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Sökning: WFRF:(Christensen Jane)

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  • Kyrø, Cecilie, et al. (författare)
  • Pre-diagnostic polyphenol intake and breast cancer survival: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment. - Springer. - 1573-7217. ; 154:2, s. 389-401
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The aim was to investigate the association between pre-diagnostic intakes of polyphenol classes (flavonoids, lignans, phenolic acids, stilbenes, and other polyphenols) in relation to breast cancer survival (all-cause and breast cancer-specific mortality). We used data from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. Pre-diagnostic usual diet was assessed using dietary questionnaires, and polyphenol intakes were estimated using the Phenol-Explorer database. We followed 11,782 breast cancer cases from time of diagnosis until death, end of follow-up or last day of contact. During a median of 6 years, 1482 women died (753 of breast cancer). We related polyphenol intake to all-cause and breast cancer-specific mortality using Cox proportional hazard models with time since diagnosis as underlying time and strata for age and country. Among postmenopausal women, an intake of lignans in the highest versus lowest quartile was related to a 28 % lower risk of dying from breast (adjusted model: HR, quartile 4 vs. quartile 1, 0.72, 95 % CI 0.53; 0.98). In contrast, in premenopausal women, a positive association between lignan intake and all-cause mortality was found (adjusted model: HR, quartile 4 vs. quartile 1, 1.63, 95 % CI 1.03; 2.57). We found no association for other polyphenol classes. Intake of lignans before breast cancer diagnosis may be related to improved survival among postmenopausal women, but may on the contrary worsen the survival for premenopausal women. This suggests that the role of phytoestrogens in breast cancer survival is complex and may be dependent of menopausal status.
  • Roswall, Nina, et al. (författare)
  • Anthropometric measures and bladder cancer risk: A prospective study in the EPIC cohort
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 135:12, s. 2918-2929
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Anthropometric measures have been related to risk of several cancers. For bladder cancer, however, evidence is sparse. Comparability of existing studies is hampered by use of different obesity-measures, inadequate control for smoking, and few female cases. This study examined associations between height, weight, waist and hip circumference, waist-hip ratio, waist-height ratio, body mass index (BMI), recalled weight at age 20 and bladder cancer, and investigated effect modification by age, tumor aggressiveness and smoking. The study was conducted in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort, in 390,878 participants. Associations were calculated using Cox Proportional Hazards Models. During follow-up, 1,391 bladder cancers (1,018 male; 373 female) occurred. Height was unrelated to bladder cancer in both genders. We found a small but significant positive association with weight [1.04 (1.01-1.07) per 5 kilo], BMI [1.05 (1.02-1.08) per 2 units], waist circumference [1.04 (1.01-1.08) per 5 cm], waist-hip ratio (1.07 (1.02-1.13) per 0.05 unit] and waist-height ratio [1.07 (1.01-1.13) per 0.05 unit] in men. Stratification by smoking status confined associations in men to former smokers. In never smokers, we found no significant associations, suggesting residual confounding by smoking. Results did not differ with tumor aggressiveness and age. Residual analyses on BMI/waist circumference showed a significantly higher disease risk with BMI in men (p=0.01), but no association with waist circumference. In conclusion, in this large study, height was unrelated to bladder cancer, whereas overweight was associated with a slightly higher bladder cancer risk in men. This association may, however, be distorted by residual confounding by smoking.
  • Bjerregaard, Bine Kjoller, et al. (författare)
  • Tobacco smoke and bladder cancer-in the European prospective investigation into cancer and nutrition
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0020-7136. ; 119:10, s. 2412-2416
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The purpose of the present study was to investigate the association between smoking and the development of bladder cancer. The study population consisted of 429,906 persons participating in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC), 633 of whom developed bladder cancer during the follow-up period. An increased risk of bladder cancer was found for both current- (incidence rate ratio 3.96, 95% confidence interval: 3.07-5.09) and ex- (2.25, 1.74-2.91) smokers, compared to never-smokers. A positive association with intensity (per 5 cigarettes) was found among current-smokers (1.18, 1.09-1.28). Associations (per 5 years) were observed for duration (1.14, 1.08-1.21), later age at start (0.75, 0.66-0.85) and longer time since quitting (0.92, 0.86-0.98). Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) during childhood increased the risk of bladder cancer (1.38, 1.00-1.90), whereas for ETS exposure as adult no effect was detected. The present study confirms the strong association between smoking and bladder cancer. The indication of a higher risk of bladder cancer for those who start smoking at a young age and for those exposed to ETS during childhood adds to the body of evidence suggesting that children are more sensitive to carcinogens than adults. (c) 2006 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • de Jong, Simone, et al. (författare)
  • Applying polygenic risk scoring for psychiatric disorders to a large family with bipolar disorder and major depressive disorder
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Communications Biology. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2399-3642. ; 1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Psychiatric disorders are thought to have a complex genetic pathology consisting of interplay of common and rare variation. Traditionally, pedigrees are used to shed light on the latter only, while here we discuss the application of polygenic risk scores to also highlight patterns of common genetic risk. We analyze polygenic risk scores for psychiatric disorders in a large pedigree (<em>n</em> ~ 260) in which 30% of family members suffer from major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder. Studying patterns of assortative mating and anticipation, it appears increased polygenic risk is contributed by affected individuals who married into the family, resulting in an increasing genetic risk over generations. This may explain the observation of anticipation in mood disorders, whereby onset is earlier and the severity increases over the generations of a family. Joint analyses of rare and common variation may be a powerful way to understand the familial genetics of psychiatric disorders.</p>
  • Faerch, Mia, et al. (författare)
  • Diverse vasopressin V2 receptor functionality underlying partial congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: American journal of physiology. Renal physiology. - 1522-1466. ; 297:6, s. F1518-25
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • X-linked congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI) is characterized by a defective renal response to the antidiuretic hormone (AVP) due to variations in the arginine vasopressin receptor 2 (AVPR2) gene. In a unique group of patients, the renal insensitivity to the effects of AVP is incomplete resulting in a partial phenotype. To investigate the molecular defects, two previously published variations in the AVPR2 gene, known to cause a partial CNDI phenotype, were expressed in transiently transfected human embryonic kidney cells. One variation (p.Arg104Cys) is located in the first extracellular loop and the other variation (p.Ser329Arg) is located in the intracellular COOH terminal of the receptor protein. Western blotting showed almost equal amounts of WT-V2R and Arg104Cys-V2R protein at steady state, whereas the level of Ser329Arg-V2R protein was lower. Confocal microscopy established that WT-V2R and Arg104Cys-V2R are localized on the cellular surface while the Ser329Arg-V2R primarily accumulates within the endoplasmic reticulum resulting in reduced surface expression. Ligand binding analysis demonstrated that the B(max) for cells expressing Arg104Cys-V2R and Ser329Arg-V2R were 14.8- and 2.5-fold lower than B(max) for WT-V2R, respectively. AVP affinity (1/K(d)) for WT-V2R and the Ser329Arg-V2R was similar while 1/K(d) for Arg104Cys-V2R was increased. cAMP assay revealed that cells expressing p.Arg104Cys-V2R or p.Ser329Arg-V2R produced 1.7- and 6.8-fold lower amounts of cAMP compared with WT-V2R, respectively. In conclusion, ligand binding and signal transduction capability are dependent on localization of the amino acid variation. Striking divergences at the level of receptor functionality may thus underlie similar clinical phenotypes in CNDI.
  • Faerch, Mia, et al. (författare)
  • Skewed X-chromosome inactivation causing diagnostic misinterpretation in congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Urology and Nephrology. - Taylor & Francis. - 0036-5599 .- 1651-2065. ; 44:5, s. 324-330
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> To establish the clinical phenotype and genetic background in a family with diabetes insipidus.</p><p><strong>MATERIAL AND METHODS:</strong> The subjects were a sister and brother, aged 34 and 27 years, respectively, with a history of polyuria since infancy. Clinical testing confirmed a diagnosis of congenital nephrogenic diabetes insipidus (CNDI) in both. Samples of purified genomic DNA were analysed.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> The sequence of the entire coding region of the AQP2 gene as well as the AVPR2 gene was determined. Sequence analysis revealed no variations in the AQP2 gene. A missense variation in exon 2 of the AVPR2 gene (g.685G&gt;A), predicting a p.Asp85Asn substitution, was identified in the X-chromosome of the affected male and one allele in the sister and the asymptomatic mother. The p.Asp85Asn variation in AVPR2 is known to cause CNDI, and has previously been described as inducing a partial phenotype treatable with dDAVP. However, in this family dDAVP had no influence on urine osmolality, whereas combination therapy with indomethacin and hydrochlorothiazide increased urine osmolality to 299 mosm/l in the proband. A skewed X-inactivation pattern (93%) occurring in the normal X allele was recognized in the sister.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> This study demonstrates the effect of skewed X-chromosome inactivation associated with X-linked CNDI. Polydipsia in early childhood could be due to X-linked CNDI despite affecting both genders. The significant heterogeneity in the clinical phenotype in CNDI carries a risk of diagnostic misinterpretation and emphasizes the need for genetic characterization. Treatment combining indomethacin and hydrochlorothiazide results in a marked response on both urine output and urine osmolality.</p>
  • Hansen, Louise, et al. (författare)
  • Intake of dietary fiber, especially from cereal foods, is associated with lower incidence of colon cancer in the HELGA cohort
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - Geneve : International union against cancer. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 131:2, s. 469-478
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The role of dietary fiber on the risk of colon and rectal cancer has been investigated in numerous studies, but findings have been inconsistent. The purpose of this study was to examine associations between intake of dietary fiber and risk of incident colon (including distal and proximal colon) and rectal cancer in the prospective Scandinavian HELGA cohort and to determine if fiber source (vegetables, fruits, potatoes, cereals) impacted the association. We included 1,168 incident cases (691 colon, 477 rectal cancer), diagnosed during a median of 11.3 years, among 108,081 cohort members. Sex-specific incidence rate ratios (IRRs) of colon and rectal cancer were related to intake of total or specific fiber source using Cox proportional hazards models. For men, an inverse association was observed between intake of total fiber and the risk of colon cancer per an incremental increase of 10 g day(-1) , IRR (95% CI): 0.74 (0.64-0.86). Intake of cereal fiber per 2 g day(-1) was associated with an IRR of 0.94 (0.91-0.98), which was also seen for intake of cereal fiber from foods with high fiber content (≥5 g per 100 g product), where the IRR per 2 g day(-1) was 0.94 (0.90-0.98). In women, intake of cereal fiber per 2 g day(-1) was also associated with lower risk of colon cancer, 0.97 (0.93-1.00). No clear associations were seen for rectal cancer. Our data indicate a protective role of total and cereal fiber intake, particularly from cereal foods with high fiber content, in the prevention of colon cancer.</p>
  • Hansson, Helena, et al. (författare)
  • Hospital-based home care for children with cancer: Feasibility and psychosocial impact on children and their families
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Blood & Cancer. - John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 1545-5017. ; 60:5, s. 865-872
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background To assess the feasibility and psychosocial impact of a hospital-based home care (HBHC) program for children with cancer. Procedure A HBHC program was carried out with 51 children (018 years) with cancer to assess its feasibility in terms of satisfaction, care preferences, safety, and cost. A controlled trial was conducted to assess children's health-related quality of life (HRQOL) using the parent-reported and self-reported PedsQL Generic Core Scale and PedsQL Cancer Module, and the psychosocial impact on the family by PedsQL Family Impact Module comprising a subsample of 28 children and 43 parents in the home care group, and 47 children and 66 parents receiving standard hospital care. Results All parents in the HBHC program were satisfied and preferred home care. There were no serious adverse events associated with HBHC, and costs did not increase. When adjusting for age, gender, diagnosis and time since diagnosis, we found significant higher HRQOL scores in parent-reported physical health (P=0.04; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.219.5) and worry (P=0.04; 95% CI: 0.420.6) in the home-care group indicating better physical health and less worry for children in the home-care group. No significant difference was found in the Family Impact Module. Conclusion This study indicates that HBHC is a feasible alternative to hospital care for children with cancer, and is greatly preferred by parents. Specific aspects of children's HRQOL may be improved with HBHC and the psychosocial burden on the family does not increase. Pediatr Blood Cancer 2013; 60: 865872. (c) 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • Jendle, Johan, 1963-, et al. (författare)
  • Late-onset familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus due to a novel mutation in the AVP gene
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - Hoboken, USA : Wiley-Blackwell. - 0300-0664 .- 1365-2265. ; 77:4, s. 586-592
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>Objective:</strong> Familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus (FNDI) is mainly an autosomal dominant inherited disorder presenting with severe polydipsia and polyuria in early childhood. In this study, we aimed to determine the molecular genetics and clinical characteristics of a large Swedish-Norwegian family presenting with very late-onset autosomal dominant FNDI.</p><p><strong>Patients:</strong> Six probands with a history of developing polyuria and polydipsia during adolescence were studied.</p><p><strong>Measurements:</strong> Information on family demography was collected by personal interview with family members. The genetic cause of FNDI was identified by DNA sequencing analysis of the coding regions of the AVP gene. The clinical characteristics were determined by the measurement of basal urine production and osmolality as well as by measurements of concurrent levels of plasma AVP, plasma osmolality, and urine osmolality during fluid deprivation and bolus injection of DDAVP. The integrity of the neurohypophysis was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging.</p><p><strong>Results:</strong> The mean age of encountering the first clinical symptoms in the family was 14·8 years (range 3-30 years) (n = 17). All six affected subjects investigated were heterozygous for a novel mutation in the AVP gene (g.1848C&gt;T) predicting a p.Pro84Leu substitution in the AVP precursor protein. We found partial deficiency in evoked AVP secretion during fluid deprivation in one subject and complete deficiency in another. The pituitary bright spot was absent in all six affected subjects studied.</p><p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> A novel mutation in the AVP gene predicted to cause a neurophysin II dimerization defect is causing surprisingly late onset of FNDI in a large, six generation, Swedish-Norwegian family. The mutation is associated with both complete and partial deficiency in evoked AVP secretion during fluid deprivation in patients who have suffered from FNDI for decades.</p>
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