relationships between the frequencies of RF isotypes, the ten different ACPA, anti-CCP2 and anti-CarP antibodies before the onset of any symptoms and the presence of certain combinations of antibodies were associated with a very high risk of developing RA. In paper IV Breg cells from patients with RA are functionally impaired and FDR showed a similar pattern by responding less to stimulation ex vivo than cells from healthy controls.In conclusion, individuals who subsequently develop RA have an increased number and amount of ACPAs, anti-CarP antibodies and RF of IgM, IgG and IgA isotype, several years before symptom onset. Most of the different antibodies analysed remain associated with disease development after adjustments for each separate antibody. In FDRs, Breg cells were functionally altered in that they produce less IL-10 and consequently contribute to a more inflammation-prone status, as in their relatives with RA. These findings contribute to information about the development of RA as well as a given individual’s risk(s) of developing RA and its progression.
  •  
8.
  • Catrina, Anca Irinel (författare)
  • Studies of molecular mechanisms of action of TNF antagonists in rheumatoid arthritis
  • 2004
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is a common chronic inflammatory disease characterized by progressive bone destruction that leads to joint deformity and physical disability. Even though several therapeutic drugs are available, none have emerged as an ideal RA treatment that delays joint destruction and halts disease progression. A new class of drugs, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) antagonists, has recently been introduced in clinical practice: infliximab (chimeric anti-TNF antibody), etanercept (soluble TNF receptor) and adalimumab (fully human anti-TNF antibody). The exact mechanisms of action of these drugs are still poorly understood, even though the important role played by cytokines in RA pathogenesis is the main rationale behind using them for treatment. This thesis investigates the molecular mechanisms of action for TNF antagonists in RA with a focus on synovial inflammation and bone destruction. A major feature of RA is synovial inflammation with local accumulation of immune cells through increased cell influx and decreased clearance of resident cells. We demonstrated that early RA, which is characterized by important macrophage infiltration, is associated with low levels of synovial apoptosis. We also identified macrophage infiltration and synovial expression of the anti-apoptotic molecule FLIP (FLICE inhibitory protein) as determinant factors of synovial apoptosis. As apoptosis is a potential relevant mechanism for RA, we investigated if treatment with TNF antagonists modulates this process. We demonstrated that therapy with both infliximab and etanercept induces apoptosis of macrophages but not of lymphocytes in RA joints. Blood-derived macrophages were less susceptible to anti-TNF induced apoptosis, suggesting that induction of apoptosis through TNF blockade is specific for an inflammatory milieu such as the rheumatoid joint. Synovial inflammation leads to bone destruction that is mediated through either an indirect mechanism induced through cytokine-mediated release of pro-destructive factors such as the matrix metalloproteinases (MMP)-tissue inhibitors of MMPs (TIMPs) system or a direct mechanism mediated through receptor activator of the nuclear factor-?B ligand (RANKL)-osteoprotegerin (OPG) system. We demonstrated that etanercept is able to decrease serum levels of MMPs and the ratio between MMPs and TIMP, which represents a potential mechanism involved in prevention of future development of joint damage. Moreover, baseline MMP-3 serum levels could predict the changes in disease activity during therapy. The RANKL/OPG system is considered to be the final denominator of bone remodeling. We demonstrated that treatment with both etanercept and infliximab increased synovial OPG expression without changes in RANKL expression. The synovial RANKL/OPG ratio thus decreased following therapy, the effect being more pronounced in the responders compared to non-responders to therapy. In conclusion, we have demonstrated that TNF antagonists modulate important mechanisms implicated in synovial inflammation and bone destruction. We propose that therapies which target synovial TNF independent mechanisms, such as RANKL expression and lymphocyte apoptosis, are also valuable candidates for adjuvant therapy in RA.
  •  
9.
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy