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Sökning: WFRF:(Dissing Steen)

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1.
  • Cao, Renhai, et al. (författare)
  • Collaborative interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C promotes lymphangiogenesis and metastasis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 109:39, s. 15894-15899
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Interplay between various lymphangiogenic factors in promoting lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis remains poorly understood. Here we show that FGF-2 and VEGF-C, two lymphangiogenic factors, collaboratively promote angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis in the tumor microenvironment, leading to widespread pulmonary and lymph-node metastases. Coimplantation of dual factors in the mouse cornea resulted in additive angiogenesis and lymphangiogenesis. At the molecular level, we showed that FGFR-1 expressed in lymphatic endothelial cells is a crucial receptor that mediates the FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Intriguingly, the VEGFR-3-mediated signaling was required for the lymphatic tip cell formation in both FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced lymphangiogenesis. Consequently, a VEGFR-3-specific neutralizing antibody markedly inhibited FGF-2-induced lymphangiogenesis. Thus, the VEGFR-3-induced lymphatic endothelial cell tip cell formation is a prerequisite for FGF-2-stimulated lymphangiogenesis. In the tumor microenvironment, the reciprocal interplay between FGF-2 and VEGF-C collaboratively stimulated tumor growth, angiogenesis, intratumoral lymphangiogenesis, and metastasis. Thus, intervention and targeting of the FGF-2- and VEGF-C-induced angiogenic and lymphangiogenic synergism could be potentially important approaches for cancer therapy and prevention of metastasis.
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2.
  • Tritsaris, Katerina, et al. (författare)
  • IL-20 is an arteriogenic cytokine that remodels collateral networks and improves functions of ischemic hind limbs
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. - : National Academy of Sciences. - 0027-8424 .- 1091-6490. ; 104:39, s. 15364-15369
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Successful therapeutic angiogenesis for the treatment of ischemic disorders relies on selection of optimal proangiogenic or arteriogenic agents that are able to promote establishment of functional collateral networks. Here, we show that IL-20, a pleiotropic inflammatory cytokine, displays an imperative effect on vascular remodeling. Stimulation of both large and microvascular endothelial cells with IL-20 leads to activation of receptor-dependent multiple intracellular signaling components, including increased phosphorylation levels of JAK2/STAT5, Erk1/2, and Akt; activation of small GTP-binding proteins Rac and Rho; and intracellular release of calcium. Surprisingly, IL-20 significantly promotes endothelial cell tube formation without affecting their proliferation and motility. These findings suggest that the vascular function of IL-20 involves endothelial cell organization, vessel maturation, and remodeling. Consistent with this notion, delivery of IL-20 to the ischemic muscle tissue significantly improves arteriogenesis and blood perfusion in a rat hind-limb model. Our findings provide mechanistic insights on vascular functions of IL-20 and define therapeutic implication of this cytokine for the treatment of ischemic disorders.
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3.
  • Yang, Yunlong, et al. (författare)
  • The PDGF-BB-SOX7 axis-modulated IL-33 in pericytes and stromal cells promotes metastasis through tumour-associated macrophages
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 7:11385
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Signalling molecules and pathways that mediate crosstalk between various tumour cellular compartments in cancer metastasis remain largely unknown. We report a mechanism of the interaction between perivascular cells and tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) in promoting metastasis through the IL-33-ST2-dependent pathway in xenograft mouse models of cancer. IL-33 is the highest upregulated gene through activation of SOX7 transcription factor in PDGF-BB-stimulated pericytes. Gain-and loss-of-function experiments validate that IL-33 promotes metastasis through recruitment of TAMs. Pharmacological inhibition of the IL-33-ST2 signalling by a soluble ST2 significantly inhibits TAMs and metastasis. Genetic deletion of host IL-33 in mice also blocks PDGF-BB-induced TAM recruitment and metastasis. These findings shed light on the role of tumour stroma in promoting metastasis and have therapeutic implications for cancer therapy.
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4.
  • Jensen, Pernille Linnert, et al. (författare)
  • Proteomic Analysis of Human Blastocoel Fluid and Blastocyst Cells
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Stem Cells and Development. - 1547-3287 .- 1557-8534. ; 22:7, s. 1126-1135
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Human embryonic stem cells (hESCs) are derived from the inner cell mass (ICM) of the blastocyst and can differentiate into any cell type in the human body. These cells hold a great potential for regenerative medicine, but in order to obtain enough cells needed for medical treatment, culture is required on a large scale. In the undifferentiated state, hESCs appear to possess an unlimited potential for proliferation but optimal, defined and safe culture conditions remains a challenge. The aim of the present study was to identify proteins in the natural environment of undifferentiated hESCs, namely the blastocoel fluid, which is in contact with all the cells in the blastocyst, including hESCs. Fifty-three surplus human blastocysts were donated after informed consent and blastocoel fluid was isolated by micromanipulation. Using highly sensitive nano high pressure liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry, 286 proteins were identified in the blastocoel fluid and 1307 proteins in the corresponding cells of the blastocyst. Forty-two were previously uncharacterized proteins - eight of these originated from the blastocoel fluid. Furthermore, several heat shock proteins (Hsp27, Hsp60, Hsc70 and Hsp90) were identified in blastocoel fluid together with zona pellucida proteins (ZP2-4), Vitamin D binding protein and Retinol binding protein. Proteins that regulate ciliary assembly and function were also identified, including Bardet-biedl syndrome protein 7. This study has identified numerous proteins which cells from the ICM of the human blastocyst are exposed to via the blastocoel fluid. These results can be an inspiration for the development of improved culture conditions for hESCs.
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5.
  • Ji, Hong, et al. (författare)
  • TNFR1 mediates TNF-alpha-induced tumour lymphangiogenesis and metastasis by modulating VEGF-C-VEGFR3 signalling
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : Nature Publishing Group: Nature Communications. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 5:4944
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Inflammation and lymphangiogenesis are two cohesively coupled processes that promote tumour growth and invasion. Here we report that TNF-alpha markedly promotes tumour lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. The TNF-alpha-TNFR1 signalling pathway directly stimulates lymphatic endothelial cell activity through a VEGFR3-independent mechanism. However, VEGFR3-induced lymphatic endothelial cell tips are a prerequisite for lymphatic vessel growth in vivo, and a VEGFR3 blockade completely ablates TNF-alpha-induced lymphangiogenesis. Moreover, TNF-alpha-TNFR1-activated inflammatory macrophages produce high levels of VEGF-C to coordinately activate VEGFR3. Genetic deletion of TNFR1 (Tnfr1(-/-)) in mice or depletion of tumour-associated macrophages (TAMs) virtually eliminates TNF-alpha-induced lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. Gain-of-function experiments show that reconstitution of Tnfr1(+/+) macrophages in Tnfr1(+/+) mice largely restores tumour lymphangiogenesis and lymphatic metastasis. These findings shed mechanistic light on the intimate interplay between inflammation and lymphangiogenesis in cancer metastasis, and propose therapeutic intervention of lymphatic metastasis by targeting the TNF-alpha-TNFR1 pathway.
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