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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(EASTMAN S) "

Sökning: WFRF:(EASTMAN S)

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1.
  • Villforth, C., et al. (författare)
  • Variability and stability in blazar jets on time-scales of years : optical polarization monitoring of OJ 287 in 2005-2009
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. - 0035-8711 .- 1365-2966. ; 402:3, s. 2087-2111
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>OJ 287 is a BL Lac object at redshift z = 0.306 that has shown double-peaked bursts at regular intervals of similar to 12 yr during the last similar to 40 yr. We analyse optical photopolarimetric monitoring data from 2005 to 2009, during which the latest double-peaked outburst occurred. The aim of this study is twofold: firstly, we aim to analyse variability patterns and statistical properties of the optical polarization light curve. We find a strong preferred position angle in optical polarization. The preferred position angle can be explained by separating the jet emission into two components: an optical polarization core and chaotic jet emission. The optical polarization core is stable on time-scales of years and can be explained as emission from an underlying quiescent jet component. The chaotic jet emission sometimes exhibits a circular movement in the Stokes plane. We find six such events, all on the time-scales of 10-20 d. We interpret these events as a shock front moving forwards and backwards in the jet, swiping through a helical magnetic field. Secondly, we use our data to assess different binary black hole models proposed to explain the regularly appearing double-peaked bursts in OJ 287. We compose a list of requirements a model has to fulfil to explain the mysterious behaviour observed in OJ 287. The list includes not only characteristics of the light curve but also other properties of OJ 287, such as the black hole mass and restrictions on accretion flow properties. We rate all existing models using this list and conclude that none of the models is able to explain all observations. We discuss possible new explanations and propose a new approach to understanding OJ 287. We suggest that both the double-peaked bursts and the evolution of the optical polarization position angle could be explained as a sign of resonant accretion of magnetic field lines, a 'magnetic breathing' of the disc.</p>
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2.
  • KOCKUM, I, et al. (författare)
  • Population analysis of protection by HLA-DR and DQ genes from insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus in Swedish children with insulin-dependent diabetes and controls
  • 1995
  • Ingår i: European journal of immunogenetics : official journal of the British Society for Histocompatibility and Immunogenetics. - 0960-7420. ; 22:6, s. 443-465
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A negative association between insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and HLA‐DR, DQA1 or DQB1 was found in a large population‐based investigation of childhood‐onset patients (more than 420 patients) and controls (more than 340 controls) from Sweden. The relative risk was decreased for several haplotypes that were negatively associated with IDDM: DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602, DR7‐DQA1*0201‐DQB1*0303, DR14‐DQA1*0101‐DQB1*0503, DRI1‐DQAI*0501‐DQB1*0301, DR13‐DQA1*0103‐DQB1*0603 and DR4‐DQA1*0301‐DQB1*0301. In a relative predispositional effect (RPE) analysis, however, only the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype was significantly decreased, which suggests that the major protective effect for IDDM is carried by this haplotype. This was supported by the observation that all genotypes which were negatively associated with IDDM, except DR7/13, included at least one allele from the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype. Relative predispositional effect (RPE) analysis of genotypes showed further that the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype was also negatively associated with IDDM when combined with any other haplotype, whether negatively or positively associated with IDDM. This supports previous suggestions that DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 acts dominantly. However, both the stratification and the predispositional allele test failed to distinguish the negative association between IDDM and DR15 from that of DQBT0602. On the other hand, these tests indicated that DQA1*0102 was not likely to explain the negative association between IDDM and the DR15‐DQA1*0102‐DQB1*0602 haplotype. We conclude that the
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3.
  • Sanjeevi, C. B., et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of HLA‐DQA1 and ‐DQB1 genes in Mexican Americans with insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: Tissue Antigens. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0001-2815. ; 42:1, s. 72-77
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract: Mexican American patients (n = 35) with insulin‐dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) and control subjects (n = 39) were HLA‐DQA and DQB typed by the polymerase chain reaction technique combined with allele‐specific oligonucleotide probes. Either DQBl*0302 or DQB1*0201 was present among 91% (32/35) of the patients compared to 67% (26/39) of controls. Either DQA1*0501 or DQA1*0301 was present in all patients (100% or 35/35) compared to 29/39 (74%) (OR 12.06 Pc<0.05) of controls. All four of these genes, in cis or trans, were present in 15/35 (43%) of the patients compared to 3/39 (8%) of controls (OR 9.0; Pc<0.01). The presence of one or more non‐susceptibility alleles showed a dose‐related decrease in relative risk. Presence of aspartic acid (Asp) at position 57 of the DQ β chain did not confer protection and non‐Asp homozygozity did not confer susceptibility to IDDM in this ethnic group. In conclusion, susceptibility to IDDM in Mexican Americans is associated with particular DQA and DQB combinations, illustrates dose‐dependent parameters and contradicts the critical residue hypothesis. 1993 Blackwell Munksgaard
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4.
  • Wassmuth, R., et al. (författare)
  • HLA DR AND DQ RFLP ANALYSIS IN CROHN'S DISEASE
  • 1993
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Immunogenetics. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 1744-3121. ; 20:5, s. 429-433
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A study of 109 Swedish patients and 85 healthy Swedish controls with Crohn's disease (CD) by HLA class II RFLP genotyping was carried out. There was no significant association for any single DR or DQ specificity or phenotypic combination of DR and/or DO specificities among our study group of Caucasian extraction.
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5.
  • Boustedt, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • It seemed like a good idea at the time
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: SIGCSE '08 : Proceedings of the 39th ACM Technical Symposium on Computer Science Education. - 978-1-59593-799-5 ; s. 528-529
  • Konferensbidrag (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>We often learn of successful pedagogical experiments, but we seldom hear of the the ones that failed. For this special session we solicited submissions from the SIGCSE membership, selected the best from among these, and will have presentations at the session by the selected authors. Our contributions describe pedagogical approaches that seemed to be good ideas but turned out as failures. Contributors will describe their pedagogical experiment, the rationale for the experiment, evidence of failure, and lessons learned.</p>
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6.
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7.
  • Kockum, I, et al. (författare)
  • Complex interaction between HLA DR and DQ in conferring risk for childhood type 1 diabetes
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Immunogenetics. - Wiley-Blackwell. - 0960-7420. ; 26:5, s. 361-372
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus is associated with HLA DR and DQ factors, but the primary risk alleles are difficult to identify because recombination events are rare in the DQ-DR region. The risk of HLA genotypes for type 1 diabetes was therefore studied in more than 420 incident new onset, population-based type 1 diabetes children and 340 age, sex and geographically matched controls from Sweden. A stepwise approach was used to analyse risk by relative and absolute risks, stratification analysis and the predispositional allele test. The strongest relative and absolute risks were observed for DQB1*02-DQA1*0501/DQB1*0302-DQA1*0301 heterozygotes (AR 1/46, P < 0.001) or the simultaneous presence of both DRB1*03 and DQB1*0302 (AR 1/52, P < 0.001). Stratification analysis showed that DQB1*0302 was more frequent among DRB1*04 patients than DRB1*04 controls (P < 0.001), while DRB1*03 was more frequent among both DQA1*0501 (P < 0.001) and DQB1*02 (P < 0.001) patients than respective controls. The predispositional allele test indicated that DRB1*03 (P < 0.001) would be the predominant risk factor on the DRB1*03-DQA1*0501-DQB1*02 haplotype. In contrast, although DQB1*0302 (P < 0.001) would be the predominant risk factor on the DRB1*04-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 haplotype, the predispositional allele test also showed that DRB1*0401, but no other DRB1*04 subtype, had an additive risk to that of DQB1*0302 (P < 0.002). It is concluded that the association between type 1 diabetes and HLA is due to a complex interaction between DR and DQ since (1) DRB1*03 was more strongly associated with the disease than DQA1*0501-DQB1*02 and (2) DRB1*0401 had an additive effect to DQB1*0302. The data from this population-based investigation suggest an independent role of DR in the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, perhaps by providing diseases-promoting transcomplementation molecules.
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8.
  • Kockum, I, et al. (författare)
  • Complex interaction between HLA DR and DQ in conferring risk for childhood type 1 diabetes.
  • 1999
  • Ingår i: European journal of immunogenetics. - 0960-7420 .- 1365-2370. ; 26:5, s. 361-72
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus is associated with HLA DR and DQ factors, but the primary risk alleles are difficult to identify because recombination events are rare in the DQ-DR region. The risk of HLA genotypes for type 1 diabetes was therefore studied in more than 420 incident new onset, population-based type 1 diabetes children and 340 age, sex and geographically matched controls from Sweden. A stepwise approach was used to analyse risk by relative and absolute risks, stratification analysis and the predispositional allele test. The strongest relative and absolute risks were observed for DQB1*02-DQA1*0501/DQB1*0302-DQA1*0301 heterozygotes (AR 1/46, P &lt; 0.001) or the simultaneous presence of both DRB1*03 and DQB1*0302 (AR 1/52, P &lt; 0.001). Stratification analysis showed that DQB1*0302 was more frequent among DRB1*04 patients than DRB1*04 controls (P &lt; 0.001), while DRB1*03 was more frequent among both DQA1*0501 (P &lt; 0.001) and DQB1*02 (P &lt; 0.001) patients than respective controls. The predispositional allele test indicated that DRB1*03 (P &lt; 0.001) would be the predominant risk factor on the DRB1*03-DQA1*0501-DQB1*02 haplotype. In contrast, although DQB1*0302 (P &lt; 0.001) would be the predominant risk factor on the DRB1*04-DQA1*0301-DQB1*0302 haplotype, the predispositional allele test also showed that DRB1*0401, but no other DRB1*04 subtype, had an additive risk to that of DQB1*0302 (P &lt; 0.002). It is concluded that the association between type 1 diabetes and HLA is due to a complex interaction between DR and DQ since (1) DRB1*03 was more strongly associated with the disease than DQA1*0501-DQB1*02 and (2) DRB1*0401 had an additive effect to DQB1*0302. The data from this population-based investigation suggest an independent role of DR in the risk of developing type 1 diabetes, perhaps by providing diseases-promoting transcomplementation molecules.</p>
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9.
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