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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Devishvili A.) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Devishvili A.)

  • Resultat 1-8 av 8
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1.
  • Moubah, Reda, et al. (författare)
  • Discrete Layer-by-Layer Magnetic Switching in Fe/MgO(001) Superlattices
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Applied. - : American physical society. - 2331-7019. ; 5:4
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a discrete layer-by-layer magnetic switching in Fe/MgO superlattices driven by an antiferromagnetic interlayer exchange coupling. The strong interlayer coupling is mediated by tunneling through MgO layers with thicknesses up to at least 1.8 nm, and the coupling strength varies with MgO thickness. Furthermore, the competition between the interlayer coupling and magnetocrystalline anisotropy stabilizes both 90 degrees and 180 degrees periodic alignment of adjacent layers throughout the entire superlattice. The tunable layer-by-layer switching, coupled with the giant tunneling magnetoresistance of Fe/MgO/Fe junctions, is an appealing combination for three-dimensional spintronic memories and logic devices.
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2.
  • Piscitelli, Francesco, et al. (författare)
  • Neutron reflectometry on highly absorbing films and its application to (B4C)-B-10-based neutron detectors
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Royal Society of London. Proceedings A. Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences. - : Royal Society Publishing. - 1364-5021 .- 1471-2946. ; 472:2185
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Neutron reflectometry is a powerful tool used for studies of surfaces and interfaces. The absorption in the typical studied materials is neglected and this technique is limited only to the reflectivity measurement. For strongly absorbing nuclei, the absorption can be directly measured by using the neutron-induced fluorescence technique which exploits the prompt particle emission of absorbing isotopes. This technique is emerging from soft matter and biology where highly absorbing nuclei, in very small quantities, are used as a label for buried layers. Nowadays, the importance of absorbing layers is rapidly increasing, partially because of their application in neutron detection; a field that has become more active also due to the He-3-shortage. We extend the neutron-induced fluorescence technique to the study of layers of highly absorbing materials, in particular (B4C)-B-10. The theory of neutron reflectometry is a commonly studied topic; however, when a strong absorption is present the subtle relationship between the reflection and the absorption of neutrons is not widely known. The theory for a general stack of absorbing layers has been developed and compared to measurements. We also report on the requirements that a (B4C)-B-10 layer must fulfil in order to be employed as a converter in neutron detection.
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3.
  • Bruessing, F., et al. (författare)
  • Magnetization and magnetization reversal in epitaxial Fe/Cr/Co asymmetric spin-valve systems
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 85:17, s. 174409-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have investigated asymmetric Fe/Cr/Co/Cr superlattices with two magnetic layers of Fe and Co, which are different with respect to their magnetic properties: magnetization, coercivity, and magnetic anisotropy. The magnetic layers are weakly coupled via a mediating Cr spacer layer providing an antiferromagnetic alignment of adjacent layers. The magnetic structure of these spin-valve-like Fe/Cr/Co/Cr superlattices was analyzed from the remanent state up to saturation via polarized neutron scattering and polarized neutron reflectivity (PNR). Furthermore, the domain structure in remanence was imaged via polarized x-ray photoemission electron microscopy (XPEEM). This analysis reveals that the Co magnetization strongly affects the Fe domain structure, while the layer magnetization is collinear from the remanent antiparallel state up to the ferromagnetic saturation state. However, for certain Co layer thicknesses, the as-grown remanent state exhibits a noncollinear antiferromagnetic spin structure, which cannot be recovered after applying a magnetic field. However, the noncollinear structure is reproducible with freshly grown superlattices.
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4.
  • Magnus, Fridrik, et al. (författare)
  • Sequential magnetic switching in Fe/MgO(001) superlattices
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - : American Physical Society. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 97:17
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Polarized neutron reflectometry is used to determine the sequence of magnetic switching in interlayer exchangecoupled Fe/MgO(001) superlattices in an applied magnetic field. For 19.6 Å thick MgO layers we obtain a 90◦periodic magnetic alignment between adjacent Fe layers at remanence. In an increasing applied field the toplayer switches first followed by its second-nearest neighbor. For 16.4 Å MgO layers, a 180◦periodic alignment isobtained at remanence and with increasing applied field the layer switching starts from the two outermost layersand proceeds inwards. This sequential tuneable switching opens up the possibility of designing three-dimensionalmagnetic structures with a predefined discrete switching sequence
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5.
  • Nagy, Bela, 1985-, et al. (författare)
  • On the explanation of the paramagnetic Meissner effect in superconductor/ferromagnet heterostructures
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Europhysics letters. - : Institute of Physics (IOP). - 0295-5075 .- 1286-4854. ; 116:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An increase of the magnetic moment in superconductor/ferromagnet (S/F) bilayers V(40 nm)/F (F = Fe(1, 3 nm), Co(3 nm), Ni(3 nm)) was observed using SQUID magnetometry upon cooling below the superconducting transition temperature TC in magnetic fields of 10 Oe to 50 Oe applied parallel to the sample surface. A similar increase, often called the paramagnetic Meissner effect (PME), was observed before in various superconductors and superconductor/ferromagnet systems. To explain the PME effect in the presented S/F bilayers a model based on a row of vortices located at the S/F interface is proposed. According to the model the magnetic moment induced below TC consists of the paramagnetic contribution of the vortex cores and the diamagnetic contribution of the vortex-free region of the S layer. Since the thickness of the S layer is found to be 3-4 times less than the magnetic-field penetration depth, this latter diamagnetic contribution is negligible. The model correctly accounts for the sign, the approximate magnitude and the field dependence of the paramagnetic and the Meissner contributions of the induced magnetic moment upon passing the superconducting transition of a ferromagnet/superconductor bilayer. Copyright (C) EPLA, 2016.
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6.
  • Suturin, S. M., et al. (författare)
  • Role of gallium diffusion in the formation of a magnetically dead layer at the Y3Fe5O12/Gd3Ga5O12 epitaxial interface
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PHYSICAL REVIEW MATERIALS. - : AMER PHYSICAL SOC. - 2475-9953. ; 2:10
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We have clarified the origin of a magnetically dead interface layer formed in yttrium iron garnet (YIG) films grown at above 700 degrees C onto a gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG) substrate by means of laser molecular beam epitaxy. The diffusion-assisted formation of a Ga-rich region at the YIG/GGG interface is demonstrated by means of composition depth profiling performed by x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, secondary ion mass spectroscopy, and x-ray and neutron reflectometry. Our finding is in sharp contrast to the earlier expressed assumption that Gd acts as a migrant element in the YIG/GGG system. We further correlate the presence of a Ga-rich transition layer with considerable quenching of ferromagnetic resonance and spin wave propagation in thin YIG films. Finally, we clarify the origin of the enigmatic low-density overlayer that is often observed in neutron and x-ray reflectometry studies of the YIG/GGG epitaxial system.
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7.
  • Devishvili, A., et al. (författare)
  • SuperADAM : Upgraded polarized neutron reflectometer at the Institut Laue-Langevin
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Review of Scientific Instruments. - 0034-6748 .- 1089-7623. ; 84:2, s. 025112-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A new neutron reflectometer SuperADAM has recently been built and commissioned at the Institut Laue-Langevin, Grenoble, France. It replaces the previous neutron reflectometer ADAM. The new instrument uses a solid state polarizer/wavelength filter providing a highly polarized (up to 98.6%) monochromatic neutron flux of 8 x 10(4) n cm(-2) s(-1) with monochromatization Delta lambda/lambda = 0.7% and angular divergence Delta alpha = 0.2 mrad. The instrument includes both single and position sensitive detectors. The position sensitive detector allows simultaneous measurement of specular reflection and off-specular scattering. Polarization analysis for both specular reflection and off-specular scattering is achieved using either mirror analyzers or a He-3 spin filter cell. High efficiency detectors, low background, and high flux provides a dynamic range of up to seven decades in reflectivity. Detailed specifications and the instrument capabilities are illustrated with examples of recently collected data in the fields of thin film magnetism and thin polymer films.
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8.
  • Wolff, Max, et al. (författare)
  • Nuclear Spin Incoherent Neutron Scattering from Quantum Well Resonators
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physical Review Letters. - : American Physical Society. - 0031-9007 .- 1079-7114. ; 123:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report the detection and quantification of nuclear spin incoherent scattering from hydrogen occupying interstitial sites in a thin film of vanadium. The neutron wave field is enhanced in a quantum resonator with magnetically switchable boundaries. Our results provide a pathway for the study of dynamics at surfaces and in ultrathin films using inelastic and/or quasielastic neutron scattering methods.
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  • Resultat 1-8 av 8

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