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Sökning: WFRF:(Dahm Kahler P)

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1.
  • Bjurberg, Maria, et al. (författare)
  • Primary treatment patterns and survival of cervical cancer in Sweden : A population-based Swedish Gynecologic Cancer Group Study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : Academic Press. - 0090-8258 .- 1095-6859. ; 155:2, s. 229-236
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Survival in cervical cancer has improved little over the last decades. We aimed to elucidate primary treatment patterns and survival. Methods: Population-based study of patients included in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer diagnosed 2011–2015. Main outcome was 5-year relative survival (RS). Age-standardised RS (AS-RS) was estimated for the total cohort and for the pooled study population of squamous, adenosquamous-, adenocarcinoma. Results: Median follow-up time was 4.6 years. The study population consisted of 2141 patients; 97% of the 2212 patients in the total cohort and the 5-year AS-RS was 71% and 70%, respectively. RS stage IB1: surgery alone 95% vs. 72% for definitive chemoradiotherapy (CT-RT) (p < 0.001). In stage IIA1 74% had CT-RT, and 47% of operated patients received adjuvant (CT)-RT. RS stage IB2: surgically treated 81% (69% received adjuvant (CT)-RT) vs. 76% for (CT)-RT (p = 0.73). RS stage IIB: 77% for CT-RT + brachytherapy (BT), 37% for RT + BT (p = 0.045) and 27% for RT-BT (p < 0.001). Stages III-IVA; <40% received CT-RT + BT, RS 45% vs. 18% for RT-BT (RR 4.1, p < 0.001). RS stage IVB 7%. Conclusion: Primary treatment of cervical cancer in Sweden adhered to evidence-based standard of care. Areas of improvement include optimising treatment for stages III-IVA, and avoiding combining surgery and radiotherapy.
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2.
  • Stalberg, K., et al. (författare)
  • Risk factors for lymph node metastases in women with endometrial cancer: A population-based, nation-wide register study - On behalf of the Swedish Gynecological Cancer Group
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Cancer. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0020-7136 .- 1097-0215. ; 140:12, s. 2693-2700
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The role of lymphadenectomy in the management of early endometrial cancer remains controversial. In the recent ESMO-ESGO-ESTRO guidelines, lymphadenectomy is recommended for patients with endometrioid adenocarcinoma Grade 3 with deep myometrial invasion, but complete agreement was not achieved. In Sweden, DNA aneuploidy has been included as a high-risk factor. The aim of our study was to evaluate the impact of tumor histology, FIGO grade, DNA ploidy and myometrial invasion (MI) on occurrence of lymph node metastasis (LNM) in patients with endometrial cancer. The study design is a retrospective cohort study based on prospectively recorded register data. Endometrial cancer patients registered in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer 2010-2015 with FIGO Stages I-III and verified nodal status were included. Data on DNA ploidy, histology, FIGO grade and MI were included in multivariable log-binomial regression analyses with LNM as dependent variable. 1,165 cases fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The multivariable analyses revealed increased risk of LNM in patients with tumors with MI50% (risk ratio [RR]=4.1; 95% confidence interval [CI] 3.0-5.6), nonendometrioid compared to endometrioid histology (RR 1.8; CI 1.4-2.4) and FIGO Grade 3 compared to Grade 1-2 tumors (RR 1.5; CI 1.1-2.0). No statistically significant association between DNA ploidy status and LNM was detected. This population-based, nation-wide study in women with endometrial cancer confirms a strong association between MI50%, nonendometrioid histology and FIGO Grade 3, respectively, and LNM. DNA ploidy should not be included in the preoperative decision making of removing nodes or not. What's new? Whether lymphadenectomy is beneficial for women with endometrial cancer remains uncertain. Moreover, additional studies are needed to explore factors that reliably predict lymph node metastasis (LNM). Here, multiple factors, including tumor histology, grade of differentiation and DNA aneuploidy, were evaluated for associations with LNM risk in women with endometrial cancer and verified lymph node status. Most significantly, deep myometrial invasion in tumors increased LNM risk fourfold, whereas DNA ploidy had essentially no impact on LNM risk. The findings confirm the predictive relevance of myometrial invasion, histology and grade reported in previous single-center and multicenter studies.
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3.
  • Jónsdóttir, B., et al. (författare)
  • Preoperative and intraoperative assessment of myometrial invasion in endometrial cancer—A Swedish Gynecologic Cancer Group (SweGCG) study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica. - : WILEY. - 0001-6349 .- 1600-0412. ; 100:8, s. 1526-1533
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Introduction: Deep myometrial invasion (≥50%) is a prognostic factor for lymph node metastases and decreased survival in endometrial cancer. There is no consensus regarding which pre/intraoperative diagnostic method should be preferred. Our aim was to explore the pattern of diagnostic methods for myometrial invasion assessment in Sweden and to evaluate differences among magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), transvaginal sonography, frozen section, and gross examination in clinical practice. Material and methods: This is a nationwide historical cohort study; women with endometrial cancer with data on assessment of myometrial invasion and FIGO stage I-III registered in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer (SQRGC) between 2017 and 2019 were eligible. Data on age, histology, FIGO stage, method, and results of myometrial invasion assessment, pathology results, and hospital level were collected from the SQRGC. The final assessment by the pathologist was considered the reference standard. Results: In the study population of 1401 women, 32% (n = 448) had myometrial invasion of 50% of more. The methods reported for myometrial invasion assessment were transvaginal sonography in 59%, MRI in 28%, gross examination in 8% and frozen section in 5% of cases. Only minor differences were found for age and FIGO stage when comparing methods applied for myometrial invasion assessment. The sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy to find myometrial invasion of 50% or more with transvaginal sonography were 65.6%, 80.3%, and 75.8%, for MRI they were 76.9%, 71.9%, and 73.8%, for gross examination they were 71.9%, 93.6%, and 87.3%, and for frozen section they were 90.0%, 92.7%, and 92.0%, respectively. Conclusions: In Sweden, the assessment of deep myometrial invasion is most often performed with transvaginal sonography, but the sensitivity is lower than for the other diagnostic methods. In clinical practice, the accuracy is moderate for transvaginal sonography and MRI. © 2021 The Authors. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Nordic Federation of Societies of Obstetrics and Gynecology (NFOG)
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4.
  • Dahm-Kähler, Pernilla, 1964, et al. (författare)
  • Population-based study of survival for women with serous cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube, peritoneum or undesignated origin - on behalf of the Swedish gynecological cancer group (SweGCG)
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : Academic Press. - 0090-8258 .- 1095-6859. ; 144:1, s. 167-173
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. The aim of the study was to determine survival outcome in patients with serous cancer in the ovary, fallopian tube, peritoneum and of undesignated origin. Methods. Nation-wide population-based study of women 18 years with histologically verified non-uterine serous cancer, included in the Swedish Quality Registry for primary cancer of the ovary, fallopian tube and peritoneum diagnosed 2009-2013. Relative survival (RS) was estimated using the Ederer II method. Simple and multivariable analyses were estimated by Poisson regression models. Results. Of 5627 women identified, 1246 (22%) had borderline tumors and 4381 had malignant tumors. In total, 2359 women had serous cancer; 71% originated in the ovary (OC), 9% in the fallopian tube (FTC), 9% in the peritoneum (PPC) and 11% at an undesignated primary site (UPS). Estimated RS at 5-years was 37%; for FTC 54%, 40% for OC, 34% for PPC and 13% for UPS. In multivariable regression analyses restricted to women who had undergone primary or interval debulldng surgery for OC, FTC and PPC, site of origin was not independently associated with survival. Significant associations with worse survival were found for advanced stages (RR 2.63, P<0.001), moderate (RR 1.90, P<0.047) and poor differentiation (RR 2.20, P<0.009), neoadjuvant chemotherapy (RR1.33, P<0.022), residual tumor (RR 2.65, P<0.001) and platinum single (2.34, P<0.001) compared to platinum combination chemotherapy. Conclusion. Survival was poorer for serous cancer at UPS than for ovarian, fallopian tube and peritoneal cancer. Serous cancer at UPS needs to be addressed when reporting and comparing survival rates of ovarian cancer. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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5.
  • Hellman, K., et al. (författare)
  • Primary treatment and relative survival by stage and age in vulvar squamous cell carcinoma: A population-based SweGCG study
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Gynecologic Oncology. - : ACADEMIC PRESS INC ELSEVIER SCIENCE. - 0090-8258 .- 1095-6859. ; 159:3, s. 663-671
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Vulvar cancer affects mainly elderly women and with an ageing population the incidence has increased. We explored the primary treatment patterns and relative survival of patients with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma (VSCC) by stage and age-group. Methods: A population-based nationwide study on women diagnosed with VSCC between 2012 and 2016 and registered in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer (SQRGC). Main outcome was 5-year relative survival (RS) estimated by the Pohar Perme method. The relative risk of excess mortality (EMRR) between different groups was analyzed by Poisson regression. The age-standardized relative survival (AS-RS) was estimated for the total cohort. Results: Median follow-up time was 41 months. The study population included 657 women; 33% were ≥ 80 years old. FIGO stage I was most common (55%). Primary surgery was performed in 96% stage I, 65% stage II, 80% stage III and 28% stage IV. In women ≥80 years, exploration of the groins and chemoradiotherapy was less often performed. They also received lower mean doses of radiation than younger women. The 5-year AS-RS was 74%. 5-year RS was 84% for stage I, 60% for stage II, 54% for stage III and 35% for stage IV. The EMRR for women ≥80 years compared with women <60 years was 4.3 (p < 0.001); 4.9 (p < 0.001) for stages I-II and 3.5(p = 0.007) for stage III. Conclusions: In general, primary treatment of patients with vulvar squamous cell carcinoma in Sweden adhered to guidelines. Areas of improvement include treatment for stage II and for the very old. © 2020 Elsevier Inc.
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6.
  • Rosenberg, P., et al. (författare)
  • Data quality in the Swedish Quality Register of Gynecologic Cancer - a Swedish Gynecologic Cancer Group (SweGCG) study
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - : TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 57:3, s. 346-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: The aim of this study is to evaluate the quality of data on endometrial (EC) and ovarian, fallopian tube, peritoneal, abdominal or pelvic cancers (OC) registered in the Swedish Quality Register of Gynecologic Cancer (SQRGC).Method: A random sample of 500 patients was identified in the SQRGC and their medical charts were reviewed for re-abstraction of 31 selected core variables by an independent validator. The data in the SQRGC and the re-abstracted data were compared. The data were collected from 25 hospitals evenly distributed throughout Sweden. The main outcomes were comparability, timeliness, completeness and validity. Coverage was compared with the National Cancer Register (NCR). Timeliness was defined as the speed of registration i.e. when patients were registered in the SQRGC relative to date of diagnosis. Internationally accepted coding systems for stage, grading and histologic type were used ensuring a high degree of comparability. Correlations were estimated using Pearson's correlation coefficient and Cohens kappa coefficient.Results: The completeness was 95%. The timeliness was 88-91% within 12 months of diagnosis. The median degree of agreement between re-abstracted data and data in the SQRGC was 82.1%, with a median kappa value of 0.73 for ordinate variables and a median Pearson's correlation coefficient of 0.96. The agreements for the type of surgery were 76% (95% CI 70-81%; kappa 0.49) and type of primary treatment 90% (95% CI 87-94%; kappa 0.85) in OC and in EC 88% (95% CI 84-93%; kappa 0.84). The agreements for the FIGO stage were in OC and EC 74% (95% CI 68-80%; kappa 0.69) and 87% (95% CI 82-91%; kappa 0.79), respectively.Conclusions: The data in the Swedish Quality Register for Gynecologic Cancer are of adequate quality in order to be used as a basis for research and to evaluate possible differences in treatment, lead times and treatment results.
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7.
  • Stalberg, K., et al. (författare)
  • Lymphovascular space invasion as a predictive factor for lymph node metastases and survival in endometrioid endometrial cancer - a Swedish Gynecologic Cancer Group (SweGCG) study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Acta Oncologica. - : TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD. - 0284-186X .- 1651-226X. ; 58:11, s. 1628-1633
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) on the risk of lymph node metastases and survival in endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma. Material and methods: As regard the study design, this is a cohort study based on prospectively recorded data. Patients with endometrioid endometrial adenocarcinoma registered in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer 2010-2017 with FIGO stages I-III and verified nodal status were identified (n = 1587). LVSI together with established risk factors, namely DNA ploidy, FIGO grade, myometrial invasion and age, were included in multivariable regression analyses with lymph node metastases as the dependent variable. Associations between the risk factors and overall and relative survival were included in multivariable models. Estimates of risk ratios (RR), hazard ratios (HR), excess mortality rate ratios (EMR), and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results: The presence of LVSI presented the strongest association with lymph node metastases (RR = 5.46, CI 3.69-8.07, p < .001) followed by deep myometrial invasion (RR = 1.64, CI 1.13-2.37). In the multivariable survival analyses, LVSI (EMR = 7.69, CI 2.03-29.10,) and non-diploidy (EMR = 3.23, CI 1.25-8.41) were associated with decreased relative survival. In sub-analyses including only patients with complete para-aortic and pelvic lymphadenectomy and negative lymph nodes (n = 404), only LVSI (HR = 2.50, CI 1.05-5.98) was associated with a worsened overall survival. Conclusion: This large nationwide study identified LVSI as the strongest independent risk factor for lymph node metastases and decreased survival in patients with endometrioid adenocarcinomas. Moreover, decreased overall survival was also seen in patients with LVSI-positive tumors and negative lymph nodes, indicating that hematogenous dissemination might also be important.
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8.
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9.
  • Alfonzo, Emilia, et al. (författare)
  • No survival difference between robotic and open radical hysterectomy for women with early-stage cervical cancer: results from a nationwide population-based cohort study
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Cancer. - : Elsevier. - 0959-8049 .- 1879-0852. ; 116, s. 169-177
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: The aim of the study was to compare overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) after open and robotic radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer. Patients and methods: This was a nationwide population-based cohort study on all women with cervical cancer stage IA1-IB of squamous, adenocarcinoma or adenosquamous histological subtypes, from January 2011 to December 2017, for whom radical hysterectomy was performed. The Swedish Quality Register of Gynaecologic Cancer was used for identification. To ensure quality and conformity of data and to disclose patients not yet registered, hospital registries were reviewed and validated. Cox and propensity score regression analysis and univariable and multivariable regression analysis were performed in regard to OS and DFS. Results: There were 864 women (236 open and 628 robotic) included in the study. The 5-year OS was 92% and 94% and DFS was 84% and 88% for the open and robotic cohorts, respectively. The recurrence pattern was similar in both groups. Using propensity score analysis and matched cohorts of 232 women in each surgical group, no significant differences were seen in survival: 5-year OS of 92% in both groups (hazard ratio [HR], 1.00; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.50–2.01) and DFS of 85% vs 84% in the open and robotic cohort, respectively (HR, 1.08; 95% CI, 0.66–1.78). In univariable and multivariable analysis with OS as the end-point, no significant factors were found, and in regard to DFS, tumour size (p < 0.001) and grade 3 (p = 0.02) were found as independent significant risk factors. Conclusion: In a complete nationwide population-based cohort, where radical hysterectomy for early-stage cervical cancer is highly centralised, neither long-term survival nor pattern of recurrence differed significantly between open and robotic surgery. © 2019 The Authors
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10.
  • Borgfeldt, C., et al. (författare)
  • Survival in endometrial cancer in relation to minimally invasive surgery or open surgery – a Swedish Gynecologic Cancer Group (SweGCG) study
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: BMC Cancer. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-2407. ; 21:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: The aim of this study was to analyze overall survival in endometrial cancer patients’ FIGO stages I-III in relation to surgical approach; minimally invasive (MIS) or open surgery (laparotomy). Methods: A population-based retrospective study of 7275 endometrial cancer patients included in the Swedish Quality Registry for Gynecologic Cancer diagnosed from 2010 to 2018. Cox proportional hazard models were used in univariable and multivariable survival analyses. Results: In univariable analysis open surgery was associated with worse overall survival compared with MIS hazard ratio, HR, 1.39 (95% CI 1.18–1.63) while in the multivariable analysis, surgical approach (MIS vs open surgery) was not associated with overall survival after adjustment for known risk factors (HR 1.12, 95% CI 0.95–1.32). Higher FIGO stage, non-endometrioid histology, non-diploid tumors, lymphovascular space invasion and increasing age were independent risk factors for overall survival. Conclusion: The minimal invasive or open surgical approach did not show any impact on survival for patients with endometrial cancer stages I-III when known prognostic risk factors were included in the multivariable analyses. © 2021, The Author(s).
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