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Sökning: WFRF:(Fasterius Erik 1987 )

  • Resultat 1-9 av 9
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1.
  • Charitou, Theodosia, et al. (författare)
  • Transcriptional and metabolic rewiring of colorectal cancer cells expressing the oncogenic KRAS(G13D) mutation
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: British Journal of Cancer. - NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 0007-0920 .- 1532-1827. ; 121:1, s. 37-50
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>BACKGROUND: Activating mutations in KRAS frequently occur in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients, leading to resistance to EGFRtargeted therapies. METHODS: To better understand the cellular reprogramming which occurs in mutant KRAS cells, we have undertaken a systems-level analysis of four CRC cell lines which express either wild type (wt) KRAS or the oncogenic KRAS(G13D) allele (mtKRAS). RESULTS: RNAseq revealed that genes involved in ribosome biogenesis, mRNA translation and metabolism were significantly upregulated in mtKRAS cells. Consistent with the transcriptional data, protein synthesis and cell proliferation were significantly higher in the mtKRAS cells. Targeted metabolomics analysis also confirmed the metabolic reprogramming in mtKRAS cells. Interestingly, mtKRAS cells were highly transcriptionally responsive to EGFR activation by TGF alpha stimulation, which was associated with an unexpected downregulation of genes involved in a range of anabolic processes. While TGF alpha treatment strongly activated protein synthesis in wtKRAS cells, protein synthesis was not activated above basal levels in the TGF alpha-treated mtKRAS cells. This was likely due to the defective activation of the mTORC1 and other pathways by TGF alpha in mtKRAS cells, which was associated with impaired activation of PKB signalling and a transient induction of AMPK signalling. CONCLUSIONS: We have found that mtKRAS cells are substantially rewired at the transcriptional, translational and metabolic levels and that this rewiring may reveal new vulnerabilities in oncogenic KRAS CRC cells that could be exploited in future.</p>
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2.
  • Fasterius, Erik, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • Analysis of public RNA-sequencing data reveals biological consequences of genetic heterogeneity in cell line populations
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Meta-analysis of datasets available in public repositories are used to gather and summarise experiments performed across laboratories, as well as to explore consistency of scientific findings. As data quality and biological equivalency across samples may obscure such analyses and consequently their conclusions, we investigated the comparability of 85 public RNA-seq cell line datasets. Thousands of pairwise comparisons of single nucleotide variants in 139 samples revealed variable genetic heterogeneity of the eight cell line populations analysed as well as variable data quality. The H9 and HCT116 cell lines were found to be remarkably stable across laboratories (with median concordances of 99.2% and 98.5%, respectively), in contrast to the highly variable HeLa cells (89.3%). We show that the genetic heterogeneity encountered greatly affects gene expression between same-cell comparisons, highlighting the importance of interrogating the biological equivalency of samples when comparing experimental datasets. Both the number of differentially expressed genes and the expression levels negatively correlate with the genetic heterogeneity. Finally, we demonstrate how comparing genetically heterogeneous datasets affect gene expression analyses and that high dissimilarity between same-cell datasets alters the expression of more than 300 cancer-related genes, which are often the focus of studies using cell lines.</p>
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3.
  • Fasterius, Erik, 1987- (författare)
  • Exploring genetic heterogeneity in cancer using high-throughput DNA and RNA sequencing
  • 2018
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>High-throughput sequencing (HTS) technology has revolutionised the biomedical sciences, where it is used to analyse the genetic makeup and gene expression patterns of both primary patient tissue samples and models cultivated <em>in vitro</em>. This makes it especially useful for research on cancer, a disease that is characterised by its deadliness and genetic heterogeneity. This inherent genetic variation is an important aspect that warrants exploration, and the depth and breadth that HTS possesses makes it well-suited to investigate this facet of cancer.</p><p>The types of analyses that may be accomplished with HTS technologies are many, but they may be divided into two groups: those that analyse the DNA of the sample in question, and those that work on the RNA. While DNA-based methods give information regarding the genetic landscape of the sample, RNA-based analyses yield data regarding gene expression patterns; both of these methods have already been used to investigate the heterogeneity present in cancer. While RNA-based methods are traditionally used exclusively for expression analyses, the data they yield may also be utilised to investigate the genetic variation present in the samples. This type of RNA-based analysis is seldom performed, however, and valuable information is thus ignored.</p><p>The aim of this thesis is the development and application of DNA- and RNA- based HTS methods for analysing genetic heterogeneity within the context of cancer. The present investigation demonstrates that not only may RNA-based sequencing be used to successfully differentiate different <em>in vitro</em> cancer models through their genetic makeup, but that this may also be done for primary patient data. A pipeline for these types of analyses is established and evaluated, showing it to be both robust to several technical parameters as well as possess a broad scope of analytical possibilities. Genetic variation within cancer models in public databases are evaluated and demonstrated to affect gene expression in several cases. Both inter- and intra-patient genetic heterogeneity is shown using the established pipeline, in addition to demonstrating that cancerous cells are more heterogeneous than their normal neighbours. Finally, two bioinformatic open source software packages are presented.</p><p>The results presented herein demonstrate that genetic analyses using RNA-based methods represent excellent complements to already existing DNA-based techniques, and further increase the already large scope of how HTS technologies may be utilised.</p>
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4.
  • Fasterius, Erik, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • SeqCAT : A bioconductor R-package for variant analysis of high throughput sequencing data [version 1; peer review: 1 approved with reservations, 1 not approved]
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: F1000 Research. - F1000 Research Ltd. - 2046-1402. ; 7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>High throughput sequencing technologies are flourishing in the biological sciences, enabling unprecedented insights into e.g. genetic variation, but require extensive bioinformatic expertise for the analysis. There is thus a need for simple yet effective software that can analyse both existing and novel data, providing interpretable biological results with little bioinformatic prowess. We present seqCAT, a Bioconductor toolkit for analysing genetic variation in high throughput sequencing data. It is a highly accessible, easy-to-use and well-documented R-package that enables a wide range of researchers to analyse their own and publicly available data, providing biologically relevant conclusions and publication-ready figures. SeqCAT can provide information regarding genetic similarities between an arbitrary number of samples, validate specific variants as well as define functionally similar variant groups for further downstream analyses. Its ease of use, installation, complete data-to-conclusions functionality and the inherent flexibility of the R programming language make seqCAT a powerful tool for variant analyses compared to already existing solutions. A publicly available dataset of liver cancer-derived organoids is analysed herein using the seqCAT package, demonstrating that the organoids are genetically stable. A previously known liver cancer-related mutation is additionally shown to be present in a sample though it was not listed in the original publication. Differences between DNA- and RNA-based variant calls in this dataset are also analysed revealing a high median concordance of 97.5%. </p>
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6.
  • Fasterius, Erik, 1987-, et al. (författare)
  • Single-cell RNA-seq variant analysis for exploration of genetic heterogeneity in cancer
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2045-2322 .- 2045-2322. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Inter-and intra-tumour heterogeneity is caused by genetic and non-genetic factors, leading to severe clinical implications. High-throughput sequencing technologies provide unprecedented tools to analyse DNA and RNA in single cells and explore both genetic heterogeneity and phenotypic variation between cells in tissues and tumours. Simultaneous analysis of both DNA and RNA in the same cell is, however, still in its infancy. We have thus developed a method to extract and analyse information regarding genetic heterogeneity that affects cellular biology from single-cell RNA-seq data. The method enables both comparisons and clustering of cells based on genetic variation in single nucleotide variants, revealing cellular subpopulations corroborated by gene expression-based methods. Furthermore, the results show that lymph node metastases have lower levels of genetic heterogeneity compared to their original tumours with respect to variants affecting protein function. The analysis also revealed three previously unknown variants common across cancer cells in glioblastoma patients. These results demonstrate the power and versatility of scRNA-seq variant analysis and highlight it as a useful complement to already existing methods, enabling simultaneous investigations of both gene expression and genetic variation.</p>
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8.
  • Kennedy, S. A., et al. (författare)
  • Extensive rewiring of the EGFR network in colorectal cancer cells expressing transforming levels of KRASG13D
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - Springer Nature. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 11:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Protein-protein-interaction networks (PPINs) organize fundamental biological processes, but how oncogenic mutations impact these interactions and their functions at a network-level scale is poorly understood. Here, we analyze how a common oncogenic KRAS mutation (KRASG13D) affects PPIN structure and function of the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR) network in colorectal cancer (CRC) cells. Mapping &amp;gt;6000 PPIs shows that this network is extensively rewired in cells expressing transforming levels of KRASG13D (mtKRAS). The factors driving PPIN rewiring are multifactorial including changes in protein expression and phosphorylation. Mathematical modelling also suggests that the binding dynamics of low and high affinity KRAS interactors contribute to rewiring. PPIN rewiring substantially alters the composition of protein complexes, signal flow, transcriptional regulation, and cellular phenotype. These changes are validated by targeted and global experimental analysis. Importantly, genetic alterations in the most extensively rewired PPIN nodes occur frequently in CRC and are prognostic of poor patient outcomes.</p>
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