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Sökning: WFRF:(Edvardsen T)

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  • Maret, Eva, et al. (författare)
  • Phase analysis detects heterogeneity of myocardial deformation on cine MRI
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal. - : Informa Healthcare. - 1401-7431 .- 1651-2006. ; 49:3, s. 149-158
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Abstract Objectives. Myocardial scar will lead to heterogeneous left ventricular deformation. We hypothesized that a myocardial scar will display an elevated standard deviation of phase and that this effect could be compared with mechanical dispersion. Design. Thirty patients (3 women and 27 men) were investigated 4-8 weeks after ST-elevation myocardial infarction treated with percutaneous coronary intervention. Seventeen had a scar area >75% in at least one antero- or inferoseptal segment (scar) and 13 had scar <1% (non-scar). The phase delays of velocity, displacement and strain were measured in the longitudinal direction, tangential to the endocardial outline, and in the radial direction, perpendicular to the tangent. Results. The standard deviation of phase in radial measurements differentiated scar patients from those without scar (p<0.01), while longitudinal measurements did so only for longitudinal strain. Likewise, the standard deviation for radial measurements of time to peak for segmental velocity, displacement and strain performed better than longitudinal measurements and equal to the results of phase. Conclusion. Phase dispersion in deformation imaging may be used for detecting heterogeneous left ventricular contraction.
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  • McNamee, Sara E., et al. (författare)
  • Distribution, occurrence and biotoxin composition of the main shellfish toxin producing microalgae within European waters : A comparison of methods of analysis
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Harmful Algae. - 1568-9883 .- 1878-1470. ; 55, s. 112-120
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Harmful algal blooms (HABs) are a natural global phenomena emerging in severity and extent. Incidents have many economic, ecological and human health impacts. Monitoring and providing early warning of toxic HABs are critical for protecting public health. Current monitoring programmes include measuring the number of toxic phytoplankton cells in the water and biotoxin levels in shellfish tissue. As these efforts are demanding and labour intensive, methods which improve the efficiency are essential. This study compares the utilisation of a multitoxin surface plasmon resonance (multitoxin SPR) biosensor with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and analytical methods such as high performance liquid chromatography with fluorescence detection (HPLC-FLD) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for toxic HAB monitoring efforts in Europe. Seawater samples (n = 256) from European waters, collected 2009-2011, were analysed for biotoxins: saxitoxin and analogues, okadaic acid and dinophysistoxins 1/2 (VDU /DTX2) and domoic acid responsible for paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), diarrheic shellfish poisoning (DSP) and amnesic shellfish poisoning (ASP), respectively. Biotoxins were detected mainly in samples from Spain and Ireland. France and Norway appeared to have the lowest number of toxic samples. Both the multitoxin SPR biosensor and the RNA microarray were more sensitive at detecting toxic HABs than standard light microscopy phytoplankton monitoring. Correlations between each of the detection methods were performed with the overall agreement, based on statistical 2 x 2 comparison tables, between each testing platform ranging between 32% and 74% for all three toxin families illustrating that one individual testing method may not be an ideal solution. An efficient early warning monitoring system for the detection of toxic HABs could therefore be achieved by combining both the multitoxin SPR biosensor and RNA microarray. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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