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Sökning: WFRF:(De Caterina Raffaele)

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  • Sjögren, Per, et al. (författare)
  • Markers of endothelial activity are related to components of the metabolic syndrome, but not to circulating concentrations of the advanced glycation end-product N epsilon-carboxymethyl-lysine in healthy Swedish men
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Atherosclerosis. - 0021-9150 .- 1879-1484. ; 195:2, s. e168-e175
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Endothelial function is considered important in the development of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. Circulating advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) and dietary components have been shown to affect endothelial function in type 2 diabetics, but determinants of endothelial function in a non-diabetic population are more poorly investigated. Therefore, we investigated relationships between dietary habits, AGEs and endothelial activation in men with isolated metabolic disturbances. Circulating markers of endothelial activation (soluble forms of vascular cell adhesion molecule-1, intercellular adhesion molecule-1, E-selectin and von Willebrand factor) and plasma N epsilon-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML, the predominant AGE in human plasma) were analyzed in a cross-sectional study of 294 healthy men. Individuals completed a 7-day dietary record, and metabolic and inflammatory parameters were determined. NCEP/ATPIII-criteria were used to define the metabolic syndrome. Endothelial activation was higher in individuals with the metabolic syndrome, and was positively related to certain features of the syndrome (insulin, glucose, inflammation and obesity), but not to others (triacylglycerol and blood pressure). Dietary factors were related to endothelial activation, but CML was not. Multivariate analysis revealed energy and alcohol intake, along with insulin and markers of oxidative stress and inflammation, to be positive predictors of endothelial activation. In this cohort of otherwise healthy men, endothelial activation was increased in individuals with the full metabolic syndrome, but not in those with only some of the components of the metabolic syndrome. Insulin resistance, inflammation, oxidative stress, the dietary intake of energy and alcohol, but not plasma CML, predicted endothelial activation in these men.
  • Ferguson, Lynnette R., et al. (författare)
  • Guide and Position of the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics on Personalised Nutrition : Part 1 - Fields of Precision Nutrition
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Nutrigenetics and Nutrigenomics. - : Karger. - 1661-6499. ; 9:1, s. 12-27
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Diversity in the genetic profile between individuals and specific ethnic groups affects nutrient requirements, metabolism and response to nutritional and dietary interventions. Indeed, individuals respond differently to lifestyle interventions (diet, physical activity, smoking, etc.). The sequencing of the human genome and subsequent increased knowledge regarding human genetic variation is contributing to the emergence of personalized nutrition. These advances in genetic science are raising numerous questions regarding the mode that precision nutrition can contribute solutions to emerging problems in public health, by reducing the risk and prevalence of nutrition-related diseases. Current views on personalized nutrition encompass omics technologies (nutrigenomics, transcriptomics, epigenomics, foodomics, metabolomics, metagenomics, etc.), functional food development and challenges related to legal and ethical aspects, application in clinical practice, and population scope, in terms of guidelines and epidemiological factors. In this context, precision nutrition can be considered as occurring at three levels: (1) conventional nutrition based on general guidelines for population groups by age, gender and social determinants; (2) individualized nutrition that adds phenotypic information about the person's current nutritional status (e.g. anthropometry, biochemical and metabolic analysis, physical activity, among others), and (3) genotype-directed nutrition based on rare or common gene variation. Research and appropriate translation into medical practice and dietary recommendations must be based on a solid foundation of knowledge derived from studies on nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics. A scientific society, such as the International Society of Nutrigenetics/Nutrigenomics (ISNN), internationally devoted to the study of nutrigenetics/nutrigenomics, can indeed serve the commendable roles of (1) promoting science and favoring scientific communication and (2) permanently working as a 'clearing house' to prevent disqualifying logical jumps, correct or stop unwarranted claims, and prevent the creation of unwarranted expectations in patients and in the general public. In this statement, we are focusing on the scientific aspects of disciplines covering nutrigenetics and nutrigenomics issues. Genetic screening and the ethical, legal, social and economic aspects will be dealt with in subsequent statements of the Society.
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