SwePub
Sök i SwePub databas

  Utökad sökning

Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Dessypris Nick) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Dessypris Nick)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 16
  • [1]2Nästa
Sortera/gruppera träfflistan
   
NumreringReferensOmslagsbildHitta
1.
  • Georgakis, Marios K., et al. (författare)
  • Malignant Central Nervous System Tumors Among Adolescents and Young Adults (15-39 Years Old) in 14 Southern-Eastern European Registries and the US Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program: Mortality and Survival Patterns
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer. - WILEY. - 0008-543X .- 1097-0142. ; 123:22, s. 4458-4471
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Unique features and worse outcomes have been reported for cancers among adolescents and young adults (AYAs; 15-39 years old). The aim of this study was to explore the mortality and survival patterns of malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumors among AYAs in Southern-Eastern Europe (SEE) in comparison with the US Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program. METHODS: Malignant CNS tumors diagnosed in AYAs during the period spanning 1990-2014 were retrieved from 14 population-based cancer registries in the SEE region (n = 11,438). Age-adjusted mortality rates were calculated and survival patterns were evaluated via Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox regression analyses, and they were compared with respective 1990-2012 figures from SEER (n = 13,573). RESULTS: Mortality rates in SEE (range, 11.9-18.5 deaths per million) were higher overall than the SEER rate (9.4 deaths per million), with decreasing trends in both regions. Survival rates increased during a comparable period (2001-2009) in SEE and SEER. The 5-year survival rate was considerably lower in the SEE registries (46%) versus SEER (67%), mainly because of the extremely low rates in Ukraine; this finding was consistent across age groups and diagnostic subtypes. The highest 5-year survival rates were recorded for ependymomas (76% in SEE and 92% in SEER), and the worst were recorded for glioblastomas and anaplastic astrocytomas (28% in SEE and 37% in SEER). Advancing age, male sex, and rural residency at diagnosis adversely affected outcomes in both regions. CONCLUSIONS: Despite definite survival gains over the last years, the considerable outcome disparities between the less affluent SEE region and the United States for AYAs with malignant CNS tumors point to health care delivery inequalities. No considerable prognostic deficits for CNS tumors are evident for AYAs versus children. (c) 2017 American Cancer Society.</p>
  •  
2.
  • Gogas, Helen J., et al. (författare)
  • The role of depression and personality traits in patients with melanoma : a South-European study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Melanoma research. - LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 0960-8931 .- 1473-5636. ; 27:6, s. 625-631
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>We explored the potential association of depression history and personality, evaluated through a robust questionnaire tool, namely the Eysenck Personality Scale, with disease risk and progression among Greek patients. A total of 106 melanoma patients and their 1 : 1 sex-matched controls were interviewed on the basis of a questionnaire comprising phenotypic, sociodemographic, lifestyle and medical history variables, as well as information on history of lifetime major depression. The Eysenck Personality Questionnaire, measuring the four personality dimensions (extraversion, neuroticism, psychoticism, lie), was thereafter completed. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) for melanoma risk were derived through multiple logistic regression analyses, whereas potential predictors of survival were explored using Cox proportional hazards models. Sun sensitivity score [OR: 1.55, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.16-2.06] and major depression history (OR: 5.72, 95% CI: 1.38-23.73) were significantly associated with melanoma, whereas inverse associations of extraversion (OR: 0.90, 95% CI: 0.83-0.97) and psychoticism score (OR: 0.88, 95% CI: 0.78-1.00) were noted. These associations were more pronounced and remained solely among female patients; notably, decreased extraversion (OR: 0.86, 95% CI: 0.76-0.98) and psychoticism score (OR: 0.63, 95% CI: 0.43-0.91), as well as increased depression history (OR: 10.69, 95% CI: 1.43-80.03) were evident. Cox-derived hazard ratios showed nonsignificant associations of depression history and personality with disease outcome. Our data support the hypotheses that depression history and personality are associated with melanoma risk. No effect on survival after cancer diagnosis was observed. If confirmed in future studies, these associations may contribute toward better understanding the etiology of melanoma, enhancing health-related quality of life. Copyright (C) 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.</p>
  •  
3.
  • Katsiardanis, Konstantinos, et al. (författare)
  • Cognitive impairment and dietary habits among elders : the Velestino Study.
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Medicinal Food. - 1096-620X .- 1557-7600. ; 16:4, s. 343-50
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>To investigate the association of dietary habits with cognitive function among elders (&gt;65 years). Complete sociodemographic, dietary information, serum measurements, and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) assessments were available for 237 elderly men and 320 women residing in Velestino, Greece (a rural Greek town). All models were adjusted for age, education, social activity, smoking, depression symptomatology (using the Geriatric Depression Scale), MedDietScore (range 0-55), and metabolic syndrome. About 49.8% men and 66.6% women had MMSE scores &lt;24, with a mean MMSE score of 22.7±4.43 and 21.1±4.73, respectively. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was moderate (mean MedDietScore of 34.1±3.25 in men and 35.1±2.48 in women). Indicative cognitive impairment (MMSE score &lt;24) was positively associated with age and low education in women and with depressive symptoms, low education status, and low social activity in men. Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was positively associated with MMSE score in men (P=.02), but inversely associated in women (P=.04). Concerning the food groups studied, intake of pulses, nuts, and seeds was associated with lower likelihood of having MMSE score&lt;24 in men (P=.04). Only the Mediterranean dietary pattern showed a significant association with MMSE score positive for cognitive impairment (i.e., protective in men, but not in women), while individual food groups or nutrients did not achieve significance. The latter findings support the role of whole diet in the prevention of mental disorders, and state a research hypothesis for a sex-diet interaction on cognitive function among elders.</p>
  •  
4.
  • Mantzoros, Christos, et al. (författare)
  • Serum adiponectin concentrations in relation to maternal and perinatal characteristics in newborns.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - 0804-4643 .- 1479-683X. ; 151:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> To assess serum adiponectin levels of neonates in relation to ponderal index and birth length with and without adjustment for potential confounding factors including maternal factors and perinatal characteristics.</p><p><strong>DESIGN:</strong> A cross-sectional study.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> Three hundred and three newborns (Caucasian, singleton, full term, with a birth weight of &gt; or =2500 g, and apparently healthy) were included in the study. Blood samples were collected from the newborns no later than the fifth day of life for measurements of adiponectin and major IGF system components (IGF-I, IGF-II, IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3)). The data were analyzed using simple and multiple regression analyses.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Adiponectin is substantially higher in neonates than in adults, with no evidence of the gender dimorphism observed among adults. We found an inverse association between neonatal adiponectin levels and newborn ponderal index and a positive association with newborn length by univariate analysis. We also found a statistically significant inverse association of adiponectin with jaundice/bilirubin, and a marginally significant positive association of this hormone with IGFBP-3 but no significant association with any maternal factors. In multivariate analysis, the inverse association between serum adiponectin and ponderal index does not remain significant after adjustment for potential confounding factors. In contrast, neonatal adiponectin levels correlate inversely significantly and independently with liver maturity and IGF-II and tend to remain positively associated with IGFBP-3 and increased birth length.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> An inverse association of adiponectin with ponderal index by univariate analysis is not independent from confounding factors. In contrast, the positive association between serum adiponectin and birth length may reflect either a direct effect of adiponectin or an adiponectin-mediated increase in the sensitivity of tissues to insulin and components of the IGF system, and needs to be explored further.</p>
  •  
5.
  • Michelakos, Theodoros, et al. (författare)
  • Serum Folate and B12 Levels in Association With Cognitive Impairment Among Seniors : Results From the VELESTINO Study in Greece and Meta-Analysis
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Journal of Aging and Health. - 0898-2643 .- 1552-6887. ; 25:4, s. 589-616
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Objective: To summarize existing evidence on the effect of serum folate and vitamin B12 levels on cognitive impairment among elders via a meta-analysis, also including unpublished data from a cross-sectional study of seniors ( &gt; 65 years) residing in Velestino, Greece. Method: Serum measurements and Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) assessments were available for 593 Velestinians. In addition, 12 studies availing data on folate blood levels (N = 9,747) and 9 on B12 (N = 8,122) were identified following a search algorithm; pooled effect estimates were derived. Results: Cognitive impairment (MMSE &lt; 24) among Velestenians was associated with lower education level in both genders; decreased social activity, depressive symptoms and low folate levels in males; older age in females. Meta-analyses showed an adverse effect of low-folate levels on cognition (OR: 1.66, 95% CI: 1.40-1.96); B12 was nonsignificantly associated (OR: 1.11, 95% CI: 0.88-1.40). Discussion: Low folate levels are associated with cognitive impairment of seniors; underlying pathophysiological mechanisms should be further explored.</p>
  •  
6.
  • Petridou, Eleni, et al. (författare)
  • Neonatal leptin levels are strongly associated with female gender, birth length, IGF-I levels and formula feeding.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Clinical Endocrinology. - 0300-0664 .- 1365-2265. ; 62:3, s. 366-71
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> To investigate predictors of circulating leptin in healthy full-term newborns and to explore the relationship with anthropometric variables, serum levels of adiponectin and the major components of the IGF system at birth. To explore whether leptin levels are regulated by breastfeeding vs. formula feeding.</p><p><strong>DESIGN:</strong> Observational cross-sectional study.</p><p><strong>PATIENTS:</strong> Three hundred and nineteen healthy full-term newborns delivered during 1999 in Athens, Greece.</p><p><strong>MEASUREMENTS:</strong> Anthropometric measurements, formula feeding information and blood samples were obtained. Leptin and adiponectin determinations were performed using a radioimmunoassay (RIA).</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Multivariate regression analyses showed that leptin levels were positively associated with female gender, newborn length, ponderal index and IGF-I levels, but not with adiponectin levels. Newborns who were fed exclusively with milk formulas had more than twice the leptin levels of those who were exclusively breastfed.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSIONS:</strong> Leptin levels are positively related to female gender and anthropometric characteristics of neonates but, contrary to studies in adults, are not correlated with adiponectin levels. We also found evidence that formula feeding imparts a considerable increase in leptin levels in newborns.</p>
  •  
7.
  • Petridou, Eleni Th., et al. (författare)
  • Advanced parental age as risk factor for childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia : results from studies of the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Epidemiology. - SPRINGER. - 0393-2990 .- 1573-7284. ; 33:10, s. 965-976
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Advanced parental age has been associated with adverse health effects in the offspring including childhood (0-14 years) acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), as reported in our meta-analysis of published studies. We aimed to further explore the association using primary data from 16 studies participating in the Childhood Leukemia International Consortium. Data were contributed by 11 case-control (CC) studies (7919 cases and 12,942 controls recruited via interviews) and five nested case-control (NCC) studies (8801 cases and 29,690 controls identified through record linkage of population-based health registries) with variable enrollment periods (1968-2015). Five-year paternal and maternal age increments were introduced in two meta-analyses by study design using adjusted odds ratios (OR) derived from each study. Increased paternal age was associated with greater ALL risk in the offspring (ORCC 1.05, 95% CI 1.00-1.11; ORNCC 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.07). A similar positive association with advanced maternal age was observed only in the NCC results (ORCC 0.99, 95% CI 0.91-1.07, heterogeneity I (2) = 58%, p = 0.002; ORNCC 1.05, 95% CI 1.01-1.08). The positive association between parental age and risk of ALL was most marked among children aged 1-5 years and remained unchanged following mutual adjustment for the collinear effect of the paternal and maternal age variables; analyses of the relatively small numbers of discordant paternal-maternal age pairs were not fully enlightening. Our results strengthen the evidence that advanced parental age is associated with increased childhood ALL risk; collinearity of maternal with paternal age complicates causal interpretation. Employing datasets with cytogenetic information may further elucidate involvement of each parental component and clarify underlying mechanisms.</p>
  •  
8.
  • Petridou, Eleni T., et al. (författare)
  • Circulating adiponectin levels and expression of adiponectin receptors in relation to lung cancer : two case-control studies
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Oncology. - 0030-2414 .- 1423-0232. ; 73:3-4, s. 261-269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Decreased circulating levels of adiponectin, an adipocyte-secreted hormone and endogenous insulin sensitizer, have been associated with several obesity-related malignancies. Thiazolidinedione administration, which increases adiponectin levels, decreases risk for lung cancer. Whether circulating adiponectin levels are associated with lung cancer and/or whether adiponectin receptors are expressed in lung cancer remains unknown. METHODS: We conducted a case-control study of 85 patients with incidental, histologically confirmed lung cancer and 170 healthy controls matched by gender and age. In a separate study, archival lung specimens from 134 cancerous and 8 noncancerous tissues were examined for relative expression of adiponectin receptors AdipoR1 and AdipoR2 using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: Tobacco smoking, heavy alcohol intake and education were all associated with lung cancer risk, whereas serum adiponectin levels were not significantly different between cases and controls (multiple logistic regression, odds ratio per SD of adiponectin among controls: 1.13, 95% confidence interval: 0.64-2.02). Adiponectin levels were significantly lower (odds ratio: 0.25, 95% confidence interval: 0.10-0.78) among patients with advanced compared to those with limited disease stage. Expression of adiponectin receptors was apparent only in the cancerous lung tissue (64.2% AdipoR1 and 61.9% AdipoR2 in cancerous vs. 0% among noncancerous tissue). Specifically, AdipoR1 was expressed in all disease types, but no difference was noted with disease stage, whereas AdipoR2 was mainly expressed in the non-small cell carcinomas and more prominently in the advanced disease stage (80%). CONCLUSIONS: Circulating adiponectin levels are not different in cases of this malignancy - which seems to be unrelated to obesity and insulin resistance - compared to their healthy controls, though hormonal levels were significantly lower in advanced versus limited lung cancer. Both adiponectin receptors were expressed in cancerous lung tissue, but not in normal control tissue and there was a differential expression by disease stage. These findings should be further explored, especially in the context of the recently reported protective effect of thiazolidinediones in diabetic patients with lung cancer.</p>
  •  
9.
  • Petridou, Eleni Th., et al. (författare)
  • Folate and B12 serum levels in association with depression in the aged : a systematic review and meta-analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Aging & Mental Health. - 1360-7863 .- 1364-6915. ; 20:9, s. 965-973
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVES:</strong> To systematically review and meta-analyse existing evidence on the association between folate/B12, and depression among the aged people.</p><p><strong>METHODS:</strong> Following PRISMA/STROBE guidelines, the Medline abstracts were retrieved using an algorithm comprising relevant MeSH terms. Publications on the association of folate/B12 serum measurements with depression were abstracted independently by two reviewers and included in both gender and gender-specific meta-analyses, following recarculations of published data as appropriate. The Newcastle-Ottawa scale was used to evaluate the quality of included studies.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> Both gender data were contributed by 11 folate-related (7949 individuals) and 9 B12-related studies (6308 individuals), whereas gender-specific data by 4 folate-related (3409 individuals) and 3 B12-related studies (1934 individuals). A statistically significant overall association between both exposures of interest (low folate and B12 levels) and depression was observed (ORfolate:1.23, 95%CI:1.07-1.43, ORB12:1.20, 95%CI:1.02-1.42). Gender-specific estimates pointed to a statistically significant positive association between low B12 levels and depression only among women (OR:1.33, 95%CI:1.02-1.74); the gender specific associations of low folate levels with depression were, however, non-significant and of counter-direction (ORfemales:1.37, 95%CI:0.90-2.07; ORmales:0.84, 95%CI:0.57-1.25).</p><p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> Low folate and B12 serum levels seem to be associated with depression in the aged. The gender-specific analyses are confined to a positive association of low B12 with depression among older women and call for further research in this direction.</p>
  •  
10.
  • Petridou, Eleni Th., et al. (författare)
  • In vitro fertilization and risk of childhood leukemia in Greece and Sweden
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Blood & Cancer. - 1545-5009 .- 1545-5017. ; 58:6, s. 930-936
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background Cancer risk in children born after in vitro fertilization (IVF) remains largely unknown. We aimed to investigate risk of leukemia and lymphoma following IVF using two nationwide datasets. Methods. The hospital-based case-control study in Greece derived from the National Registry for Childhood Hematological Malignancies (1996-2008, 814 leukemia and 277 lymphoma incident cases with their 1: 1 matched controls). The Swedish casecontrol study was nested in the Swedish Medical Birth Register (MBR) (1995-2007, 520 leukemia and 71 lymphoma cases with their 5,200 and 710 matched controls) with ascertainment of incident cancer cases in the National Cancer Register. Study-specific and combined odds ratios (OR) were estimated using conditional logistic regression, with adjustment for possible risk factors. Results. Nationwide studies pointed to similar size excess risk of leukemia following IVF, but to a null association between IVF and lymphoma. The proportion of leukemia cases conceived through IVF was 3% in Greece and 2.7% in Sweden; prevalence of IVF in matched controls was 1.8% and 1.6%, respectively. In combined multivariable analyses, the increased risk of leukemia was confined to age below 3.8 years (OR 2.21; 95% confidence interval, CI: 1.27-3.85) and to acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) (OR 1.77; 95% CI: 1.062.95) with no sufficient evidence of excess risk for other leukemias (OR 1.34; 95% CI: 0.38-4.69). Following IVF, OR for ALL was 2.58 (95% CI: 1.37-4.84) before age 3.8 and 4.29 (95% CI: 1.4912.37) before age 2 years. Conclusions. IVF seems to be associated with increased risk of early onset ALL in the offspring. </p>
  •  
Skapa referenser, mejla, bekava och länka
  • Resultat 1-10 av 16
  • [1]2Nästa
 
pil uppåt Stäng

Kopiera och spara länken för att återkomma till aktuell vy