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  • Andreasson, Jakob, et al. (författare)
  • Electron-phonon interactions in perovskites containing Fe and Cr studied by Raman scattering using oxygen-isotope and cation substitution
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Physical Review B. Condensed Matter and Materials Physics. - 1098-0121 .- 1550-235X. ; 78:23, s. 235103
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We use temperature-dependent inelastic light scattering to study the origin of the strong multiphonon scattering of a local oxygen breathing mode present in the mixed B-site orthorhombic (space group Pnma) perovskite LaFe0.5Cr0.5O3 but absent in isostructural LaFeO3 and LaCrO3. It is seen that the multiphonon scattering is critically sensitive to the presence of both Fe and Cr ions on the B site. These results support our interpretation that the multiphonon scattering is activated by local electron-phonon interactions according to the Franck-Condon picture following an Fe-Cr charge transfer. Further, O-18 substitution is performed on the x=0, 0.04, and 0.5 compounds and clearly shows that all modes appearing above the first-order phonon-scattering region in these compounds originate from higher-order oxygen stretching vibrations. In particular this is the case for the strong second-order scattering dominating the scattering response in LaFeO3. Accordingly we propose that these modes are generated by infrared-active longitudinal optical (IR LO) two-phonon and combination scattering activated by Frohlich interaction. For x=0.02 and 0.04 the characteristic IR LO two-phonon and Franck-Condon multiphonon-scattering profiles mix. We also study the influence of isovalent cation substitution and Sr doping in AFe(0.5)Cr(0.5)O(3) (A=La, Nd, and Gd) and La1-ySryFe0.5Cr0.5O3-delta (y=0, 0.16, and 0.5) on the strong electron-phonon coupling present in LaFe0.5Cr0.5O3. The Franck-Condon effect in LaFe0.5Cr0.5O3, is not significantly affected by isovalent A-site substitution, despite the increasing orthorhombic distortion associated with decreasing A-site ionic radii. On the contrary, aliovalent Sr doping causes a rapid decrease in the Franck-Condon scattering. This shows that the strong electron-phonon coupling in these compounds is highly sensitive to local lattice and electronic decoherence but insensitive to global lattice distortions. Finally, a preliminary assignment of the A(g) and B-2g phonon modes in AFe(0.5)Cr(0.5)O(3) (A=La, Nd, and Gd) is made based on the present observations and published results for LaCrO3 and AMnO(3). The modes associated with oxygen octahedral tilt and bending vibrations are heavily influenced by the magnitude of the orthorhombic distortion.
  • Damberg, Mattias, et al. (författare)
  • Investigation of transcription factor AP-2 beta genotype in women with premenstrual dysphoric disorder.
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Neuroscience letters. - 0304-3940. ; 377:1, s. 49-52
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • It has repeatedly been shown that the serotonergic system is involved in the symptomatology of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). Women with PMDD are reported to differ from symptom-free controls with regard to serotonin-related biological markers. Evidence from family and twin studies suggests a genetic contribution to the aetiology of PMDD. The expression of human transcription factor AP-2beta in neural crest cell lineages and neuroectodermal cells suggests that this protein may be of importance for functional characteristics of neurons by regulating the expression of target genes. Within the monoaminergic systems, several genes have binding sites for AP-2beta in regulatory regions, suggesting an involvement of AP-2beta in these systems. The gene encoding AP-2beta is located on chromosome 6p12-p21.1 and includes a polymorphic region consisting of a variable number of [CAAA] repeats located in the second intron. We have earlier shown that AP-2beta genotype is associated with serotonergic phenotypes and that brainstem levels of AP-2beta correlate positively to serotonin metabolism in rat frontal cortex. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between PMDD and transcription factor AP-2beta genotype. The participants included 176 women with PMDD and 91 healthy controls. Genotyping was performed by polymerase chain reactions. We did not observe any differences in AP-2beta genotype frequencies between PMDD subjects and controls. Our results suggest that AP-2beta genotype is not a risk factor for PMDD. To our knowledge, this is the first study investigating transcription factor AP-2beta genotype in women with PMDD. Hence, these results should be considered preliminary until replicated.
  • Trovik, Clement, et al. (författare)
  • The Scandinavian Sarcoma Group Central Register : : 6,000 patients after 25 years of monitoring of referral and treatment of extremity and trunk wall soft-tissue sarcoma
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Acta Orthopaedica. - Taylor & Francis. - 1745-3674. ; s. 1-7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose — We wanted to examine the potential of the Scandinavian Sarcoma Group (SSG) Central Register, and evaluate referral and treatment practice for soft-tissue sarcomas in the extremities and trunk wall (STS) in the Nordic countries. Background — Based on incidence rates from the literature, 8,150 (7,000–9,300) cases of STS of the extremity and trunk wall should have been diagnosed in Norway, Finland, Iceland, and Sweden from 1987 through 2011. The SSG Register has 6,027 cases registered from this period, with 5,837 having complete registration of key variables. 10 centers have been reporting to the Register. The 5 centers that consistently report treat approximately 90% of the cases in their respective regions. The remaining centers have reported all the patients who were treated during certain time periods, but not for the entire 25-year period. Results — 59% of patients were referred to a sarcoma center untouched, i.e. before any attempt at open biopsy. There was an improvement from 52% during the first 5 years to 70% during the last 5 years. 50% had wide or better margins at surgery. Wide margins are now achieved less often than 20 years ago, in parallel with an increase in the use of radiotherapy. For the centers that consistently report, 97% of surviving patients are followed for more than 4 years. Metastasis-free survival (MFS) increased from 67% to 73% during the 25-year period. Interpretation — The Register is considered to be representative of extremity and trunk wall sarcoma disease in the population of Scandinavia, treated at the reporting centers. There were no clinically significant differences in treatment results at these centers.
  • Dörk, Thilo, et al. (författare)
  • Two truncating variants in FANCC and breast cancer risk
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetically heterogeneous disorder with 22 disease-causing genes reported to date. In some FA genes, monoallelic mutations have been found to be associated with breast cancer risk, while the risk associations of others remain unknown. The gene for FA type C, FANCC, has been proposed as a breast cancer susceptibility gene based on epidemiological and sequencing studies. We used the Oncoarray project to genotype two truncating FANCC variants (p.R185X and p.R548X) in 64,760 breast cancer cases and 49,793 controls of European descent. FANCC mutations were observed in 25 cases (14 with p.R185X, 11 with p.R548X) and 26 controls (18 with p.R185X, 8 with p.R548X). There was no evidence of an association with the risk of breast cancer, neither overall (odds ratio 0.77, 95% CI 0.44-1.33, p = 0.4) nor by histology, hormone receptor status, age or family history. We conclude that the breast cancer risk association of these two FANCC variants, if any, is much smaller than for BRCA1, BRCA2 or PALB2 mutations. If this applies to all truncating variants in FANCC it would suggest there are differences between FA genes in their roles on breast cancer risk and demonstrates the merit of large consortia for clarifying risk associations of rare variants.
  • Ekman, A, et al. (författare)
  • Low density and high affinity of platelet [3H]paroxetine binding in women with bulimia nervosa.
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: Psychiatry research. - 0165-1781. ; 142:2-3, s. 219-23
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Impaired serotonin transmission has been suggested to be implicated in the pathophysiology of bulimia nervosa. As an indirect measure of brain serotonergic activity, the binding of tritiated ligands to platelet serotonin transporters has been studied in bulimia nervosa as well as in other putatively serotonin-related psychiatric disorders. In this study, the density and affinity of platelet serotonin transporters were assessed in 20 women meeting the DSM-IV criteria for bulimia nervosa and in 14 controls without previous or ongoing eating disorder using [H-3]paroxetine as a ligand. In comparison to controls, women with bulimia nervosa had a significantly reduced number of platelet binding sites (B-max=721 +/- 313 vs. 1145 +/- 293 fmol/mg protein) and an increase in the affinity for the ligand demonstrated by a lower dissociaton constant (K-d=33 +/- 10 vs. 44 +/- 10 pM). A significant correlation between B-max and K-d values was found in patients but not in controls. Our results support the notion that bulimia nervosa is associated with a reduction in platelet serotonin transporter density. In addition, our study is the first to report that this reduced transporter density in women with bulimia nervosa is accompanied by an increase in the affinity of the transporter for the ligand. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
  • Eriksson, Jonas, et al. (författare)
  • Small Molecule Screening for Inhibitors of the YopH Phosphatase of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Advances in Yersinia Research. - New York : Springer. - 978-1-4614-3560-0 - 978-1-4614-3561-7 ; s. 357-363
  • Bokkapitel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Bacterial virulence systems are attractive targets for development of new antibacterial agents. Yersinia spp. utilize the type III secretion (T3S) system to secrete and translocate Yersinia outer proteins (Yop effectors) into the cytosol of the target cell and thereby overcome host defenses to successfully establish an infection. Thus, the Yop effectors constitute attractive targets for drug development. In the present study we apply small molecule screening to identify inhibitors of one of the secreted proteins YopH, a tyrosine phosphatase required for virulence. Characterization of seven inhibitors indicated that both competitive and noncompetitive inhibitors were identified with IC50 values of 6–20 μM.
  • Eriksson, K. G. Peter, et al. (författare)
  • A Simple and Reliable Electrical Method for Measuring the Junction Temperature and Thermal Resistance of 4H-SiC Power Bipolar Junction Transistors
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Materials Science Forum. - Trans Tech Publications Inc.. - 0255-5476. ; 600-603, s. 1171-1174
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • To determine the maximum allowed power dissipation in a power transistor, it is important to determine the relationship between junction temperature and power dissipation. This work presents a new method for measuring the junction temperature in a SiC bipolar junction transistor (BJT) that is self-heated during DC forward conduction. The method also enables extraction of the thermal resistance between junction and ambient by measurements of the junction temperature as function of DC power dissipation. The basic principle of the method is to determine the temperature dependent IN characteristics of the transistor under pulsed conditions with negligible self-heating, and compare these results with DC measurements with self-heating. Consistent results were obtained from two independent temperature measurements using the temperature dependence of the current gain, and the temperature dependence of the base-emitter IN characteristics, respectively.
  • Eriksson, Mimmi, et al. (författare)
  • Direct Observation of Gas Meniscus Formation on a Superhydrophobic Surface
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: ACS Nano. - AMER CHEMICAL SOC. - 1936-0851. ; 13:2, s. 2246-2252
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The formation of a bridging gas meniscus via cavitation or nanobubbles is considered the most likely origin of the submicrometer long-range attractive forces measured between hydrophobic surfaces in aqueous solution. However, the dynamics of the formation and evolution of the gas meniscus is still under debate, in particular, in the presence of a thin air layer on a superhydrophobic surface. On superhydrophobic surfaces the range can even exceed 10 mu m. Here, we report microscopic images of the formation and growth of a gas meniscus during force measurements between a superhydrophobic surface and a hydrophobic microsphere immersed in water. This is achieved by combining laser scanning confocal microscopy and colloidal probe atomic force microscopy. The configuration allows determination of the volume and shape of the meniscus, together with direct calculation of the Young-Laplace capillary pressure. The long-range attractive interactions acting on separation are due to meniscus formation and volume growth as air is transported from the surface layer.
  • Eriksson, Olle, 1954-, et al. (författare)
  • Ovarian morphology in premenstrual dysphoria
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Psychoneuroendocrinology. - 1873-3360. ; 37:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Ovarian cyclicity is a prerequisite for premenstrual dysphoria (PMD), as illustrated by the fact that this condition is effectively eliminated by ovariectomy or by treatment with a GnRH agonist. Despite the possibility of differences in ovarian function between women with and without PMD, no study comparing ovarian morphology in these two groups has ever been published. Fifty-two women were recruited for this study; 26 had premenstrual dysphoria, fulfilling criteria slightly modified from those of the premenstrual dysphoric disorder, and 26 were asymptomatic age-matched controls. Ovarian morphology was assessed using transvaginal 7MHz ultrasonography on day 5 after the start of menses, and venous blood was sampled for hormone analysis on days 3 and 8, the expected day of ovulation, and day -4 of the menstrual cycle. There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to the prevalence of polycystic ovaries (PCO), the total number of follicles, the total ovarian volume or serum levels of androgen hormones. In addition, serum free testosterone levels in late premenstrual phase showed an inverse association to premenstrual symptoms of irritability and a similar inverse association trend to symptoms of depressed mood. Unexpectedly, the prevalence of ovaries with fewer than five antral or growing follicles was significantly higher in women with PMD than in controls (p=0.016). While the results do not support a role for PCO or androgen hormones in eliciting late luteal phase irritability, the possible relationship between oligofollicular ovaries and PMD deserves further study.
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