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Sökning: WFRF:(Frigge Michael L)

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  • Stacey, Simon N., et al. (författare)
  • Ancestry-Shift Refinement Mapping of the C6orf97-ESR1 Breast Cancer Susceptibility Locus
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: PLoS Genetics. - : Public Library of Science. - 1553-7404. ; 6:7
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We used an approach that we term ancestry-shift refinement mapping to investigate an association, originally discovered in a GWAS of a Chinese population, between rs2046210[T] and breast cancer susceptibility. The locus is on 6q25.1 in proximity to the C6orf97 and estrogen receptor alpha (ESR1) genes. We identified a panel of SNPs that are correlated with rs2046210 in Chinese, but not necessarily so in other ancestral populations, and genotyped them in breast cancer case: control samples of Asian, European, and African origin, a total of 10,176 cases and 13,286 controls. We found that rs2046210[T] does not confer substantial risk of breast cancer in Europeans and Africans (OR = 1.04, P = 0.099, and OR = 0.98, P = 0.77, respectively). Rather, in those ancestries, an association signal arises from a group of less common SNPs typified by rs9397435. The rs9397435[G] allele was found to confer risk of breast cancer in European (OR = 1.15, P = 1.2x10(-3)), African (OR = 1.35, P = 0.014), and Asian (OR = 1.23, P = 2.9x10(-4)) population samples. Combined over all ancestries, the OR was 1.19 (P = 3.9x10(-7)), was without significant heterogeneity between ancestries (P-het = 0.36) and the SNP fully accounted for the association signal in each ancestry. Haplotypes bearing rs9397435[G] are well tagged by rs2046210[ T] only in Asians. The rs9397435[G] allele showed associations with both estrogen receptor positive and estrogen receptor negative breast cancer. Using early-draft data from the 1,000 Genomes project, we found that the risk allele of a novel SNP (rs77275268), which is closely correlated with rs9397435, disrupts a partially methylated CpG sequence within a known CTCF binding site. These studies demonstrate that shifting the analysis among ancestral populations can provide valuable resolution in association mapping.
  • Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur, et al. (författare)
  • A large icelandic family with early osteoarthritis of the hip associated with a susceptibility locus on chromosome 16p
  • 2001
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - : John Wiley and Sons. - 0004-3591. ; 44:11, s. 2548-2555
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To describe a large kinship with inherited hip osteoarthritis (OA) and its associated susceptibility locus. Methods. Four generations of a kinship with familial hip OA were identified and characterized by family history and by clinical, radiographic, and histopathologic examination. In the genome-wide search for a susceptibility locus, OA cases were defined as those who had undergone total hip replacement associated with a clinical and radiographic diagnosis of hip OA. A genome-wide scan was performed using a framework set of microsatellite markers with an average spacing of 10 cM. Results. The hip OA of this family was indistinguishable from that of idiopathic, nonfamilial hip OA. There was no apparent evidence of spondyloepiphyseal dysplasia or other dysplasias usually associated with mutations in collagen genes. The genome-wide scan revealed a locus on chromosome 16p between 28 cM and 47 cM from the telomere, and this locus met the criteria for suggestive linkage (multipoint allele-sharing logarithm of odds [LOD] score 2.58, P = 1.6 × 10-4). Two additional regions with LOD scores of >1.5 were obtained. Conclusion. We have identified and described the largest kinship with familial hip OA reported to date. Evidence for linkage in this family suggests that a gene for susceptibility to hip OA exists on chromosome 16p. This represents an independent identification of a susceptibility locus previously reported for hip OA in this geographic region.
  • Ingvarsson, Thorvaldur, et al. (författare)
  • The inheritance of hip osteoarthritis in Iceland
  • 2000
  • Ingår i: Arthritis and Rheumatism. - : John Wiley and Sons Inc.. - 0004-3591. ; 43:12, s. 2785-2792
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective. To assess, in a population-wide study in Iceland, the genetic contribution to hip osteoarthritis (OA) leading to total hip replacement (THR). Methods. Information from 2 population-based databases in Iceland was combined: a national registry of all THRs performed between 1972 and 1996, and a genealogy database of all available Icelandic genealogy records for the last 11 centuries. A genetic contribution to THR for OA was assessed by 1) identifying familial clusters of OA patients with THR, 2) applying the minimum founder test (MFT) to estimate the minimum number of ancestors ('founders') that would account for the genealogy of all 2,713 patients with THR for OA, compared with the average number of founders for control lists, 3) calculating an average pairwise kinship coefficient (KC) for the patient list and control lists, and 4) estimating the relative risk (RR) for THR among relatives of OA patients who have undergone the procedure. One thousand matched control lists, each the same size as the patient list, were created using the genealogy database. Results. A large number of familial clusters of patients with THR for OA were identified. The MFT showed that OA patients descended from fewer founders than did subjects in the control groups (P <0.001). The average pairwise KC among patients with OA was greater than in the control population (P <0.001). The RR for THR among siblings of OA patients was 3.05 (95% confidence interval 2.52-3.10). Conclusion. This population-based study shows that icelandic patients with hip replacement for OA are significantly more related to each other than are matched controls drawn from the Icelandic population. These findings support a significant genetic contribution to a common form of OA and encourage the search for genes conferring an increased susceptibility to OA.
  • Styrkarsdottir, Unnur, et al. (författare)
  • Severe osteoarthritis of the hand associates with common variants within the ALDH1A2 gene and with rare variants at 1p31.
  • 2014
  • Ingår i: Nature Genetics. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 1546-1718. ; 46:5, s. 498-502
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis and is a major cause of pain and disability in the elderly. To search for sequence variants that confer risk of osteoarthritis of the hand, we carried out a genome-wide association study (GWAS) in subjects with severe hand osteoarthritis, using variants identified through the whole-genome sequencing of 2,230 Icelanders. We found two significantly associated loci in the Icelandic discovery set: at 15q22 (frequency of 50.7%, odds ratio (OR) = 1.51, P = 3.99 × 10(-10)) in the ALDH1A2 gene and at 1p31 (frequency of 0.02%, OR = 50.6, P = 9.8 × 10(-10)). Among the carriers of the variant at 1p31 is a family with several members in whom the risk allele segregates with osteoarthritis. The variants within the ALDH1A2 gene were confirmed in replication sets from The Netherlands and the UK, yielding an overall association of OR = 1.46 and P = 1.1 × 10(-11) (rs3204689).
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