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Sökning: WFRF:(Dowdy Sean C)

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1.
  • O'Mara, Tracy A, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of nine new susceptibility loci for endometrial cancer.
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: ; 9:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Endometrial cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer of the female reproductive tract in developed countries. Through genome-wide association studies (GWAS), we have previously identified eight risk loci for endometrial cancer. Here, we present an expanded meta-analysis of 12,906 endometrial cancer cases and 108,979 controls (including new genotype data for 5624 cases) and identify nine novel genome-wide significant loci, including a locus on 12q24.12 previously identified by meta-GWAS of endometrial and colorectal cancer. At five loci, expression quantitative trait locus (eQTL) analyses identify candidate causal genes; risk alleles at two of these loci associate with decreased expression of genes, which encode negative regulators of oncogenic signal transduction proteins (SH2B3 (12q24.12) and NF1 (17q11.2)). In summary, this study has doubled the number of known endometrial cancer risk loci and revealed candidate causal genes for future study.
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2.
  • Nelson, Gregg, et al. (författare)
  • Guidelines for perioperative care in gynecologic/oncology : Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society recommendations-2019 update
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1048-891X .- 1525-1438. ; 29:4, s. 651-668
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: This is the first updated Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society guideline presenting a consensus for optimal perioperative care in gynecologic/oncology surgery.METHODS: A database search of publications using Embase and PubMed was performed. Studies on each item within the ERAS gynecologic/oncology protocol were selected with emphasis on meta-analyses, randomized controlled trials, and large prospective cohort studies. These studies were then reviewed and graded according to the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) system.RESULTS: All recommendations on ERAS protocol items are based on best available evidence. The level of evidence for each item is presented accordingly.CONCLUSIONS: The updated evidence base and recommendation for items within the ERAS gynecologic/oncology perioperative care pathway are presented by the ERAS® Society in this consensus review.
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3.
  • Wijk, Lena, 1971-, et al. (författare)
  • International validation of Enhanced Recovery After Surgery Society guidelines on enhanced recovery for gynecologic surgery
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. - : Harcourt International Publishers. - 0002-9378 .- 1097-6868. ; 221:3, s. 237.e1-237.e11
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) Society publishes guidelines on perioperative care, but these guidelines should be validated prospectively.OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association between compliance to ERAS Gynecologic/Oncology guideline elements and postoperative outcomes in an international cohort.STUDY DESIGN: The study was comprised of 2,101 patients undergoing elective gynecologic/oncology surgery between January 2011 - November 2017 in 10 hospitals across Canada, the United States and Europe. Patient demographics, surgical/anesthesia details and ERAS protocol compliance elements (pre-, intra- and post-operative phases) were entered into the ERAS Interactive Audit System. Surgical complexity was stratified according to the Aletti scoring system (low versus medium/high). The following covariates were accounted for in the analysis: age, Body Mass Index, smoking status, presence of diabetes, American Society of Anesthesiologists class, International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage, preoperative chemotherapy, radiotherapy, operating time, surgical approach (open versus minimally invasive), intra-operative blood loss, hospital and ERAS implementation status. The primary end-points were primary hospital length of stay and complications. Negative binomial regression was used to model length of stay, and logistic regression to model complications, as a function of compliance score and covariates.RESULTS: Patient demographics: median age 56 years, 35.5% obese,15% smokers, 26.7% American Society of Anesthesiologists Class III-IV. Final diagnosis was malignant in 49% of patients. Laparotomy was used in 75.9% of cases, and the remainder minimally invasive surgery. The majority of cases (86%) were of low complexity (Aletti score ≤ 3). In patients with ovarian cancer, 69.5% had a medium/high complexity surgery (Aletti score 4-11). Median length of stay was 2 days in the low- and 5 days in the medium/high-complexity group. Every unit increase in ERAS guideline score was associated with 8% (IRR: 0.92 (95% CI: 0.90 - 0.95; p<0.001)) decrease in days in hospital among low-complexity, and 12% (IRR: 0.88 (95% CI: 0.82 - 0.93; p<0.001) decrease among patients with medium/high complexity scores. For every unit increase in ERAS guideline score, the odds of total complications were estimated to be 12% lower (p<0.05) among low-complexity patients.CONCLUSION: Audit of surgical practices demonstrates that improved compliance with ERAS Gynecologic/Oncology guidelines is associated with an improvement in clinical outcomes, including length of stay, highlighting the importance of ERAS implementation.
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