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Sökning: WFRF:(Eliasson Björn 1959)

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1.
  • Jain, R., et al. (författare)
  • Liver nucleotide biosynthesis is linked to protection from vascular complications in individuals with long-term type 1 diabetes
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 10:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Identification of biomarkers associated with protection from developing diabetic complications is a prerequisite for an effective prevention and treatment. The aim of the present study was to identify clinical and plasma metabolite markers associated with freedom from vascular complications in people with very long duration of type 1 diabetes (T1D). Individuals with T1D, who despite having longer than 30 years of diabetes duration never developed major macro- or microvascular complications (non-progressors; NP) were compared with those who developed vascular complications within 25 years from diabetes onset (rapid progressors; RP) in the Scandinavian PROLONG (n = 385) and DIALONG (n = 71) cohorts. The DIALONG study also included 75 healthy controls. Plasma metabolites were measured using gas and/or liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry. Lower hepatic fatty liver indices were significant common feature characterized NPs in both studies. Higher insulin sensitivity and residual beta-cell function (C-peptide) were also associated with NPs in PROLONG. Protection from diabetic complications was associated with lower levels of the glycolytic metabolite pyruvate and APOCIII in PROLONG, and with lower levels of thiamine monophosphate and erythritol, a cofactor and intermediate product in the pentose phosphate pathway as well as higher phenylalanine, glycine and serine in DIALONG. Furthermore, T1D individuals showed elevated levels of picolinic acid as compared to the healthy individuals. The present findings suggest a potential beneficial shunting of glycolytic substrates towards the pentose phosphate and one carbon metabolism pathways to promote nucleotide biosynthesis in the liver. These processes might be linked to higher insulin sensitivity and lower liver fat content, and might represent a mechanism for protection from vascular complications in individuals with long-term T1D.
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  • Ekström, Nils, et al. (författare)
  • Cardiovascular safety of glucose-lowering agents as add-on medication to metformin treatment in type 2 diabetes: report from the Swedish National Diabetes Register
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Diabetes Obesity & Metabolism. - 1462-8902 .- 1463-1326. ; 18:10, s. 990-998
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Aim: To investigate the relative safety of various glucose-lowering agents as add-on medication to metformin in type 2 diabetes in an observational study linking five national health registers. Research design and methods: Patients with type 2 diabetes who had been on metformin monotherapy and started another agent in addition to metformin were eligible for inclusion. The study period was 2005-2012. Adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of mortality, cardiovascular disease (CVD), coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke and congestive heart failure (CHF) were estimated using Cox proportional hazards models, weighted for a propensity score. Results: Of the 20 422 patients included in the study, 43% started on second-line treatment with sulphonylurea (SU), 21% basal insulin, 12% thiazolidinedione (TZD), 11% meglitinide, 10% dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP-4) inhibitor, 1% glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist and 1% acarbose. At the index date, the mean patient age was similar to 60 years for all groups except the GLP-1 receptor agonist (56.0 years) and SU (62.9 years) groups. Diabetes duration and glycated haemoglobin levels were similar in all groups. When compared with SU, basal insulin was associated with an 18% higher risk and TZD with a 24% lower risk of mortality [HR 1.18 (95% CI 1.03-1.36) and 0.76 (95% CI 0.62-0.94)], respectively. DPP-4 inhibitor treatment was associated with significantly lower risks of CVD, fatal CVD, CHD, fatal CHD and CHF. Conclusions: This nationwide observational study showed that second-line treatment with TZD and DPP-4 inhibitor as add-on medication to metformin were associated with significantly lower risks of mortality and cardiovascular events compared with SU, whereas basal insulin was associated with a higher risk of mortality.
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4.
  • Eriksson, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Blood lipids in 75,048 type 2 diabetic patients: a population-based survey from the Swedish National diabetes register.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation : official journal of the European Society of Cardiology, Working Groups on Epidemiology & Prevention and Cardiac Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology. - : Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. - 1741-8275 .- 1741-8267. ; 18:1, s. 97-105
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Type 2 diabetes and diabetic dyslipidemia are high-risk conditions for cardiovascular disease. However, the description of the distribution of blood lipids in diabetic patients has not been based on population-based surveys. The aim of this study was to describe diabetic dyslipidemia in a large unselected sample of patients from the Swedish National Diabetes Register.
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5.
  • Kalani, Majid, et al. (författare)
  • Beneficial effects of dalteparin on haemostatic function and local tissue oxygenation in patients with diabetes, severe vascular disease and foot ulcers.
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Thrombosis research. - : Elsevier Ltd. - 0049-3848 .- 1879-2472. ; 120:5, s. 653-61
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • INTRODUCTION: A state of hypercoagulation and fibrinolytic dysfunction is present in individuals with diabetes, which may contribute to disturbed skin microcirculation and impaired ulcer healing. We have previously reported an improved outcome of chronic diabetic foot ulcers during treatment with dalteparin. In the present study we investigated the effects of dalteparin on skin microcirculation and haemostatic function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 87 patients with diabetes, peripheral arterial obliterative disease and chronic foot ulcers were investigated in a prospective, randomised, double-blind and placebo-controlled study. They were randomised to treatment with subcutaneous injections of 5000 U dalteparin (n=44) or placebo (n=43), once daily until ulcer healing or for a maximum of six months. Plasma fibrinogen, fibrin gel structure [permeability coefficient (Ks) and fiber mass/length ratio (mu)], prothrombin fragment 1+2 (F1+2) antigen, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) antigen were analysed before randomization (baseline value), and at the end of the treatment period. The skin microcirculation of the foot was investigated by transcutaneous oxygen tension (TcPO(2)) and laser Doppler fluxmetry (LDF). RESULTS: The changes (Delta-values) of Ks, mu, tPA and TcPO(2) were higher (p<0.05) during treatment with dalteparin, as compared to the changes during treatment with placebo. At baseline, plasma fibrinogen and Ks were significantly correlated to TcPO(2). CONCLUSIONS: Local skin oxygenation improved and a less thrombogenic fibrin gel structure was formed in patients treated with dalteparin. Beneficial effects on haemostatic function are likely to contribute to the improved skin oxygenation observed during treatment with dalteparin.
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8.
  • Cederholm, J., et al. (författare)
  • Microalbuminuria and risk factors in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Diabetes Res Clin Pract. - : Elsevier. - 0168-8227 .- 1872-8227. ; 67:3, s. 258-66
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • A prospective study of normoalbuminuric diabetic patients was performed between 1997 and 2002 on 4097 type 1 and 6513 type 2 diabetic patients from the Swedish National Diabetes Register (NDR); mean study period, 4.6 years. The strongest independent baseline risk factors for the development of microalbuminuria (20-200 microg/min) were elevated HbA(1c) and diabetes duration in both types 1 and 2 diabetic patients. Other risk factors were high BMI, elevated systolic and diastolic BP in type 2 patients, and antihypertensive therapy in type 1 patients. A subsequent larger cross-sectional study in 2002 showed that established microalbuminuria was independently associated with HbA(1c), diabetes duration, systolic BP, BMI, smoking and triglycerides in types 1 and 2 diabetic patients, and also with HDL-cholesterol in type 2 patients. Relatively few types 1 and 2 patients with microalbuminuria achieved treatment targets of HbA(1c) < 6.5% (21-48%), BP < 130/85 mmHg (33-13%), cholesterol < 5 mmol/l (48-46%), triglycerides < 1.7 mmol/l (83-48%) and BMI < 25 kg/m(2) (50-18%), respectively. In conclusion, high HbA(1c), BP and BMI were independent risk factors for the development of microalbuminuria in types 1 and 2 diabetic patients. These risk factors as well as triglycerides, HDL-cholesterol and smoking were independently associated with established microalbuminuria. Treatment targets were achieved by a relatively few patients with microalbuminuria.
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10.
  • Eeg-Olofsson, Katarina, 1968, et al. (författare)
  • Considerably decreased risk of cardiovascular disease with combined reductions in HbA1c, blood pressure and blood lipids in type 2 diabetes: Report from the Swedish National Diabetes Register
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research. - 1479-1641 .- 1752-8984. ; 13:4, s. 268-277
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objectives: Assess the effect of risk factors changes on risk for cardiovascular disease and mortality in patients with type 2 diabetes selected from the Swedish National Diabetes Register. Methods: Observational study of 13,477 females and males aged 30-75years, with baseline HbA1c 41-67mmol/mol, systolic blood pressure 122-154mmHg and ratio non-HDL:HDL 1.7-4.1, followed for mean 6.5years until 2012. Four groups were created: a reference group (n=6757) with increasing final versus baseline HbA1c, systolic blood pressure and non-HDL:HDL cholesterol during the study period, and three groups with decreasing HbA1c (n=1925), HbA1c and systolic blood pressure (n=2050) or HbA1c and systolic blood pressure and non-HDL:HDL (n=2745). Results: Relative risk reduction for fatal/nonfatal cardiovascular disease was 35% with decrease in HbA1c only (mean 6 to final 49mmol/mol), 56% with decrease in HbA1c and systolic blood pressure (mean 12 to final 128mmHg) and 75% with combined decreases in HbA1c, systolic blood pressure and non-HDL:HDL (mean 0.8 to final 2.1), all p<0.001 adjusting for clinical characteristics, other risk factors, treatments and previous cardiovascular disease. Similar risk reductions were found for fatal/nonfatal coronary heart disease, fatal cardiovascular disease, all-cause mortality and also in a subgroup of 3038 patients with albuminuria. Conclusion: Considerable risk reductions for cardiovascular disease and mortality were seen with combined long-term risk factor improvement.
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