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Sökning: WFRF:(Feagan Brian)

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1.
  • Fleisher, Mark, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of Vedolizumab Therapy on Extraintestinal Manifestations in Inflammatory Bowel Disease
  • Ingår i: Digestive Diseases and Sciences. - : Springer. - 0163-2116. ; 63:4, s. 825-833
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Approximately 15–20% of ulcerative colitis patients and 20–40% of those with Crohn’s disease experience extraintestinal manifestations (EIMs) of their inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Clinicians who treat IBD must manage EIMs affecting multiple organs that variably correlate with intestinal disease activity. Vedolizumab is a monoclonal antibody for the treatment of IBD with a gut-selective mechanism of action. Aims: This report evaluates whether vedolizumab is an effective treatment of EIMs, given its gut-specific mechanism of action. Methods: We report 8 case studies of patients with various EIMs, including pyoderma gangrenosum, peripheral arthralgia/arthritis, axial arthropathies, erythema nodosum, and uveitis, who received vedolizumab therapy. Results: Vedolizumab therapy was effective for pyoderma gangrenosum in ulcerative colitis, uveitis, erythema nodosum, polyarticular arthropathy, and ankylosing spondylitis/sacroiliitis but did not provide sustained benefit for the treatment of pyoderma gangrenosum in a patient with Crohn’s disease. Conclusions: These cases demonstrate the potential of vedolizumab as a treatment of EIMs in patients with IBD.
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2.
  • Siegel, Corey A., et al. (författare)
  • Development of an index to define overall disease severity in IBD
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Gut. - London, United Kingdom : BMJ Publishing Group Ltd. - 0017-5749 .- 1468-3288. ; 67:2, s. 244-254
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background and aim: Disease activity for Crohn's disease (CD) and UC is typically defined based on symptoms at a moment in time, and ignores the long-term burden of disease. The aims of this study were to select the attributes determining overall disease severity, to rank the importance of and to score these individual attributes for both CD and UC.Methods: Using a modified Delphi panel, 14 members of the International Organization for the Study of Inflammatory Bowel Diseases (IOIBD) selected the most important attributes related to IBD. Eighteen IOIBD members then completed a statistical exercise (conjoint analysis) to create a relative ranking of these attributes. Adjusted utilities were developed by creating proportions for each level within an attribute.Results: For CD, 15.8% of overall disease severity was attributed to the presence of mucosal lesions, 10.9% to history of a fistula, 9.7% to history of abscess and 7.4% to history of intestinal resection. For UC, 18.1% of overall disease severity was attributed to mucosal lesions, followed by 14.0% for impact on daily activities, 11.2% C reactive protein and 10.1% for prior experience with biologics. Overall disease severity indices were created on a 100-point scale by applying each attribute's average importance to the adjusted utilities.Conclusions: Based on specialist opinion, overall CD severity was associated more with intestinal damage, in contrast to overall UC disease severity, which was more dependent on symptoms and impact on daily life. Once validated, disease severity indices may provide a useful tool for consistent assessment of overall disease severity in patients with IBD.
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