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Sökning: WFRF:(Fatouros Bergman H)

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  • Xu, Chengai, et al. (författare)
  • CSF levels of synaptosomal-associated protein 25 and synaptotagmin-1 in first-episode psychosis subjects
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: IBRO Reports. - Elsevier. - 2451-8301. ; 8, s. 136-142
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Post-mortem studies consistently show evidence of reduced synaptic protein levels in patients with schizophrenia. Clinically high-risk subjects show a steeper decrease in grey matter thickness and in vitro modeling using patient-derived cells implicate excessive synaptic pruning during neurodevelopment as a part of the schizophrenia pathophysiology. However, it is unclear to what extent synapse elimination is present during various stages of the disease, which is of clinical importance as in a real-world setting most subjects received their first-episode psychosis (FEP) diagnosis not until their mid-twenties. In the present study, we measured cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) concentrations of the two pre-synaptic proteins synaptosomal-associated protein 25 (SNAP-25) and synaptotagmin-1 (SYT-1), both of which are increased in conditions of ongoing synaptic degeneration, in 44 FEP subjects (mean age 29.9 years) and 21 healthy controls (25.9 years) using immunoprecipitation mass spectrometry. Neither protein was found to differ between healthy controls and patients, and they showed no correlation with symptom ratings, cognitive performance or antipsychotic medication. Additional studies in high-risk subjects in the early prodromal phase will be needed to address if excessive synapse destruction occurs before the development of overt psychotic symptoms.
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  • Elvsåshagen, Torbjørn, et al. (författare)
  • The genetic architecture of human brainstem structures and their involvement in common brain disorders
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - Nature Publishing Group. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 11:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Brainstem regions support vital bodily functions, yet their genetic architectures and involvement in common brain disorders remain understudied. Here, using imaging-genetics data from a discovery sample of 27,034 individuals, we identify 45 brainstem-associated genetic loci, including the first linked to midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata volumes, and map them to 305 genes. In a replication sample of 7432 participants most of the loci show the same effect direction and are significant at a nominal threshold. We detect genetic overlap between brainstem volumes and eight psychiatric and neurological disorders. In additional clinical data from 5062 individuals with common brain disorders and 11,257 healthy controls, we observe differential volume alterations in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, multiple sclerosis, mild cognitive impairment, dementia, and Parkinson's disease, supporting the relevance of brainstem regions and their genetic architectures in common brain disorders. The genetic architecture underlying brainstem regions and how this links to common brain disorders is not well understood. Here, the authors use MRI and GWAS data from 27,034 individuals to identify genetic and morphological brainstem features that influence common brain disorders.</p>
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 32
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