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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Filho Miguel Inacio da Silva) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Filho Miguel Inacio da Silva)

  • Resultat 1-10 av 27
  • [1]23Nästa
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1.
  • Göhler, Stella, et al. (författare)
  • Functional germline variants in driver genes of breast cancer
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Cancer Causes and Control. - Dordrecht : Springer. - 0957-5243 .- 1573-7225. ; 28:4, s. 259-271
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Purpose: Germline mutations in tumour suppressor genes cause various cancers. These genes are also somatically mutated in sporadic tumours. We hypothesized that there may also be cancer-related germline variants in the genes commonly mutated in sporadic breast tumours. Methods: After excluding the well-characterized breast cancer (BC) genes, we screened 15 novel genes consistently classified as BC driver genes in next-generation sequencing approaches for single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). Altogether 40 SNPs located in the core promoter, 5′- and 3′-UTR or which were nonsynonymous SNPs were genotyped in 782 Swedish incident BC cases and 1,559 matched controls. After statistical analyses, further evaluations related to functional prediction and signatures of selection were performed. Results: TBX3 was associated with BC risk (rs2242442: OR = 0.76, 95% CI 0.64–0.92, dominant model) and with less aggressive tumour characteristics. An association with BC survival and aggressive tumour characteristics was detected for the genes ATR (rs2227928: HR = 1.63; 95% CI 1.00–2.64, dominant model), RUNX1 (rs17227210: HR = 3.50, 95% CI 1.42–8.61, recessive model) and TTN (rs2303838: HR = 2.36; 95% CI 1.04–5.39; rs2042996: HR = 2.28; 95% CI 1.19–4.37, recessive model). According to the experimental ENCODE data all these SNPs themselves or SNPs in high linkage disequilibrium with them (r2 ≥ 0.80) were located in regulatory regions. RUNX1 and TTN showed also several signatures of positive selection. Conclusion: The study gave evidence that germline variants in BC driver genes may have impact on BC risk and/or survival. Future studies could discover further germline variants in known or so far unknown driver genes which contribute to cancer development.
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2.
  • Mitchell, Jonathan S., et al. (författare)
  • Genome-wide association study identifies multiple susceptibility loci for multiple myeloma
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Multiple myeloma (MM) is a plasma cell malignancy with a significant heritable basis. Genome-wide association studies have transformed our understanding of MM predisposition, but individual studies have had limited power to discover risk loci. Here we perform a meta-analysis of these GWAS, add a new GWAS and perform replication analyses resulting in 9,866 cases and 239,188 controls. We confirm all nine known risk loci and discover eight new loci at 6p22.3 (rs34229995, P = 1.31 x 10(-8)), 6q21 (rs9372120, P = 9.09 x 10(-15)), 7q36.1 (rs7781265, P = 9.71 x 10(-9)), 8q24.21 (rs1948915, P = 4.20 x 10(-11)), 9p21.3 (rs2811710, P = 1.72 x 10(-13)), 10p12.1 (rs2790457, P = 1.77 x 10(-8)), 16q23.1 (rs7193541, P = 5.00 x 10(-12)) and 20q13.13 (rs6066835, P = 1.36 x 10(-13)), which localize in or near to JARID2, ATG5, SMARCD3, CCAT1, CDKN2A, WAC, RFWD3 and PREX1. These findings provide additional support for a polygenic model of MM and insight into the biological basis of tumour development.
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3.
  • Thomsen, Hauke, et al. (författare)
  • Inbreeding and homozygosity in breast cancer survival.
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Scientific Reports. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2045-2322. ; 5
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) help to understand the effects of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on breast cancer (BC) progression and survival. We performed multiple analyses on data from a previously conducted GWAS for the influence of individual SNPs, runs of homozygosity (ROHs) and inbreeding on BC survival. (I.) The association of individual SNPs indicated no differences in the proportions of homozygous individuals among short-time survivors (STSs) and long-time survivors (LTSs). (II.) The analysis revealed differences among the populations for the number of ROHs per person and the total and average length of ROHs per person and among LTSs and STSs for the number of ROHs per person. (III.) Common ROHs at particular genomic positions were nominally more frequent among LTSs than in STSs. Common ROHs showed significant evidence for natural selection (iHS, Tajima's D, Fay-Wu's H). Most regions could be linked to genes related to BC progression or treatment. (IV.) Results were supported by a higher level of inbreeding among LTSs. Our results showed that an increased level of homozygosity may result in a preference of individuals during BC treatment. Although common ROHs were short, variants within ROHs might favor survival of BC and may function in a recessive manner.
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4.
  • Went, Molly, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic correlation between multiple myeloma and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia provides evidence for shared aetiology
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Blood Cancer Journal. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 2044-5385 .- 2044-5385. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The clustering of different types of B-cell malignancies in families raises the possibility of shared aetiology. To examine this, we performed cross-trait linkage disequilibrium (LD)-score regression of multiple myeloma (MM) and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) genome-wide association study (GWAS) data sets, totalling 11,734 cases and 29,468 controls. A significant genetic correlation between these two B-cell malignancies was shown (R-g = 0.4, P = 0.0046). Furthermore, four of the 45 known CLL risk loci were shown to associate with MM risk and five of the 23 known MM risk loci associate with CLL risk. By integrating eQTL, Hi-C and ChlP-seq data, we show that these pleiotropic risk loci are enriched for B-cell regulatory elements and implicate B-cell developmental genes. These data identify shared biological pathways influencing the development of CLL and, MM and further our understanding of the aetiological basis of these B-cell malignancies.
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5.
  • Corredor, Zuray, et al. (författare)
  • Loci associated with genomic damage levels in chronic kidney disease patients and controls
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. - : Elsevier. - 1383-5718. ; 852
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a multifactorial disorder with an important genetic component, and several studies have demonstrated potential associations with allelic variants. In addition, CKD patients are also characterized by high levels of genomic damage. Nevertheless, no studies have established relationships between DNA damage, or genomic instability present in CKD patients, and gene polymorphisms. To fill in this gap, the potential role of polymorphisms in genes involved in base excision repair (OGG1, rs1052133; MUTYH, rs3219489; XRCC1, rs25487), nucleotide excision repair (ERCC2/XPD, rs1799793, rs171140, rs13181; ERCC4, rs3136166); phase II metabolism (GSTP1, rs749174; GSTO1, rs2164624; GSTO2, rs156697), and antioxidant enzymes (SOD1, rs17880135, rs1041740, rs202446; SOD2, rs4880; CAT, rs1001179; GPX1, rs17080528; GPX3, rs870406: GPX4, rs713041) were inquired. In addition, some genes involved in CKD (AGT, rs5050; GLO1, rs386572987; SHROOM3, rs17319721) were also evaluated. The genomic damage, the genomic instability, and oxidative damage were evaluated by using the micronucleus and the comet assay in 589 donors (415 CKD patients and 174 controls). Our results showed significant associations between genomic damage and genes directly involved in DNA repair pathways (XRCC1, and ERCC2), and with genes encoding for antioxidant enzymes (SOD1 and GPX1). GSTO2, as a gene involved in phase II metabolism, and MUTYH showed also an association with genomic instability. Interestingly, the three genes associated with CKD (AGT, GLO1, and SHROOM3) showed associations with both the high levels of oxidatively damaged DNA and genomic instability. These results support our view that genomic instability can be considered a biomarker of the CKD status.
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6.
  • Went, Molly, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of multiple risk loci and regulatory mechanisms influencing susceptibility to multiple myeloma
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Nature Communications. - : NATURE PUBLISHING GROUP. - 2041-1723 .- 2041-1723. ; 9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have transformed our understanding of susceptibility to multiple myeloma (MM), but much of the heritability remains unexplained. We report a new GWAS, a meta-analysis with previous GWAS and a replication series, totalling 9974 MM cases and 247,556 controls of European ancestry. Collectively, these data provide evidence for six new MM risk loci, bringing the total number to 23. Integration of information from gene expression, epigenetic profiling and in situ Hi-C data for the 23 risk loci implicate disruption of developmental transcriptional regulators as a basis of MM susceptibility, compatible with altered B-cell differentiation as a key mechanism. Dysregulation of autophagy/apoptosis and cell cycle signalling feature as recurrently perturbed pathways. Our findings provide further insight into the biological basis of MM.
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7.
  • Campo, Chiara, et al. (författare)
  • Bortezomib-induced peripheral neuropathy : A genome-wide association study on multiple myeloma patients
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Hematological Oncology. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0278-0232. ; 36:1, s. 232-237
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The proteasome-inhibitor bortezomib was introduced into the treatment of multiple myeloma more than a decade ago. It is clinically beneficial, but peripheral neuropathy (PNP) is a side effect that may limit its use in some patients. To examine the possible genetic predisposing factors to PNP, we performed a genome-wide association study on 646 bortezomib-treated German multiple myeloma patients. Our aim was to identify genetic risk variants associated with the development of PNP as a serious side effect of the treatment. We identified 4 new promising loci for bortezomib-induced PNP at 4q34.3 (rs6552496), 5q14.1 (rs12521798), 16q23.3 (rs8060632), and 18q21.2 (rs17748074). Even though the results did not reach genome-wide significance level, they support the idea of previous studies, suggesting a genetic basis for neurotoxicity. The identified single nucleotide polymorphisms map to genes or next to genes involved in the development and function of the nervous system (CDH13, DCC, and TENM3). As possible functional clues, 2 of the variants, rs12521798 and rs17748074, affect enhancer histone marks in the brain. The rs12521798 may also impact expression of THBS4, which affects specific signal trasduction pathways in the nervous system. Further research is needed to clarify the mechanism of action of the identified single nucleotide polymorphisms in the development of drug-induced PNP and to functionally validate our in silico predictions.
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8.
  • Campo, Chiara, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic Susceptibility to Bortezomib-Induced Peripheral Neuroropathy : Replication of the Reported Candidate Susceptibility Loci
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Neurochemical Research. - : Springer. - 0364-3190. ; 42:3, s. 925-931
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The introduction of proteasome inhibitors in the treatment of multiple myeloma (MM) patients has been a therapeutic success. Peripheral neuropathy (PNP) remains one of the most frequent side-effects experienced by patients who receive these novel agents. Recent investigations on the mechanisms of PNP in patients treated with bortezomib have suggested genetic susceptibility to neurotoxicity. We used data from a genome-wide association study conducted on 646 bortezomib-treated German MM patients to replicate the previously reported associations between single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in candidate genes and PNP in MM patients, including 298 SNPs with a nominal significance (p value <0.05). Twelve associations were confirmed at a significance level p value <0.05. The corresponding SNPs are located in genes involved in drug metabolism (ABCC1, ABCC6), development and function of the nervous system (POGZ, NFAT pathway, EDN1), modulation of immune responses (IL17RD, IL10RA) and the NF-κB signaling pathway (PSMB4, BTCR, F2). We systematically investigated functional consequences of those variants using several bioinformatics tools, such as HaploRegV4.1, RegulomeDB and UCSC Genome Browser. Expression quantitative trait loci (eQTL) data suggested that some of the identified SNPs might influence gene expression through a differential recruitment of transcription factors. In conclusion, we confirmed some of the recently reported associations between germline variation and PNP. Elucidating the mechanisms underlying these associations will contribute to the development of new strategies for the prevention or reduction of PNP.
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9.
  • Catalano, Calogerina, et al. (författare)
  • Epistatic effect of TLR3 and cGAS-STING-IKKε-TBK1-IFN signaling variants on colorectal cancer risk
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Cancer Medicine. - : Wiley-Blackwell. - 2045-7634. ; 9:4, s. 1473-1484
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The TLR3/cGAS-STING-IFN signaling has recently been reported to be disturbed in colorectal cancer due to deregulated expression of the genes involved. Our study aimed to investigate the influence of potential regulatory variants in these genes on the risk of sporadic colorectal cancer (CRC) in a Czech cohort of 1424 CRC patients and 1114 healthy controls. Methods: The variants in the TLR3, CGAS, TMEM173, IKBKE, and TBK1 genes were selected using various online bioinformatic tools, such as UCSC browser, HaploReg, Regulome DB, Gtex Portal, SIFT, PolyPhen2, and miRNA prediction tools. Results: Logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and sex detected a nominal association between CRC risk and three variants, CGAS rs72960018 (OR: 1.68, 95% CI: 1.11-2.53, P-value =.01), CGAS rs9352000 (OR: 2.02, 95% CI: 1.07-3.84, P-value =.03) and TMEM173 rs13153461 (OR: 1.53, 95% CI: 1.03-2.27, P-value =.03). Their cumulative effect revealed a threefold increased CRC risk in carriers of 5-6 risk alleles compared to those with 0-2 risk alleles. Epistatic interactions between these genes and the previously genotyped IFNAR1, IFNAR2, IFNA, IFNB, IFNK, IFNW, IRF3, and IRF7 genes, were computed to test their effect on CRC risk. Overall, we obtained nine pair-wise interactions within and between the CGAS, TMEM173, IKBKE, and TBK1 genes. Two of them remained statistically significant after Bonferroni correction. Additional 52 interactions were observed when IFN variants were added to the analysis. Conclusions: Our data suggest that epistatic interactions and a high number of risk alleles may play an important role in CRC carcinogenesis, offering novel biological understanding for the CRC management.
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10.
  • Catalano, Calogerina, et al. (författare)
  • Investigation of single and synergic effects of NLRC5 and PD-L1 variants on the risk of colorectal cancer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - : Public Library of Science. - 1932-6203. ; 13:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Constitutive activation of interferon signaling pathways has been reported in colorectal cancer (CRC), leading to a strong CD8+ T cell response through stimulation of NLRC5 expression. Primed CD8+ T cell expansion, however, may be negatively regulated by PD-L1 expression. Additionally, aberrant PD-L1 expression enables cancer cells to escape the immune attack. Our study aimed to select potential regulatory variants in the NLRC5 and PD-L1 genes by using several online in silico tools, such as UCSC browser, HaploReg, Regulome DB, Gtex Portal, microRNA and transcription factor binding site prediction tools and to investigate their influence on CRC risk in a Czech cohort of 1424 CRC patients and 1114 healthy controls. Logistic regression analysis adjusted for age and gender reported a moderate association between rectal cancer risk and two NLRC5 SNPs, rs1684575 T>G (OR: 1.60, 95% CI: 1.13–2.27, recessive model) and rs3751710 (OR: 0.70, 95% CI: 0.51–0.96, dominant model). Given that a combination of genetic variants, rather than a single polymorphism, may explain better the genetic etiology of CRC, we studied the interplay between the variants within NLRC5, PD-L1 and the previously genotyped IFNGR1 and IFNGR2 variants, to evaluate their involvement in the risk of CRC development. Overall we obtained 18 pairwise interactions within and between the NLRC5 ad PD-L1 genes and 6 more when IFNGR variants were added. Thirteen out of the 24 interactions were below the threshold for the FDR calculated and controlled at an arbitrary level q*<0.10. Furthermore, the interaction IFNGR2 rs1059293 C>T—NLRC5 rs289747 G>A (P<0.0001) remained statistically significant even after Bonferroni correction. Our data suggest that not only a single genetic variant but also an interaction between two or more variants within genes involved in immune regulation may play important roles in the onset of CRC, providing therefore novel biological information, which could eventually improve CRC risk management but also PD-1-based immunotherapy in CRC.
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  • Resultat 1-10 av 27
  • [1]23Nästa

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