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Sökning: WFRF:(Daroszewska Anna)

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1.
  • Daroszewska, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Susceptibility to Paget's disease of bone is influenced by a common polymorphic variant of osteoprotegerin
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. - AMBMR. - 0884-0431. ; 19:9, s. 11-1506
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • UNLABELLED: To clarify the role of the TNFRSF11B gene encoding osteoprotegerin (OPG), in Paget's disease of bone (PDB) we studied TNFRSF11B polymorphisms in an association study of 690 UK subjects and in a worldwide familial study of 66 kindreds. We found that the G1181 allele of TNFRSF11B, encoding lysine at codon 3 of the OPG protein, predisposes to both sporadic and familial PDB.INTRODUCTION: Paget's disease of bone (PDB) is a common disorder characterized by focal abnormalities of bone turnover. Genetic factors are important in the pathogenesis of PDB, and studies have shown that inactivating mutations of the TNFRSF11B gene, encoding osteoprotegerin (OPG), cause the rare syndrome of juvenile Paget's disease. In this study, we sought to determine whether polymorphisms of the TNFRSF11B gene contribute to the pathogenesis of classical PDB.MATERIALS AND METHODS: We screened for polymorphisms of the TNFRSF11B gene by DNA sequencing of the proximal promoter, coding exons, and intron-exon boundaries in 20 PDB patients and 10 controls. Informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including a G1181C SNP, which predicts a lysine-asparagine substitution at codon 3 of the OPG signal peptide and haplotypes, were related to the presence of PDB in 312 cases compared with 378 controls and to transmission of PDB in 140 affected offspring from 66 kindreds with familial PDB.RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: The G1181 allele was significantly over-represented in PDB patients (chi(2) = 5.7, df = 1, p = 0.017, adjusted alpha = 0.024), equivalent to an odds ratio for PDB of 1.55 (95% CI: 1.11-2.16). The distribution of TNFRSF11B haplotypes significantly differed in sporadic PDB cases and controls (chi(2) = 30.2, df = 9, p < 0.001) because of over-representation of haplotypes containing the G1181 allele in cases. The family study showed that the most common haplotype containing the G1181 allele was transmitted more frequently than expected to 140 individuals with familial PDB (chi(2) = 7.35, df = 1, p < 0.01), and the transmission disequilibrium was even more pronounced in a subgroup of 78 familial PDB patients who did not carry mutations of the SQSTM1 gene (chi(2) = 8.44, df = 1, p < 0.005). We conclude that the G1181 allele of TNFRSF11B, encoding lysine at codon 3 of the OPG protein, predisposes to the development of sporadic PDB and familial PDB that is not caused by SQSTM1 mutations.
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2.
  • Oei, Ling, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study for radiographic vertebral fractures: A potential role for the 16q24 BMD locus
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Bone. - 8756-3282. ; 59, s. 20-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Vertebral fracture risk is a heritable complex trait. The aim of this study was to identify genetic susceptibility factors for osteoporotic vertebral fracture applying a genome-wide association study (GWAS) approach. The GWAS discovery was based on the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study of elderly Dutch individuals aged >55 years; and comprising 329 cases and 2666 controls with radiographic scoring (McCloskey-Kanis) and genetic data. Replication of one top-associated SNP was pursued by de-novo genotyping of 15 independent studies across Europe, the United States, and Australia and one Asian study. Radiographic vertebral fracture assessment was performed using McCloskey-Kanis or Genant semi-quantitative definitions. SNPs were analyzed in relation to vertebral fracture using logistic regression models corrected for age and sex. Fixed effects inverse variance and Han-Eskin alternative random effects meta-analyses were applied. Genome-wide significance was set at p<5 x 10(-8). In the discovery, a SNP (rs11645938) on chromosome 16q24 was associated with the risk for vertebral fractures at p = 4.6 x 10(-8). However, the association was not significant across 5720 cases and 21,791 controls from 14 studies. Fixed-effects meta-analysis summary estimate was 1.06 (95% Cl: 0.98-1.14; p = 0.17), displaying high degree of heterogeneity (I-2= 57%; Q(het)p = 0.0006). Under Han-Eskin alternative random effects model the summary effect was significant (p = 0.0005). The SNP maps to a region previously found associated with lumbar spine bone mineral density (LS-BMD) in two large meta-analyses from the GEFOS consortium. A false positive association in the GWAS discovery cannot be excluded, yet, the low-powered setting of the discovery and replication settings (appropriate to identify risk effect size >1.25) may still be consistent with an effect size <1.10, more of the type expected in complex traits. Larger effort in studies with standardized phenotype definitions is needed to confirm or reject the involvement of this locus on the risk for vertebral fractures. (C) 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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3.
  • Oei, Ling, et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study for radiographic vertebral fractures : A potential role for the 16q24 BMD locus
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Bone. - 8756-3282 .- 1873-2763. ; 59, s. 20-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Vertebral fracture risk is a heritable complex trait. The aim of this study was to identify genetic susceptibility factors for osteoporotic vertebral fracture applying a genome-wide association study (GWAS) approach. The GWAS discovery was based on the Rotterdam Study, a population-based study of elderly Dutch individuals aged &gt;55 years; and comprising 329 cases and 2666 controls with radiographic scoring (McCloskey-Kanis) and genetic data. Replication of one top-associated SNP was pursued by de-novo genotyping of 15 independent studies across Europe, the United States, and Australia and one Asian study. Radiographic vertebral fracture assessment was performed using McCloskey-Kanis or Genant semi-quantitative definitions. SNPs were analyzed in relation to vertebral fracture using logistic regression models corrected for age and sex. Fixed effects inverse variance and Han-Eskin alternative random effects meta-analyses were applied. Genome-wide significance was set at p&lt;5 x 10(-8). In the discovery, a SNP (rs11645938) on chromosome 16q24 was associated with the risk for vertebral fractures at p = 4.6 x 10(-8). However, the association was not significant across 5720 cases and 21,791 controls from 14 studies. Fixed-effects meta-analysis summary estimate was 1.06 (95% Cl: 0.98-1.14; p = 0.17), displaying high degree of heterogeneity (I-2= 57%; Q(het)p = 0.0006). Under Han-Eskin alternative random effects model the summary effect was significant (p = 0.0005). The SNP maps to a region previously found associated with lumbar spine bone mineral density (LS-BMD) in two large meta-analyses from the GEFOS consortium. A false positive association in the GWAS discovery cannot be excluded, yet, the low-powered setting of the discovery and replication settings (appropriate to identify risk effect size &gt;1.25) may still be consistent with an effect size &lt;1.10, more of the type expected in complex traits. Larger effort in studies with standardized phenotype definitions is needed to confirm or reject the involvement of this locus on the risk for vertebral fractures.</p>
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