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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Giandomenico Valeria) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Giandomenico Valeria)

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  • Carlsson, Björn, et al. (författare)
  • Simultaneous generation of cytomegalovirus-specific CD8+ and CD4+ T lymphocytes by use of dendritic cells comodified with pp65 mRNA and pp65 protein
  • 2005
  • Ingår i: Journal of Infectious Diseases. - 0022-1899 .- 1537-6613. ; 192:11, s. 1912-20
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Cytomegalovirus (CMV) disease remains a severe complication in patients who have undergone transplantation. Viremia can be prevented and treated by the adoptive transfer of donor-derived CMV-directed T cells. To ensure long-term protection against CMV disease, it is important to transfer CMV antigen-specific T cells that represent both the CD8+ and the CD4+ subsets. In the present study, we used as stimulators dendritic cells (DCs) that were electroporated with in vitro-transcribed 5'-capped polyadenylated messenger RNA (mRNA) that encoded the CMV pp65 protein (i.e., pp65 mRNA). These DCs could efficiently activate CMV-directed CD8+ T cells, as assayed by tetramer staining, interferon- gamma production, and cytolytic activity. We also used DCs that were pulsed with a recombinant pp65 protein to activate CMV-directed CD4+ T cells. When DCs were comodified with pp65 mRNA and pp65 protein, large numbers of CMV-directed CD8+ and CD4+ T cells were generated simultaneously. The approach outlined in the present study can be adapted for a clinical protocol that circumvents potential virus-related biohazards and is available to all patients independently of their human leukocyte antigen haplotype.</p>
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  • Cheng, Wing-Shing, et al. (författare)
  • Characterization of the androgen-regulated prostate-specific T cellreceptor gamma-chain alternate reading frame protein (TARP) promoter.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Endocrinology. ; 144:8, s. 3433-40
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>TARP (T cell receptor gamma-chain alternate reading frame protein) is uniquely expressed in males in prostate epithelial cells and prostate cancer cells. Here we demonstrate that TARP expression is regulated by testosterone at the transcriptional level through specific binding of androgen receptor to an androgen response element in the proximal TARP promoter. We further demonstrate that the promoter specifically initiates reporter gene expression in TARP-positive prostate cancer cell lines. To develop a regulatory sequence for prostate-specific gene expression, we constructed a chimeric sequence consisting of the TARP promoter and the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) enhancer. We found that in the prostatic adenocarcinoma cell line LNCaP, the transcriptional activity of the regulatory sequence consisting of a TARP promoter and PSA enhancer is 20 times higher than the activity of a regulatory sequence consisting of the PSA promoter and PSA enhancer. Thus, our studies define a regulatory sequence that may be used to restrict expression of therapeutic genes to prostate cancer cells and may therefore play a role in prostate cancer gene therapy.</p>
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  • Cui, Tao, 1982- (författare)
  • Novel Circulating and Tissue Biomarkers for Small Intestine Neuroendocrine Tumors and Lung Carcinoids
  • 2013
  • Doktorsavhandling (övrigt vetenskapligt)abstract
    • <p>Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) and lung carcinoids (LCs) are relatively indolent tumors, which originate from neuroendocrine (NE) cells of the diffuse NE system. Metastases can spread before diagnosis. Thus, potential cures become unavailable, which entitles new biomarker development. Indeed, we aimed at developing Ma2 autoantibodies and olfactory receptor 51E1 (OR51E1) as potential novel biomarkers and exploring other candidate protein markers in patients’ serum.</p><p>First, we established a sensitive, specific and reliable anti-Ma2 indirect ELISA to distinguish SI-NET patients from healthy controls. We detected longer progression-free and recurrence-free survivals in patients expressing low anti-Ma2 titers. Moreover, a high anti-Ma2 titer was more sensitive than chromogranin A for the risk of recurrence after radical operation of SI-NET patients.</p><p>We then investigated OR51E1 expression in SI-NETs and LCs. OR51E1 mRNA expression, analyzed by quantitative real-time PCR, was high in microdissected SI-NET cells, in LC cell lines and in frozen LC specimens. Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed abundant OR51E1 protein expression in SI-NETs. OR51E1 co-expressed with vesicular-monoamine-transporter-1 in the majority of normal and neoplastic enterochromaffin cells.</p><p>Furthermore, the study on LCs revealed that OR51E1, somatostatin receptor (SSTR) 2, SSTR3, and SSTR5 are expressed in 85%, 71%, 25% and 39% of typical carcinoids (TCs), whereas in 86%, 79%, 43% and 36% of atypical carcinoids (ACs). Based on the proposed IHC scoring system, in the LC cases, where all SSTR subtypes were absent, membrane OR51E1 expression was detected in 10 out of 17 TCs and 1 out of 2 ACs. Moreover, higher OR51E1 scores were detected in 5 out of 6 OctreoScan-negative LC lesions.</p><p>In addition, the last presented study used a novel suspension bead array, which targeted 124 unique proteins, by using Human Protein Atlas antibodies, to profile biotinylated serum samples from SI-NET patients and healthy controls. We showed 9 proteins, IGFBP2, IGF1, SHKBP1, ETS1, IL1α, STX2, MAML3, EGR3 and XIAP as significant contributors to tumor classification.</p><p>In conclusion, we proposed Ma2 autoantibodies as a sensitive circulating marker for SI-NET recurrence; OR51E1 as a candidate therapeutic target for SI-NETs; whereas as a novel diagnostic marker for LCs and 9 serum proteins as novel potential SI-NET markers.</p>
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  • Cui, Tao, et al. (författare)
  • Olfactory receptor 51E1 protein as a potential novel tissue biomarker for small intestine neuroendocrine carcinomas
  • 2013
  • Ingår i: European Journal of Endocrinology. - 0804-4643 .- 1479-683X. ; 168:2, s. 253-261
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p><strong>OBJECTIVE:</strong> Late diagnosis hinders proper management of small intestine neuroendocrine carcinoma (SI-NEC) patients. The olfactory receptor, family 51, subfamily E, member 1 (OR51E1) has been reported as a potential novel SI-NEC marker, without protein expression recognition. Thus, we further studied whether the encoded protein may be a novel SI-NEC clinical biomarker.</p><p><strong>DESIGN:</strong> OR51E1 coding sequence was cloned using total RNA from SI-NEC patient specimens. Quantitative real-time PCR analysis explored OR51E1 expression in laser capture microdissected SI-NEC cells and adjacent microenvironment cells. Moreover, immunohistochemistry investigated OR51E1 protein expression on operation and biopsy material from primary SI-NECs, mesentery, and liver metastases from 70 patients. Furthermore, double immunofluorescence studies explored the potential co-localization of the vesicular monoamine transporter 1 (SLC18A1, generally referred to as VMAT1) and OR51E1 in the neoplastic cells and in the intestinal mucosa adjacent to the tumor.</p><p><strong>RESULTS:</strong> OR51E1 coding sequence analysis showed absence of mutation in SI-NEC patients at different stages of disease. OR51E1 expression was higher in microdissected SI-NEC cells than in the adjacent microenvironment cells. Furthermore, both membranous and cytoplasmic OR51E1 immunostaining patterns were detected in both primary SI-NECs and metastases. Briefly, 18/43 primary tumors, 7/28 mesentery metastases, and 6/18 liver metastases were 'positive' for OR51E1 in more than 50% of the tumor cells. In addition, co-localization studies showed that OR51E1 was expressed in &gt;50% of the VMAT1 immunoreactive tumor cells and of the enterochromaffin cells in the intestinal mucosa adjacent to the tumor.</p><p><strong>CONCLUSION:</strong> OR51E1 protein is a potential novel clinical tissue biomarker for SI-NECs. Moreover, we suggest its potential therapeutic molecular target development using solid tumor radioimmunotherapy.</p>
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  • Cui, Tao, et al. (författare)
  • Paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 autoantibodies as specific blood biomarkers for detection of early recurrence of small intestine neuroendocrine tumors
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: PLoS ONE. - 1932-6203 .- 1932-6203. ; 5:12, s. e16010
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • <p>Background: Small intestine neuroendocrine tumors (SI-NETs) belong to a rare group of cancers. Most patients have developed metastatic disease at the time of diagnosis, for which there is currently no cure. The delay in diagnosis is a major issue in the clinical management of the patients and new markers are urgently needed. We have previously identified paraneoplastic antigen Ma2 (PNMA2) as a novel SI-NET tissue biomarker. Therefore, we evaluated whether Ma2 autoantibodies detection in the blood stream is useful for the clinical diagnosis and recurrence of SI-NETs. Methodology/Principal Findings: A novel indirect ELISA was set up to detect Ma2 autoantibodies in blood samples of patients with SI-NET at different stages of disease. The analysis was extended to include typical and atypical lung carcinoids (TLC and ALC), to evaluate whether Ma2 autoantibodies in the blood stream become a general biomarker for NETs. In total, 124 blood samples of SI-NET patients at different stages of disease were included in the study. The novel Ma2 autoantibody ELISA showed high sensitivity, specificity and accuracy with ROC curve analysis underlying an area between 0.734 and 0.816. Ma2 autoantibodies in the blood from SI-NET patients were verified by western blot and sequential immunoprecipitation. Serum antibodies of patients stain Ma2 in the tumor tissue and neurons. We observed that SI-NET patients expressing Ma2 autoantibody levels below the cutoff had a longer progression and recurrence-free survival compared to those with higher titer. We also detected higher levels of Ma2 autoantibodies in blood samples from TLC and ALC patients than from healthy controls, as previously shown in small cell lung carcinoma samples. Conclusion: Here we show that high Ma2 autoantibody titer in the blood of SI-NET patients is a sensitive and specific biomarker, superior to chromogranin A (CgA) for the risk of recurrence after radical operation of these tumors.</p><p> </p>
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