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Sökning: WFRF:(Djonler Sonny A.)

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  • Gordon, A. Ross, et al. (författare)
  • The killing of Posthouder Scheerder and Jifar Folfolun (The War of the Breasts) : Malukan and Dutch narratives of an incident in the VOC's waning days
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Southeast Asian Studies. - Cambridge University Press. - 0022-4634 .- 1474-0680. ; 50:3, s. 324-346
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The Aru Islands in southeastern Maluku have a long history of economic exchange and colonial relations with the Dutch East India Company (VOC), and later the Dutch colonial state. Aru was fragmented in smaller autonomous settlements, of which those in the east produced valuable items for export, such as pearls and tripang (edible sea cucumber). The article focuses on a spate of anti-colonial revolts in the waning days of the VOC in the 1790s. It centred on the Batuley villages situated on a few small islands on the eastern side. The central incident leading to the resistance was the killing of a Dutch low-ranking officer, Scheerder, an event which has been preserved in local tradition till the present day. A search in the VOC archives confirms several details, but suggests a rationale for the resistance which is partly different from the traditional version, and linked in with larger movements of resistance in Aru and Maluku. The article discusses the significance of the oral traditions, and how a comparison with archival materials can enrich our understanding of Arunese-Dutch relations.</p>
  • Wellfelt, Emilie, 1965-, et al. (författare)
  • Islam in Aru, Indonesia Oral traditions and Islamisation processes from the early modern period to the present
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Roos & Ruins: Documentation of Ujir, an endangered language of Aru.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>The coming of Islam in eastern Indonesia is generally assigned to the activities of Muslim traders from the late 15th century onwards. This assumption is an over-simplification, especially in areas outside the main trade centres. In the Aru islands, Islam was introduced by the mid 17th century. We argue that Islamisation in Aru was initially a matter of internal considerations, rather than trade. We present oral traditions about the expansion of Islam as seen from two locations: Ujir, the historical Muslim centre in Aru on the west coast, and Benjuring, a former stronghold of local ancestral beliefs in the east. The oral sources are juxtaposed with European accounts of the 17th century when Muslim and Protestant centres first developed in Aru. The coming of Islam forced people to either convert or leave for non-Muslim areas. By late colonial times (early 20th century), both Islam and the Protestant church had reached remote villages. The most recent wave of conversions in Aru to state-approved world religions took place in the 1970s. In the last 30 years, the population in Aru has grown, especially in the regency capital Dobo. While Muslims used to be a small minority in Aru with their main centre on Ujir island, the point of gravity has shifted to Dobo, a fast-growing town with a large influx of mostly Muslims from other parts of Indonesia. Islamisation is still ongoing in Aru and the character of Islam is changing.</p>
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tidskriftsartikel (2)
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refereegranskat (2)
Djonler, Sonny A., (2)
Hägerdal, Hans, 1960 ... (1)
Gordon, A. Ross, (1)
Wellfelt, Emilie, 19 ... (1)
Stockholms universitet (1)
Linnéuniversitetet (1)
Engelska (2)
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Humaniora (2)
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