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Sökning: WFRF:(Dybedal Ingunn)

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  • Baliakas, Panagiotis, 1977-, et al. (författare)
  • Nordic Guidelines for Germline Predisposition to Myeloid Neoplasms in Adults : Recommendations for Genetic Diagnosis, Clinical Management and Follow-up
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: HEMASPHERE. - : LIPPINCOTT WILLIAMS & WILKINS. - 2572-9241. ; 3:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Myeloid neoplasms (MNs) with germline predisposition have recently been recognized as novel entities in the latest World Health Organization (WHO) classification for MNs. Individuals with MNs due to germline predisposition exhibit increased risk for the development of MNs, mainly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Setting the diagnosis of MN with germline predisposition is of crucial clinical significance since it may tailor therapy, dictate the selection of donor for allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT), determine the conditioning regimen, enable relevant prophylactic measures and early intervention or contribute to avoid unnecessary or even harmful medication. Finally, it allows for genetic counseling and follow-up of at-risk family members. Identification of these patients in the clinical setting is challenging, as there is no consensus due to lack of evidence regarding the criteria defining the patients who should be tested for these conditions. In addition, even in cases with a strong suspicion of a MN with germline predisposition, no standard diagnostic algorithm is available. We present the first version of the Nordic recommendations for diagnostics, surveillance and management including considerations for allo-HSCT for patients and carriers of a germline mutation predisposing to the development of MNs.
  • Broesby-Olsen, Sigurd, et al. (författare)
  • Multidisciplinary Management of Mastocytosis : Nordic Expert Group Consensus
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Acta Dermato-Venereologica. - 0001-5555 .- 1651-2057. ; 96:5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Mastocytosis is a heterogeneous group of diseases defined by an increased number and accumulation of mast cells, and often also by signs and symptoms of mast cell activation. Disease subtypes range from indolent to rare aggressive forms. Mastocytosis affects people of all ages and has been considered rare; however, it is probably underdiagnosed with potential severe implications. Diagnosis can be challenging and symptoms may be complex and involve multiple organ-systems. In general it is advised that patients should be referred to centres with experience in the disease offering an individualized, multidisciplinary approach. We present here consensus recommendations from a Nordic expert group for the diagnosis and general management of patients with mastocytosis.
  • Jädersten, Martin, et al. (författare)
  • Erythropoietin and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor treatment associated with improved survival in myelodysplastic syndrome
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - New York, N.Y. : Grune & Stratton. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 26:21, s. 3607-3613
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose To assess the effect of erythropoietin (EPO) plus granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) treatment on survival and leukemic transformation in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Patients and Methods We compared the long-term outcome of patients with MDS treated with EPO plus G-CSF (n = 121) with untreated patients (n = 237) with MDS using multivariate Cox regression with delayed entry, for the first time adjusting for all major prognostic variables (WHO classification, karyotype, cytopenias, level of transfusion-need, age, and sex). Results The erythroid response rate to EPO plus G-CSF was 39%, and the median response duration 23 months (range, 3 to 116+). In the multivariate analysis, treatment was associated with improved overall survival (hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% CI, 0.44 to 0.83; P = .002). Interestingly, this positive association was primarily observed in patients requiring fewer than 2 units of RBCs per month. Treatment was not linked to the rate of acute myeloid leukemia in any defined subgroup, including patients with an increase of marrow blasts or an unfavorable karyotype. Conclusion The inherent risk of leukemic evolution in MDS makes the current investigation highly relevant, in light of the recent reports of potential negative effects of EPO treatment on outcome in patients with cancer. We conclude that treatment of anemia in MDS with EPO plus G-CSF may have a positive impact on outcome in patients with no or low transfusion need, while not affecting the risk of leukemic transformation.
  • Mollgard, Lars, et al. (författare)
  • Clinical effect of increasing doses of lenalidomide in high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia with chromosome 5 abnormalities
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Haematologica. - : Ferrata Storti Foundation. - 1592-8721 .- 0390-6078. ; 96:7, s. 963-971
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Patients with chromosome 5 abnormalities and high-risk myelodysplastic syndromes or acute myeloid leukemia have a poor outcome. We hypothesized that increasing doses of lenalidomide may benefit this group of patients by inhibiting the tumor clone, as assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization for del(5q31). Design and Methods Twenty-eight patients at diagnosis or with relapsed disease and not eligible for standard therapy (16 with acute myeloid leukemia, 12 with intermediate-risk 2 or high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome) were enrolled in this prospective phase II multicenter trial and treated with lenalidomide up to 30 mg daily for 16 weeks. Three patients had isolated del(5q), six had del(5q) plus one additional aberration, 14 had del(5q) and a complex karyotype, four had monosomy 5, and one had del(5q) identified by fluorescence in situ hybridization only. Results Major and minor cytogenetic responses, assessed by fluorescence in situ hybridization, were achieved in 5/26 (19%) and 2/26 (8%) patients, respectively, who received one or more dose of lenalidomide, while two patients achieved only a bone marrow response. Nine of all 26 patients (35%) and nine of the ten who completed the 16 weeks of trial responded to treatment. Using the International Working Group criteria for acute myeloid leukemia and myelodysplastic syndrome the overall response rate in treated patients with acute myeloid leukemia was 20% (3/15), while that for patients with myelodysplastic syndrome was 36% (4/11). Seven patients stopped therapy due to progressive disease and nine because of complications, most of which were disease-related. Response rates were similar in patients with isolated del(5q) and in those with additional aberrations. Interestingly, patients with TP53 mutations responded less well than those without mutations (2/13 versus 5/9, respectively; P = 0.047). No responses were observed among 11 cases with deleterious TP53 mutations. Conclusions Our data support a role for higher doses of lenalidomide in poor prognosis patients with myelodysplastic syndrome and acute myeloid leukemia with deletion 5q. (Clinicaltrials.gov identifier NCT00761449).
  • Woll, Petter S, et al. (författare)
  • Myelodysplastic Syndromes Are Propagated by Rare and Distinct Human Cancer Stem Cells In Vivo.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Cancer Cell. - : Cell Press. - 1878-3686. ; 25:6, s. 794-808
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Evidence for distinct human cancer stem cells (CSCs) remains contentious and the degree to which different cancer cells contribute to propagating malignancies in patients remains unexplored. In low- to intermediate-risk myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS), we establish the existence of rare multipotent MDS stem cells (MDS-SCs), and their hierarchical relationship to lineage-restricted MDS progenitors. All identified somatically acquired genetic lesions were backtracked to distinct MDS-SCs, establishing their distinct MDS-propagating function in vivo. In isolated del(5q)-MDS, acquisition of del(5q) preceded diverse recurrent driver mutations. Sequential analysis in del(5q)-MDS revealed genetic evolution in MDS-SCs and MDS-progenitors prior to leukemic transformation. These findings provide definitive evidence for rare human MDS-SCs in vivo, with extensive implications for the targeting of the cells required and sufficient for MDS-propagation.
  • Bryder, David, et al. (författare)
  • Self-renewal of multipotent long-term repopulating hematopoietic stem cells is negatively regulated by Fas and tumor necrosis factor receptor activation
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Journal of Experimental Medicine. - : Rockefeller University Press. - 1540-9538. ; 194:7, s. 941-952
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multipotent self-renewing hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) are responsible for reconstitution of all blood cell lineages. Whereas growth stimulatory cytokines have been demonstrated to promote HSC self-renewal, the potential role of negative regulators remains elusive. Receptors for tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and Fas ligand have been implicated as regulators of steady-state hematopoiesis, and if overexpressed mediate bone marrow failure. However, it has been proposed that hematopoietic progenitors rather than stem cells might be targeted by Fas activation. Here, murine Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) stem cells revealed little or no constitutive expression of Fas and failed to respond to an agonistic anti-Fas antibody. However, if induced to undergo self-renewal in the presence of TNF-alpha, the entire short and long-term repopulating HSC pool acquired Fas expression at high levels and concomitant activation of Fas suppressed in vitro growth of Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) cells cultured at the single cell level. Moreover, Lin(-)Sca1(+)c-kit(+) stem cells undergoing self-renewal divisions in vitro were severely and irreversibly compromised in their short- and long-term multilineage reconstituting ability if activated by TNF-alpha or through Fas, providing the first evidence for negative regulators of HSC self-renewal.
  • Dybedal, Ingunn, et al. (författare)
  • Tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-mediated activation of the p55 TNF receptor negatively regulates maintenance of cycling reconstituting human hematopoietic stem cells
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Blood. - : American Society of Hematology. - 1528-0020. ; 98:6, s. 1782-1791
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) fate decisions between self-renewal and commitment toward differentiation are tightly regulated in vivo. Recent developments in HSC culture and improvements of human HSC assays have facilitated studies of these processes in vitro. Through such studies stimulatory cytokines critically involved in HSC maintenance in vivo have been demonstrated to also promote HSC self-renewing divisions in vitro. Evidence for negative regulators of HSC self-renewal is, however, lacking. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF), if overexpressed, has been implicated to mediate bone marrow suppression. However, whether and how TNF might affect the function of HSC with a combined myeloid and lymphoid reconstitution potential has not been investigated. In the present studies in vitro conditions recently demonstrated to promote HSC self-renewing divisions in vitro were used to study the effect of TNF on human HSCs capable of reconstituting myelopoiesis and lymphopoiesis in nonobese diabetic-severe combined immunodeficient (NOD-SCID) mice. Although all cord blood and adult bone marrow CD34(+)CD38(-) cells were capable of undergoing cell divisions in the presence of TNF, cycling HSCs exposed to TNF in vitro and in vivo were severely compromised in their ability to reconstitute NOD-SCID mice and long-term cultures. The negative effect of TNF was not dependent on the Fas pathway, and a similar effect could be observed using a mutant TNF exclusively targeting the p55 TNF receptor. TNF did not appear to enhance apoptosis or affect cell-cycle distribution of cultured progenitors, but rather promoted myeloid differentiation. Thus, TNF might regulate HSC fate by promoting their differentiation rather than self-renewal.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 16
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