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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Colombel Jean Frederic) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Colombel Jean Frederic)

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1.
  • Momozawa, Yukihide, et al. (författare)
  • Resequencing of positional candidates identifies low frequency IL23R coding variants protecting against inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - New York : Nature Publishing Group. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 43:1, s. 43-47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified dozens of risk loci for many complex disorders, including Crohn's disease. However, common disease-associated SNPs explain at most ∼20% of the genetic variance for Crohn's disease. Several factors may account for this unexplained heritability, including rare risk variants not adequately tagged thus far in GWAS. That rare susceptibility variants indeed contribute to variation in multifactorial phenotypes has been demonstrated for colorectal cancer, plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels, blood pressure, type 1 diabetes, hypertriglyceridemia and, in the case of Crohn's disease, for NOD2 (refs. 14,15). Here we describe the use of high-throughput resequencing of DNA pools to search for rare coding variants influencing susceptibility to Crohn's disease in 63 GWAS-identified positional candidate genes. We identify low frequency coding variants conferring protection against inflammatory bowel disease in IL23R, but we conclude that rare coding variants in positional candidates do not make a large contribution to inherited predisposition to Crohn's disease.
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2.
  • Soderman, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of single nucleotide polymorphisms in the region of CLDN2-MORC4 in relation to inflammatory bowel disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: World Journal of Gastroenterology. - : BAISHIDENG PUBL GRP CO LTD. - 1007-9327 .- 2219-2840. ; 19:30, s. 4935-4943
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM: To investigate a possible genetic influence of claudin (CLDN) 1, CLDN2 and CLDN4 in the etiology of inflammatory bowel disease.METHODS: Allelic association between genetic regions of CLDN1, CLDN2 or CLDN4 and patients with inflammatory bowel disease, Crohn's disease (CD) or ulcerative colitis were investigated using both a case-control study approach (one case randomly selected from each of 191 Swedish inflammatory bowel disease families and 333 controls) and a family-based study (463 non-Swedish European inflammatory bowel disease-families). A nonsynonymous coding single nucleotide polymorphism in MORC4, located on the same linkage block as CLDN2, was investigated for association, as were two novel CLDN2 single nucleotide polymorphism markers, identified by resequencing.RESULTS: A single nucleotide polymorphism marker (rs12014762) located in the genetic region of CLDN2 was significantly associated to CD (case-control allelic OR = 1.98, 95% CI: 1.17-3.35, P = 0.007). MORC4 was present on the same linkage block as this CD marker. Using the case-control approach, a significant association (case control allelic OR = 1.61, 95% CI: 1.08-2.41, P = 0.018) was found between CD and a nonsynonymous coding single nucleotide polymorphism (rs6622126) in MORC4. The association between the CLDN2 marker and CD was not replicated in the family-based study. Ulcerative colitis was not associated to any of the single nucleotide polymorphism markers.CONCLUSION: These findings suggest that a variant of the CLDN2-MORC4 region predisposes to CD in a Swedish population.
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3.
  • Amcoff, Karin, 1975-, et al. (författare)
  • Concordance in Anti-OmpC and Anti-I2 Indicate the Influence of Genetic Predisposition : Results of a European Study of Twins with Crohn's Disease
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - 1873-9946 .- 1876-4479. ; 10:6, s. 695-702
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and Aims: An adaptive immunological response to microbial antigens has been observed in Crohn's disease (CD). Intriguingly, this serological response precedes the diagnosis in some patients and has also been observed in healthy relatives. We aimed to determine whether genetic factors are implicated in this response in a CD twin cohort.Methods: In total, 82 twin pairs (Leuven n = 13, Maastricht n = 8, Örebro n = 61) took part: 81 pairs with CD (concordant monozygotic n = 16, discordant monozygotic n = 22, concordant dizygotic n = 3, discordant dizygotic n = 40) and 1 monozygotic pair with both CD and ulcerative colitis. Serology for Pseudomonas fluorescens-related protein (anti-I2), Escherichia coli outer membrane porin C (anti-OmpC), CBir1flagellin (anti-CBir1) and antibodies to oligomannan (anti-Saccharomyces cerevisiae antibody [ASCA]) was determined by standardized enzyme-linked immunoassay.Results: All markers were more often present in CD twins than in their healthy twin siblings. Using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC), agreements in concentrations of anti-OmpC and anti-I2 were observed in discordant monozygotic but not in discordant dizygotic twin pairs with CD (anti-OmpC, ICC 0.80 and -0.02, respectively) and (anti-I2, ICC 0.56 and 0.05, respectively). In contrast, no agreements were found in anti-CBir, immunoglobulin (Ig) G ASCA and ASCA IgA.Conclusions: We show that anti-I2 and anti-CBir1 statuses have specificity for CD and confirm previous reported specificities for anti-OmpC and ASCA. Based on quantitative analyses and observed ICCs, genetics seems to predispose to the anti-OmpC and anti-I2 response but less to ASCA and anti-CBir1 responses.
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4.
  • Chassaing, Benoit, et al. (författare)
  • Crohn disease-associated adherent-invasive E. coli bacteria target mouse and human Peyers patches via long polar fimbriae
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION. - : American Society for Clinical Investigation. - 0021-9738. ; 121:3, s. 966-975
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Crohn disease (CD) is a multifactorial disease in which an abnormal immune response in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract leads to chronic inflammation. The small intestine, particularly the ileum, of patients with CD is colonized by adherent-invasive E. coil (AIEC) a pathogenic group of E. coil able to adhere to and invade intestinal epithelial cells. As the earliest inflammatory lesions are microscopic erosions of the epithelium lining the Peyers patches (PPs), we investigated the ability of AIEC bacteria to interact with PPs and the virulence factors involved. We found that AIEC bacteria could interact with mouse and human PPs via long polar fimbriae (LPF). An LPF-negative AIEC mutant was highly impaired in its ability to interact with mouse and human PPs and to translocate across monolayers of M cells, specialized epithelial cells at the surface of PPs. The prevalence of AIEC strains harboring the lpf operon was markedly higher in CD patients compared with controls. In addition, increased numbers of AIEC, but not LPF-deficient AIEC, bacteria were found interacting with PPs from Nod2(-/-) mice compared with WT mice. In conclusion, we have identified LPF as a key factor for AIEC to target PPs. This could be the missing link between AIEC colonization and the presence of early lesions in the PPs of CD patients.
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5.
  • Vandewalle-El Khoury, Peggy, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of antisynthetic mannoside antibodies (ASigmaMA) reveals heterogeneity in the ASCA response of Crohn's disease patients and contributes to differential diagnosis, stratification, and prediction
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Gastroenterology. - 0002-9270 .- 1572-0241. ; 103:4, s. 949-957
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Anti-S. cerevisiae mannan antibodies (ASCA) are human antibodies associated with Crohn's disease (CD) reacting with Saccharomyces cerevisiae (S. cerevisiae) mannan polymer. As mannan is a complex and variable repertoire of oligomannoses acting as epitopes, we chemically synthesized (Sigma) two major oligomannose epitopes, Man alpha-1,3 Man alpha-1,2 Man (SigmaMan3) and Man alpha-1,3 Man alpha-1,2 Man alpha-1,2 Man (SigmaMan4), and then explored how antisynthetic mannoside antibodies (ASigmaMA) compare with ASCA as markers of CD.METHODS: The study involved different cohorts of CD and ulcerative colitis (UC) patients and healthy controls who had been studied previously in several medical centers in Europe, the United States, and North Africa to determine the clinical value of ASCA in terms of differential diagnosis, evolution of indeterminate colitis (IC), and serotype-phenotype correlations. The comparison of ASigmaMA and ASCA included a total of 1,365 subjects: 772 CD, 261 UC, 43 IC, and 289 controls.RESULTS: The specificity of ASigmaMA was similar to that of ASCA (89% vs 93%), although the sensitivity was lower (38% vs 55%). Unexpectedly, 24% of the CD patients who were negative for ASCA and/or other CD-associated serologic markers were positive for ASigmaMA. ASigmaMA were associated with colonic involvement in CD (odds ratio [OR] 1.609, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.033-2.506, P = 0.03) and were 100% predictive of CD in patients with IC.CONCLUSIONS: ASigmaMA reveal the heterogeneity of the antioligomannose antibody response in CD patients and increase the sensitivity of CD diagnosis when combined with ASCA. The subset of ASCA-negative CD patients diagnosed by ASigmaMA had preferentially a colonic involvement, which confirms the high predictive value of ASigmaMA for determining IC evolution toward CD.
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6.
  • Agrawal, Manasi, et al. (författare)
  • Inflammatory bowel diseases among first-generation and second-generation immigrants in Denmark : a population-based cohort study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Gut. - : BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. - 0017-5749 .- 1468-3288.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to estimate the relative risk of IBD among first-generation and second-generation immigrants in Denmark compared with native Danes.DESIGN: Using national registries, we established a cohort of Danish residents between 1977 and 2018. Cohort members with known country of birth were followed for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC) diagnoses. Incidence rate ratios (IRRs) served as measures of relative risk and were calculated by log-linear Poisson regression, using rates among native Danes as reference, stratified by IBD risk in parental country of birth, and among first-generation immigrants by age at immigration and duration of stay in Denmark.RESULTS: Among 8.7 million Danes, 4156 first-generation and 898 second-generation immigrants were diagnosed with CD or UC. Overall, comparing first-generation immigrants with native Danes, the IRR was 0.80 (95% CI 0.76 to 0.84) for CD and 0.74 (95% CI 0.71 to 0.77) for UC. The IRR of IBD increased with ≥20 years stay in Denmark. The IRR of CD increased with immigration at ≥40 years of age. Comparing second-generation immigrants with native Danes, the IRR of IBD was 0.97 (95% CI 0.91 to 1.04). There was significant interaction with sex, with higher IRR of IBD in male than in female immigrants.CONCLUSION: Relative to native Danish men and women, IBD risk among first-generation immigrants was lower, reflected the risk in their parental country of birth and increased with ≥20 years stay in Denmark. For second-generation immigrants, relative risk of IBD was lower only among women. These complex patterns suggest the role of environmental IBD risk factors.
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9.
  • Hirten, Robert P., et al. (författare)
  • A Users Guide to De-escalating Immunomodulator and Biologic Therapy in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: ; 18:6, s. 1336-1345
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • De-escalation of immunomodulators and biologic agents in inflammatory bowel disease is frequently discussed with patients and must weigh the risk of continued medical therapy with the risk of disease recurrence. Risk factors for disease flare after withdrawal of inflammatory bowel disease medications such as disease activity at de-escalation, disease prognostic features and prior course of disease have been identified predominately in retrospective studies allowing for risk stratification of patients. This review evaluates the published literature regarding therapeutic de-escalation and provides a framework for physicians to apply this to clinical practice. Prospective trials are underway and planned which should provide further insight into this treatment paradigm and better inform patient selection for this strategy.
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10.
  • King, James A., et al. (författare)
  • Trends in hospitalisation rates for inflammatory bowel disease in western versus newly industrialised countries : a population-based study of countries in the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: The Lancet Gastroenterology & Hepatology. - : Elsevier. - 2468-1253. ; 4:4, s. 287-295
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Hospitalisation rates for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) vary across the world. We aimed to investigate temporal patterns of hospitalisation for IBD in member countries of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).Methods: From the OECD database, we assessed IBD-related hospitalisation rates (expressed as annual rates per 100 000 inhabitants) for 34 countries from 1990 to 2016. We calculated mean hospitalisation rates for the period 2010-15 and used joinpoint regression models to calculate average annual percentage changes with 95% CIs.Findings: Mean hospitalisation rates for IBD from 2010 to 2015 were highest in North America (eg, 33.9 per 100 000 in the USA), Europe (eg, 72.9 per 100 000 in Austria), and Oceania (eg, 31.5 per 100 000 in Australia). Hospitalisation rates for IBD were stabilising or decreasing over time in many countries in these regions but increasing in others. Countries in Asia and Latin America and the Caribbean had the lowest IBD-related hospitalisation rates but the greatest increases in rates over time. For example, Turkey had an annual hospitalisation rate of 10.8 per 100 000 inhabitants and an average annual percentage change of 10.4% (95% CI 5.2-15.9). Similarly, Chile had an annual hospitalisation rate of 9.0 per 100 000 inhabitants and an average annual percentage change of 5.9% (4.9-7.0).Interpretation: Hospitalisation rates for IBD are high in western countries but are typically stabilising or decreasing, whereas rates in many newly industrialised countries are rapidly increasing, which reflects the known increase in IBD prevalence in these countries. Potential explanations for these trends include changes in the epidemiology of IBD, health-care delivery, and infrastructure in these countries, as well as overall country-specific patterns in hospitalisations and differences between countries in data collection methods.
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