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1.
  • Ahdida, C., et al. (författare)
  • Fast simulation of muons produced at the SHiP experiment using Generative Adversarial Networks
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - IOP PUBLISHING LTD. - 1748-0221 .- 1748-0221. ; 14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This paper presents a fast approach to simulating muons produced in interactions of the SPS proton beams with the target of the SHiP experiment. The SHIP experiment will be able to search for new long-lived particles produced in a 400 GeV/c SPS proton beam dump and which travel distances between fifty metres and tens of kilometers. The SHiP detector needs to operate under ultra-low background conditions and requires large simulated samples of muon induced background processes. Through the use of Generative Adversarial Networks it is possible to emulate the simulation of the interaction of 400 GeV/c proton beams with the SHiP target, an otherwise computationally intensive process. For the simulation requirements of the SHiP experiment, generative networks are capable of approximating the full simulation of the dense fixed target, offering a speed increase by a factor of O(10(6)). To evaluate the performance of such an approach, comparisons of the distributions of reconstructed muon momenta in SHiP's spectrometer between samples using the full simulation and samples produced through generative models are presented. The methods discussed in this paper can be generalised and applied to modelling any non-discrete multi-dimensional distribution.</p>
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2.
  • Ahdida, C., et al. (författare)
  • The experimental facility for the Search for Hidden Particles at the CERN SPS
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - Institute of Physics Publishing (IOPP). - 1748-0221 .- 1748-0221. ; 14
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The Search for Hidden Particles (SHiP) Collaboration has shown that the CERN SPS accelerator with its 400 GeV/c proton beam offers a unique opportunity to explore the Hidden Sector [1-3]. The proposed experiment is an intensity frontier experiment which is capable of searching for hidden particles through both visible decays and through scattering signatures from recoil of electrons or nuclei. The high-intensity experimental facility developed by the SHiP Collaboration is based on a number of key features and developments which provide the possibility of probing a large part of the parameter space for a wide range of models with light long-lived super-weakly interacting particles with masses up to O(10) GeV/c(2) in an environment of extremely clean background conditions. This paper describes the proposal for the experimental facility together with the most important feasibility studies. The paper focuses on the challenging new ideas behind the beam extraction and beam delivery, the proton beam dump, and the suppression of beam-induced background.</p>
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3.
  • Akmete, A., et al. (författare)
  • The active muon shield in the SHiP experiment
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - 1748-0221 .- 1748-0221. ; 12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The SHiP experiment is designed to search for very weakly interacting particles beyond the Standard Model which are produced in a 400 GeV/c proton beam dump at the CERN SPS. An essential task for the experiment is to keep the Standard Model background level to less than 0.1 event after 2 x 10(20) protons on target. In the beam dump, around 10(11) muons will be produced per second. The muon rate in the spectrometer has to be reduced by at least four orders of magnitude to avoid muon-induced combinatorial background. A novel active muon shield is used to magnetically deflect the muons out of the acceptance of the spectrometer. This paper describes the basic principle of such a shield, its optimization and its performance.</p>
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4.
  • Akmete, A., et al. (författare)
  • The active muon shield in the SHiP experiment
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - 1748-0221 .- 1748-0221. ; 12
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The SHiP experiment is designed to search for very weakly interacting particles beyond the Standard Model which are produced in a 400 GeV/c proton beam dump at the CERN SPS. An essential task for the experiment is to keep the Standard Model background level to less than 0.1 event after 2 x 10(20) protons on target. In the beam dump, around 10(11) muons will be produced per second. The muon rate in the spectrometer has to be reduced by at least four orders of magnitude to avoid muon-induced combinatorial background. A novel active muon shield is used to magnetically deflect the muons out of the acceptance of the spectrometer. This paper describes the basic principle of such a shield, its optimization and its performance.</p>
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5.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Charged particle multiplicity in three-jet events and two-gluon systems
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 44:3, s. 311-331
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The charged particle multiplicity in hadronic three-jet events from Z decays is investigated. The topology dependence of the event multiplicity is found to be well described by a modified leading logarithmic prediction. A parameter fit of the prediction to the data yields a measurement of the colour factor ratio C-A/C-F with the result C-A/C-F = 2.261 +/- 0.014(stat). +/- 0.036(exp). +/- 0-066(theo). in agreement with the SU(3) expectation of QCD. The quark-related contribution to the event multiplicity is subtracted from the three-jet event multiplicity resulting in a measurement of the multiplicity of two-gluon colour-singlet states over a wide energy range. The ratios r = N-gg(s)/Ng (g) over bar (s) of the gluon and quark multiplicities and r((1)) = N'(gg)(s)/N'g (g) over bar (s) of their derivatives are compared with perturbative calculations. While a good agreement between calculations and data is observed for r((1)), larger deviations are found for r indicating that non-perturbative effects are more important for r than for r((1)).
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6.
  • Abdallah, J, et al. (författare)
  • Search for single top production via FCNC at LEP at root s=189-208 GeV
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Physics Letters. Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics. - Elsevier. - 0370-2693. ; 590:1-2, s. 21-34
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A search for single top production (e(+)e(-) --> t (c) over bar) via flavour changing neutral currents (FCNC) was performed using the data taken by the DELPHI detector at LEP2. The data analyzed have been accumulated at center-of-mass energies ranging from 189 to 208 GeV. Limits at 95% confidence level were obtained on the anomalous coupling parameters kappa(gamma) and kappa(Z). (C) 2004 Published by Elsevier B.V.
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7.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A measurement of the tau hadronic branching ratios
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 46:1, s. 1-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The exclusive and semi-exclusive branching ratios of the tau lepton hadronic decay modes (h(-)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-) >= 2 pi(0)nu(tau), 2h(-)h(+)upsilon(tau), 2h(-)h(+)>= 2 pi(0)upsilon(tau), 3h(-)2h(+)upsilon(tau) and 3h(-)2h(+) >= 1 pi(0)upsilon(tau)) were measured with data from the DELPHI detector at LEP.
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8.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • Search for excited leptons in e(+)e(-) collisions at root s=189-209 GeV
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. Particles and Fields. - Springer. - 1434-6044. ; 46:2, s. 277-293
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A search for excited lepton production in e(+)e(-) collisions was performed using the data collected by the DELPHI detector at LEP at centre-of-mass energies ranging from 189 GeV to 209 GeV, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of approximately 600 pb(-1). No evidence for excited lepton production was found. In searches for pair-produced excited leptons, lower mass limits were established in the range 94-103 GeV/c(2), depending on the channel and model assumptions. In searches for singly-produced excited leptons, upper limits on the parameter f/Lambda were established as a function of the mass.
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9.
  • Abolins, M., et al. (författare)
  • The ATLAS Data Acquisition and High Level Trigger system
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Journal of Instrumentation. - 1748-0221 .- 1748-0221. ; 11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>This paper describes the data acquisition and high level trigger system of the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, as deployed during Run 1. Data flow as well as control, configuration and monitoring aspects are addressed. An overview of the functionality of the system and of its performance is presented and design choices are discussed.</p>
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10.
  • Abdallah, J., et al. (författare)
  • A measurement of the tau hadronic branching ratios
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: European Physical Journal C. - 1434-6044 .- 1434-6052. ; 46:1, s. 1-26
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The exclusive and semi-exclusive branching ratios of the tau lepton hadronic decay modes (h(-)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-)pi(0)pi(0)upsilon(tau), h(-) &gt;= 2 pi(0)nu(tau), 2h(-)h(+)upsilon(tau), 2h(-)h(+)&gt;= 2 pi(0)upsilon(tau), 3h(-)2h(+)upsilon(tau) and 3h(-)2h(+) &gt;= 1 pi(0)upsilon(tau)) were measured with data from the DELPHI detector at LEP.</p>
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