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Sökning: WFRF:(Drolet M)

  • Resultat 1-8 av 8
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  • Jones, Gregory T., et al. (författare)
  • Meta-Analysis of Genome-Wide Association Studies for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm Identifies Four New Disease-Specific Risk Loci
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Circulation Research. - 0009-7330 .- 1524-4571. ; 120:2, s. 341-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Rationale: Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) is a complex disease with both genetic and environmental risk factors. Together, 6 previously identified risk loci only explain a small proportion of the heritability of AAA. Objective: To identify additional AAA risk loci using data from all available genome-wide association studies. Methods and Results: Through a meta-analysis of 6 genome-wide association study data sets and a validation study totaling 10 204 cases and 107 766 controls, we identified 4 new AAA risk loci: 1q32.3 (SMYD2), 13q12.11 (LINC00540), 20q13.12 (near PCIF1/MMP9/ZNF335), and 21q22.2 (ERG). In various database searches, we observed no new associations between the lead AAA single nucleotide polymorphisms and coronary artery disease, blood pressure, lipids, or diabetes mellitus. Network analyses identified ERG, IL6R, and LDLR as modifiers of MMP9, with a direct interaction between ERG and MMP9. Conclusions: The 4 new risk loci for AAA seem to be specific for AAA compared with other cardiovascular diseases and related traits suggesting that traditional cardiovascular risk factor management may only have limited value in preventing the progression of aneurysmal disease.
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  • Mesher, David, et al. (författare)
  • Population-level effects of human papillomavirus vaccination programs on infections with nonvaccine genotypes
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Emerging Infectious Diseases. - : Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. - 1080-6040 .- 1080-6059. ; 22:10, s. 1732-1740
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We analyzed human papillomavirus (HPV) prevalences during prevaccination and postvaccination periods to consider possible changes in nonvaccine HPV genotypes after introduction of vaccines that confer protection against 2 high-risk types, HPV16 and HPV18. Our meta-analysis included 9 studies with data for 13,886 girls and women ≤19 years of age and 23,340 women 20–24 years of age. We found evidence of cross-protection for HPV31 among the younger age group after vaccine introduction but little evidence for reductions of HPV33 and HPV45. For the group this same age group, we also found slight increases in 2 nonvaccine high-risk HPV types (HPV39 and HPV52) and in 2 possible high-risk types (HPV53 and HPV73). However, results between age groups and vaccines used were inconsistent, and the increases had possible alternative explanations; consequently, these data provided no clear evidence for type replacement. Continued monitoring of these HPV genotypes is important.
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  • Craiglow, Brittany G., et al. (författare)
  • CARD14-associated papulosquamous eruption : A spectrum including features of psoriasis and pityriasis rubra pilaris
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: The Journal of American Academy of Dermatology. - 0190-9622 .- 1097-6787. ; 79:3, s. 487-494
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Heterozygous mutations in caspase recruitment domain family member 14 gene (CARD14) have been shown to be associated with psoriasis and familial pityriasis rubra pilaris (PRP). Many subjects with CARD14 mutations display features of both disorders, which can result in diagnostic uncertainty. In addition, these eruptions are often recalcitrant to conventional psoriasis therapies such as methotrexate, oral retinoids, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibitors. Objective: We sought to describe the clinical characteristics, family history, and response to therapy in subjects with papulosquamous eruptions due to mutations in CARD14. Methods: Subjects were referred for genetic testing as part of a registry of subjects with inherited disorders of keratinization. DNA was isolated from blood or saliva, and multiplex targeted sequencing or whole exome sequencing was performed. Clinical histories of subjects with CARD14 mutations were reviewed. Results: We identified 15 kindreds with CARD14-associated papulosquamous eruption (CAPE). Characteristic features of CAPE include early age of onset; prominent involvement of the cheeks, chin, and ears; family history of psoriasis or PRP; minimal response to conventional topical and systemic psoriasis therapies; and improvement with ustekinumab. Limitations: Relatively small sample size. Conclusions: Many subjects with CARD14 mutations display characteristics of both psoriasis and PRP. We propose the term CARD14-associated papulosquamous eruption to describe this spectrum of disease. Subjects with clinical features suggestive of CAPE should undergo CARD14 sequencing and may benefit from treatment with ustekinumab.
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  • Holmvall, Martin, 1976-, et al. (författare)
  • Transfer of a microfluid to a stochastic fibre network
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Fluids and Structures. - 0889-9746 .- 1095-8622. ; 27:7, s. 937-946
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The transfer of a microscopic fluid droplet from a flat surface to a deformable stochastic fibre network is investigated. Fibre networks are generated with different levels of surface roughness, and a two-dimensional, two-phase fluid-structure model is used to simulate the fluid transfer. In simulations, the Navier-Stokes equations and the Cahn-Hilliard phase-field equations are coupled to explicitly include contact line dynamics and free surface dynamics. The compressing fibre network is modelled as moving immersed boundaries. The simulations show that the amount of transferred fluid is approximately proportional to the contact area between the fluid and the fibre network. However, areas where the fluid bridges and never actually makes contact with the substrate must be subtracted.
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  • Holmvall, M., et al. (författare)
  • Transfer of a microfluid to a stochastic fiber network
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Journal of Fluids and Structures. - 0889-9746. ; 27:11, s. 937-946
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The transfer of a microscopic fluid droplet from a flat surface to a deformable stochastic fiber network is investigated. Fibre networks are generated with different levels of surface roughness, and a two-dimensional, two-phase fluid-structure model is used to simulate the fluid transfer. In simulations, the Navier-Stokes equations and the Cahn-Hilliard phase-field equations are coupled to explicitly include contact line dynamics and free surface dynamics. The compressing fiber network is modeled as moving immersed boundaries. The simulations show that the amount of transferred fluid is approximately proportional to the contact area between the fluid and the fiber network. However, areas where the fluid bridges and never actually makes contact with the substrate must be subtracted.
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  • Resultat 1-8 av 8

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