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Sökning: WFRF:(Fernández Real José Manuel)

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1.
  • Kilpelainen, Tuomas O., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation near IRS1 associates with reduced adiposity and an impaired metabolic profile.
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nature genetics. - 1546-1718. ; 43:8, s. 753-60
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies have identified 32 loci influencing body mass index, but this measure does not distinguish lean from fat mass. To identify adiposity loci, we meta-analyzed associations between similar to 2.5 million SNPs and body fat percentage from 36,626 individuals and followed up the 14 most significant (P < 10(-6)) independent loci in 39,576 individuals. We confirmed a previously established adiposity locus in FTO (P = 3 x 10(-26)) and identified two new loci associated with body fat percentage, one near IRS1 (P = 4 x 10(-11)) and one near SPRY2 (P = 3 x 10(-8)). Both loci contain genes with potential links to adipocyte physiology. Notably, the body-fat-decreasing allele near IRS1 is associated with decreased IRS1 expression and with an impaired metabolic profile, including an increased visceral to subcutaneous fat ratio, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, risk of diabetes and coronary artery disease and decreased adiponectin levels. Our findings provide new insights into adiposity and insulin resistance.
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2.
  • Huth, Cornelia, et al. (författare)
  • IL6 gene promoter polymorphisms and type 2 diabetes - Joint analysis of individual participants' data from 21 studies
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: DIABETES. - 0012-1797. ; 55:10, s. 2915-2921
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Several lines of evidence indicate a causal role of the cytokine interleukin (IL)-6 in the development of type 2 diabetes in humans. Two common polymorphisms in the promoter of the IL-6 encoding gene IL6, -174G > C (rs1800795) and -573G > C (rs1800796), have been investigated for association with type 2 diabetes in numerous studies but with results that have been largely equivocal. To clarify the relationship between the two IL6 variants and type 2 diabetes, we analyzed individual data on > 20,000 participants from 21 published and unpublished studies. Collected data represent eight different countries, making this the largest association analysis for type 2 diabetes reported to date. The GC and CC genotypes of IL6 -174G > C were associated with a decreased risk of type 2 diabetes (odds ratio 0.91, P = 0.037), corresponding to a risk modification of nearly 9%. No evidence for association was found between IL6 -573G > C and type 2 diabetes. The observed association of the IL6 -174 C-allele with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes provides further evidence for the hypothesis that immune mediators are causally related to type 2 diabetes; however, because the association is borderline significant, additional data are still needed to confirm this finding.
3.
  • Rodriguez-Cuenca, Sergio, et al. (författare)
  • Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ-dependent regulation of lipolytic nodes and metabolic flexibility
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Molecular and Cellular Biology. - American Society for Microbiology. - 0270-7306 .- 1098-5549. ; 32:8, s. 1555-1565
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Optimal lipid storage and mobilization are essential for efficient adipose tissue. Nuclear receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ (PPARγ) regulates adipocyte differentiation and lipid deposition, but its role in lipolysis and dysregulation in obesity is not well defined. This investigation aimed to understand the molecular impact of dysfunctional PPARγ on the lipolytic axis and to explore whether these defects are also confirmed in common forms of human obesity. For this purpose, we used the P465L PPARγ mouse as a model of dysfunctional PPARγ that recapitulates the human pparγ mutation (P467L). We demonstrated that defective PPARγ impairs catecholamine-induced lipolysis. This abnormal lipolytic response is exacerbated by a state of positive energy balance in leptin-deficient ob/ob mice. We identified the protein kinase A (PKA) network as a PPARγ-dependent regulatory node of the lipolytic response. Specifically, defective PPARγ is associated with decreased basal expression of prkaca (PKAcatα) and d-akap1, the lipase genes Pnplaz (ATGL) and Lipe (HSL), and lipid droplet protein genes fsp27 and adrp in vivo and in vitro. Our data indicate that PPARγ is required for activation of the lipolytic regulatory network, dysregulation of which is an important feature of obesity-induced insulin resistance in humans.</p>
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4.
  • Kilpelainen, Tuomas O., et al. (författare)
  • Genetic variation near IRS1 associates with reduced adiposity and an impaired metabolic profile
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - 1061-4036 .- 1546-1718. ; 43:8, s. 753-U58
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Genome-wide association studies have identified 32 loci influencing body mass index, but this measure does not distinguish lean from fat mass. To identify adiposity loci, we meta-analyzed associations between similar to 2.5 million SNPs and body fat percentage from 36,626 individuals and followed up the 14 most significant (P &lt; 10(-6)) independent loci in 39,576 individuals. We confirmed a previously established adiposity locus in FTO (P = 3 x 10(-26)) and identified two new loci associated with body fat percentage, one near IRS1 (P = 4 x 10(-11)) and one near SPRY2 (P = 3 x 10(-8)). Both loci contain genes with potential links to adipocyte physiology. Notably, the body-fat-decreasing allele near IRS1 is associated with decreased IRS1 expression and with an impaired metabolic profile, including an increased visceral to subcutaneous fat ratio, insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, risk of diabetes and coronary artery disease and decreased adiponectin levels. Our findings provide new insights into adiposity and insulin resistance.</p>
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5.
  • Huth, Cornelia, et al. (författare)
  • Joint analysis of individual participants' data from 17 studies on the association of the IL6 variant -174G>C with circulating glucose levels, interleukin-6 levels, and body mass index.
  • 2009
  • Ingår i: Annals of medicine. - 1365-2060. ; 41:2, s. 128-38
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Several studies have investigated associations between the -174GC single nucleotide polymorphism (rs1800795) of the IL6 gene and phenotypes related to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) but presented inconsistent results. Aims. This joint analysis aimed to clarify whether IL6 -174GC was associated with glucose and circulating interleukin-6 concentrations as well as body mass index (BMI). Methods. Individual-level data from all studies of the IL6-T2DM consortium on Caucasian subjects with available BMI were collected. As study-specific estimates did not show heterogeneity (P0.1), they were combined by using the inverse-variance fixed-effect model. Results. The main analysis included 9440, 7398, 24,117, or 5659 non-diabetic and manifest T2DM subjects for fasting glucose, 2-hour glucose, BMI, or circulating interleukin-6 levels, respectively. IL6 -174 C-allele carriers had significantly lower fasting glucose (-0.091 mmol/L, P=0.014). There was no evidence for association between IL6 -174GC and BMI or interleukin-6 levels, except in some subgroups. Conclusions. Our data suggest that C-allele carriers of the IL6 -174GC polymorphism have lower fasting glucose levels on average, which substantiates previous findings of decreased T2DM risk of these subjects.
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