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Sökning: WFRF:(Dijkhuis A.)

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  • Schofield, James P. R., et al. (författare)
  • Stratification of asthma phenotypes by airway proteomic signatures
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. - Elsevier. - 0091-6749 .- 1097-6825. ; 144:1, s. 70-82
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Stratification by eosinophil and neutrophil counts increases our understanding of asthma and helps target therapy, but there is room for improvement in our accuracy in prediction of treatment responses and a need for better understanding of the underlying mechanisms. Objective: We sought to identify molecular subphenotypes of asthma defined by proteomic signatures for improved stratification. Methods: Unbiased label-free quantitative mass spectrometry and topological data analysis were used to analyze the proteomes of sputum supernatants from 246 participants (206 asthmatic patients) as a novel means of asthma stratification. Microarray analysis of sputum cells provided transcriptomics data additionally to inform on underlying mechanisms. Results: Analysis of the sputum proteome resulted in 10 clusters (ie, proteotypes) based on similarity in proteomic features, representing discrete molecular subphenotypes of asthma. Overlaying granulocyte counts onto the 10 clusters as metadata further defined 3 of these as highly eosinophilic, 3 as highly neutrophilic, and 2 as highly atopic with relatively low granulocytic inflammation. For each of these 3 phenotypes, logistic regression analysis identified candidate protein biomarkers, and matched transcriptomic data pointed to differentially activated underlying mechanisms. Conclusion: This study provides further stratification of asthma currently classified based on quantification of granulocytic inflammation and provided additional insight into their underlying mechanisms, which could become targets for novel therapies.
  • Sijmons, R.H., et al. (författare)
  • Piebaldism in a mentally retarded girl with rare deletion of the long arm of chromosome 4
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Pediatric Dermatology. - Blackwell. - 0736-8046. ; 10:3, s. 235-239
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A 4-year-old mentally retarded girl had congenital depigmentations of ventrolateral parts of the chest, abdomen, and legs. She also showed dysmorphic features of the head, thorax, and extremities, a pigmented ring in both irises, and a hernia of the left obliquus muscle. Cytogenetic investigations revealed deletion of chromosome 4 for the long arm segment q12-q21. The typical depigmentations, reported in four other patients with a similar chromosomal deletion, correspond with those in the autosomal dominant piebald trait. Mutations in the Kit protooncogene (mapped to the chromosome (4q11-4q12 region) have been found in patients affected with this dominant disorder. Piebaldism in children with developmental delay and dysmorphic features should alert the physician to the possibility of a deletion of the long arm of chromosome 4.
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