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Sökning: WFRF:(Fardell Camilla)

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1.
  • Fardell, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • S100B polymorphisms are associated with age of onset of Parkinson's disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Bmc Medical Genetics. - 1471-2350. ; 19:42
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: In this study we investigated the association between SNPs in the S100B gene and Parkinson's disease (PD) in two independent Swedish cohorts. The SNP rs9722 has previously been shown to be associated with higher S100B concentrations in serum and frontal cortex in humans. S100B is widely expressed in the central nervous system and has many functions such as regulating calcium homeostasis, inflammatory processes, cytoskeleton assembly/disassembly, protein phosphorylation and degradation, and cell proliferation and differentiation. Several of these functions have been suggested to be of importance for the pathophysiology of PD. Methods: The SNPs rs9722, rs2239574, rs881827, rs9984765, and rs1051169 of the S100B gene were genotyped using the KASPar (R) PCR SNP genotyping system in a case-control study of two populations (431 PD patients and 465 controls, 195 PD patients and 378 controls, respectively). The association between the genotype and allelic distributions and PD risk was evaluated using Chi-Square and Cox proportional hazards test, as well as logistic regression. Linear regression and Cox proportional hazards tests were applied to assess the effect of the rs9722 genotypes on age of disease onset. Results: The S100B SNPs tested were not associated with the risk of PD. However, in both cohorts, the T allele of rs9722 was significantly more common in early onset PD patients compared to late onset PD patients. The SNP rs9722 was significantly related to age of onset, and each T allele lowered disease onset with 4.9 years. In addition, allelic variants of rs881827, rs9984765, and rs1051169, were significantly more common in early-onset PD compared to late-onset PD in the pooled population. Conclusions: rs9722, a functional SNP in the 3'-UTR of the S100B gene, was strongly associated with age of onset of PD.
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2.
  • Ran, C., et al. (författare)
  • Strong association between glucocerebrosidase mutations and Parkinson's disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 45
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gaucher's disease, and an increased risk of Parkinson's disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8.17; 95% confidence interval: 2.51-26.23; p-value = 0.0020) and a significant association of the common variant E326K (odds ratio 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.22; p-value = 0.026). The rare variant N370S showed a trend for association. Most L444P carriers (68%) were found to reside in northern Sweden, which is consistent with a higher prevalence of Gaucher's disease in this part of the country. Our findings support the role of GBA mutations as risk factors for PD and point to lysosomal dysfunction as a mechanism contributing to PD etiology. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
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3.
  • Fardell, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • High IQ in Early Adulthood is Associated with Parkinson´s Disease
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Journal of Parkinson's Disease. - 1877-7171 .- 1877-718X. ; 10:4, s. 1649-1656
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: High education level and high occupational complexity have been implicated as risk factors for Parkinson’s disease (PD). Objective: The objective was to determine whether cognitive capacity, measured as IQ, in early adulthood is associated with the subsequent development of PD. Method: Data on IQ were retrieved from the Swedish Military Service Conscription Registry, comprising Swedish males who enlisted for military service in the period 1968–1993 (N = 1,319,235). After exclusion, 1,189,134 subjects in total were included in the present study. Individuals who later developed PD (N = 1,724) were identified using the Swedish National Patient Register and the Swedish Cause of Death Register. Results: High education level was associated with PD. High IQ was associated with PD (p < 0.0001), both when analyzed as a continuous variable and when divided into three categories. The hazard ratio for the high IQ category compared to the low IQ category was 1.35 (95% confidence interval 1.17–1.55). Strong test results on the subtests, measuring verbal, logic, visuospatial and technical abilities, were also associated with PD. In a subgroup, smoking was inversely associated with PD, as well as with IQ. Conclusions: This study identifies high IQ to be a risk factor for PD.
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4.
  • Fardell, Camilla, et al. (författare)
  • S100B polymorphisms are associated with age of onset of Parkinsons disease
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: BMC Medical Genetics. - : BIOMED CENTRAL LTD. - 1471-2350 .- 1471-2350. ; 19
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: In this study we investigated the association between SNPs in the S100B gene and Parkinsons disease (PD) in two independent Swedish cohorts. The SNP rs9722 has previously been shown to be associated with higher S100B concentrations in serum and frontal cortex in humans. S100B is widely expressed in the central nervous system and has many functions such as regulating calcium homeostasis, inflammatory processes, cytoskeleton assembly/disassembly, protein phosphorylation and degradation, and cell proliferation and differentiation. Several of these functions have been suggested to be of importance for the pathophysiology of PD. Methods: The SNPs rs9722, rs2239574, rs881827, rs9984765, and rs1051169 of the S100B gene were genotyped using the KASPar (R) PCR SNP genotyping system in a case-control study of two populations (431 PD patients and 465 controls, 195 PD patients and 378 controls, respectively). The association between the genotype and allelic distributions and PD risk was evaluated using Chi-Square and Cox proportional hazards test, as well as logistic regression. Linear regression and Cox proportional hazards tests were applied to assess the effect of the rs9722 genotypes on age of disease onset. Results: The S100B SNPs tested were not associated with the risk of PD. However, in both cohorts, the T allele of rs9722 was significantly more common in early onset PD patients compared to late onset PD patients. The SNP rs9722 was significantly related to age of onset, and each T allele lowered disease onset with 4.9 years. In addition, allelic variants of rs881827, rs9984765, and rs1051169, were significantly more common in early-onset PD compared to late-onset PD in the pooled population. Conclusions: rs9722, a functional SNP in the 3-UTR of the S100B gene, was strongly associated with age of onset of PD.
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5.
  • Fardell, Camilla (författare)
  • Studies on the Etiology of Parkinson's disease
  • 2020
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • ABSTRACT Parkinson’s disease (PD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disorder in the world and affects around 1% of the population over 60 years of age. The main symptoms of PD include bradykinesia, resting tremor and rigidity, caused to a large extent by degeneration of the dopaminergic neurons in substantia nigra. Aggregates of the protein -synuclein can be seen in dopaminergic cells and other neurons. The pathogenesis starts up to 20 years before the patients notice any motor symptoms. Idiopathic PD is a complex multi-factorial disease and the etiology is largerly unknown but several genetic and environmental risk factors have been identified. Treatments of PD aim to alleviate motor symptoms but there is no cure or any treatment to slow down disease progression. The aim of this thesis was to investigate different factors in relation to PD risk. In Paper I, we investigated the relation between genetic polymorphisms in the S100B gene and the age at onset of PD in two independent Swedish populations. The main finding in Paper I is that the SNP rs9722 is associated with an earlier age at onset of PD. rs9722 has previously been shown to be associated with higher S100B levels. S100B can activate inflammatory pathways through RAGE and may be able to speed up progression of PD. The work in Paper II and III consisted of population-based prospective studies of late-adolescent men who underwent compulsory military conscription. The main finding of Paper II was that high scores on IQ tests were associated with an increased risk of being diagnosed with PD later in life. In paper III, we found that higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was associated with lower PD risk. The study in Paper IV investigated the antibody response to measles- and VZV-specific antigens in serum and CSF samples of patients with PD. PD patients had a lower antibody response to VZV-specific antigen in serum and CSF samples. In conclusion, we present new risk factors for PD in the present thesis. Our findings suggest that inflammation may not be a risk factor for PD., but merely a secondary phenomenon that speeds up disease progression. On the contrary, our data rather suggest that a greater premorbid inflammatory reaction can play a protective role against PD. A decreased immune and inflammatory reaction against pathogens or protein aggregates could contribute to the progression of PD.
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6.
  • Pihlstrom, L., et al. (författare)
  • Fine mapping and resequencing of the PARK16 locus in Parkinson's disease
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1434-5161 .- 1435-232X. ; 60:7, s. 357-362
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The PARK16 locus, spanning five genes on chromosome 1, was among the first genetic regions to show genome-wide association in Parkinson's disease (PD). Subsequent investigations have found variability in PARK16 top-hits and association patterns across populations, and the implicated genes and mechanisms are currently unclear. In the present study, we aimed to explore the contribution of PARK16 variability to PD risk in a Scandinavian population. We genotyped 17 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a case-control sample set of 2570 individuals from Norway and Sweden to fine map the locus. Targeted resequencing of the full coding regions of SLC45A3, NUCKS1, RAB7L1, SLC41A1 and PM20D1 was performed in DNA pools from a subset of 387 patient samples. We find evidence for an association with PD for rs1775143 as well as a haplotype located around the 5' region of RAB7L1, implicating variants which are not in high linkage disequilibrium with the strongest signal from a recent large meta-analysis in Caucasians. We also provide suggestive support for epistasis between RAB7L1 and LRRK2 as previously hypothesized by others. Comparing our results with previous work, allelic heterogeneity at PARK16 appears likely, and further studies are warranted to disentangle the complex patterns of association and pinpoint the functionally relevant variants.
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7.
  • Pihlstrom, Lasse, et al. (författare)
  • Fine mapping and resequencing of the PARK16 locus in Parkinsons disease
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Journal of Human Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group: Open Access Hybrid Model Option A. - 1434-5161 .- 1435-232X. ; 60:7, s. 357-362
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The PARK16 locus, spanning five genes on chromosome 1, was among the first genetic regions to show genome-wide association in Parkinsons disease (PD). Subsequent investigations have found variability in PARK16 top-hits and association patterns across populations, and the implicated genes and mechanisms are currently unclear. In the present study, we aimed to explore the contribution of PARK16 variability to PD risk in a Scandinavian population. We genotyped 17 single-nucleotide polymorphisms in a case-control sample set of 2570 individuals from Norway and Sweden to fine map the locus. Targeted resequencing of the full coding regions of SLC45A3, NUCKS1, RAB7L1, SLC41A1 and PM20D1 was performed in DNA pools from a subset of 387 patient samples. We find evidence for an association with PD for rs1775143 as well as a haplotype located around the 5 region of RAB7L1, implicating variants which are not in high linkage disequilibrium with the strongest signal from a recent large meta-analysis in Caucasians. We also provide suggestive support for epistasis between RAB7L1 and LRRK2 as previously hypothesized by others. Comparing our results with previous work, allelic heterogeneity at PARK16 appears likely, and further studies are warranted to disentangle the complex patterns of association and pinpoint the functionally relevant variants.
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8.
  • Pihlstrom, L., et al. (författare)
  • Supportive evidence for 11 loci from genome-wide association studies in Parkinson's disease
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : Elsevier. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 34:6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • enome-wide association studies have identified a number of susceptibility loci in sporadic Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent larger studies and meta-analyses have greatly expanded the list of proposed association signals. We performed a case-control replication study in a Scandinavian population, analyzing samples from 1345 unrelated PD patients and 1225 control subjects collected by collaborating centers in Norway and Sweden. Single-nucleotide polymorphisms representing 18 loci previously reported at genome-wide significance levels were genotyped, as well as 4 near-significant, suggestive, loci. We replicated 11 association signals at p < 0.05 (SNCA, STK39, MAPT, GPNMB, CCDC62/HIP1R, SYT11, GAK, STX1B, MCCC1/LAMP3, ACMSD, and FGF20). The more recently nominated susceptibility loci were well represented among our positive findings, including 3 which have not previously been validated in independent studies. Conversely, some of the more well-established loci failed to replicate. While future meta-analyses should corroborate disease associations further on the level of common markers, efforts to pinpoint functional variants and understand the biological implications of each risk locus in PD are also warranted.
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9.
  • Ran, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • No association between rs7077361 in ITGA8 and Parkinson’s disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Open Neurology Journal. - 1874-205X. ; 10, s. 25-29
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Integrin alpha 8 (ITGA8) encodes the alpha 8 subunit of the integrin alpha8beta1 protein and has recently been suggested as a new candidate gene for Parkinson’s disease, an age related neurodegenerative disease with unknown etiology. ITGA8 is a transmembrane protein involved in several cellular processes, such as cell adhesion, migration and cytoskeletal rearrangement. Objective: Screen a Swedish case control material for rs7077361, a genetic variant in ITGA8, in order to investigate its possible implication in Parkinson’s disease in Sweden. Method: Rs7077361 was genotyped using TaqMan quantitative Real-time PCR and tested for association using appropriate statistical methods. Results: We have screened 502 Swedish Parkinson patients and 599 healthy control individuals for rs7077361 in ITGA8. This genetic variant was in Hardy Weinberg equilibrium in the Swedish population. Allele and genotype frequencies were highly similar between the patients and controls and statistical testing showed that this genetic maker did not associate with Parkinson’s disease (p=0.67). Conclusion: Our results do not support the hypothesis of ITGA8 as a candidate gene for Parkinson’s disease in Sweden. © Ran et al.
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10.
  • Ran, Caroline, et al. (författare)
  • Strong association between glucocerebrosidase mutations and Parkinsons disease in Sweden
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Neurobiology of Aging. - : ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC. - 0197-4580 .- 1558-1497. ; 45:212.e5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several genetic studies have demonstrated an association between mutations in glucocerebrosidase (GBA), originally implicated in Gauchers disease, and an increased risk of Parkinsons disease (PD). We have investigated the possible involvement of genetic GBA variations in PD in the Swedish population. Three GBA variants, E326K, N370S, and L444P were screened in the largest Swedish Parkinson cohort reported to date; 1625 cases and 2025 control individuals. We found a significant association with high effect size of the rare variant L444P with PD (odds ratio 8.17; 95% confidence interval: 2.51-26.23; p-value = 0.0020) and a significant association of the common variant E326K (odds ratio 1.60; 95% confidence interval: 1.16-2.22; p-value = 0.026). The rare variant N370S showed a trend for association. Most L444P carriers (68%) were found to reside in northern Sweden, which is consistent with a higher prevalence of Gauchers disease in this part of the country. Our findings support the role of GBA mutations as risk factors for PD and point to lysosomal dysfunction as a mechanism contributing to PD etiology. (C) 2016 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc.
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