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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Durevall Dick 1954 ) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Durevall Dick 1954 )

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  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Globalisation and Structural Adjustment in Africa
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Globalization and the Southern African Economies. - Uppsala : Nordiska Afrikainstitutet/The Nordic Africa Institute. - 91-7106-532-6 ; s. 36-58
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)
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4.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Is Globalisation Good for Africa?
  • 2002
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Globalisation or market integration in Sub-Saharan Africa is closely linked to the structural adjustment programmes. In this paper we focus on their dependence on politics and institutional characteristics of the countries concerned. In particular, we argue that one important explanation for the dismal performance of many African countries, in spite of all the measures taken towards market liberalisation, is a lack of willingness or ability on the part of the politicians to respect the restrictions imposed on their behaviour and policy choices by the liberalised markets. The point we make in this paper is that market integration magnifies the effects of policies. We look specifically at the increased exposure to international prices and returns on assets make the economic equilibrium relations, the law of one price (LOP) and uncovered interest parity (UIP), relevant guidelines for economic policy. We illustrate the arguments by presenting the case of Zimbabwe. It is a good example where the lack of respect for the restrictions imposed by international markets has led to an economic crisis with negative growth rates and a process away from globalisation.
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5.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Kenya´s Development Path and Factor Prices 1964-2000
  • 2004
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This study analyses how changes in factor abundance and trade policy have affected factor prices in Kenya since 1964. First there was a period of capital deepening, but this was reversed from 1982. As a result, there has been a shift of production towards the labour-intensive informal sector. The econometric analysis shows that in the long run factor proportions determined relative factor returns; for instance, an increase in the capital-labour ratio raised the wage-capital rental ratio. We did not find any significant impact of changes in goods prices, due to among other things changes in trade policy, on factor returns.
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6.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Offshoring and Occupational Wages: Some empirical evidence
  • 2008
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Offshoring has changed the pattern of international competition; labor in specific occupations rather than whole firms and sectors are now facing competition. Accordingly, wages in offshorable occupations are affected in new ways. In this paper we investigate the effects of offshoring of electronically traded services on relative occupational wages in 13 countries in the 1990-2003 period. Our findings show that increased exports of IT-related services lead to higher relative wages in offshorable occupations, whereas increased imports of such service reduce them. There is also some evidence that the impact of offshoring on relative wages is larger the lower the level GDP per capita.
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7.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Offshoring and Occupational Wages: Some empirical evidence
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Journal of International Trade and Economic Development. - 0963-8199. ; 21:2, s. 253-269
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Offshoring has changed the pattern of international competition; labor in specific occupations rather than whole firms and sectors are now facing competition. Accordingly, wages in offshorable occupations are affected in new ways. In this article, we investigate the effects of offshoring on relative occupational wages in 13 countries for 1990–2003. Our findings show that offshoring competiveness is associated with higher relative wages in offshorable occupations, and that export growth of IT-related services leads to higher relative wages in offshorable occupations, whereas import growth of such services reduces them.
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9.
  • Bigsten, Arne, 1947-, et al. (författare)
  • Trade Reform and Wage Inequality in Kenya, 1964 - 2000
  • 2004
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • This paper analyses the evolution of wage inequality in Kenya between 1964 and 2000. Our measure of wage inequality is the ratio of wages in manufacturing to wages in agriculture, which can be seen as an indicator of sectoral wage-inequality or as a proxy for skilled to unskilled wages. We find that changes in relative wages have primarily been driven by the degree of openness, while other factors such as the capital-labour ratio, educational attainment, relative labour-productivity, and the ratio between agricultural and manufacturing prices had no significant effect. We conclude that international market integration has reduced wage-inequality in Kenya.
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10.
  • Bjurek, Hans, 1957-, et al. (författare)
  • Does Market Liberalization Increase Total Factor Productivity: Evidence from the Manufacturing Sector in Zimbabwe
  • 1998
  • Rapport (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • In this paper we analyze if the structural adjustment program (ESAP), implemented during 1991-1995, contributed to an increase in total factor productivity in the manufacturing sector. To evaluate if productivity has grown we first estimate indexes of total factor productivity for 31 manufacturing sub-sectors for the period 1980-1995. Then we use panel data methods to test for the effects of trade reform and other variables related to ESAP. In general the growth rates vary greatly both over time and across sections. The overall impression is that there was no growth in total factor productivity on average during the whole period of ESAP. However, during the last two years, 1994-1995, most sub-sectors experienced increases in total factor productivity.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 79
  • [1]234567...8Nästa
 
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