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1.
  • Skjærven, Liv H., et al. (författare)
  • Consensus on core phenomena and statements describing Basic Body Awareness Therapy within the movement awareness domain in physiotherapy
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0959-3985 .- 1532-5040. ; 35:1, s. 80-93
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Physiotherapists are facing complex health challenges in the treatment of persons suffering from long-lasting musculoskeletal disorders and mental health problems. Basic Body Awareness Therapy (BBAT) is a physiotherapy approach within the movement awareness domain developed to bridge physical, mental, and relational health challenges. The purpose of this study was to reach a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. A consensus-building process was conducted using the nominal group technique (NGT). Twenty-one BBAT experts from 10 European countries participated in a concentrated weekend workshop of 20 hours. All participants signed informed consent. Participants reached a consensus on 138 core phenomena, clustered in three overarching categories: clinical core, historical roots, and research and evaluation phenomena. Of the 106 clinical core phenomena, the participants agreed on three categories of phenomena: movement quality, movement awareness practice, and movement awareness therapy and pedagogy. Furthermore, the participants reached 100 percent consensus on 16 of 30 statements describing BBAT. This study provides a consensus on core phenomena and statements describing BBAT. The data reveal phenomena implemented when promoting movement quality through movement awareness. Data provide clarity in some aspects of the vocabulary as fundamental theory. Further reearch will be developed.
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2.
  • Gard, Gunvor, et al. (författare)
  • Motivating factors for return to work
  • 1998
  • Ingår i: Physiotherapy Research International. - : Whurr Publishing. - 1358-2267 .- 1471-2865. ; 3:2, s. 100-108
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AB - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: A new concept to increase return to work for patients listed as sick with chronic musculoskeletal pain has been used at a rehabilitation centre in Lulea, Sweden. The programme includes work for three days a week and intensive rehabilitation for two days a week, for 12 weeks, as a combination of 'on the job' training and rehabilitation after a period off work sick. The rehabilitation programme focused on pain reduction, identifying and finding solutions to pain problems in actual work and life situations and training of the functional capacities needed in the work and life situation. The aim of the study was to describe patients' perceptions of motivating factors for return to work. METHODS: A phenomenological method was used. A naive reading of interview notes was followed by structural analyses and reflections on the interpreted whole. Inclusion criteria for the study were musculoskeletal pain for at least one year and a period of at least four weeks' sick leave during that time. Ten patients, aged 30-54 years, participated in the study. An initial conceptual framework was developed to inform the scope of the study and to guide data collection and analysis. RESULTS: Different factors in the study framework influenced motivation to return to work. Among structural factors the division of labour at work was the most important motivator, particularly the ability to do as much as work colleagues, quantitatively and qualitatively. All the patients had jobs in the healthcare or service sectors, jobs with many social contacts. They perceived their work task content as being of minor importance compared to whether the tasks were perceived as meaningful or highly needed by others. All wanted a meaningful job content and a job which they could do in a satisfactory way according to their own norms and compared to colleagues. This highly increased motivation for return to work. Relationships (in terms of co-operation with colleagues and service to patients or clients) were important motivating factors for return to work. Self-confidence was a new factor of importance for return to work; work tasks had to be meaningful and needed by others, work must be done in a way satisfactory for the individual and in a way that was acceptable to others in the group. Everyday responsibility, feedback and support in daily work tasks were important. These aspects increased self-confidence. The results supported the development of a new conceptual framework for possible motivating factors for return to work. CONCLUSIONS: Structure, content, relationships, health and self-confidence were all important motivating factors for return to work.
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3.
  • Larsson, Agneta, et al. (författare)
  • Effects of work ability and health promoting interventions for women with musculoskeletal symptoms : A 9-month prospective study
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders. - : BioMed Central (BMC). - 1471-2474 .- 1471-2474. ; 9, s. 105-
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Women working in the public human service sector in 'overstrained' situations run the risk of musculoskeletal symptoms and long-term sick leave. In order to maintain the level of health and work ability and strengthen the potential resources for health, it is important that employees gain greater control over decisions and actions affecting their health - a process associated with the concept of self-efficacy. The aim of this study was to describe the effects of a self-efficacy intervention and an ergonomic education intervention for women with musculoskeletal symptoms, employed in the public sector.Methods: The design of the study was a 9-month prospective study describing the effects of two interventions, a comprehensive self-efficacy intervention (n = 21) and an ergonomic education intervention ( n = 21). Data were obtained by a self-report questionnaire on health-and work ability-related factors at baseline, and at ten weeks and nine months follow-up. Within-group differences over time were analysed.Results: Over the time period studied there were small magnitudes of improvements within each group. Within the self-efficacy intervention group positive effects in perceived work ability were shown. The ergonomic education group showed increased positive beliefs about future work ability and a more frequent use of pain coping strategies.Conclusion: Both interventions showed positive effects on women with musculoskeletal symptoms, but in different ways. Future research in this area should tailor interventions to participants' motivation and readiness to change.
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4.
  • Mannerkorpi, Kaisa, 1955, et al. (författare)
  • Experience of physical activity in patients with fibromyalgia and chronic widespread pain
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Disability and rehabilitation. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0963-8288 .- 1464-5165. ; 30:3, s. 213-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: Patients with fibromyalgia (FM) and chronic widespread pain (CWP) find physical activity troublesome. The purpose was to develop a questionnaire to investigate the experience of physical activity in FM and CWP populations. METHOD: A questionnaire was developed from a qualitative study. After that, a total of 204 patients with FM or CWP completed the questionnaire. A factor analysis was conducted and the internal consistency was investigated. The relationship between the factors and pain, health status (the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire, FIQ), distress (the Hospital Anxiety and Distress scale, HAD) and leisure time physical activity (the Leisure Time Physical Activity Instrument, LTPAI) was investigated. RESULTS: Five factors were identified: Physical Relaxation (PR), Well-being (WB), Activity Beliefs (AB), Activity-related Symptoms (AS) and Activity Habits (AH). Cronbach's alpha ranged from 0.57 to 0.86. The PR showed a correlation (rho 0.28, p < 0.01) with the FIQ Pain. The AS showed a correlation (rho 0.25, p < 0.01) with the FIQ total score, while the AH showed a correlation with the HAD Depression (0.26, p < 0.01) and with strenuous physical activity (LTPAI) (-0.32, p < 0.01). CONCLUSION: A new instrument was developed to study the experience of physical activity in persons with long-lasting pain. Five factors were identified using factor analysis, and three of them showed fair associations with FM symptoms, distress or physical activity.
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5.
  • Mattsson, Malin, et al. (författare)
  • Reliability and validity of the Fatigue Severity Scale in Swedish for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology. - : Taylor & Francis. - 0300-9742 .- 1502-7732. ; 37:4, s. 269-277
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim was to translate, test, and describe aspects of reliability and validity of the Fatigue Severity Scale (FSS) in Swedish (FSS-Swe) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods: Patients with stable SLE, low or moderate disease activity, and low organ damage were included. Forward and back translations of the FSS were performed. Construct validity was tested with 32 women using a first Swedish translation. Feasibility, ceiling and floor effects, internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and content validity were tested on a slightly modified final version of the FSS-Swe in a non-selected group of patients (n=23). Results: There were correlations (p≤0.05) between the FSS-Swe and overall disease activity according to the Systemic Lupus Activity Measure (SLAM) (rs=0.48) and the SLAM Visual Analogue Scale (SLAM-VAS) (rs=0.46); between the FSS-Swe and eight subscales of the Swedish 36-Item Medical Outcomes Study Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) (rs=-0.41 to -0.65) and between the FSS-Swe and age (rs=-0.35). All patients answered all FSS-Swe questions at both test and retest. There was one ceiling effect in one question on one occasion. The Kolmogorov-Smirnov test indicated normal distribution. Cronbach's alpha was 0.94 and corrected item-to-total correlation exceeded 0.3. There were no significant systematic test-retest differences, and the median-weighted kappa coefficient was 0.75. Twenty patients understood the questions in FSS-Swe, 18 considered they were relevant, reflected their fatigue, and that none should be excluded. Five items were suggested to be included. Conclusions: The FSS-Swe supports construct validity, is feasible, has no important ceiling or floor effects, has satisfactory internal consistency, substantial test-retest reliability, and satisfactory content validity in the SLE patients studied. However, its sensitivity to change needs to be tested.
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7.
  • Melander-Wikman, Anita, et al. (författare)
  • The lighthouse alarm and locator trial : a pilot study
  • 2007
  • Ingår i: Technology and Health Care. - : EBSCO Industries, Inc. - 0928-7329 .- 1878-7401. ; 15:3, s. 203-212
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An important factor for health is the possibility to be active and mobile. To make this possible different kind of support are needed. Integrating geographical information systems technology and user experiences is important in the development of more user-friendly positioning devices. The Lighthouse Alarm and Locator trial aimed to test a new mobile alarm system with additional functionality such as positioning and monitoring of vital signs which can be used regardless of location (in hospital, at home). The system was tested by elderly persons from a pensioner organisation and home care personnel answered up on the alarms. After the tests qualitative interviews were performed with the two groups. The results showed that their experiences of the new mobile alarm system could be described in three main categories: to be supervised, to feel safe and to be mobile. These categories formed a theme: Positioning - an ethical dilemma. The clients' mobility was perceived to increase. The personnel did not think that positioning was ethical but the clients (elderly) did.
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8.
  • Persson, L. C. G., et al. (författare)
  • Expectations of Qigong and Exercise Therapy in Patients With Long-term Neck Pain: An Analysis of a Prospective Randomized Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics. - : Mosby Inc.. - 0161-4754. ; 40:9, s. 676-684
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: The aim of the present study was to study differences in treatment expectations after participating in qigong and exercise therapy among participants with long-term neck pain, the impact of total group expectations on treatment outcomes, and the relationship between these treatment expectations and pain and disability. Method: Reliable questionnaires were used. Differences between qigong and exercise was studied in a randomized, controlled, multicenter trial (n = 122). The impact of total group expectations on treatment outcomes and the association between these treatment expectations and pain and disability were studied with nonparametric statistical analysis and Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results: The exercise group had higher expectations than the qigong group before the intervention on how logical treatment seemed to be and after the intervention on treatment credibility (ie, that the treatment would reduce/eliminate neck pain). The exercise group was also more confident that the treatment could reduce neck pain and significantly increased their expectations of reduced neck pain over the 3-month intervention period. Both treatment groups had high expectations of the assigned treatment. Those with high expectations had better treatment outcomes in pain and disability. The relationship between treatment expectations and credibility, pain, and disability was weak. Conclusions: The current findings support the role of assessment of expectation/credibility for positive treatment results. An understanding of each patient's treatment expectations may be helpful in guiding patients with respect to appropriate interventions and as an indication of risk of poor outcome.
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9.
  • Stamm, Tanja A., et al. (författare)
  • Concepts of functioning and health important to people with systemic sclerosis : a qualitative study in four European countries
  • 2011
  • Ingår i: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. - : BMJ Publishing Group. - 0003-4967 .- 1468-2060. ; 70:6, s. 1074-1079
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective To describe the experiences of people with systemic sclerosis (SSc) in different European countries of functioning and health and to link these experiences to the WHO International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) to develop a common understanding from a bio-psycho-social perspective. Method A qualitative multicentre study with focus-group interviews was performed in four European countries: Austria, Romania, Sweden and Switzerland. The qualitative data analysis followed a modified form of 'meaning condensation' and the concepts that emerged in the analysis were linked to the ICF. Results 63 people with SSc participated in 13 focus groups. In total, 86 concepts were identified. 32 (37%) of these were linked to the ICF component body functions and structures, 21 (24%) to activities and participation, 26 (30%) to environmental factors, 6 (7%) to personal factors and 1 (1%) to the health condition itself. 19 concepts (22%) were identified in all four countries and included impaired hand function, household activities, paid work, drugs, climate and coldness, support from others and experiences with healthcare institutions, non-pharmacological treatment, social security and benefits. Conclusion Concepts identified in all four countries could be used for guiding clinical assessment, as well as interdisciplinary team care and rheumatological rehabilitation for patients with SSc. For a full understanding of the aspects of the disease that were most relevant to people with SSc, people with SSc from multiple countries needed to be involved.
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10.
  • Söderberg, Siv, et al. (författare)
  • Clients' experiences of a work rehabilitation process
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Disability and Rehabilitation. - 0963-8288 .- 1464-5165. ; 26:7, s. 419-24
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to describe clients' experiences of a work rehabilitation process. METHOD: Ten clients who had participated in work-related rehabilitation at a rehabilitation centre in the northern parts of Sweden were interviewed using a narrative approach. The interviews were analysed using qualitative content analysis focusing on clients' descriptions of the goals, contents and results of the work rehabilitation process. RESULTS: At the beginning of the rehabilitation the goal was often to confirm a diagnosis, to become healthy and able to return to work. It was hard to be forced to change the goals. When fortunate the rehabilitation provided more profound guidance and function assessment. It resulted in changes varying from practical alterations to important insights into life. It was important to get support and understanding. When the rehabilitation was not adjusted to clients' needs, feelings of disappointment emerged and life became a struggle with various authorities in order to gain understanding and other forms of rehabilitation. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows the need to develop truly client-centred practice. Therefore, we emphasized, based on this study, the importance of professionals involved in rehabilitation working on different levels and in various settings having regular discussions about what the term client-centred practice means to them. Integrating individual perceptions is essential to advancing a multidimensional approach in return-to-work research.
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