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  • Hatschek, T., et al. (författare)
  • PREDIX HER2 trial : Event-free survival and pathologic complete response in clinical subgroups and stromal TILs levels
  • 2020
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Elsevier. - 0923-7534 .- 1569-8041. ; 31:Suppl. 2, s. S49-S49
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Neoadjuvant treatment with Trastuzumab-emtansine was associated with similar rates of pathological complete remission (pCR) as standard therapy withd ocetaxel, trastuzumab and pertuzumab in the PREDIX HER2 trial. Here, results of event-free survival (EFS), and pCR rates in key clinical-pathological subgroups and biomarkers including the abundance of stromal tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are presented.Methods: PREDIX HER2 is a randomized, multicenter, open-label, phase 2 study involving 9 Swedish sites. Patients with HER2 positive breast cancer, verified by ISH, T>20 mm and/or verified lymph node metastases were randomized to six three-weekly courses of either docetaxel, trastuzumab SC and pertuzumab (group A), or trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1, group B). Switch of treatment to the opposite arm was allowed in case of lack of response or severe toxicity. Radiological evaluation included 18F-FDG PET/CT. Patients in both groups received adjuvant chemotherapy with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide. TILs were evaluated using standard methodology, median 10%.Results: In total 197 pts. were evaluable, 99 in group A, and 98 in group B. pCR (ypT0/is ypN0) was achieved in 90 pts, 45.7%, with no significant difference between the two treatment groups. pCR rates were lower in the group of patients with hormone receptor (HR)epositive compared with HR-negative tumors but similar in both treatment groups. pCR rates did not differ between the two treatments in subgroups defined by age, menopausal status, tumor grade, T size, node status, HR-status, HER2 status and Ki67. Progressive disease was observed in 3 pts. (3%) during treatment with T-DM1, none in group A. After a median follow-up of 2.4 years 13 EFS events occurred, with no significant differences between the treatment groups. The presence of 10% TILs predicted pCR significantly (p¼0.009), similar in both treatment groups. We also found that a decrease of SUVmax by more than 80% was highly predictive of pCR. HRQoL was significantly better in pts. receiving T-DM1.Conclusions: Our data suggest that neoadjuvant T-DM1 may be as effective as standard neoadjuvant treatment in all clinical subgroups evaluated. Both TILs and PET/CT showed potential to predict pCR.Clinical trial identification: NCT02568839.
  • Matikas, A., et al. (författare)
  • Prognostic role of serum thymidine kinase 1 kinetics during neoadjuvant chemotherapy for early breast cancer
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: ESMO Open. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 2059-7029. ; 6:2
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • BACKGROUND: Emerging data support the use of thymidine kinase 1 (TK1) activity as a prognostic marker and for monitoring of response in breast cancer (BC). The long-term prognostic value of TK1 kinetics during neoadjuvant chemotherapy is unclear, which this study aimed to elucidate. METHODS: Material from patients enrolled to the single-arm prospective PROMIX trial of neoadjuvant epirubicin, docetaxel and bevacizumab for early BC was used. Ki67 in baseline biopsies was assessed both centrally and by automated digital imaging analysis. TK1 activity was measured from blood samples obtained at baseline and following two cycles of chemotherapy. The associations of TK1 and its kinetics as well as Ki67 with event-free survival and overall survival (OS) were evaluated using multivariable Cox regression models. RESULTS: Central Ki67 counting had excellent correlation with the results of digital image analysis (r = 0.814), but not with the diagnostic samples (r = 0.234), while it was independently prognostic for worse OS [adjusted hazard ratio (HRadj) = 2.72, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.19-6.21, P = 0.02]. Greater increase in TK1 activity after two cycles of chemotherapy resulted in improved event-free survival (HRadj = 0.50, 95% CI 0.26-0.97, P = 0.04) and OS (HRadj = 0.46, 95% CI 0.95, P = 0.04). There was significant interaction between the prognostic value of TK1 kinetics and Ki67 (pinteraction 0.04). CONCLUSION: Serial measurement of serum TK1 activity during neoadjuvant chemotherapy provides long-term prognostic information in BC patients. The ease of obtaining serial samples for TK1 assessment motivates further evaluation in larger studies.
  • Foukakis, T., et al. (författare)
  • When to order a biopsy to characterise a metastatic relapse in breast cancer
  • 2012
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - 0923-7534 .- 1569-8041. ; 23, s. 349-353
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Today, the diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer is usually based on radiological findings, and therapeutic decisions are made by considering the pathological characteristics and predictive markers of the primary tumour. Accumulating evidence suggests that tumour characteristics, including estrogen receptor (ER) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), are unstable through tumour progression. Several retrospective studies and, recently, two prospective studies have investigated the discrepancies in receptor status between primary tumours and the corresponding metastases in a total of 1773 patients (for ER) and 2845 patients (for HER2). Changes in ER and HER2 status in these studies range from 14.5% to 40% and from 0% to 37.5%, respectively. In the two prospective studies, a different diagnosis, usually non-malignant, was obtained in 3% and 9% of the cases, and the biopsy led to a treatment modification in about one out of seven patients. Here, we review and discuss the currently available data and provide our recommendations on when a metastatic biopsy should be obtained.
  • Matikas, Alexios, et al. (författare)
  • Dynamic evaluation of the immune infiltrate and immune function genes as predictive markers for neoadjuvant chemotherapy in hormone receptor positive, HER2 negative breast cancer
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Oncoimmunology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 2162-4011 .- 2162-402X. ; 7:9
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Gene expression (GE) signatures and Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes (TIL) enumeration are predictive for response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in HR- and in HER2+ breast cancer, but data are conflicting in HR+/HER2- disease. This study aimed to explore their predictive value in this subset, measured both at baseline and after short exposure to chemotherapy. Specifically, the PROMIX phase 2 trial enrolled patients with locally advanced HER2- BC to receive six cycles of epirubicin and docetaxel, plus bevacizumab during cycles 3-6. Patients underwent tumor biopsies at baseline and after cycle 2 for GE profiling and enumeration of TIL, FOXP3+ T-cells and CD163+ macrophages. An immune related gene module and the quantification of the immune infiltrate were analyzed for association with pathologic complete response (pCR), decrease in tumor size and disease-free survival (DFS). Of the 150 patients enrolled in PROMIX, 113 were HR+/HER2-. Baseline GE and immune cell enumeration data were available from 71 patients, while data after 2 cycles of chemotherapy were available from 41. At baseline, only GE was statistically significantly associated with higher pCR rates (OR 2.29, 95% CI 1.05 - 5.38, p = 0.037) and decrease in tumor size (r = 0.25, p = 0.047). In contrast, longitudinal data indicate that both GE (r = 0.54, p<0.001) and TIL abundance (p = 0.009) are stronger predictors for the reduction of tumor size, while low FOXP3+ was statistically significantly associated with an improved DFS (p = 0.027). In conclusion, GE analysis, TIL and FOXP3+ enumeration after short-term exposure to chemotherapy carry important predictive information in HR+/HER2- breast cancer at the neoadjuvant setting.
  • Bergh, Jonas C. S., et al. (författare)
  • Docetaxel, trastuzumab, pertuzumab versus trastuzumab emtansine as neoadjuvant treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer : results from the Swedish PREDIX HER2 trial identifying a new potential de-escalation standard?
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 37:15, s. 501-501
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Neoadjuvant therapy produces high rates of pathological complete response (pCR) and is the standard of care in HER2 positive breast cancer; however, the optimal treatment regimen remains to be established. Methods: In this randomized phase II study patients ≥18 years with HER2 positive breast cancer > 20mm or verified lymph node metastases were randomized to 6 courses of docetaxel, trastuzumab and pertuzumab (DTP, group A) or trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1, group B), q 21 days. The protocol allowed switch to the competing treatment upon lack of response or drug-related severe toxicity. Patients received postoperative epirubicin+cyclophosphamide, trastuzumab for a total of one year and endocrine therapy. Accrual was completed in October 2018 after randomization of 202 patients, data on pCR were available for 190 at the time for this abstract submission. Median age, 52 years (26-74), menopausal status, histological type and grade were well balanced between the treatment groups. 62.6% of the tumors were hormone receptor (HR) positive. Results: Primary endpoint was pathological objective response. 190 patients completed the protocol-specified preoperative treatment. pCR was achieved in 45.3% of patients, 46.4% in patients treated with DTP and 44.1% with T-DM1 (chi-sq., p = 0.75). In HR-positive tumors, pCR was obtained in 35.3% of patients, 35.9% in group A vs. 34.6% in group B (p = 0.87); in HR-negative tumors, the overall pCR rate was 62.0%, 66.7% in group A vs. 57.9% in group B (p = 0.45). Severe (grade 3/4) toxicity was reported at 68 occasions related to DTP, compared with 16 related to T-DM1, 26 vs. 3 caused by febrile neutropenia. Significantly better quality of life was reported by patients treated with T-DM1. Conclusions: Our data on TDM-1 demonstrates similar efficacy and less toxicity, in particular for patients with HER2 and HR positive cancers, being a potential new standard for neoadjuvant therapy. Clinical trial information: NCT02568839.
  • Brandberg, Yvonne, et al. (författare)
  • Health-related quality of life in the Swedish PREDIX HER2 trial, evaluating docetaxel, trastuzumab, pertuzumab versus trastuzumab emtansine as neoadjuvant treatment of HER2-positive breast cancer.
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Clinical Oncology. - : American Society of Clinical Oncology. - 0732-183X .- 1527-7755. ; 37:15, s. 583-583
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • Background: Neoadjuvant therapy combining docetaxel, trastuzumab and pertuzumab (DTP) was compared to trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) in the randomized phase 2 PREDIX HER2 trial. Patients, ≥18 years with HER2 positive breast cancer, ≥20mm or with verified lymph node metastases, were randomized to six courses of DTP (Standard arm) or T-DM1 (Experimental arm). Primary endpoint was pathological objective response to primary medical therapy at post-treatment surgery. Health related quality of life (HRQoL) was a secondary outcome, and is of specific interest as there was no difference between the randomization groups regarding the main endpoint (results presented in a separate abstract sent to ASCO 2019, Bergh et al.). Methods: Of 202 randomized patients, 190 are available for evaluation at this point. HRQoL was measured, using EORTC QLQ-C30 + EORTC QLQ-BR23, at baseline before randomization and after six courses. Results: No differences between the randomization arms were found at baseline. Results after six courses, based on 163 patients (86%) and adjusted to baseline values, revealed statistical significant differences (p≤0.01), favoring the experimental T-DM1 arm on 7 out of 15 of the EORTC QLQ-C30 variables (Physical functioning, Role functioning, Social functioning, Global quality of Life, Fatigue, Dyspnea, and Diarrhea). For the breast cancer specific questionnaire (EORTC-BR23), the experimental arm scored statistically significantly better on 5 out of 7 subscales (Body image, Sexual functioning, Sexual enjoyment, Systemic therapy side effects and Upset by hair loss). All of the statistical significant differences were of moderate or large clinical significance (≥10 scale scores). No differences between the randomization arms were found for the remaining HRQoL variables. Conclusions: The experimental arm reported better HRQoL than the control arm after six courses. Trastuzumab emtansine may be a useful treatment alternative due to better HRQoL and lower toxicity. Clinical trial information: NCT02568839.
  • Hatschek, Thomas, et al. (författare)
  • Neoadjuvant Trastuzumab, Pertuzumab, and Docetaxel vs Trastuzumab Emtansine in Patients With ERBB2-Positive Breast Cancer : A Phase 2 Randomized Clinical Trial
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: JAMA Oncology. - : American Medical Association (AMA). - 2374-2437 .- 2374-2445.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • IMPORTANCE Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is presently approved for treatment of advanced breast cancer and after incomplete response to neoadjuvant therapy, but the potential of T-DM1 as monotherapy is so far unknown. OBJECTIVE To assess pathologic complete response (pCR) to standard neoadjuvant therapy of combination docetaxel, trastuzumab, and pertuzumab (DTP) vs T-DM1 monotherapy in patients with ERBB2 (formerly HER2)-positive breast cancer. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS This randomized phase 2 trial, conducted at 9 sites in Sweden, enrolled 202 patients between December 1, 2014, and October 31, 2018. Participants were 18 years or older, with ERBB2-positive tumors larger than 20 mm and/or verified lymph node metastases. Analysis was performed on an intention-to-treat basis. INTERVENTIONS Patients were randomized to receive 6 cycles of DTP (standard group) or T-DM1 (investigational group). Crossover was recommended at lack of response or occurrence of intolerable toxic effects. Assessment with fluorine 18-labeled fluorodeoxyglucose (F-18-FDG) positron emission tomography combined with computed tomography (PET-CT) was performed at baseline and after 2 and 6 treatment cycles. MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURES Pathologic complete response, defined as ypT0 or Tis ypN0. Secondary end points were clinical and radiologic objective response; event-free survival, invasive disease-free survival, distant disease-free survival, and overall survival; safety; health-related quality of life (HRQoL); functional and biological tumor characteristics; and frequency of breast-conserving surgery. RESULTS Overall, 202 patients were randomized; 197 (99 women in the standard group [median age, 51 years (range, 26-73 years)] and 98 women in the investigational group [median age, 53 years (range, 28-74 years)]) were evaluable for the primary end point. Pathologic complete response was achieved in 45 patients in the standard group (45.5%; 95% CI 35.4%-55.8%) and 43 patients in the investigational group (43.9%; 95% CI 33.9%-54.3%). The difference was not statistically significant (P = .82). In a subgroup analysis, the pCR rate was higher in hormone receptor-negative tumors than in hormone receptor-positive tumors in both treatment groups (45 of 72 [62.5%] vs 45 of 125 [36.0%]). Three patients in the T-DM1 group experienced progression during therapy. In an exploratory analysis, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes at 10% or more (median) estimated pCR significantly (odds ratio, 2.76; 95% CI, 1.42-5.36; P = .003). Response evaluation with F-18-FDG PET-CT revealed a relative decrease of maximum standardized uptake value by more than 31.3% (median) was associated with pCR (odds ratio, 6.67, 95% CI, 2.38-20.00; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE In this study, treatment with standard neoadjuvant combination DTP was equal to T-DM1.
  • Matikas, A., et al. (författare)
  • Immune function and response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in hormone receptor positive, HER2-negative breast cancer
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Annals of Oncology. - : Oxford University Press. - 0923-7534 .- 1569-8041. ; 28
  • Tidskriftsartikel (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • BackgroundGene expression (GE) signatures and Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocyte (TILs) enumeration have shown promise as predictors of response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in Hormone Receptor negative (HR-) and HER2+, but not in HR+/HER2- breast cancer (BC). This study aimed to explore their predictive value in HR+/HER2- BC, based on previous work from our group on the association of immune function and chemosensitivity in advanced HR+ BC.MethodsThe PROMIX phase 2 trial enrolled patients with locally advanced HER2- BC to receive six cycles of epirubicin and docetaxel, plus bevacizumab during cycles 3-6. Patients underwent tumor biopsies at baseline and after cycle 2 for GE profiling using DNA microarrays and TIL enumeration according to standard guidelines. Since pathologic complete remission (pCR) is relatively rare in HR+ BC, we also associated an immune gene module score (IMS) and TIL counts with the non-dichotomous variable of decrease in tumor size.ResultsOf the 150 enrolled patients, n = 113 were HR+. For n = 71, both TIL and GE data were available at baseline, while for n = 78 and n = 49 patients longitudinal TIL and GE data at baseline and cycle 2 were available, respectively. At baseline, on both univariate (OR = 2.29, P = 0.037) and multivariate analysis (OR = 2.35, P = 0.044) IMS was associated with pCR, while its association with tumor shrinkage was only apparent on univariate (P = 0.047) and not multivariate analysis (P = 0.061). TIL infiltration >50% (n = 9) was associated with neither pCR (OR = 1.812, P = 0.61) nor tumor shrinkage (P = 0.99). However, decreases in TIL counts in cycle 2 compared with baseline were associated with lesser decreases in tumor size (P = 0.043 for univariate and P = 0.044 for multivariate analysis).
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