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Träfflista för sökning "WFRF:(Groth Anja) "

Sökning: WFRF:(Groth Anja)

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1.
  • Duro, Eris, et al. (författare)
  • Identification of the MMS22L-TONSL Complex that Promotes Homologous Recombination
  • 2010
  • Ingår i: Molecular Cell. - 1097-2765 .- 1097-4164. ; 40:4, s. 632-644
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Budding yeast Mms22 is required for homologous recombination (HR)-mediated repair of stalled or broken DNA replication forks. Here we identify a human Mms22-like protein (MMS22L) and an MMS22L-interacting protein, NF kappa BIL2/TONSL. Depletion of MMS22L or TONSL from human cells causes a high level of double-strand breaks (DSBs) during DNA replication. Both proteins accumulate at stressed replication forks, and depletion of MMS22L or TONSL from cells causes hypersensitivity to agents that cause S phase-associated DSBs, such as topoisomerase (TOP) inhibitors. In this light, MMS22L and TONSL are required for the HR-mediated repair of replication fork-associated DSBs. In cells depleted of either protein, DSBs induced by the TOP1 inhibitor camptothecin are resected normally, but the loading of the RAD51 recombinase is defective. Therefore, MMS22L and TONSL are required for the maintenance of genome stability when unscheduled DSBs occur in the vicinity of DNA replication forks.
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2.
  • Groth, Anja, et al. (författare)
  • Human Tousled like kinases are targeted by an ATM- and Chk1-dependent DNA damage checkpoint
  • 2003
  • Ingår i: EMBO Journal. - 0261-4189 .- 1460-2075. ; 22:7, s. 1676-1687
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • All eukaryotes respond to DNA damage by modulation of diverse cellular processes to preserve genomic integrity and ensure survival. Here we identify mammalian Tousled like kinases (Tlks) as a novel target of the DNA damage checkpoint. During S-phase progression, when Tlks are maximally active, generation of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs) leads to rapid and transient inhibition of Tlk activity. Experiments with chemical inhibitors, genetic models and gene targeting through RNA interference demonstrate that this response to DSBs requires ATM and Chk1 function. Chk1 phosphorylates Tlk1 on serine 695 (S695) in vitro, and this UCN-01- and caffeine-sensitive site is phosphorylated in vivo in response to DNA damage. Substitution of S695 to alanine impaired efficient downregulation of Tlk1 after DNA damage. These findings identify an unprecedented functional co- operation between ATM and Chk1 in propagation of a checkpoint response during S phase and suggest that, through transient inhibition of Tlk kinases, the ATM-Chk1-Tlk pathway may regulate processes involved in chromatin assembly.
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3.
  • Olijnik, Aude-Anais, et al. (författare)
  • Genetic and functional insights into CDA-I prevalence and pathogenesis
  • 2021
  • Ingår i: Journal of Medical Genetics. - : BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP. - 0022-2593 .- 1468-6244. ; 58:3, s. 185-195
  • Tidskriftsartikel (refereegranskat)abstract
    • Background Congenital dyserythropoietic anaemia type I (CDA-I) is a hereditary anaemia caused by biallelic mutations in the widely expressed genes CDAN1 and C15orf41. Little is understood about either protein and it is unclear in which cellular pathways they participate. Methods Genetic analysis of a cohort of patients with CDA-I identifies novel pathogenic variants in both known causative genes. We analyse the mutation distribution and the predicted structural positioning of amino acids affected in Codanin-1, the protein encoded by CDAN1. Using western blotting, immunoprecipitation and immunofluorescence, we determine the effect of particular mutations on both proteins and interrogate protein interaction, stability and subcellular localisation. Results We identify six novel CDAN1 mutations and one novel mutation in C15orf41 and uncover evidence of further genetic heterogeneity in CDA-I. Additionally, population genetics suggests that CDA-I is more common than currently predicted. Mutations are enriched in six clusters in Codanin-1 and tend to affect buried residues. Many missense and in-frame mutations do not destabilise the entire protein. Rather C15orf41 relies on Codanin-1 for stability and both proteins, which are enriched in the nucleolus, interact to form an obligate complex in cells. Conclusion Stability and interaction data suggest that C15orf41 may be the key determinant of CDA-I and offer insight into the mechanism underlying this disease. Both proteins share a common pathway likely to be present in a wide variety of cell types; however, nucleolar enrichment may provide a clue as to the erythroid specific nature of CDA-I. The surprisingly high predicted incidence of CDA-I suggests that better ascertainment would lead to improved patient care.
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