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  • Dimberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of APC and IGFBP7 promoter gene methylation in Swedish and Vietnamese colorectal cancer patients
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Oncology Letters. - 1792-1074 .- 1792-1082. ; 5:1, s. 25-30
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The tumour suppressor gene adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) is a key component that drives colorectal carcinogenesis. The reported DNA methylation in the promoter of APC varies greatly among studies of colorectal cancer (CRC) in different populations. Insulin-like growth factor binding protein 7 (IGFBP7), also known as IGFBP‑related protein 1 (IGFBP-rP1), is expressed in various tissue types, including the lung, brain, prostate and gastrointestinal tract, and has been suggested to play a tumour suppressor role against colorectal carcinogenesis. Studies have indicated that IGFBP7 is inactivated by DNA methylation in human colon, lung and breast cancer. In the present study, we used the methylation‑specific polymerase chain reaction to study the methylation status of the APC and IGFBP7 gene promoters in cancerous and paired normal tissue to evaluate its impact on clinical factors and association with ethnicity, represented by Swedish and Vietnamese CRC patients. We also investigated the distribution of CpG islands and the CpG dinucleotide density of each CpG island in the regions which were the subject of our investigation. Overall, normal tissue from Swedish patients exhibited a significantly higher frequency of IGFBP7 gene methylation in comparison with that of Vietnamese patients. Moreover, a significantly higher number of cancer tissues from Vietnamese individuals showed higher levels of methylation versus the paired normal tissue compared with that of Swedish patients. When we studied the methylation in cancer compared with the matched normal tissue in individuals, we found that a significantly higher number of Vietnamese patients had a higher degree of IGFBP7 gene methylation in cancer versus matched normal tissue in comparison with Swedish patients. Taken together, our results suggest that the methylation of the APC and IGFBP7 gene promoter region in cancerous tissue, in combination with the predominance of methylation in normal tissue, may serve as a prognostic factor in CRC patients.</p>
  • Dimberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Common 4977 bp deletion and novel alterations in mitochondrial DNA in Vietnamese patients with breast cancer
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: SpringerPlus. - 2193-1801. ; 4, s. 1-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has been proposed to be involved in carcinogenesis and ageing. The mtDNA 4977 bp deletion is one of the most frequently observed mtDNA mutations in human tissues and may play a role in breast cancer (BC). The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of mtDNA 4977 bp deletion in BC tissue and its association with clinical factors.</p><p>We determined the presence of the 4977 bp common deletion in cancer and normal paired tissue samples from 106 Vietnamese patients with BC by sequencing PCR products.</p><p>The mtDNA 4977 bp deletion was significantly more frequent in normal tissue in comparison with paired cancer tissue. Moreover, the incidence of the 4977 bp deletion in BC tissue was significantly higher in patients with estrogen receptor (ER) positive as compared with ER negative BC tissue. Preliminary results showed, in cancerous tissue, a significantly higher incidence of novel deletions in the group of patients with lymph node metastasis in comparison with the patients with no lymph node metastasis.</p><p>We have found 4977 bp deletion in mtDNA to be a common event in BC and with special reference to ER positive BC. In addition, the novel deletions were shown to be related to lymph node metastasis. Our finding may provide complementary information in prediction of clinical outcome including metastasis, recurrence and survival of patients with BC.</p>
  • Dimberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Detection of Cytomegalovirus DNA in Colorectal Tissue from Swedish and Vietnamese Patients with Colorectal Cancer
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 33:11, s. 4947-4950
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) has been implicated as a factor, which might be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC) progression. Data from studies with HCMV-infected tumour cell lines have highlighted an oncomodulatory potential of HCMV. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence of HCMV DNA in CRC tissue compared to matched normal tissue, and its association with clinical factors.</p><p>Patients and Methods: We used quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction assay to detect HCMV DNA in 202 cancerous and paired normal tissue from Swedish (n=119) and Vietnamese (n=83) CRC patients.</p><p>Results: Overall, the HCMV DNA rate was significantly higher in cancerous in relation to paired normal tissue. Furthermore, a significantly higher frequency (39.8%) of HCMV DNA was observed in cancer tissues from the Vietnamese patients compared to the Swedish patients (15.1%). The prevalence of HCMV DNA in CRC tissue of 50% of those with disseminated disease tended to be higher compared to those with localized disease, with a prevalence of 33.3% in Vietnamese patients.</p><p>Conclusion: Our observations indicate that the prevalence of HCMV DNA differs significantly between cancer and matched normal tissues. Thus, these data support a possible role of CMV in CRC. Moreover, we noted differences between Swedish and Vietnamese patients, indicating a role of ethnicity.</p>
  • Dimberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • DNA promoter methylation status and protein expression of interleukin-8 in human colorectal adenocarcinomas
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Colorectal Disease. - Springer. - 0179-1958 .- 1432-1262. ; 27:6, s. 709-714
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong> Background</strong>  Interleukin-8 (IL-8) also referred to as CXCL8, a member of the CXC chemokine family that attracts neutrophils and other leukocytes, has been associated with cancer. Angiogenesis is a prime regulator of tumour expansion and data support that IL-8 is a potent angiogenic factor. Epigenomic instability has been postulated to play a role for the development of multiple neoplasias including colorectal cancer (CRC). DNA methylation of cytosine residues in CpG dinucleotides leads to transcriptional silencing of associated genes.</p><p><strong>Method</strong>  In this study, we comparatively analysed the protein expression of IL-8 in plasma, tumour and paired normal tissue and methylation status of the IL-8 gene to evaluate its impact on CRC.</p><p><strong>Results</strong>  Collectively, by using Luminex technology, we noted a significantly higher IL-8 level in cancer tissue compared to paired normal tissue and that CRC patients exhibit significantly higher plasma levels than healthy controls. Analysed by methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction, we detected IL-8 hypomethylation in 64% of the cancerous tissue cases but no hypomethylation was found in paired normal tissue. We noted that the CRC patients with IL-8 hypomethylation revealed a significant higher level of IL-8 protein in cancerous tissue, which tended to be associated with distant metastasis. We also observed that patients with distant metastasis showed a significantly higher plasma level of IL-8 in relation to patients without distant metastasis.</p><p><strong>Conclusion</strong>  Our results suggest that the predominance of high plasma levels of IL-8 in patients with distant metastasis in combination with the hypomethylation of the IL-8 promoter region might be a useful marker of the disease advancement.</p>
  • Dimberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Enhanced expression of cyclooxygenase-2 and nuclear beta-catenin are related to mutations in the APC gene in human colorectal cancer
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Anticancer Research. - 0250-7005 .- 1791-7530. ; 21:2A, s. 911-915
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Mutational inactivation of the human tumour suppressor gene adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) results in constitutive activation of beta -catenin/T cell factor-4 (Tcf-4) mediated transcription of target genes. Up-regulation of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) protein is frequently found in human colorectal cancer (CRC). We analysed 38 CRC for mutations in APC and beta -catenin and found an association between APC mutations and elevated COX-2 levels. Furthermore, APC mutations were predominantly observed in tumour tissues from the rectum compared to tumours of colonic origin. Western blot analysis revealed that nuclear beta -catenin levels were generally higher in tumours with APC mutations compared to tumours with wild type APC. However, there was also a higher level of nuclear beta -catenin in tumour compared to normal tissue, hut nuclear Tcf-4 protein was constitutively expressed in tumour and normal tissue and showed no differences. An identified putative Tcf-4 binding element in the COX-2 promoter may partly explain the enhanced level of COX-2 and support the idea that COX-2 may be a downstream target of the APC/beta -catenin/Tcf-4 pathway.</p>
  • Dimberg, Jan, et al. (författare)
  • Expression and gene polymorphisms of the chemokine CXCL5 in colorectal cancer patients
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Oncology. - Spandidos Publications. - 1019-6439. ; 31:1, s. 97-102
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Several studies indicate that chemokines play important roles in colorectal mucosal immunity by recruiting leukocytes into and out of the lamina propria adjacent to the epithelium. The chemokine CXCL5 which is expressed by epithelial cells within colorectal mucosa is a chemoattractant for neutrophils and has been implicated in Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis. In addition, CXCL5 is one chemokine which promote angiogenesis related to cancer. The objective of this study was to determine by ELISA assay whether CXCL5 protein level is altered in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues (n=80) compared with paired normal mucosa. Furthermore, the plasma CXCL5 levels from CRC patients (n=62) compared with controls (n=71) were also examined. Using a TaqMan system we screened for -156G -greater than C and +398G -greater than A CXCL5 gene variants in CRC patients (n=228) and a control group (n=231) to assess the role of CXCL5 genotype in CRC. The analyses showed that CXCL5 protein level in colorectal tumours was significantly (P less than 0.0001) higher than in normal tissue and was lower in plasma in CRC patients compared with controls (P=0.026). Immunohistochemistry revealed CXCL5 immunoreactivity mainly in epithelial cells of the colorectal carcinoma and in normal epithelial cells. Furthermore, patients who were -156C carriers had higher CXCL5 protein concentration compared with -156G carriers in normal tissue (P=0.027) and CXCL5 protein levels in cancerous tissue tended to be higher for the patient -156C carriers (P=0.059). To our knowledge this is the first report on the influence of CXCL5 gene variants and their relation to expression of CXCL5 protein in human CRC.</p>
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