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Sökning: WFRF:(Greinacher Andreas)

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  • Engert, Andreas, et al. (författare)
  • The European Hematology Association Roadmap for European Hematology Research : a consensus document
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: Haematologica. - Pavia, Italy : Fondazione Ferrata Storti. - 0390-6078 .- 1592-8721. ; 101:2, s. 115-208
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • The European Hematology Association (EHA) Roadmap for European Hematology Research highlights major achievements in diagnosis and treatment of blood disorders and identifies the greatest unmet clinical and scientific needs in those areas to enable better funded, more focused European hematology research. Initiated by the EHA, around 300 experts contributed to the consensus document, which will help European policy makers, research funders, research organizations, researchers, and patient groups make better informed decisions on hematology research. It also aims to raise public awareness of the burden of blood disorders on European society, which purely in economic terms is estimated at (sic)23 billion per year, a level of cost that is not matched in current European hematology research funding. In recent decades, hematology research has improved our fundamental understanding of the biology of blood disorders, and has improved diagnostics and treatments, sometimes in revolutionary ways. This progress highlights the potential of focused basic research programs such as this EHA Roadmap. The EHA Roadmap identifies nine 'sections' in hematology: normal hematopoiesis, malignant lymphoid and myeloid diseases, anemias and related diseases, platelet disorders, blood coagulation and hemostatic disorders, transfusion medicine, infections in hematology, and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. These sections span 60 smaller groups of diseases or disorders. The EHA Roadmap identifies priorities and needs across the field of hematology, including those to develop targeted therapies based on genomic profiling and chemical biology, to eradicate minimal residual malignant disease, and to develop cellular immunotherapies, combination treatments, gene therapies, hematopoietic stem cell treatments, and treatments that are better tolerated by elderly patients.
  • de Vries, Paul S., et al. (författare)
  • Comparison of HapMap and 1000 Genomes Reference Panels in a Large-Scale Genome-Wide Association Study
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: PLOS ONE. - 1932-6203. ; 12:1
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • An increasing number of genome-wide association (GWA) studies are now using the higher resolution 1000 Genomes Project reference panel (1000G) for imputation, with the expectation that 1000G imputation will lead to the discovery of additional associated loci when compared to HapMap imputation. In order to assess the improvement of 1000G over HapMap imputation in identifying associated loci, we compared the results of GWA studies of circulating fibrinogen based on the two reference panels. Using both HapMap and 1000G imputation we performed a meta-analysis of 22 studies comprising the same 91,953 individuals. We identified six additional signals using 1000G imputation, while 29 loci were associated using both HapMap and 1000G imputation. One locus identified using HapMap imputation was not significant using 1000G imputation. The genome-wide significance threshold of 5x10(-8) is based on the number of independent statistical tests using HapMap imputation, and 1000G imputation may lead to further independent tests that should be corrected for. When using a stricter Bonferroni correction for the 1000G GWA study (P-value < 2.5x10(-8)), the number of loci significant only using HapMap imputation increased to 4 while the number of loci significant only using 1000G decreased to 5. In conclusion, 1000G imputation enabled the identification of 20% more loci than HapMap imputation, although the advantage of 1000G imputation became less clear when a stricter Bonferroni correction was used. More generally, our results provide insights that are applicable to the implementation of other dense reference panels that are under development.
  • Greiser, Anne, et al. (författare)
  • The 99th percentile and imprecision of point-of-care cardiac troponin I in comparison to central laboratory tests in a large reference population
  • 2017
  • Ingår i: Clinical Biochemistry. - 0009-9120 .- 1873-2933. ; 50:18, s. 1198-1202
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • OBJECTIVES: Determination of cardiac troponin (cTn) is central in the emergency department (ED) for the diagnosis of myocardial infarction. In view of adverse effects of long waiting time on patient outcome, implementation of point-of-care-testing (POCT) is suggested if the turn-around-time is longer than 60min. The present study aimed to determine the 99th percentile and imprecision of two POCT in a healthy population measuring cTnI and cTnT and compare these analytical characteristics against three central laboratory test (CLT) for cTnI.DESIGN & METHODS: CTnI and cTnT were determined in parallel by means of the AQT90 FLEX analyzer in about 2250 plasma samples from individuals with known health status. Results were compared to previously determined performance data of three CLT.RESULTS: The 99th percentile of cTnI in the POCT was determined at 19ng/L, the lowest concentration with an imprecision of 10% was reached at 22ng/L while an imprecision of 20% was reached at 13ng/L. Age, sex, or physical activity did not affect the 99th percentile of cTnI. Compared to CLT the AQT90 cTnI POCT the analytical performance was equivalent. The cTnT POCT could not be assessed due a considerable number of high values and an inadequate imprecision profile.CONCLUSION: While the cTnI POCT showed analytical performance comparable to CLT, the results of the cTnT assay on the same device did not suffice to determine a reliable 99th percentile. The present evaluation supports the usage of the cTnI POCT, but application of the cTnT POCT needs further evaluation.
  • Baker, Jillian M., et al. (författare)
  • Postnatal intervention for the treatment of FNAIT : a systematic review
  • 2019
  • Ingår i: Journal of Perinatology. - : Nature Publishing Group. - 0743-8346. ; 39:10, s. 1329-1339
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Objective: Fetal and neonatal alloimmune thrombocytopenia (FNAIT) is associated with life-threatening bleeding. This systematic review of postnatal management of FNAIT examined transfusion of human platelet antigen (HPA) selected or unselected platelets, and/or IVIg on platelet increments, hemorrhage and mortality. Study design: MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane searches were conducted until 11 May 2018. Result: Of 754 neonates, 382 received platelet transfusions (51%). HPA-selected platelets resulted in higher platelet increments and longer response times than HPA-unselected platelets. However, unselected platelets generally led to sufficient platelet increments to 30 × 10 9 /L, a level above which intracranial hemorrhage or other life-threatening bleeding rarely occurred. Platelet increments were not improved with the addition of IVIg to platelet transfusion. Conclusion: Overall, HPA-selected platelet transfusions were more effective than HPA-unselected platelets but unselected platelets were often effective enough to achieve clinical goals. Available studies do not clearly demonstrate a benefit for addition of IVIg to platelet transfusion.
  • Balduini, Carlo, et al. (författare)
  • The EHA research roadmap : Platelet disorders
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: HemaSphere. - : Wolters Kluwer Health. - 2572-9241. ; 5:7
  • Forskningsöversikt (refereegranskat)abstract
    • In 2016, the European Hematology Association (EHA) published the EHA Roadmap for European Hematology Research1 aiming to highlight achievements in the diagnostics and treatment of blood disorders, and to better inform European policy makers and other stakeholders about the urgent clinical and scientific needs and priorities in the field of hematology. Each section was coordinated by 1 to 2 section editors who were leading international experts in the field. In the 5 years that have followed, advances in the field of hematology have been plentiful. As such, EHA is pleased to present an updated Research Roadmap, now including 11 sections, each of which will be published separately. The updated EHA Research Roadmap identifies the most urgent priorities in hematology research and clinical science, therefore supporting a more informed, focused, and ideally a more funded future for European hematology research. The 11 EHA Research Roadmap sections include Normal Hematopoiesis; Malignant Lymphoid Diseases; Malignant Myeloid Diseases; Anemias and Related Diseases; Platelet Disorders; Blood Coagulation and Hemostatic Disorders; Transfusion Medicine; Infections in Hematology; Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation; CAR-T and Other Cellbased Immune Therapies; and Gene Therapy.
  • Carlsson, Lena E, et al. (författare)
  • Platelet receptor and clotting factor polymorphisms as genetic risk factors for thromboembolic complications in heparin-induced thrombocytopenia.
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: Pharmacogenetics. - 0960-314X .- 1473-561X. ; 13:5, s. 253-8
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is an immune mediated adverse reaction to heparin treatment often associated with limb- and/or life-threatening thromboembolic complications (TECs). Presently, no prognostic marker has been identified that allows differentiation between mildly (isolated thrombocytopenia) and severely (TECs) affected patients. This study assesses the impact of platelet glycoprotein- and clotting factor polymorphisms in HIT-patients with isolated thrombocytopenia compared to HIT-patients with TECs. Sixty-three HIT-patients with isolated thrombocytopenia and 79 HIT-patients with HIT-related TECs were genotyped for GPIIb-IIIa polymorphisms (HPA-1, HPA-3), GPIa-IIa polymorphisms (HPA-5, GPIaC807T), GPIb-IX-V polymorphisms (HPA-2, Kozak-5, VNTR), and clotting factor polymorphisms (FV-Leiden R506Q, prothrombin PT-G20210A and MTHFR C677T). Women more often presented with TECs than men (P = 0.04). No differences in genotype frequencies could be seen on comparing HIT-patients with and without TECs. Analysing men and women separately, the C allele of the Kozak polymorphism was overrepresented in men who developed TECs (P = 0.034). The enhanced risk of women to develop HIT-associated TECs remains unexplained but it is potentially important in view of recent data on sex-hormone related changes of haemostasis. There was no correlation between platelet glycoprotein- and clotting factor polymorphisms and the risk to develop HIT-associated TECs. An association between the development of TECs and the Kozak-5C allele could be seen among male patients. However, this would need to be assessed in further larger studies. Most likely, the high levels of thrombin generation during acute HIT are so procoagulant that less pronounced risk factors such as polymorphisms are overshadowed.
  • Chami, Nathalie, et al. (författare)
  • Exome Genotyping Identifies Pleiotropic Variants Associated with Red Blood Cell Traits
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - : Cell Press. - 0002-9297 .- 1537-6605. ; 99:1, s. 8-21
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Red blood cell (RBC) traits are important heritable clinical biomarkers and modifiers of disease severity. To identify coding genetic variants associated with these traits, we conducted meta-analyses of seven RBC phenotypes in 130,273 multi-ethnic individuals from studies genotyped on an exome array. After conditional analyses and replication in 27,480 independent individuals, we identified 16 new RBC variants. We found low-frequency missense variants in MAP1A (rs55707100, minor allele frequency [MAF] = 3.3%, p = 2 × 10−10 for hemoglobin [HGB]) and HNF4A (rs1800961, MAF = 2.4%, p < 3 × 10−8 for hematocrit [HCT] and HGB). In African Americans, we identified a nonsense variant in CD36 associated with higher RBC distribution width (rs3211938, MAF = 8.7%, p = 7 × 10−11) and showed that it is associated with lower CD36 expression and strong allelic imbalance in ex vivo differentiated human erythroblasts. We also identified a rare missense variant in ALAS2 (rs201062903, MAF = 0.2%) associated with lower mean corpuscular volume and mean corpuscular hemoglobin (p < 8 × 10−9). Mendelian mutations in ALAS2 are a cause of sideroblastic anemia and erythropoietic protoporphyria. Gene-based testing highlighted three rare missense variants in PKLR, a gene mutated in Mendelian non-spherocytic hemolytic anemia, associated with HGB and HCT (SKAT p < 8 × 10−7). These rare, low-frequency, and common RBC variants showed pleiotropy, being also associated with platelet, white blood cell, and lipid traits. Our association results and functional annotation suggest the involvement of new genes in human erythropoiesis. We also confirm that rare and low-frequency variants play a role in the architecture of complex human traits, although their phenotypic effect is generally smaller than originally anticipated.
  • Cherif, Honar, et al. (författare)
  • Patient was wrongly diagnosed and repeatedly treated for immune thrombocytopenia for 50 years
  • 2018
  • Ingår i: Läkartidningen. - 0023-7205 .- 1652-7518. ; 115
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • We report on a patient with inherited macrothrombocytopenia, MYH9 related disease (MYH9-RD). The patient was wrongly diagnosed and repeatedly treated for immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) for nearly 50 years. Cases of misdiagnosed MYH9-RD and other hereditary thrombocytopenias have been described previously. Typical clinical features such as renal failure and/or progressive loss of hearing should give grounds to suspect hereditary thrombocytopenia. Initial laboratory diagnosis can start with a simple blood smear followed by immunohistochemistry and genotyping. Therapy with thrombopoietin receptor agonists may be beneficial in selected cases of MYH9-RD. ITP treatments including splenectomy are not indicated and may cause harm.
  • Eicher, John D., et al. (författare)
  • Platelet-Related Variants Identified by Exomechip Meta-analysis in 157,293 Individuals
  • 2016
  • Ingår i: American Journal of Human Genetics. - 0002-9297 .- 1537-6605. ; 99:1, s. 40-55
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Platelet production, maintenance, and clearance are tightly controlled processes indicative of platelets' important roles in hemostasis and thrombosis. Platelets are common targets for primary and secondary prevention of several conditions. They are monitored clinically by complete blood counts, specifically with measurements of platelet count (PLT) and mean platelet volume (MPV). Identifying genetic effects on PLT and MPV can provide mechanistic insights into platelet biology and their role in disease. Therefore, we formed the Blood Cell Consortium (BCX) to perform a large-scale meta-analysis of Exomechip association results for PLT and MPV in 157,293 and 57,617 individuals, respectively. Using the low-frequency/rare coding variant-enriched Exomechip genotyping array, we sought to identify genetic variants associated with PLT and MPV. In addition to confirming 47 known PLT and 20 known MPV associations, we identified 32 PLT and 18 MPV associations not previously observed in the literature across the allele frequency spectrum, including rare large effect (FCER1A), low-frequency (IQGAP2, MAP1A, LY75), and common(ZMIZ2, SMG6, PEAR1, ARFGAP3/PACSIN2) variants. Several variants associated with PLT/MPV(PEAR1, MRVI1, PTGES3) were also associated with platelet reactivity. In concurrent BCX analyses, there was overlap of platelet-associated variants with red (MAP1A, TMPRSS6, ZMIZ2) and white (PEAR1, ZMIZ2, LY75) blood cell traits, suggesting common regulatory pathways with shared genetic architecture among these hematopoietic lineages. Our large-scale Exomechip analyses identified previously undocumented associations with platelet traits and further indicate that several complex quantitative hematological, lipid, and cardiovascular traits share genetic factors.
  • Eichler, Petra, et al. (författare)
  • Antibodies against lepirudin are polyspecific and recognize epitopes on bivalirudin.
  • 2004
  • Ingår i: Blood. - 0006-4971 .- 1528-0020. ; 103:2, s. 613-6
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Bivalirudin is a synthetic antithrombin sharing a sequence of 11 amino acids with the recombinant hirudin lepirudin. We investigated whether antilepirudin antibodies recognize epitopes on bivalirudin. Antilepirudin antibody-positive sera of 43 patients, treated with lepirudin for heparin-induced thrombocytopenia, were analyzed. Lepirudin- and bivalirudin-coated microtiter plates were used for antibody testing in an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) system. Of the 43 sera-containing antibodies binding to lepirudin, 22 (51.2%) contained antibodies that also recognized bivalirudin. Binding of these antibodies to bivalirudin was inhibited by more than 70% by preincubation with high doses of bivalirudin. However, if lepirudin-coated microtiter plates were used, high concentrations of bivalirudin inhibited only 2 of the 43 positive sera by more than 30%. Therefore antihirudin antibodies must be polyspecific. The clinical consequences of this cross-reactivity are unknown but bivalirudin, targeted by antibodies of patients treated with lepirudin previously, could potentially boost antibody titers in such patients or even trigger an immune response by itself. Clinically significant antibody formation in response to bivalirudin monotherapy has not been observed, however. Yet, as lepirudin and antilepirudin antibodies have recently been implicated in severe anaphylactic reactions, caution is warranted when using bivalirudin in patients previously treated with lepirudin.
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