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Sökning: WFRF:(Edstrom L)

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  • Kostareva, Anna, et al. (författare)
  • Mice expressing L345P mutant desmin exhibit morphological and functional changes of skeletal and cardiac mitochondria
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Journal of Muscle Research and Cell Motility. - : Springer. - 0142-4319. ; 29:1, s. 25-36
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Desmin mutations underlie inherited myopathies/cardiomyopathies with varying severity and involvement of the skeletal and cardiac muscles. We developed a transgenic mouse model expressing low level of the L345P desmin mutation (DESMUT mice) in order to uncover changes in skeletal and cardiac muscles caused by this mutation. The most striking ultrastructural changes in muscle from DESMUT mice were mitochondrial swelling and vacuolization. The mitochondrial Ca2+ level was significantly increased in skeletal and cardiac myocytes from DESMUT mice compared to wild type cells during and after contractions. In isolated DESMUT soleus muscles, contractile function and recovery from fatigue were impaired. A SHIRPA screening test for neuromuscular performance demonstrated decreased motor function in DESMUT compared to WT mice. Echocardiographic changes in DESMUT mice included left ventricular wall hypertrophy and a decreased left ventricular chamber dimension. The results imply that low levels of L345P desmin acts, at least partially, by a dominant negative effect on mitochondria.
  • Manti, M., et al. (författare)
  • Excess of ovarian nerve growth factor impairs embryonic development and causes reproductive and metabolic dysfunction in adult female mice
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: FASEB Journal. - : John Wiley & Sons. - 0892-6638 .- 1530-6860. ; 34:11, s. 14440-14457
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Nerve growth factor (NGF) is critical for the development and maintenance of the peripheral sympathetic neurons. NGF is also involved in the ovarian sympathetic innervation and in the development and maintenance of folliculogenesis. Women with the endocrine disorder, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), have an increased sympathetic nerve activity and increased ovarian NGF levels. The role of ovarian NGF excess in the PCOS pathophysiology and in the PCOS-related features is unclear. Here, using transgenic mice overexpressesing NGF in the ovarian theca cells (17NF mice), we assessed the female embryonic development, and the reproductive and metabolic profile in adult females. Ovarian NGF excess caused growth restriction in the female fetuses, and a delayed gonocyte and primary oocyte maturation. In adulthood, the 17NF mice displayed irregular estrous cycles and altered ovarian expression of steroidogenic and epigenetic markers. They also exhibited an increased sympathetic output with increased circulating dopamine, and metabolic dysfunction reflected by aberrant adipose tissue morphology and function, impaired glucose metabolism, decreased energy expenditure, and hepatic steatosis. These findings indicate that ovarian NGF excess leads to adverse fetal development and to reproductive and metabolic complications in adulthood, mirroring common features of PCOS. This work provides evidence that NGF excess may be implicated in the PCOS pathophysiology.
  • Palmio, Johanna, et al. (författare)
  • Hereditary myopathy with early respiratory failure: occurrence in various populations
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 1468-330X. ; 85:3, s. 345-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective Several families with characteristic features of hereditary myopathy with early respiratory failure (HMERF) have remained without genetic cause. This international study was initiated to clarify epidemiology and the genetic underlying cause in these families, and to characterise the phenotype in our large cohort. Methods DNA samples of all currently known families with HMERF without molecular genetic cause were obtained from 12 families in seven different countries. Clinical, histopathological and muscle imaging data were collected and five biopsy samples made available for further immunohistochemical studies. Genotyping, exome sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to identify and confirm sequence variations. Results All patients with clinical diagnosis of HMERF were genetically solved by five different titin mutations identified. One mutation has been reported while four are novel, all located exclusively in the FN3 119 domain (A150) of A-band titin. One of the new mutations showed semirecessive inheritance pattern with subclinical myopathy in the heterozygous parents. Typical clinical features were respiratory failure at mid-adulthood in an ambulant patient with very variable degree of muscle weakness. Cytoplasmic bodies were retrospectively observed in all muscle biopsy samples and these were reactive for myofibrillar proteins but not for titin. Conclusions We report an extensive collection of families with HMERF with five different mutations in exon 343 of TTN, which establishes this exon as the primary target for molecular diagnosis of HMERF. Our relatively large number of new families and mutations directly implies that HMERF is not extremely rare, not restricted to Northern Europe and should be considered in undetermined myogenic respiratory failure.
  • Reichel, L., et al. (författare)
  • From soft to hard magnetic Fe-Co-B by spontaneous strain : a combined first principles and thin film study
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Physics. - 0953-8984 .- 1361-648X. ; 27:47
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In order to convert the well-known Fe-Co-B alloy from a soft to a hard magnet, we propose tetragonal strain by interstitial boron. Density functional theory reveals that when B atoms occupy octahedral interstitial sites, the bcc Fe-Co lattice is strained spontaneously. Such highly distorted Fe-Co is predicted to reach a strong magnetocrystalline anisotropy which may compete with shape anisotropy. To probe this theoretical suggestion experimentally, epitaxial films are examined. A spontaneous strain up to 5% lattice distortion is obtained for B content up to 4 at%, which leads to uniaxial anisotropy constants exceeding 0.5 MJ m(-3). However, a further addition of B results in a partial amorphisation, which degrades both anisotropy and magnetisation.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 52
  • [1]23456Nästa

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