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  • Abrahamsson, Agneta, et al. (författare)
  • Sense of coherence of reindeer herders and other Samis in comparison to other Swedish citizens
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Circumpolar Health. - 2242-3982. ; 72, s. -20633
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background. Samis are indigenous people in north Europe. In the territory called Sa´pmi (Lapland), reindeer herding is the traditional base for the Sami economy. The relation between living conditions and positive health of the Swedish Samis has been sparsely studied. As health is closely linked to sense of coherence (SOC), an understanding of the background factors to SOC may contribute knowledge that might be useful in promoting living conditions and health.Methods. The study examines relations between the level of SOC and background factors from surveys in a Sami population (n=613) in comparison to a non-Sami population (n=525) in Sweden, and in comparison between 2 subsamples of Samis, that is, herders and non-herders.Results. There are more similarities than differences between the Sami and non-Sami populations. However, dividing the Sami population, reindeer herders had significantly lower SOC, and in specific the subcomponent manageability, that is, less ability to use available resources to meet different demands in life, compared to non-herders. Conclusions. In addition to age and health, predictors of SOC are related to the life form of reindeer husbandry and the belonging to the herding community
  • Ander, Birgitta, et al. (författare)
  • Changing arenas of underage adolescent binge drinking in Swedish small towns
  • 2015
  • Ingår i: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs. - 1455-0725. ; 32:4, s. 427-442
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • AIM – The study explores arenas of adolescent binge drinking in small Swedish towns and the meanings these have for young persons. The focus is thus on space and place, and on the geography of underage drinking.DESIGN – An ethnographic approach was used, including direct observations, document studies and contacts with youth workers on local and national levels, and interviews with 28 underage binge-drinking adolescents chosen as informants.FINDINGS – Adolescent binge drinkers seem to have moved away from street and other outdoor drinking arenas to home environments, where they feel they have more control over their party location and participants.CONCLUSIONS – One consequence of outdoor drinking moving indoors is that professional youth workers and police cannot enter party arenas and the only adults who can do so are the parents. This has implications for preventive alcohol strategies and outreach social work. Measures should be directed to parents to make them fully aware of the importance of the party location in their homes.
  • Ander, Birgitta, 1958-, et al. (författare)
  • Onset of substance use in early adolescence
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Journal of Social Work Practice in The Addictions. - Taylor & Francis. - 1533-256X.
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)
  • Berglund, Kristina J., et al. (författare)
  • Childhood Maltreatment Affects the Serotonergic System in Male Alcohol-Dependent Individuals
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: Alcoholism : Clinical and Experimental Research. - 0145-6008. ; 37:5, s. 757-762
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background: Reduced central serotonergic neurotransmission has been demonstrated in individuals with excessive alcohol consumption and/or alcohol dependence. Childhood maltreatment has also been found to have a negative impact on central serotonergic neurotransmission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of childhood maltreatment on central serotonergic dysfunction in alcohol-dependent individuals.Methods: Adult men with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence (n=18) were recruited from outpatient treatment units for alcoholism. Central serotonergic neurotransmission was assessed by a neuroendocrine method, that is, the prolactin (PRL) response to the selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitor citalopram. Childhood maltreatment was assessed retrospectively by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire.Results: Alcohol-dependent individuals with childhood experience of emotional abuse had significantly lower PRL response compared with those without such abuse (3 +/- 5 and 64 +/- 24mU/l, respectively; t=6.51, p<0.001). Among those who reported childhood emotional abuse, 4 of 7 individuals had flat PRL responses in comparison with none in those with no report of such abuse (p<0.01).Conclusions: This is the first study to show that self-reported childhood maltreatment, in particular emotional abuse, in male alcohol-dependent individuals is associated with a quite dramatic (more than 90%) reduction in central serotonergic neurotransmission. It should, however, be noted that the number of individuals is relatively small, and the results should therefore be considered as preliminary.
  • Blid, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Prediction of homelessness and housing provisions in Swedish municipalities
  • 2008
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Housing Policy. - 1461-6718. ; 8:4, s. 399-421
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This article explores key predictors of homelessness rates in different Swedish munici-palities, the accommodation provided and the coverage of accommodation to homeless-ness. In order to create realistic models, seven sets of factors represent various structural levels in stepwise regressions. These sets are urbanisation, economy, demographic com-position, housing market, aggregated individual problems, political majority and policies and organisational features of the social services. The findings show that urbanization is central to understanding variations in homelessness and has also impact on housing pro-visions. In addition, higher rent levels as well as aggregated psychiatric problems seem to increase the level of problems. Overall supply of apartments and the proportion of public housing are important factors in providing accommodation, and a demographic factor, such as the proportion of single-parent households, seems to enhance such a provision. Political majority as well as the functional organization of the social services seems to independently impact coverage rates. Despite the importance of urbanization, findings indicate that a number of factors with impact on the problem and on the possibilities to handle them are manageable by the municipalities. Key words: predicting homelessness, accommodation, housing provisions, local author-ity, social services.
  • Blid, Mats, et al. (författare)
  • Socially excluding housing support to homeless substance misusers : Two Swedish case studies of special category housing
  • 2006
  • Ingår i: International Journal of Social Welfare. - 1369-6866. ; 15:2, s. 162-171
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • This paper discusses special category housing for homeless addicts, based on case studies of two different housing programmes, using both qualitative and quantitative data. The staff and residents were interviewed about their experiences of the programmes. Longitudinal data was collected on various indicators of substance misuse and the frequency of contact with the social services at different levels. Our findings show that the special category housing has positive direct effects on the housing stability of the residents and their feelings regarding their quality of life, but not on their substance misuse. However, the increased housing stability seems to be more a direct effect of them staying on the programme, rather than a long-term effect. Furthermore, although their quality of life improves, the residents still experience a lack of belonging and that their lives lack a meaningful content. The choice of special category housing as an intervention model thus seems to perpetuate rather than prevent social exclusion and can possibly be described as an expression of institutionalised resignation
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