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Sökning: WFRF:(Cesta C)

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  • Duncan, Laramie, et al. (författare)
  • Significant Locus and Metabolic Genetic Correlations Revealed in Genome-Wide Association Study of Anorexia Nervosa
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: The American journal of psychiatry. - 1535-7228. ; 174:9, s. 850-858
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The authors conducted a genome-wide association study of anorexia nervosa and calculated genetic correlations with a series of psychiatric, educational, and metabolic phenotypes.Following uniform quality control and imputation procedures using the 1000 Genomes Project (phase 3) in 12 case-control cohorts comprising 3,495 anorexia nervosa cases and 10,982 controls, the authors performed standard association analysis followed by a meta-analysis across cohorts. Linkage disequilibrium score regression was used to calculate genome-wide common variant heritability (single-nucleotide polymorphism [SNP]-based heritability [h(2)SNP]), partitioned heritability, and genetic correlations (rg) between anorexia nervosa and 159 other phenotypes.Results were obtained for 10,641,224 SNPs and insertion-deletion variants with minor allele frequencies >1% and imputation quality scores >0.6. The h(2)SNP of anorexia nervosa was 0.20 (SE=0.02), suggesting that a substantial fraction of the twin-based heritability arises from common genetic variation. The authors identified one genome-wide significant locus on chromosome 12 (rs4622308) in a region harboring a previously reported type 1 diabetes and autoimmune disorder locus. Significant positive genetic correlations were observed between anorexia nervosa and schizophrenia, neuroticism, educational attainment, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and significant negative genetic correlations were observed between anorexia nervosa and body mass index, insulin, glucose, and lipid phenotypes.Anorexia nervosa is a complex heritable phenotype for which this study has uncovered the first genome-wide significant locus. Anorexia nervosa also has large and significant genetic correlations with both psychiatric phenotypes and metabolic traits. The study results encourage a reconceptualization of this frequently lethal disorder as one with both psychiatric and metabolic etiology.
  • Cesta, C. E., et al. (författare)
  • Depression, anxiety, and antidepressant treatment in women: association with in vitro fertilization outcome
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Fertility and Sterility. - 0015-0282. ; 105:6, s. 1594-U285
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: To investigate associations between depression, anxiety, and antidepressants before in vitro fertilization (1VF) and IVF cycle outcomes, including pregnancy, live birth, and miscarriage. Patient(s): Nulliparous women undergoing their first 1VF cycle recorded in the Swedish Quality Register of Assisted Reproduction, January 2007 to December 2012 (n = 23,557). Main Outcome Measure(s): Associations between diagnoses of depression/anxiety, antidepressants, and IVF cycle outcome evaluated using logistic regression to produce adjusted odds ratios (AOR) and 950/o confidence intervals (CI). Result(s): In total, 4.40/o of women had been diagnosed with depression/anxiety and/or dispensed antidepressants before their IVF first cycle. The odds for pregnancy and live birth were decreased (n = 1,044; AOR = 0.86; 950/0 CI, 0.75-0.98; and AOR = 0.83; 950/o CI, 0.720.96, respectively). For women with a prescription for a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) only (n = 829), no statistically significant associations were found. Women with non-SSRI antidepressants (n = 52) were at reduced odds of pregnancy (AOR = 0.41; 950/0 CI, 0.21-0.80) and live birth (AOR = 0.27; 950/o CI, 0.11-0.68). Women with a depression/anxiety diagnosis with no antidepressant (n = 164) also had reduced odds of pregnancy (AOR = 0.58; 950/0 CI, 0.41-0.82) and live birth (AOR = 0.60; 95% CI, 0.41-0.89). Among the women who became pregnant (39.70/0, there were no statistically significant associations between exposure and miscarriage except for the women taking non-SSRI antidepressants (AOR = 3.56; 950/o CI, 1.06-11.9). Conclusion(s): A diagnosis of depression/anxiety and/or treatment with antidepressants before IVF was associated with slightly reduced odds of pregnancy and live birth. Women with the presence of depression/anxiety without antidepressants had a more pronounced reduction in odds, implying that the underlying disorder is important for the observed association.
  • Cesta, Carolyn E, et al. (författare)
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome and psychiatric disorders: Co-morbidity and heritability in a nationwide Swedish cohort.
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Psychoneuroendocrinology. - 1873-3360. ; 73, s. 196-203
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is an endocrine disorder affecting 5-15% of reproductive-aged women and characterized by high levels of circulating androgens. Given that androgens have been implicated in the aetiology of several psychiatric disorders, it was hypothesized that women with PCOS have high risk for psychiatric comorbidity. We aimed to investigate this risk amongst women with PCOS, as well as in their siblings, to elucidate if familial factors underlie any potential associations. Using the Swedish national registers, we identified all women diagnosed with PCOS between 1990 and 2013 (n=24,385), their full-siblings (n=25,921), plus matched individuals (1:10/100) from the general population and their full-siblings. Psychiatric disorder diagnoses were identified including schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depressive and anxiety disorders, eating disorders, personality and gender identity disorder, autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), tics, attempted and completed suicide. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated using conditional logistic regression and adjusted ORs (AOR) were determined by adjustment for comorbid psychiatric disorders. Overall, women with PCOS had an increased odds of having at least one psychiatric disorder (OR=1.56 [95CI%, 1.51-1.61]). Crude ORs showed associations with nearly all psychiatric disorders included in this study. Following adjustment for comorbid psychiatric disorders, women with PCOS were still at a significantly increased risk for bulimia, schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, depressive and anxiety disorders, personality disorders, with the highest AORs for ASD (AOR=1.55 [95%CI, 1.32-1.81]) and tics (AOR=1.65 [95%CI, 1.10-2.47]). Significantly higher AORs were found for ASD in both brothers and sisters of women with PCOS, and for depressive, anxiety, and schizophrenia spectrum disorders in the sisters only. Notably, the crude ORs for attempted suicide were 40% higher in women with PCOS and 16% higher in their unaffected sisters. However, the AORs were greatly attenuated indicating that underlying psychiatric comorbidity is important for this association. Women with PCOS had higher risks for a range of psychiatric disorders not shown before. Elevated risk in their siblings suggests shared familial factors between PCOS and psychiatric disorders. This study is an important first step towards identifying the underlying mechanisms for risk of psychiatric disorders in women with PCOS. Health professionals treating women with PCOS should be aware that these patients - as well as their family members - are important targets for mental health care.
  • Coradeschi, Silvia, et al. (författare)
  • GiraffPlus : A System for Monitoring Activities and Physiological Parameters and Promoting Social Interaction for Elderly
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Human-Computer Systems Interaction : Backgrounds and Applications 3. - Springer. - 978-3-319-08490-9 - 978-3-319-08491-6 ; s. 261-271
  • Bokkapitel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This chapter presents a telehealth system called GiraffPlus supporting independent living of elderly in their own home. GiraffPlus system is a complex system which monitors activities and physiological parameters in the home using a network of sensors. The elaborated information is presented to the primary user, the elderly, and to secondary users like health care and home care providers and possibly to family members as a help to assess possible health and wellbeing deterioration, provide acute alarms, and support health procedure. The secondary users can also visit the elderly via the Giraff, a teleoperated robot that can communicate and move in the home under the control of the secondary user. The chapter focusses in particular on the deployment of the system in six real homes in Sweden, Italy and Spain. The chapter outlines the technological various components used, the expectations of the users and the evaluation method.</p>
  • Risal, S, et al. (författare)
  • Prenatal androgen exposure and transgenerational susceptibility to polycystic ovary syndrome.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Nature medicine. - 1546-170X. ; 25:12, s. 1894-1904
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • How obesity and elevated androgen levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) affect their offspring is unclear. In a Swedish nationwide register-based cohort and a clinical case-control study from Chile, we found that daughters of mothers with PCOS were more likely to be diagnosed with PCOS. Furthermore, female mice (F0) with PCOS-like traits induced by late-gestation injection of dihydrotestosterone, with and without obesity, produced female F1-F3 offspring with PCOS-like reproductive and metabolic phenotypes. Sequencing of single metaphase II oocytes from F1-F3 offspring revealed common and unique altered gene expression across all generations. Notably, four genes were also differentially expressed in serum samples from daughters in the case-control study and unrelated women with PCOS. Our findings provide evidence of transgenerational effects in female offspring of mothers with PCOS and identify possible candidate genes for the prediction of a PCOS phenotype in future generations.
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